Communitarian International Relations

The Epistemic Foundations of International Relations

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Author: Emanuel Adler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415335911

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 5058

In Adler's constructivist approach to International Relations theory, international practices evolve in tandem with collective knowledge of the material and social worlds. He points IR constructivism in a "communitarian" direction, maintaining that "communities of practice" are the wellspring of collective understandings and social practices in IR.

Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis

States, Leaders, and the Microfoundations of Behavioral International Relations

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Author: Stephen G. Walker,Akan Malici,Mark Schafer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113685245X

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 6233

Stephen G. Walker, Akan Malici, and Mark Schafer present a definitive, social-psychological approach to integrating theories of foreign policy analysis and international relations—addressing the agent-centered, micro-political study of decisions by leaders and the structure-oriented, macro-political study of state interactions as a complex adaptive system. The links between the internal world of beliefs and the external world of events provide the strategic setting in which states collide and leaders decide. The first part of this ground-breaking book establishes the theoretical framework of neobehavioral IR, setting the stage for the remainder of the work to apply the framework to pressing issues in world politics. Through these applications students can see how a game-theoretic logic can combine with the operational code research program to innovatively combine levels of analysis. The authors employ binary role theory to demonstrate that relying only on a state-systemic level or an individual-decision making level of analysis leads to an incomplete picture of how leaders steer their ships of state through the hazards of international crises to establish stable relations of cooperation or conflict.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

The State of the Art

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Author: Jeffrey L. Dunoff,Mark A. Pollack

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020743

Category: Law

Page: 680

View: 3076

This book brings together the most influential contemporary writers in the fields of international law and international relations to take stock of what we know about the making, interpretation, and enforcement of international law. The contributions to this volume critically explore what recent interdisciplinary work reveals about the design and workings of international institutions, the various roles played by international and domestic courts, and the factors that enhance compliance with international law.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

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Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117998

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 7684

Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Legitimate Targets?

Social Construction, International Law and US Bombing

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Author: Janina Dill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107056756

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 4116

Can international law regulate warfare? Experiences of US bombing suggests it does not solve the twenty-first-century belligerent's legitimacy dilemma.

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

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Author: Maja Zehfuss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894661

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 8985

Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Legitimising the Use of Force in International Politics

Kosovo, Iraq and the Ethics of Intervention

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Author: Corneliu Bjola

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135256845

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1041

This book aims to examine the conditions under which the decision to use force can be reckoned as legitimate in international relations. Drawing on communicative action theory, it provides a provocative answer to the hotly contested question of how to understand the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics. The use of force is one of the most critical and controversial aspects of international politics. Scholars and policy-makers have long tried to develop meaningful standards capable of restricting the use of force to a legally narrow yet morally defensible set of circumstances. However, these standards have recently been challenged by concerns over how the international community should react to gross human rights abuses or to terrorist threats. This book argues that current legal and moral standards on the use of force are unable to effectively deal with these challenges. The author argues that the concept of 'deliberative legitimacy', understood as the non-coerced commitment of an actor to abide by a decision reached through a process of communicative action, offers the most appropriate framework for addressing this problem. The theoretical originality and empirical value of the concept of deliberative legitimacy comes fully into force with the examination of two of the most severe international crises from the post Cold War period: the 1999 NATO intervention in Kosovo and the 2003 US military action against Iraq. This book will be of much interest to students of international security, ethics, international law, discourse theory and IR. Corneliu Bjola is SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow with the Centre for Ethics at the University of Toronto, and has a PhD in International Relations.

Nonstate Actors in Intrastate Conflicts

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Author: Dan Miodownik,Oren Barak

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812245431

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 783

Through case studies of Afghanistan, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine and Turkey, this volume examines the manifold roles of external nonstate actors in influencing the outcome of hostilities within a state's borders.

Sinicization and the Rise of China

Civilizational Processes Beyond East and West

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Author: Peter J. Katzenstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136460195

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 2806

China’s rise and processes of Sinicization suggest that recombination of new and old elements rather than a total rupture with or return to the past is China’s likely future. In both space and time, civilizational politics offers the broadest social context. It is of particular salience in China. Reification of civilizations into simple categories such as East and West is widespread in everyday politics and common in policy and academic writings. This book’s emphasis on Sinicization as a specific instance of civilizational processes counters political and intellectual shortcuts and corrects the mistakes to which they often lead. Sinicization illustrates that like other civilizations China has always been open to variegated social and political processes that have brought together many different kinds of peoples adhering to very different kinds of practices. This book tries to avoid the reifications and celebrations that mark much of the contemporary public debate about China’s rise. It highlights instead complex processes and political practices bridging East and West that avoid easy shortcuts. The analytical perspectives of this book are laid out in Katzenstein’s opening and concluding chapters. They are explored in six outstanding case studies, written by widely known authors, which over questions of security, political economy and culture. Featuring an exceptional line-up and representing a diversity of theoretical views within one integrative perspective, this work will be of interest to all scholars and students of international relations, sociology and political science.

Practice Theory and International Relations

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Author: Silviya Lechner,Mervyn Frost

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108586457

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7689

Are social practices actions, or institutional frameworks of interaction structured by common rules? How do social practices such as signing a cheque differ from international practices such as signing a peace treaty? Traversing the fields of international relations (IR) and philosophy, this book defends an institutionalist conception of practices as part of a general practice theory indebted to Oakeshott, Wittgenstein and Hegel. The proposed practice theory has two core aspects: practice internalism and normative descriptivism. In developing a philosophical analysis of social practices that has a special relevance for international relations, Silviya Lechner and Mervyn Frost depart from Pierre Bourdieu's sociology of practice that dominates the current 'practice turn' in IR. The authors show that the contemporary global realm is constituted by two distinct macro practices - the practice of sovereign states and that of global rights.

International Practice Theory

New Perspectives

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Author: C. Bueger,F. Gadinger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137395532

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 2931

How does the practice turn play out in international relations? This study offers a concise introduction to the core approaches, issues and methodology of International Practice Theory, examining the design, strategies and technique of practice theoretical research projects interested in global politics, and outlining issues for a future agenda.

The Power of Ideology

The Quest for Technological Autonomy in Argentina and Brazil

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Author: Emanuel Adler,Professor Emanuel Adler

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520054851

Category: Political Science

Page: 398

View: 6192

In this prodigiously researched book, Emanuel Adler addresses the hotly contested issue of how developing nations can emerge from the economic and technological tutelage of the developed world.

Globalizing Care

Ethics, Feminist Theory, And International Relations

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Author: Fiona Robinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429979819

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 6163

Critical Theory of International Politics

Complementarity, Justice, and Governance

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Author: Steven C. Roach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135173699

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 8849

This is first detailed account on the origins of critical theory and how it has developed and influenced international relations. Making complex ideas accessible to all, it discusses Marx and post-Marxist thinkers; the Frankfurt School; Adorno, Benjamin and Marcuse; Habermas, Gramsci and Foucault alongside critical IR scholars Robert W. Cox, Rob Walker, James Der Derian, Christine Sylvester, Richard Ashley and Andrew Linklater.

The Oxford Handbook of International Political Theory

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Author: Chris Brown,Robyn Eckersley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019874692X

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

View: 4062

International Political Theory (IPT) focuses on the point where two fields of study meet - International Relations and Political Theory. It takes from the former a central concern with the 'international' broadly defined; from the latter it takes a broadly normative identity. IPT studies the 'ought' questions that have been ignored or side-lined by the modern study of International Relations and the 'international' dimension that Political Theory has in the past neglected. A central proposition of IPT is that the 'domestic' and the 'international' cannot be treated as self-contained spheres, although this does not preclude states and the states-system from being regarded by some practitioners of IPT as central points of reference. This Handbook provides an authoritative account of the issues, debates, and perspectives in the field, guided by two basic questions concerning its purposes and methods of inquiry. First, how does IPT connect with real world politics? In particular, how does it engage with real world problems, and position itself in relation to the practices of real world politics? And second, following on from this, what is the relationship between IPT and empirical research in international relations? This Handbook showcases the distinctive and valuable contribution of normative inquiry not just for its own sake but also in addressing real world problems. The Oxford Handbooks of International Relations is a twelve-volume set of reference books offering authoritative and innovative engagements with the principal sub-fields of International Relations. The series as a whole is under the General Editorship of Christian Reus-Smith of the University of Queensland and Duncan Snidal of the University of Oxford, with each volume edited by a distinguished pair of specialists in their respective fields. The series both surveys the broad terrain of International Relations scholarship and reshapes it, pushing each sub-field in challenging new directions. Following the example of the original Reus-Smit and Snidal The Oxford Handbook of International Relations, each volume is organized around a strong central thematic by a pair of scholars drawn from alternative perspectives, reading its sub-field in an entirely new way, and pushing scholarship in challenging new directions.

Natural Resources and Social Conflict

Towards Critical Environmental Security

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Author: M. Schnurr,L. Swatuk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137002468

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 6072

This volume brings together international scholars reflecting on the theory and practice of international security, human security, natural resources and environmental change. It contributes by 'centring the margins' and privileging alternative conceptions and understandings of environmental (in)security.

Jihad for Jerusalem

Identity and Strategy in International Relations

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Author: M. A. Muqtedar Khan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275980146

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 4803

Explores the agent-structure dynamics in politics and advances a constructivist theory of choice that explains the role of identity, religion, and core values in Middle Eastern politics.

International Practices

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Author: Emanuel Adler,Vincent Pouliot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501585

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8904

It is in and through practices - deeds that embody shared intersubjective knowledge - that social life is organized, that subjectivities are constituted and that history unfolds. One can think of dozens of different practices (from balancing, to banking or networking) which constitute the social fabric of world politics. This book brings together leading scholars in fields from international law and humanitarianism to nuclear deterrence and the UN to provide effective new tools to understand a range of pressing issues of the era of globalization. As an entry point to the study of world politics, the concept of practice accommodates a variety of perspectives in a coherent yet flexible fashion and opens the door to much needed interdisciplinary research in international relations. International Practices crystallizes the authors' past research on international practices into a common effort to turn the study of practice into a novel research program in international relations.

Security Cooperation in Africa

A Reappraisal

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Author: Benedikt Franke

Publisher: First Forum Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 4414

Benedikt Franke assesses the peace and security architecture that is taking shape under the nominal leadership of the African Union, analysing the emerging structures and trends and also rethinking prevailing notions and theoretical assumptions about interstate security relations.

Regionalism in Asia

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Author: See Seng Tan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415478243

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 4141

Especially since the end of the Cold War, research on and around the international relations of Asia has grown exponentially and, to make sense of what is now a vast and unwieldly corpus of scholarly literature, this new four-volume collection from Routledge's Critical Issues in Modern Politics series brings together the best and most influential work in the field. The first of the four volumes explores ASEAN and international relations theory. Volume II, meanwhile, focuses on the Association's history and evolution from 1967 to the present day. Volume III examines pan-Asian intergovernmental regionalisms by collecting the most important thinking on the 'new regionalism'. Vital questions addressed here include the nature of Asian intergovernmental institutions; the overall lack of strategic coherence; whether aims and agendas overlap; conflict or complement; and, the implications for the region as a whole. Finally, Volume IV brings together crucial work on non-governmental or unofficial multilateral processes to examine the regionalization processes in Asia and the efficacy of these bottom-up processes in influencing policy and regional security discourse. With a full index, together with a comprehensive introduction newly written by the editor which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, this Routledge collection is an essential work of reference. It is destined to be valued by scholars, students, and researchers of Asian international relations, politics, history, and current affairs as a vital resource.