Cohabitation, an alternative to marriage?

A cross-national study

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Author: G.E. Wiersma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400968728

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 6239

1. BACKGROUND In the last ten years there has been much popular discus sion and also a great scholarly interest in the so-called "alternative lifestyles" (1). ESgecially, since the late 1J60's, a diversity of lifestyles other than the nuclear family began to emerge, according to demographic changes in household compositions during the past decade (US Bureau of Census, 1979; Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, 1930). One lifestyle, non-marital cohabitation, has increased most dra matically during the ~ast ten years and is the subject of this study. The term cohabitation will be used exclusively throughout the remainder of this study to refer to hetero sexual couples who are living together without being married legally. Despite its recent rapid increase, one should not overlook the fact that cohabitation, in comparison with legal marriage, remains an alternative practiced by a minority of the couples at any ?oint in time. For the Netherlands, it is estimated that 7 percent of all couples are living together unmarried, and 93 percent are married (Straver, 1981). This cohabitation rate is about twice as low when compared to rates in countries like Sweden and Denmark where they are 16 percent (the highest rate in Europe) and 13 percent (Trost, 1979), but still about twice as high when compared to the 3 percent estimate for the United States (Macklin, 1980).

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families

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Author: Judith Treas,Jacqueline Scott,Martin Richards

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118374118

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 6490

Written by an international team of experts, this comprehensivevolume investigates modern-day family relationships, partnering,and parenting set against a backdrop of rapid social, economic,cultural, and technological change. Covers a broad range of topics, including social inequality,parenting practices, children’s work, changing patterns ofcitizenship, multi-cultural families, and changes in welfare stateprotection for families Includes many European, North American and Asian exampleswritten by a team of experts from across five continents Features coverage of previously neglected groups, includingimmigrant and transnational families as well as families of gaysand lesbians Demonstrates how studying social change in families isfundamental for understanding the transformations in individual andsocial life across the globe Extensively reworked from the original Companion published overa decade ago: three-quarters of the material is completely new, andthe remainder has been comprehensively updated

Marriage and Family

Perspectives and Complexities

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Author: H. Elizabeth Peters,Claire M. Kamp Dush

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520026

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 2716

Family life has been radically transformed over the past three decades. Half of all households are unmarried, while only a quarter of all married households have kids. A third of the nation's births are to unwed mothers, and a third of America's married men earn less than their wives. With half of all women cohabitating before they turn thirty and gay and lesbian couples settling down with increasing visibility, there couldn't be a better time for a book that tracks new conceptions of marriage and family as they are being formed. The editors of this volume explore the motivation to marry and the role of matrimony in a diverse group of men and women. They compare empirical data from several emerging family types (single, co-parent, gay and lesbian, among others) to studies of traditional nuclear families, and they consider the effect of public policy and recent economic developments on the practice of marriage and the stabilization or destabilization of family. Approaching this topic from a variety of perspectives, including historical, cross-cultural, gendered, demographic, socio-biological, and social-psychological viewpoints, the editors highlight the complexity of the modern American family and the growing indeterminacy of its boundaries. Refusing to adhere to any one position, the editors provide an unbiased account of contemporary marriage and family.

Family Therapy

Models and Techniques

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Author: Janice M. Rasheed,Mikal N. Rasheed,James A. Marley

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148330535X

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 9462

This text offers a straightforward, comprehensive overview of both traditional and evolving theoretical models of family therapy and intervention techniques as well as a discussion of clinical issues unique to family therapy practice. Aiming to prepare students to develop beginning proficiency in family therapy, the authors outline major family therapy models in detail, including a step by step description of concepts, theories, skills, and techniques as well as a history of each model and its conceptual and theoretical underpinnings. The text also provides extensive case illustrations of family interviews that identify the specific stages, clinical issues, concepts, theories and techniques associated with each model. This core text is designed for graduate level courses such as Family Therapy, Marriage and Family Therapy, Marriage and Family Counseling, Family Systems Theory, and Family Counseling in departments of social work, psychology, nursing, education, or human services.

Brave New Stepfamilies

Diverse Paths Toward Stepfamily Living

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Author: Susan D. Stewart

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483360199

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 304

View: 5300

Brave New Stepfamilies maps the changing landscape of American stepfamilies, taking readers on a tour through the diverse assortment of traditional and not-so-traditional stepfamily forms that have emerged in recent years. Author Susan D. Stewart presents the latest scholarly research on stepfamilies in an accessible way, weaving together predominant theoretical perspectives, findings from research and national surveys, and interviews with stepfamily members.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

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Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 9806

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

The Developmental Course of Romantic Relationships

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Author: Brian G. Ogolsky,Sally A. Lloyd,Rodney M. Cate

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134092547

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 224

View: 4583

Recipient of the 2014 International Association for Relationship Researchers Book Award! This multidisciplinary text highlights the development of romantic relationships, from initiation to commitment or demise, by highlighting the historical context, current research and theory, and diversity of patterns. Engagingly written with colorful examples, the authors examine the joy, stress, power-struggles, intimacy, and aggression that characterize these relationships. Readers gain a better understanding as to why, even after the pain and suffering associated with a breakup, most of us go right back out and start again. Relationships are examined through an interdisciplinary lens –psychological, sociological, environmental and communicative perspectives are all considered. End of chapter summaries, lists of key concepts, and additional readings serve as a review. As a whole the book explores what precipitates success or failure of these relationships and how this has changed over time. Highlights of the book’s coverage: Incorporates both cross-sex and same-sex romantic relationships Examines the roles of gender, race, class, culture, age, and sexuality in relationship development Looks at multiple types of romantic relationships in emerging adulthood, including dating and cohabitation Explores both positive and negative relational processes Analyzes the latest and most important scholarship. The book opens with an introduction followed by a historical overview of the development of relationships. Next relationship development models are examined including the influence of social factors and the interaction of the partners involved. This volume examines how partners initiate romantic relationships, including infatuation, sexual attraction, and the impact of technology; how cohabitation affects the quality of the future of the relationship; and the individual, social, and circumstantial factors that predict stability or break-ups in romantic relationships. The book ends with an examination of the “dark side” of relationships, and suggestions for future research on romantic pairings. Intended as a supplement for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses in marriage and family, personal/close/intimate relationships, or interpersonal/family communication taught in human development and family studies, psychology, social work, sociology, communication, counseling and therapy, this book also appeals to researchers and practitioners interested in the romantic relationship processes.

Spiritual Formation in Emerging Adulthood

A Practical Theology for College and Young Adult Ministry

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Author: David P. Setran,Chris A. Kiesling

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 1441242880

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 871

The shift from adolescence to adulthood, a recently identified stage of life called "emerging adulthood," covers an increasing span of years in today's culture (roughly ages 18-30) due to later marriages and extended education. During this prolonged stage of exploration and self-definition, many young adults drift away from the church. Here two authors--both veteran teachers who are experienced in young adult and campus ministry--address this new and urgent field of study, offering a Christian perspective on what it means to be spiritually formed into adulthood. They provide a "practical theology" for emerging adult ministry and offer insight into the key developmental issues of this stage of life, including identity, intimacy and sexuality, morality, church involvement, spiritual formation, vocation, and mentoring. The book bridges the gap between academic and popular literature on emerging adulthood and offers concrete ways to facilitate spiritual formation among emerging adults.

Reconceiving the Family

Critique on the American Law Institute's Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution

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Author: Robin Fretwell Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458744

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2312

This 2006 book provides a critical examination of and reflection on the American Law Institute's (ALI) Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution: Analysis and Recommendations ('Principles'), arguably the most sweeping proposal for family law reform attempted in the US over the last quarter century. The volume is a collaborative work of individuals from diverse perspectives and disciplines who explore the fundamental questions about the nature of family, parenthood, and child support. The contributors are all recognized authorities on aspects of family law and provide commentary on the principles examined by the ALI - fault, custody, child support, property division, spousal support and domestic partnerships, utilizing a wide range of analytical tools, including economic theory, constitutional law, social science data and linguistic analysis. This volume also includes the perspectives of US judges and legislators and leading family law scholars in the United Kingdom, Europe, Canada and Australia.

The Impact of Cohabitation on Women and Children

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Author: Christine Schlapa

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 363876978X

Category:

Page: 36

View: 540

Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Sociology - Gender Studies, grade: 84%, University of Auckland (Department of Sociology), course: Family, Women and the State, 24 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Rates of cohabitation are rising throughout the Western world as a precursor, a substitute or a successor of marriage. However, compared to legal marriage, women and children seem to be worse off in those living arrangements for several reasons. Therefore, this paper sought to explore the impacts of cohabitation on women and children and how different jurisdictions responded to the rising rates of cohabitation.

Contemporary Issues in Family Studies

Global Perspectives on Partnerships, Parenting and Support in a Changing World

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Author: Angela Abela,Janet Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118321030

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 5340

This volume tackles key issues in the changing nature of familylife from a global perspective, and is essential reading for thosestudying and working with families. Covers changes in couple relationships and the challenges thesepose; parenting practices and their implications for childdevelopment; key contemporary global issues, such as migration,poverty, and the internet, and their impact on the family; and therole of the state in supporting family relationships Includes a stellar cast of international contributors such asPaul Amato and John Coleman, and contributions from leading expertsbased in North Africa, Japan, Australia and New Zealand Discusses topics such as cohabitation, divorce, single-parenthouseholds, same-sex partnerships, fertility, and domesticviolence Links research and practice and provides policy recommendationsat the end of each chapter

Feminist Perspectives on Family Law

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Author: Alison Diduck,Katherine O'Donovan,Professor of Lawat the Faculty of Laws Katherine O'Donovan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135309639

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 9383

Examining specific areas of family law from a feminist perspective, this book assesses the impact that feminism has had upon family law. It is deliberately broad in scope, as it takes the view that family law cannot be defined in a traditional way. In addition to issues of long-standing concern for feminists, it explores issues of current legal and political preoccupation such as civil partnerships, home-sharing, reproductive technologies and new initiatives in regulating family practices through criminal law, including domestic violence and youth justice.

Family Communication

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Author: Chris Segrin,Jeanne Flora

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135159939

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 504

View: 7346

Family Communication carefully examines state-of-the-art research and theories of family communication and family relationships. In addition to presenting cutting-edge research, it focuses on classic theories and research findings that have influenced and revolutionized the way scholars conceptualize family interaction. This text offers a thorough and up-to-date presentation of scientific research in family communication for both teachers and students of family communication as well as professionals who work with families. This second edition features: Chapters updated with the latest research, including over 2000 references. Material on understudied family relationships, such as extended family relationships and gay and lesbian relationships Recent research on understudied topics in family communication, including the influence of technology on mate selection, negotiating work and family stress, single parenting, cohabitation, elder abuse, forgiveness in marriage, and the links among communication, culture, and mental health. A revised chapter on parent-child communication, taking a lifespan perspective that helps organize the large body of research in this area. A new chapter devoted to extended family relationships, with special focus on grandparent-grandchild relationships, in-law relationships, and adult children and their parents. An expanded review of family conflict processes, especially in relation to decision making and power. A companion website provides chapter outlines, exam questions, and PowerPoint slides for students and instructors. Undergraduate readers should find the information easy to understand, while advanced readers, such as graduate students and professionals, will find it a useful reference to classic and contemporary research on family communication and relationships.

Diversity in Family Formation

The 2nd Demographic Transition in Belgium and The Netherlands

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Author: Joop de Beer,F. Deven

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401595127

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 1320

The aim of Diversity in Family Formation is to examine changes in the start of the family formation process. Rather than giving a rough overview of demographic changes in many countries, a comparison of differences in changes in family formation and fertility behaviour between Belgium and The Netherlands is interesting for various reasons. First, even though the economic and cultural differences between these countries are relatively small there is one important difference: Belgium is predominantly Catholic, whereas The Netherlands has about equal proportions of Catholics and Protestants. Second, if the Second Demographic Transition implies that there is one common pattern of change in different European countries and that differences across countries are due to the fact that countries are in a different stage of the transition process, and if it is assumed that the transition process started earlier in Protestant countries than in Catholic countries, one would expect The Netherlands to be in a further stage of the transition process than Belgium. Thus an in-depth comparison of changes in family formation and fertility behaviour between both countries may give us more insight in the question of whether there is one common transition process. The comparison of fertility and family survey-data in both countries brings us to the core question of whether there is one common explanation for differences between countries in various types of fertility and family behaviour under consideration, namely fertility regulation, the choice of living arrangement after leaving the parental home, and the labour force participation of mothers.

Family Formation in 21st Century Australia

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Author: Genevieve Heard,Dharmalingam Arunachalam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401792798

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 3470

This book provides a detailed, up-to-date snapshot of Australian family formation, answering such questions as ‘what do our families look like?’ and ‘how have they come to be this way?’ The book applies sociological insights to a broad range of demographic trends, painting a comprehensive picture of the changing ways in which Australians are creating families. The first contemporary volume on the subject, Family Formation in 21st Century Australia chronicles significant changes in partnering and fertility. In the late 20th century, cohabitation, divorce and births outside marriage rose dramatically. Yet family formation patterns continue to evolve, requiring fresh analysis. Even since the turn of the century, divorce has stabilized and fertility has increased. Using information from the 2011 Australian Census and from large-scale surveys, leading Australian academics dissect recent trends in cohabitation, ‘living apart together’, marriage, interethnic partnering, relationship dissolution, repartnering, contraceptive use and fertility. Since there is more diversity in family formation patterns than ever before, the book also considers differences between groups within the Australian population. Which groups are more likely to marry, cohabit or have higher fertility? And how do patterns differ among indigenous, migrant or same sex attracted Australians?.

One, Two...I Do, Instructor Guide

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Author: Charlene R. Kamper

Publisher: Kamper Curricula

ISBN: 9780967716053

Category: Church work with teenagers

Page: N.A

View: 2037

This faith-based curriculum written for young people contains 16 lessons about relationships and marriage.

Contemporary Fathering

Theory, Policy and Practice

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Author: Brid Featherstone

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861349873

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5841

Fathers have an important influence in children's lives. This book inks insights from sociology, psychology and gender studies to policy and social work practice. Drawing upon the author's experience in child welfare she presents suggestions on how and why fathers need to be engaged in their children's lives.

Cohabitation, Marriage and the Law

Social Change and Legal Reform in the 21st Century

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Author: Anne Barlow,Simon Duncan,Grace James,Alison Park

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847310109

Category: Law

Page: 170

View: 5179

Unmarried heterosexual cohabitation is rapidly increasing in Britain and over a quarter of children are now born to unmarried cohabiting parents. This is not just an important change in the way we live in modern Britain; it is also a political and theoretical marker. Some commentators see cohabitation as evidence of selfish individualism and the breakdown of the family, while others see it as just a less institutionalised way in which people express commitment and build their families. Politically, 'stable' families are seen as crucial - but does stability simply mean marriage? At present the law in Britain retains important distinctions in the way it treats cohabiting and married families and this can have deleterious effects on the welfare of children and partners on cohabitation breakdown or death of a partner. Should the law be changed to reflect this changing social reality? Or should it - can it - be used to direct these changes? Using findings from their recent Nuffield Foundation funded study, which combines nationally representative data with in-depth qualitative work, the authors examine public attitudes about cohabitation and marriage, provide an analysis of who cohabits and who marries, and investigate the extent and nature of the 'common law marriage myth' (the false belief that cohabitants have similar legal rights to married couples). They then explore why people cohabit rather than marry, what the nature of their commitment is to one another and chart public attitudes to legal change. In the light of this evidence, the book then evaluates different options for legal reform.

Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

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Author: Vern L. Bengtson,Alan C. Acock,Katherine R. Allen,Peggye Dilworth-Anderson,David M. Klein

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452279101

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 688

View: 960

Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.