Comparative Constitutional Engineering

An Inquiry Into Structures, Incentives, and Outcomes

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Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814780633

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 8820

The second edition of this pathbreaking, highly innovative comparative study in state-building by a major political scientist is a fully updated examination of the problems of making democratic government work. Sartori begins by assessing electoral systems. He attacks the conventional wisdom that their influence cannot be predicted and also disputes the view that proportional representation is always best and will deliver 'consensus democracy'. He argues that the double-ballot formulas deserve more consideration for their ability to facilitate governability in adverse circumstances. His comparative assessment of presidential and semi-presidential systems and the variety of formulas that are categorized, sometimes misleadingly, as parliamentary, looks at the conditions that allow a political form to perform as intended. He concludes with a detailed proposal for a new type of government: alternating presidentialism. This meets the need for strong parliamentary control and efficient government, with safeguards against both parliamentary obstructionism and government by decree, and so could help to avoid political paralysis in Latin America, in the post-communist countries of Europe and in countries with dysfunctional parliamentary systems such as Italy and Israel.

The EU Beyond Amsterdam

Concepts of European Integration

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Author: Martin Westlake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134702485

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 5420

Introduced with a preface by Jacques Delors, this volume offers new insights and develops generalised theories about the nature of European integration. The contributors step back from the detail of the latest intergovernmental conference and budgetary negotiations to generate conclusions of enduring value. The issues dealt with include the following: * Britain and integration * intergovernmental conferences * the rule of law * making foreign policy work * the democratic deficit.

The Russian Democratic Party Yabloko

Opposition in a Managed Democracy

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Author: David White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351145428

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 2278

Western analysts have become increasingly concerned with President Putin's centralization and control, with the term 'managed democracy' becoming a byword for the state of the Russian polity. In this important exploration, David White examines the gradual electoral decline of Russia's leading liberal party, the Yabloko Party. In doing so, he provides fascinating insights into the role of opposition, the development of the party system and, above all, the quality of democracy in Russia under President Putin. As an overtly democratic, liberal reformist party with a strong pro-Western orientation, the place and role of Yabloko in Russian politics is of concern to those interested both in the establishment of democratic norms and the relative strength of political forces promoting democratic and market reforms in Russia.

Network Governance and the Differentiated Polity

Selected Essays

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Author: R. A. W. Rhodes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191089311

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 3974

Network Governance and the Differentiated Polity is the first of two volumes featuring a selection of key writings by R. A. W. Rhodes. Volume I collects in one place for the first time the main articles written by Rhodes on policy networks and governance between 1990 and 2005. The introductory section provides a short biography of the author's journey, Part I focuses on policy networks, and Part II focuses on governance. The conclusion provides critical commentary, both replying to critics and reflecting on theoretical developments since publication. The volume complements the author's other publications on networks and governance, and many chapters in the volume feature an afterword setting out the context in which it was written and identifying what has changed empirically. Volume II looks forward and explores the 'interpretive turn' and its implications for the craft of political science, especially public administration.

Elementos de teoría política

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Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: Alianza Editorial Sa

ISBN: 9788420647876

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 970

Giovanni Sartori reúne en este volumen una serie de conceptos y términos clave en teoría política, con el fin de ofrecer un marco de los grandes temas de la política. Todos los conceptos que recoge —constitución, democracia, dictadura, igualdad, ideología, liberalismo, mercado, opinión pública, parlamento, política, representación, sistemas electorales, sociedad libre, técnicas de decisión y videopoder— son abordados analíticamente y en su desarrollo histórico. Asimismo, realiza una exploración de los fundamentos constitutivos de cada sistema político y reflexiona sobre el destino de la sociedad liberal-democrática en el mundo contemporáneo.

Parties and Party Systems

A Framework for Analysis

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Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 0954796616

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6855

In this broad-ranging volume Sartori outlines a comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems. He also offers an extensive review of the concept and rationale of the political party, and develops a sharp critique of various spatial models of party competition.

The Logic of Japanese Politics

Leaders, Institutions, and the Limits of Change

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Author: Gerald L. Curtis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502540

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 7585

Widely recognized both in America and Japan for his insider knowledge and penetrating analyses of Japanese politics, Gerald Curtis is the political analyst best positioned to explore the complexities of the Japanese political scene today. Curtis has personally known most of the key players in Japanese politics for more than thirty years, and he draws on their candid comments to provide invaluable and graphic insights into the world of Japanese politics. By relating the behavior of Japanese political leaders to the institutions within which they must operate, Curtis makes sense out of what others have regarded as enigmatic or illogical. He utilizes his skills as a scholar and his knowledge of the inner workings of the Japanese political system to highlight the commonalities of Japanese and Western political practices while at the same time explaining what sets Japan apart. Curtis rejects the notion that cultural distinctiveness and consensus are the defining elements of Japan's political decision making, emphasizing instead the competition among and the profound influence of individuals operating within particular institutional contexts on the development of Japan's politics. The discussions featured here—as they survey both the detailed events and the broad structures shaping the mercurial Japanese political scene of the 1990s—draw on extensive conversations with virtually all of the decade's political leaders and focus on the interactions among specific politicians as they struggle for political power. The Logic of Japanese Politics covers such important political developments as the Liberal Democratic Party's egress from power in 1993, after reigning for nearly four decades, and their crushing defeat in the "voters' revolt" of the 1998 upper-house election; the formation of the 1993 seven party coalition government led by prime minister Morihiro Hosokawa and its collapse eight months later; the historic electoral reform of 1994 which replaced the electoral system operative since the adoption of universal manhood suffrage in 1925; and the decline of machine politics and the rise of the mutohaso—the floating, nonparty voter. Scrutinizing and interpreting a complex and changing political system, this multi-layered chronicle reveals the dynamics of democracy at work—Japanese-style. In the process, The Logic of Japanese Politics not only offers a fascinating picture of Japanese politics and politicians but also provides a framework for understanding Japan's attempts to surmount its present problems, and helps readers gain insight into Japan's future.

What kind of constitution for what kind of polity?

responses to Joschka Fischer

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Author: Joschka Fischer,Harvard Law School. Jean Monnet Chair,Robert Schuman Centre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 9957

Toward the first Asian republic

papers from the Jakarta International Conference on the Centenary of the Philippine Revolution and the First Asian Republic

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Author: National Centennial Commission (Philippines)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 1170

Partidos y sistemas de partidos

marco para un análisis

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Author: Giovanni Sartori,Fernando Santos Fontenla

Publisher: Alianza Editorial Sa

ISBN: 9788420647784

Category: Political Science

Page: 454

View: 4602

¿Están en decadencia los partidos? ¿Pueden ser sustituidos por otras organizaciones? Este libro proporciona razones para responder que, con independencia de lo deficiente que sea su actuación, las democracias aún no pueden actuar sin ellos. En su análisis fundamental y ya clásico de los partidos y los sistemas de partidos, Giovanni Sartori, expone primero cómo y por qué surgen los partidos, sus objetivos y sus funciones. En la segunda parte, en buena parte tipológica, examina los sistemas de partidos y las propiedades que resultan de las interacciones de sus unidades.

Social science concepts

a systematic analysis

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Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 455

View: 2002

Scepticism about the 'science' of social science is as widespread now as it has ever been. Sartori and his colleagues attribute this lack of progress to the neglect of concept analysis. Using the analytic procedure established by Sartori in the opening chapters, the distinguished contributors to this book attempt to build a common, consistent, and communicable set of social scientific concepts.

A Democratic South Africa?

Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society

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Author: Donald L. Horowitz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520078857

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 9046

Una reproducción digital está disponible en E -Editions, una colaboración de la Universidad de California Press y el programa eScholarship de la Biblioteca Digital de California.

Law, Society, and Democracy: Comparative Perspectives

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Author: Richard D. Schwartz

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412940115

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 7803

In George Bush's Second Inaugural Address, he stated, "so it is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture ..." Along with such a formidable challenge, comes the essential need for scholars and policy makers alike to gain a deeper understanding of the interrelationship between law, society, and culture. Collected from the successful 2005 Syracuse conference of the same name, the papers in this unique issue of The ANNALS zero in on critical studies that focus on other societies – which are evolving toward (or away from) constitutional democracy and a rule of law. Not to be confused with Social Darwinism, the term legal evolution in this context refers to the development or changes of law; and the papers included here demonstrate value-free objectivity – not labeling the results as either "good" or "bad." Rather than offering a prescriptive or claiming a precise forecast, this collection of thoughtful research examines the sociocultural foundations on which law is built, constructing the groundwork for the advancement of policy and further exploration in this intriguing area of study. The intense research conducted by these authors shines through as they elucidate the patterns of legal development and governmental change in societies abroad. Their reports and analysis will help readers understand the diversity of sociolegal systems and divergent paths that have been followed as laws have developed in a wide variety of societies, including South Africa, Germany, Latin America Sudan, Saudi-Arabia, and China. Terrorism remains an underlying issue in both a domestic and global perspective. Can law contribute to the control of terrorism? Are we moving toward global rules of law? What are the consequences of transitioning toward democracy? The thoughtful papers in this issue address these and other timely topics. How can legal evolution be a useful tool for analyzing social change? How well does law in any society express and implement the needs of the population? What effect do social mores have on the effectiveness of law? The complexity of these questions cannot be easily answered. However, after carefully reviewing the rich collection of ideas gathered in this single issue, scholars and policy makers will gain a deeper understanding of the evolution of law and constitutional democracy.

Grundzüge der Politikwissenschaft

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Author: Arno Mohr

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486793500

Category: Political Science

Page: 705

View: 725

Grundlegendes Lehrwerk der Politikwissenschaft für den Studienanfänger ebenso wie für den Examenskandidaten.

Women and legislative representation

electoral systems, political parties, and sex quotas

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Author: Manon Tremblay

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230603783

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 278

View: 3623

This book studies the proportion of women in national parliaments. More precisely, it seeks to identify the factors that influence the percentage of female parliamentarians, paying particular attention to the electoral system. The author seeks to understand a profound political movement, that of the third wave of democratization of political systems, through the particular perspective of female representation in parliaments. Although several books have been published on women in politics, none have focused on electoral systems as an explanation for the proportion of women in national parliaments.

Defining the Field of Comparative Constitutional Law

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Author: Vicki C. Jackson,Mark V. Tushnet

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780275970697

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 745

Jackson, Tushnet, and their contributors, distinguished jurists and legal scholars from around the world, seek to define the field of comparative constitutional law. They raise the issues of what, if anything, distinguishes the study of comparative constitutional law from the study of comparative law generally.

Engineering Constitutional Change

A Comparative Perspective on Europe, Canada and the USA

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Author: Xenophōn I. Kontiadēs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041552976X

Category: Law

Page: 478

View: 7389

This volume provides a holistic presentation of the reality of constitutional change in 18 countries (the 15 old EU member states, Canada, Switzerland and the USA). The essays offer analysis on formal and informal constitutional amendment bringing forth the overall picture of the parallel paths constitutional change follows, in correlation to what the constitution means and how constitutional law works. To capture the patterns of constitutional change, multi-faceted parameters are explored such as the interrelations between form of government, party system, and constitutional amendment; the interplay between constitutional change and the system of constitutionality review; the role of the people, civil society, and experts in constitutional change; and the influence of international and European law and jurisprudence on constitutional reform and evolution. In the extensive final, comparative chapter, key features of each country's amendment procedures are epitomized and the mechanisms of constitutional change are explained on the basis of introducing five distinct models of constitutional change. The concept of constitutional rigidity is re-approached and broken down to a set of factual and institutional rigidities. The classification of countries within models, in accordance with the way in which operative amending mechanisms connect, leads to a succinct portrayal of different modes of constitutional change engineering. This book will prove to be an invaluable tool for approaching constitutional revision either for theoretical or for practical purposes and will be of particular interest to students and scholars of constitutional, comparative and public law.