Complex Systems and Cognitive Processes

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Author: Roberto Serra,Gianni Zanarini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642466788

Category: Computers

Page: 205

View: 6727

This volume describes our intellectual path from the physics of complex sys tems to the science of artificial cognitive systems. It was exciting to discover that many of the concepts and methods which succeed in describing the self organizing phenomena of the physical world are relevant also for understand ing cognitive processes. Several nonlinear physicists have felt the fascination of such discovery in recent years. In this volume, we will limit our discussion to artificial cognitive systems, without attempting to model either the cognitive behaviour or the nervous structure of humans or animals. On the one hand, such artificial systems are important per se; on the other hand, it can be expected that their study will shed light on some general principles which are relevant also to biological cognitive systems. The main purpose of this volume is to show that nonlinear dynamical systems have several properties which make them particularly attractive for reaching some of the goals of artificial intelligence. The enthusiasm which was mentioned above must however be qualified by a critical consideration of the limitations of the dynamical systems approach. Understanding cognitive processes is a tremendous scientific challenge, and the achievements reached so far allow no single method to claim that it is the only valid one. In particular, the approach based upon nonlinear dynamical systems, which is our main topic, is still in an early stage of development.

Self-steering and Cognition in Complex Systems

Toward a New Cybernetics

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Author: Francis Heylighen,Erik Rosseel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881247293

Category: Computers

Page: 431

View: 1063

In the on-going philosophical debate between cognitivism and (radical) constructivism the pervading notions of self-reference, self- organization, self-steering, autonomy, etc., are at the forefront of discussion. These multidisciplinary papers, from a symposium on [title] held in May 1987, examine these topics in depth and illustrate their applications. Taken as a whole, they provide insight into the emergence of a new cybernetics. Book club price, $34. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Cognitive Systems - Information Processing Meets Brain Science

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Author: Richard G.M. Morris,Lionel Tarassenko,Michael Kenward

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080458267

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 8182

Cognitive Systems - Information Processing Meets Brain Science presents an overview of the exciting, truly multidisciplinary research by neuroscientists and systems engineers in the emerging field of cognitive systems, providing a cross-disciplinary examination of this cutting-edge area of scientific research. This is a great example of where research in very different disciplines touches to create a new emerging area of research. The book illustrates some of the technical developments that could arise from our growing understanding of how living cognitive systems behave, and the ability to use that knowledge in the design of artificial systems. This unique book is of considerable interest to researchers and students in information science, neuroscience, psychology, engineering and adjacent fields. Represents a remarkable collection of relevant experts from both the life sciences and computer science Includes state-of-the-art reviews of topics in cognitive systems from both a life sciences and a computer science perspective Discusses the impact of this research on our lives in the near future

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

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Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118953851

Category: Psychology

Page: 1094

View: 3367

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

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Author: Richard M. Lerner,Lynn S. Liben,Ulrich Mueller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118136780

Category: Psychology

Page: 1094

View: 355

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.

Modeling Complex Systems

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Author: John William Shuart,William D. Spaulding,Jeffrey Stephen Poland

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803213883

Category: Self-Help

Page: 359

View: 1053

Describes contemporary approach to the modeling of complex cognitive and behavioral processes. This book provides examples of translational research ranging from clinical neuropsychology to self-actualization, from medical informatics to industrial psychology, from programmed learning to psychiatric rehabilitation.

Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science

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Author: H. L. Roitblat,Jean-Arcady Meyer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262181662

Category: Psychology

Page: 533

View: 9097

The book includes considerations of the perceptual and motor abilities of animals as the evolutionary and conceptual foundation of more complex abilities; modeling focused as much on connections and constraints as on language and symbols; an interest in simple adaptive processes in animals and robots as the basis for more complex forms of learning and adaptation; and a consideration of animals and robots as integrated and situated systems in contrast to the reductionist and environment-free frameworks often seen in standard cognitive science.

Qualitative Complexity

Ecology, Cognitive Processes and the Re-emergence of Structures in Post-humanist Social Theory

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Author: John A. Smith,Chris Jenks

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415336505

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 1898

"Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge."

Complex Artificial Environments

Simulation, Cognition and VR in the Study and Planning of Cities

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Author: Juval Portugali

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540297109

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 647

Juval Portugali The notion of complex artificial environments (CAE) refers to theories of c- plexity and self-organization, as well as to artifacts in general, and to artificial - vironments, such as cities, in particular. The link between the two, however, is not trivial. For one thing, the theories of complexity and self-organization originated in the “hard” science and by reference to natural phenomena in physics and bi- ogy. The study of artifacts, per contra, has traditionally been the business of the “soft” disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. The notion of “complex artificial environments” thus implies the supposition that the theories of compl- ity and self-organization, together with the mathematical formalisms and meth- ologies developed for their study, apply beyond the domain of nature. Such a s- st position raises a whole set of questions relating to the nature of 21 century cities and urbanism, to philosophical issues regarding the natural versus the artificial, to the methodological legitimacy of interdisciplinary transfer of theories and me- odologies and to the implications that entail the use of sophisticated, state-of-t- art artifacts such as virtual reality (VR) cities and environments. The three-day workshop on the study of complex artificial environments that took place on the island of San Servolo, Venice, during April 1-3, 2004, was a gathering of scholars engaged in the study of the various aspects of CAE.

Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

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Author: Jin, Zheng

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466666005

Category: Psychology

Page: 337

View: 5968

While widely studied, the capacity of the human mind remains largely unexplored. As such, researchers are continually seeking ways to understand the brain, its function, and its impact on human behavior. Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes explores research surrounding the ways in which an individual’s unconscious is able to influence and impact that person’s behavior without their awareness. Focusing on topics pertaining to social cognition and the unconscious process, this title is ideal for use by students, researchers, psychologists, and academicians interested in the latest insights into implicit cognition.

Dynamic Patterns

The Self-organization of Brain and Behavior

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Author: J. A. Scott Kelso

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262611312

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 6990

foreword by Hermann Haken For the past twenty years Scott Kelso's research has focused on extending the physical concepts of self- organization and the mathematical tools of nonlinear dynamics to understand how human beings (and human brains) perceive, intend, learn, control, and coordinate complex behaviors. In this book Kelso proposes a new, general framework within which to connect brain, mind, and behavior.Kelso's prescription for mental life breaks dramatically with the classical computational approach that is still the operative framework for many newer psychological and neurophysiological studies. His core thesis is that the creation and evolution of patterned behavior at all levels -- from neurons to mind -- is governed by the generic processes of self-organization. Both human brain and behavior are shown to exhibit features of pattern-forming dynamical systems, including multistability, abrupt phase transitions, crises, and intermittency.Dynamic Patterns brings together different aspects of this approach to the study of human behavior, using simple experimental examples and illustrations to convey essential concepts, strategies, and methods, with a minimum of mathematics.Kelso begins with a general account of dynamic pattern formation. He then takes up behavior, focusing initially on identifying pattern-forming instabilities in human sensorimotor coordination. Moving back and forth between theory and experiment, he establishes the notion that the same pattern-forming mechanisms apply regardless of the component parts involved (parts of the body, parts of the nervous system, parts of society) and the medium through which the parts are coupled. Finally, employing the latest techniques to observe spatiotemporal patterns of brain activity, Kelso shows that the human brain is fundamentally a pattern forming dynamical system, poised on the brink of instability. Self-organization thus underlies the cooperative action of neurons that produces human behavior in all its forms.

Complexity and Postmodernism

Understanding Complex Systems

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Author: Paul Cilliers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134743297

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 5714

In Complexity and Postmodernism, Paul Cilliers explores the idea of complexity in the light of contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science. Cilliers offers us a unique approach to understanding complexity and computational theory by integrating postmodern theory (like that of Derrida and Lyotard) into his discussion. Complexity and Postmodernism is an exciting and an original book that should be read by anyone interested in gaining a fresh understanding of complexity, postmodernism and connectionism.

Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems

Selected Lectures from DICE 2002

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Author: Hans-Thomas Elze

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540206392

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 7145

The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.

MAKING A DIFFERENCE

THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFE

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Author: SASHA A. BARAB,KENNETH E. HAY,NANCY BUTLER SONGER

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780805861747

Category: Education

Page: 1168

View: 3643

Knowledge Networks: The Social Software Perspective

The Social Software Perspective

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Author: Lytras, Miltiadis D.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599049775

Category: Computers

Page: 422

View: 2239

"This book concentrates on strategies that exploit emerging technologies for the knowledge effectiveness in social networks"--Provided by publisher.

Strategic Approaches for Human Capital Management and Development in a Turbulent Economy

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Author: Ordóñez de Pablos, Patricia

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466645318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 4180

Companies and organizations are increasingly more aware of the importance of people and their knowledge for dealing with economic scenarios as well as their relationships developed both inside and outside of the company. Strategic Approaches for Human Capital Management and Development in a Turbulent Economy examines the useful information developed by individuals presented within organizational structures, routines, and company policies. This book is an international platform for academics, researchers, lecturers, decision makers, and policy makers in order to enhance their understanding and collaboration in issues of knowledge management and human resource management.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems

Work and Everyday Life

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Author: Chris Forsythe,Huafei Liao,Michael Christopher Stefan Trumbo,Rogelio E. Cardona-Rivera

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570571

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 6927

While there have been tremendous advances in our scientific understanding of the brain, this work has been largely academic, and often oriented toward clinical publication. Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Systems: Work and Everyday Life addresses the relationship between neurophysiological processes and the performance and experience of humans in everyday life. It samples the vast neuroscience literature to identify those areas of research that speak directly to the performance and experience of humans in everyday settings, highlighting the practical, everyday application of brain science. The book explains the underlying basis for well-established principles from human factors, ergonomics, and industrial engineering and design. It also sheds new light on factors affecting human performance and behavior. This is not an academic treatment of neuroscience, but rather a translation that makes modern brain science accessible and easily applicable to systems design, education and training, and the development of policies and practices. The authors supply clear and direct guidance on the applications of principles from brain science to everyday problems. With discussions of topics from brain science and their relevance to everyday activities, the book focuses on the science, describing the findings and the studies producing these findings. It then decodes how these findings relate to everyday life and how you can integrate them into your work to achieve more effective outcomes based on a fundamental understanding of how the operations of the human brain produce behavior and modulate performance.

Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models

Quantitative Models

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Author: Pavlov, Yuri P.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466629681

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 7476

In order to ensure the criteria for monitoring and managing the various problems and design for decision control, a mathematical description of exact human knowledge is required for the management of adaptive and complex systems. Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models presents an application and demonstration of a new mathematical technique for descriptions of complex systems. This comprehensive collection contains scientific results in the field of contemporary approaches to adaptive decision making that is essential for researchers, scholars, and students alike.

Cognition in Geosciences

The feeding loop between geo-disciplines, cognitive sciences and epistemology

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Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9073834686

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 6099

Cognition in Geosciences: The Feeding Loop Between Geo-disciplines, Cognitive Sciences and Epistemology presents the basic idea that the geosciences can contribute to elucidate some unsolved problems of epistemology and cognition. This book introduces the fundamental concept of a semantic system, which comprises information plus human resources and technology. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental processes of macro-cognition, including spatial perception, creativity, information clustering, information processing, and concept formation. This text then explains how theory and practice in geophysics can elucidate many basic aspects of high level cognition. Other chapters consider the concept of semantic entropy to provide a measure of how much information has been integrated in order to derive coherent significances. This book discusses as well the complexity of linguistic communication in the geosciences. The final chapter deals with the aesthetic experience. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists and neurologists.