Complex Systems and Cognitive Processes

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Author: Roberto Serra,Gianni Zanarini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642466788

Category: Computers

Page: 205

View: 349

This volume describes our intellectual path from the physics of complex sys tems to the science of artificial cognitive systems. It was exciting to discover that many of the concepts and methods which succeed in describing the self organizing phenomena of the physical world are relevant also for understand ing cognitive processes. Several nonlinear physicists have felt the fascination of such discovery in recent years. In this volume, we will limit our discussion to artificial cognitive systems, without attempting to model either the cognitive behaviour or the nervous structure of humans or animals. On the one hand, such artificial systems are important per se; on the other hand, it can be expected that their study will shed light on some general principles which are relevant also to biological cognitive systems. The main purpose of this volume is to show that nonlinear dynamical systems have several properties which make them particularly attractive for reaching some of the goals of artificial intelligence. The enthusiasm which was mentioned above must however be qualified by a critical consideration of the limitations of the dynamical systems approach. Understanding cognitive processes is a tremendous scientific challenge, and the achievements reached so far allow no single method to claim that it is the only valid one. In particular, the approach based upon nonlinear dynamical systems, which is our main topic, is still in an early stage of development.

Self-steering and Cognition in Complex Systems

Toward a New Cybernetics

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Author: Francis Heylighen,Erik Rosseel,Frank Demeyere

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881247293

Category: Computers

Page: 431

View: 1288

In the on-going philosophical debate between cognitivism and (radical) constructivism the pervading notions of self-reference, self- organization, self-steering, autonomy, etc., are at the forefront of discussion. These multidisciplinary papers, from a symposium on [title] held in May 1987, examine these topics in depth and illustrate their applications. Taken as a whole, they provide insight into the emergence of a new cybernetics. Book club price, $34. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

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Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118953851

Category: Psychology

Page: 1120

View: 7022

The essential reference for human development theory, updatedand reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and DevelopmentalScience, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work towhich all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now inits Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been consideredthe definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitivedevelopment as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only aspart of a larger whole of the person and context relational systemthat sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitivedevelopment are contextualized with respect to biological processesand sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues(e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding)are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapteris focused on a different domain within cognitive development.Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity andinterconnectivity of cognitive development are wellilluminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptualdevelopment, motor development, emotional development, and braindevelopment Understand the complexity of cognitive development withoutmisleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to itsbiological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socializationprocess Discover how each portion of the developmental processcontributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing,reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – thatcomprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the fourvolumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science isin the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shiftthat involves increasingly greater understanding of how todescribe, explain, and optimize the course of human life fordiverse individuals living within diverse contexts. ThisHandbook is the definitive reference for educators,policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in humandevelopment, psychology, sociology, anthropology, andneuroscience.

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes

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Author: Richard M. Lerner,Lynn S. Liben,Ulrich Mueller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118136780

Category: Psychology

Page: 1094

View: 9936

The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 2: Cognitive Processes describes cognitive development as a relational phenomenon that can be studied only as part of a larger whole of the person and context relational system that sustains it. In this volume, specific domains of cognitive development are contextualized with respect to biological processes and sociocultural contexts. Furthermore, key themes and issues (e.g., the importance of symbolic systems and social understanding) are threaded across multiple chapters, although every each chapter is focused on a different domain within cognitive development. Thus, both within and across chapters, the complexity and interconnectivity of cognitive development are well illuminated. Learn about the inextricable intertwining of perceptual development, motor development, emotional development, and brain development Understand the complexity of cognitive development without misleading simplification, reducing cognitive development to its biological substrates, or viewing it as a passive socialization process Discover how each portion of the developmental process contributes to subsequent cognitive development Examine the multiple processes – such as categorizing, reasoning, thinking, decision making and judgment – that comprise cognition The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.

Philosophy of Complex Systems

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931227

Category: Philosophy

Page: 952

View: 6160

The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Complex Artificial Environments

Simulation, Cognition and VR in the Study and Planning of Cities

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Author: Juval Portugali,Yuval Porṭugali

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540259176

Category: Architecture

Page: 322

View: 6347

This book explores the possibilities of applying the theories of complexity and self-organization developed to account for various phenomena in the natural science to artifacts traditionally the realm of humanities and social sciences. The emphasis of this volume is on the development of cities and the impact of these methods on urban simulation methods.

Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes

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Author: Jin, Zheng

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466666005

Category: Psychology

Page: 337

View: 7919

While widely studied, the capacity of the human mind remains largely unexplored. As such, researchers are continually seeking ways to understand the brain, its function, and its impact on human behavior. Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes explores research surrounding the ways in which an individual’s unconscious is able to influence and impact that person’s behavior without their awareness. Focusing on topics pertaining to social cognition and the unconscious process, this title is ideal for use by students, researchers, psychologists, and academicians interested in the latest insights into implicit cognition.

Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems

Selected Lectures from DICE 2002

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Author: Hans-Thomas Elze

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540206392

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 3810

The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.

Oral and Manuscript Culture in the Bible

Studies on the Media Texture of the New Testament—Explorative Hermeneutics

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Author: J. A. Loubser

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621895165

Category: Religion

Page: 302

View: 9227

Oral and Manuscript Culture in the Bible is the fruit of Professor Loubser's confrontation with how Scripture is read, understood, and used in the Third World situation, which is closer than modern European societies to the social dynamics of the original milieu in which the texts were produced.

Knowledge Networks: The Social Software Perspective

The Social Software Perspective

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Author: Lytras, Miltiadis D.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599049775

Category: Computers

Page: 422

View: 5377

"This book concentrates on strategies that exploit emerging technologies for the knowledge effectiveness in social networks"--Provided by publisher.

Strategic Approaches for Human Capital Management and Development in a Turbulent Economy

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Author: Ordóñez de Pablos, Patricia

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466645318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 5207

Companies and organizations are increasingly more aware of the importance of people and their knowledge for dealing with economic scenarios as well as their relationships developed both inside and outside of the company. Strategic Approaches for Human Capital Management and Development in a Turbulent Economy examines the useful information developed by individuals presented within organizational structures, routines, and company policies. This book is an international platform for academics, researchers, lecturers, decision makers, and policy makers in order to enhance their understanding and collaboration in issues of knowledge management and human resource management.

Cognition in Geosciences

The feeding loop between geo-disciplines, cognitive sciences and epistemology

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Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9073834686

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 6146

Cognition in Geosciences: The Feeding Loop Between Geo-disciplines, Cognitive Sciences and Epistemology presents the basic idea that the geosciences can contribute to elucidate some unsolved problems of epistemology and cognition. This book introduces the fundamental concept of a semantic system, which comprises information plus human resources and technology. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental processes of macro-cognition, including spatial perception, creativity, information clustering, information processing, and concept formation. This text then explains how theory and practice in geophysics can elucidate many basic aspects of high level cognition. Other chapters consider the concept of semantic entropy to provide a measure of how much information has been integrated in order to derive coherent significances. This book discusses as well the complexity of linguistic communication in the geosciences. The final chapter deals with the aesthetic experience. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists and neurologists.

Engineering of Intelligent Systems

14th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2001 Budapest, Hungary, June 4-7, 2001 Proceedings

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Author: Laszlo Monostori,Jozsef Vancza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540422196

Category: Computers

Page: 951

View: 3237

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Export Systems, IEA/AIE 2001, held in Budapest, Hungary in June 2001. The 104 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 140 submissions. The proceedings offer topical sections on searching, knowledge representation, model-based reasoning, machine learning, data mining, soft computing, evolutionary algorithms, distributed problem solving, export systems, pattern and speech recognition, vision language processing, planning and scheduling, robotics, autonomous agents, design, control, manufacturing systems, finance and business, software engineering, and intelligent tutoring.

Artificial Cognition Systems

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Author: Loula, Angelo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599041138

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 1740

"This book presents recent research efforts in Artificial Intelligence about building artificial systems capable of performing cognitive tasks. A fundamental issue addressed in this book is if these cognitive processes can have any meaningfulness to the artificial system being built"--Provided by publisher.

Fundamentals and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics

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Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003631

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 9297

Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, written by leading experts, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Fundamental and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics merges the frontiers of ergonomics, workplace design, and management issues. The editors have brought together researchers from disciplines such as biomechanics, anthropometry, and cognitive science with pioneering practitioners in industry. They discuss tools of the trade, upper extremity analysis, backs, interventions, management issues, design for ergonomics, principles of product design, band-aid approaches, processing, distribution centers, and service systems. The handbook is a compendium of information authored by top-flight investigators who represent the cutting edge of opinion, research, and interest in the field.

Integrative Systems Approaches to Natural and Social Dynamics

Systems Sciences 2000

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Author: Peter Murray Allen,M. Matthies,H. Malchow,J. Kriz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540412922

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 593

View: 5980

With contributions by numerous experts

Human Factors Methods

A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design

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Author: Dr Chris Baber,Dr Daniel P Jenkins,Dr Guy H Walker,Dr Laura A Rafferty,Professor Paul M Salmon,Professor Neville A Stanton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472408152

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 650

View: 4834

This second edition of Human Factors Methods: A Practical Guide for Engineering and Design now presents 107 design and evaluation methods including numerous refinements to those that featured in the original. The book acts as an ergonomics methods manual, aiding both students and practitioners. Offering a 'how-to' text on a substantial range of ergonomics methods, the eleven sections represent the different categories of ergonomics methods and techniques that can be used in the evaluation and design process.

Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models

Quantitative Models

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Author: Pavlov, Yuri P.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466629681

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 3382

In order to ensure the criteria for monitoring and managing the various problems and design for decision control, a mathematical description of exact human knowledge is required for the management of adaptive and complex systems. Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models presents an application and demonstration of a new mathematical technique for descriptions of complex systems. This comprehensive collection contains scientific results in the field of contemporary approaches to adaptive decision making that is essential for researchers, scholars, and students alike.

Knowledge Systems and Translation

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Author: Helle V. Dam,Jan Engberg,Heidrun Gerzymisch-Arbogast

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110924307

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 331

View: 8276

It is generally agreed that knowledge plays an important role in translation and interpreting and that it should therefore be of central concern to translation and interpreting studies. However, there is no general agreement about what is actually meant by the term 'knowledge' in this context, nor about in exactly what ways it is relevant. Also, present-day translation and interpreting studies offer only a limited amount of research specifically dedicated to knowledge systematization and other knowledge-related issues. This book is one of the first to systematically and exclusively address the question of knowledge in translation and interpreting. It is a collection of papers by leading scholars both from the field of translation and interpreting and from adjacent fields where knowledge also plays an important role, such as linguistics and computer science. The experts present a wide variety of conceptions of knowledge and a number of different approaches to the study of knowledge in translation and interpreting: some of them draw on concepts such as scenes and frames, mental spaces and semantic networks, some discuss knowledge systems from an ontological point of view, and some present more general concepts of knowledge in translation and interpreting. Along the same lines, some of the contributors deal mainly with theoretical and conceptual aspects, others focus on methodological issues, and again others report on empirical studies. What brings them together, however, is their common focus on the interface between knowledge and translation/interpreting, and their main achievement is that, by joining forces, they manage to present to their readers a state-of-the-art report which offers both a clearer delimitation of the concept of knowledge and a better understanding of its role in translation and interpreting.