Codes for Error Detection

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Author: Torleiv Klove

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812770518

Category: Computer science

Page: 214

View: 2660

There are two basic methods of error control for communication, both involving coding of the messages. With forward error correction, the codes are used to detect and correct errors. In a repeat request system, the codes are used to detect errors and, if there are errors, request a retransmission. Error detection is usually much simpler to implement than error correction and is widely used. However, it is given a very cursory treatment in almost all textbooks on coding theory. Only a few older books are devoted to error detecting codes. This book begins with a short introduction to the theory of block codes with emphasis on the parts important for error detection. The weight distribution is particularly important for this application and is treated in more detail than in most books on error correction. A detailed account of the known results on the probability of undetected error on the q-ary symmetric channel is also given.

Algebraic Geometry Modeling in Information Theory

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Author: Edgar Martínez-Moro

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814335754

Category: Mathematics

Page: 325

View: 1798

Algebraic & geometry methods have constituted a basic background and tool for people working on classic block coding theory and cryptography. Nowadays, new paradigms on coding theory and cryptography have arisen such as: Network coding, S-Boxes, APN Functions, Steganography and decoding by linear programming. Again understanding the underlying procedure and symmetry of these topics needs a whole bunch of non trivial knowledge of algebra and geometry that will be used to both, evaluate those methods and search for new codes and cryptographic applications. This book shows those methods in a self-contained form.

Codes: An Introduction to Information Communication and Cryptography

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Author: Norman L. Biggs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848002739

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 2958

Many people do not realise that mathematics provides the foundation for the devices we use to handle information in the modern world. Most of those who do know probably think that the parts of mathematics involvedare quite ‘cl- sical’, such as Fourier analysis and di?erential equations. In fact, a great deal of the mathematical background is part of what used to be called ‘pure’ ma- ematics, indicating that it was created in order to deal with problems that originated within mathematics itself. It has taken many years for mathema- cians to come to terms with this situation, and some of them are still not entirely happy about it. Thisbookisanintegratedintroductionto Coding.Bythis Imeanreplacing symbolic information, such as a sequence of bits or a message written in a naturallanguage,byanother messageusing (possibly) di?erentsymbols.There are three main reasons for doing this: Economy (data compression), Reliability (correction of errors), and Security (cryptography). I have tried to cover each of these three areas in su?cient depth so that the reader can grasp the basic problems and go on to more advanced study. The mathematical theory is introduced in a way that enables the basic problems to bestatedcarefully,butwithoutunnecessaryabstraction.Theprerequisites(sets andfunctions,matrices,?niteprobability)shouldbefamiliartoanyonewhohas taken a standard course in mathematical methods or discrete mathematics. A course in elementary abstract algebra and/or number theory would be helpful, but the book contains the essential facts, and readers without this background should be able to understand what is going on. vi Thereareafewplaceswherereferenceismadetocomputeralgebrasystems.

Coding Theory and Cryptology

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Author: Harald Niederreiter

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981448766X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 460

View: 7493

The inaugural research program of the Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the National University of Singapore took place from July to December 2001 and was devoted to coding theory and cryptology. As part of the program, tutorials for graduate students and junior researchers were given by world-renowned scholars. These tutorials covered fundamental aspects of coding theory and cryptology and were designed to prepare for original research in these areas. The present volume collects the expanded lecture notes of these tutorials. The topics range from mathematical areas such as computational number theory, exponential sums and algebraic function fields through coding-theory subjects such as extremal problems, quantum error-correcting codes and algebraic-geometry codes to cryptologic subjects such as stream ciphers, public-key infrastructures, key management, authentication schemes and distributed system security. Contents:Extremal Problems of Coding Theory (A Barg)Analysis and Design Issues for Synchronous Stream Ciphers (E Dawson & L Simpson)Quantum Error-Correcting Codes (K Feng)Public Key Infrastructures (D Gollmann)Computational Methods in Public Key Cryptology (A K Lenstra)Detecting and Revoking Compromised Keys (T Matsumoto)Algebraic Function Fields Over Finite Fields (H Niederreiter)Authentication Schemes (D Y Pei)Exponential Sums in Coding Theory, Cryptology and Algorithms (I E Shparlinski)Distributed Authorization: Principles and Practice (V Varadharajan)Introduction to Algebraic Geometry Codes (C P Xing) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in number theory, discrete mathematics, coding theory, cryptology and IT security. Keywords:Coding Theory;Cryptology;Number Theory;Algebraic-Geometry Codes;Public-Key Infrastructures;Error-Correcting Codes

Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction

A Handbook for the 21st Century

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Author: Aiden A. Bruen,Mario A. Forcinito

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031385

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 2289

Discover the first unified treatment of today's most essential information technologies— Compressing, Encrypting, and Encoding With identity theft, cybercrime, and digital file sharing proliferating in today's wired world, providing safe and accurate information transfers has become a paramount concern. The issues and problems raised in this endeavor are encompassed within three disciplines: cryptography, information theory, and error-correction. As technology continues to develop, these fields have converged at a practical level, increasing the need for a unified treatment of these three cornerstones of the information age. Stressing the interconnections of the disciplines, Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction offers a complete, yet accessible account of the technologies shaping the 21st century. This book contains the most up-to-date, detailed, and balanced treatment available on these subjects. The authors draw on their experience both in the classroom and in industry, giving the book's material and presentation a unique real-world orientation. With its reader-friendly style and interdisciplinary emphasis, Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction serves as both an admirable teaching text and a tool for self-learning. The chapter structure allows for anyone with a high school mathematics education to gain a strong conceptual understanding, and provides higher-level students with more mathematically advanced topics. The authors clearly map out paths through the book for readers of all levels to maximize their learning. This book: Is suitable for courses in cryptography, information theory, or error-correction as well as courses discussing all three areas Provides over 300 example problems with solutions Presents new and exciting algorithms adopted by industry Discusses potential applications in cell biology Details a new characterization of perfect secrecy Features in-depth coverage of linear feedback shift registers (LFSR), a staple of modern computing Follows a layered approach to facilitate discussion, with summaries followed by more detailed explanations Provides a new perspective on the RSA algorithm Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction is an excellent in-depth text for both graduate and undergraduate students of mathematics, computer science, and engineering. It is also an authoritative overview for IT professionals, statisticians, mathematicians, computer scientists, electrical engineers, entrepreneurs, and the generally curious.

Information, Coding and Mathematics

Proceedings of Workshop honoring Prof. Bob McEliece on his 60th birthday

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Author: Mario Blaum,Patrick G. Farrell,Henk C.A. van Tilborg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475735855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 588

Information, Coding and Mathematics is a classic reference for both professional and academic researchers working in error-correction coding and decoding, Shannon theory, cryptography, digital communications, information security, and electronic engineering. The work represents a collection of contributions from leading experts in turbo coding, cryptography and sequences, Shannon theory and coding bounds, and decoding theory and applications. All of the contributors have individually and collectively dedicated their work as a tribute to the outstanding work of Robert J. McEliece. Information, Coding and Mathematics covers the latest advances in the widely used and rapidly developing field of information and communication technology.

Foundations of Coding

Compression, Encryption, Error Correction

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Author: Jean-Guillaume Dumas,Jean-Louis Roch,Éric Tannier,Sébastien Varrette

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118960521

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 4256

Offers a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental structures and applications of a wide range of contemporary coding operations This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental structures and applications of a wide range of contemporary coding operations. This text focuses on the ways to structure information so that its transmission will be in the safest, quickest, and most efficient and error-free manner possible. All coding operations are covered in a single framework, with initial chapters addressing early mathematical models and algorithmic developments which led to the structure of code. After discussing the general foundations of code, chapters proceed to cover individual topics such as notions of compression, cryptography, detection, and correction codes. Both classical coding theories and the most cutting-edge models are addressed, along with helpful exercises of varying complexities to enhance comprehension. Explains how to structure coding information so that its transmission is safe, error-free, efficient, and fast Includes a pseudo-code that readers may implement in their preferential programming language Features descriptive diagrams and illustrations, and almost 150 exercises, with corrections, of varying complexity to enhance comprehension Foundations of Coding: Compression, Encryption, Error-Correction is an invaluable resource for understanding the various ways information is structured for its secure and reliable transmission in the 21st-century world.

Coding Theory, Cryptography and Related Areas

Proceedings of an International Conference on Coding Theory, Cryptography and Related Areas, held in Guanajuato, Mexico, in April 1998

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Author: Johannes Buchmann,Tom Hoeholdt,Henning Stichtenoth,Horacio Tapia-Recillas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642571891

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 3176

A series of research papers on various aspects of coding theory, cryptography, and other areas, including new and unpublished results on the subjects. The book will be useful to students, researchers, professionals, and tutors interested in this area of research.

Codes and Cryptography

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Author: Dominic Welsh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198532873

Category: Ciphers.

Page: 257

View: 2757

This textbook unifies the concepts of information, codes and cryptography as first considered by Shannon in his seminal papers on communication and secrecy systems. The book has been the basis of a very popular course in Communication Theory which the author has given over several years toundergraduate mathematicians and computer scientists at Oxford. The first five chapters of the book cover the fundamental ideas of information theory, compact encoding of messages, and an introduction to the theory of error-correcting codes. After a discussion of mathematical models of English, there is an introduction to the classical Shannon model ofcryptography. This is followed by a brief survey of those aspects of computational complexity needed for an understanding of modern cryptography, password systems and authentication techniques. Because the aim of the text is to make this exciting branch of modern applied mathematics available to readers with a wide variety of interests and backgrounds, the mathematical prerequisites have been kept to an absolute minimum. In addition to an extensive bibliography there are many exercises(easy) and problems together with solutions.

Cryptography and Coding

8th IMA International Conference Cirencester, UK, December 17-19, 2001 Proceedings

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Author: Bahram Honary

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540453253

Category: Computers

Page: 419

View: 4643

The mathematical theory and practice of cryptography and coding underpins the provision of effective security and reliability for data communication, processing, and storage. Theoretical and implementational advances in the fields of cryptography and coding are therefore a key factor in facilitating the growth of data communications and data networks of various types. Thus, this Eight International Conference in an established and successful IMA series on the theme of “Cryptography and Coding” was both timely and relevant. The theme of this conference was the future of coding and cryptography, which was touched upon in presentations by a number of invited speakers and researchers. The papers that appear in this book include recent research and development in error control coding and cryptography. These start with mathematical bounds, statistical decoding schemes for error correcting codes, and undetected error probabilities and continue with the theoretical aspects of error correction coding such as graph and trellis decoding, multifunctional and multiple access communication systems, low density parity check codes, and iterative decoding. These are followed by some papers on key recovery attack, authentication, stream cipher design, and analysis of ECIES algorithms, and lattice attacks on IP based protocols.

Codes and Rings

Theory and Practice

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Author: Minjia Shi,Adel Alahmadi,Patrick Solé

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128133910

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 318

View: 8546

Codes and Rings: Theory and Practice is a systematic review of literature that focuses on codes over rings and rings acting on codes. Since the breakthrough works on quaternary codes in the 1990s, two decades of research have moved the field far beyond its original periphery. This book fills this gap by consolidating results scattered in the literature, addressing classical as well as applied aspects of rings and coding theory. New research covered by the book encompasses skew cyclic codes, decomposition theory of quasi-cyclic codes and related codes and duality over Frobenius rings. Primarily suitable for ring theorists at PhD level engaged in application research and coding theorists interested in algebraic foundations, the work is also valuable to computational scientists and working cryptologists in the area. Consolidates 20+ years of research in one volume, helping researchers save time in the evaluation of disparate literature Discusses duality formulas in the context of Frobenius rings Reviews decomposition of quasi-cyclic codes under ring action Evaluates the ideal and modular structure of skew-cyclic codes Supports applications in data compression, distributed storage, network coding, cryptography and across error-correction

The Mathematics of Coding Theory

Information, Compression, Error Correction, and Finite Fields

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Author: Paul B. Garrett

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131019676

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 5683

This book makes a very accessible introduction to a very important contemporary application of number theory, abstract algebra, and probability. It contains numerous computational examples throughout, giving learners the opportunity to apply, practice, and check their understanding of key concepts. KEY TOPICS Coverage starts from scratch in treating probability, entropy, compression, Shannon¿s theorems, cyclic redundancy checks, and error-correction. For enthusiasts of abstract algebra and number theory.

A First Course in Coding Theory

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Author: Raymond Hill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198538035

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 251

View: 3148

Algebraic coding theory is a new and rapidly developing subject, popular for its many practical applications and for its fascinatingly rich mathematical structure. This book provides an elementary yet rigorous introduction to the theory of error-correcting codes. Based on courses given by the author over several years to advanced undergraduates and first-year graduated students, this guide includes a large number of exercises, all with solutions, making the book highly suitable for individual study.

Information Theory, Inference and Learning Algorithms

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Author: David J. C. MacKay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521642989

Category: Computers

Page: 628

View: 4115

Fun and exciting textbook on the mathematics underpinning the most dynamic areas of modern science and engineering.

Coding Theory and Cryptography

The Essentials, Second Edition

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Author: D.C. Hankerson,Gary Hoffman,D.A. Leonard,Charles C. Lindner,K.T. Phelps,C.A. Rodger,J.R. Wall

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482270706

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 8285

Containing data on number theory, encryption schemes, and cyclic codes, this highly successful textbook, proven by the authors in a popular two-quarter course, presents coding theory, construction, encoding, and decoding of specific code families in an "easy-to-use" manner appropriate for students with only a basic background in mathematics offering revised and updated material on the Berlekamp-Massey decoding algorithm and convolutional codes. Introducing the mathematics as it is needed and providing exercises with solutions, this edition includes an extensive section on cryptography, designed for an introductory course on the subject.

Coding for Data and Computer Communications

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Author: David Salomon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387238042

Category: Computers

Page: 548

View: 2282

Details the most important techniques used to make the storage and transmission of data fast, secure, and reliable. Accessible to both specialists and nonspecialists: Avoids complex mathematics

Coding Theory

A First Course

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Author: San Ling,Chaoping Xing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529235

Category: Mathematics

Page: 222

View: 4081

Coding theory is concerned with successfully transmitting data through a noisy channel and correcting errors in corrupted messages. It is of central importance for many applications in computer science or engineering. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to coding theory whilst only assuming basic linear algebra. It contains a detailed and rigorous introduction to the theory of block codes and moves on to more advanced topics like BCH codes, Goppa codes and Sudan's algorithm for list decoding. The issues of bounds and decoding, essential to the design of good codes, features prominently. The authors of this book have, for several years, successfully taught a course on coding theory to students at the National University of Singapore. This book is based on their experiences and provides a thoroughly modern introduction to the subject. There are numerous examples and exercises, some of which introduce students to novel or more advanced material.

Modern Coding Theory

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Author: Tom Richardson,Rüdiger Urbanke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 4628

Having trouble deciding which coding scheme to employ, how to design a new scheme, or how to improve an existing system? This summary of the state-of-the-art in iterative coding makes this decision more straightforward. With emphasis on the underlying theory, techniques to analyse and design practical iterative coding systems are presented. Using Gallager's original ensemble of LDPC codes, the basic concepts are extended for several general codes, including the practically important class of turbo codes. The simplicity of the binary erasure channel is exploited to develop analytical techniques and intuition, which are then applied to general channel models. A chapter on factor graphs helps to unify the important topics of information theory, coding and communication theory. Covering the most recent advances, this text is ideal for graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science, and practitioners. Additional resources, including instructor's solutions and figures, available online: www.cambridge.org/9780521852296.

VLSI Architectures for Modern Error-Correcting Codes

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Author: Xinmiao Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148222965X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 7894

Error-correcting codes are ubiquitous. They are adopted in almost every modern digital communication and storage system, such as wireless communications, optical communications, Flash memories, computer hard drives, sensor networks, and deep-space probing. New-generation and emerging applications demand codes with better error-correcting capability. On the other hand, the design and implementation of those high-gain error-correcting codes pose many challenges. They usually involve complex mathematical computations, and mapping them directly to hardware often leads to very high complexity. VLSI Architectures for Modern Error-Correcting Codes serves as a bridge connecting advancements in coding theory to practical hardware implementations. Instead of focusing on circuit-level design techniques, the book highlights integrated algorithmic and architectural transformations that lead to great improvements on throughput, silicon area requirement, and/or power consumption in the hardware implementation. The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive and systematic review of available techniques and architectures, so that they can be easily followed by system and hardware designers to develop en/decoder implementations that meet error-correcting performance and cost requirements. This book can be also used as a reference for graduate-level courses on VLSI design and error-correcting coding. Particular emphases are placed on hard- and soft-decision Reed-Solomon (RS) and Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) codes, and binary and non-binary low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. These codes are among the best candidates for modern and emerging applications due to their good error-correcting performance and lower implementation complexity compared to other codes. To help explain the computations and en/decoder architectures, many examples and case studies are included. More importantly, discussions are provided on the advantages and drawbacks of different implementation approaches and architectures.