Russell, Hugo and Ayliffe's Principles and Practice of Disinfection, Preservation and Sterilization

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Author: Adam P. Fraise,Jean-Yves Maillard,Syed Sattar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118425863

Category: Medical

Page: 624

View: 2534

The new edition of this established and highly respected text isTHE definitive reference in its field. It details methods for theelimination or prevention/control of microbial growth, andfeatures: New chapters on bioterrorism and community healthcare New chapters on microbicide regulations in the EU, USA andCanada Latest material on microbial resistance to microbicides Updated material on new and emerging technologies, focusing onspecial problems in hospitals, dentistry and pharmaceuticalpractice Practical advice on problems of disinfection and antiseptics inhealthcare A systematic review of sterilization methods, with uses andadvantages outlined for each Evaluation of disinfectants and their mechanisms of action withrespect to current regulations The differences between European and North American regulationsare highlighted throughout, making this a truly global work, idealfor worldwide healthcare professionals working in infectiousdiseases and infection control.

Essential Microbiology for Dentistry E-Book

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Author: Lakshman Samaranayake

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702046957

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 8026

The new edition of this highly successful book continues to offer readers everything they require to gain a full understanding of microbiology as it relates to modern dental practice. The rich combination of easy-to-read text together with the extensive artwork programme makes Essential Microbiology for Dentistry the first choice of microbiology textbook for many students of dentistry worldwide. Comprehensive coverage of the subject area makes the book suitable for all aspects of the curriculum Almost 300 tables and illustrations present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Contains ‘Key Facts’ boxes to act as useful aide-mémoires Self-assessment sections at the end of each chapter allow students to assess their understanding in key areas of knowledge Addresses the subject on a strictly ‘need-to-know for the dentist’ approach [e.g. only salient bacteria are included with thumbnail sketches of viruses and fungi] Contains a detailed - and now expanded - glossary and abbreviations list Contains the latest organism nomenclature and information regarding unculturable bacteria and novel molecular technology Includes a highly expanded section on oral biofilms and their relevance to systemic disease such as heart disease, diabetes, adverse pregnancy outcomes and nosocomial pneumonia Contains a brand new section on oral immunology – prepared by guest authors – as relevant to dentistry Contains a new section on the microbiology of perimplantitis Presents a fully revised and expanded section on infection control in dentistry encompassing British and American guidelines

Basic Clinical Radiobiology, Fifth Edition

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Author: Michael C. Joiner,Albert van der Kogel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0340808934

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 7685

Basic Clinical Radiobiology is a concise but comprehensive textbook setting out the essentials of the science and clinical application of radiobiology for those seeking accreditation in radiation oncology, clinical radiation physics, and radiation technology. Fully revised and updated to keep abreast of current developments in radiation biology and radiation oncology, this fifth edition continues to present in an interesting way the biological basis of radiation therapy, discussing the basic principles and significant developments that underlie the latest attempts to improve the radiotherapeutic management of cancer. This new edition is highly illustrated with attractive 2-colour presentation and now includes new chapters on stem cells, tissue response and the convergence of radiotherapy, radiobiology, and physics. It will be invaluable for FRCR (clinical oncology) and equivalent candidates, SpRs (and equivalent) in radiation oncology, practicing radiation oncologists and radiotherapists, as well as radiobiologists and radiotherapy physicists.

Oral Pathology

Actual Diagnostic and Prognostic Aspects

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Author: Gerhard Seifert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642801692

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 2598

Oral Pathology as part of the Head and Neck Pathology is an interdisciplinary field of science. The oral mucosa and the saliva are reflectors of many systemic diseases of the organism and therefore valuable parameters of the diagnosis and prognosis of pathological processes. In the last years many new methods have been integrated in the diagnostic repertoire. Proliferation markers are of predicitive value and characterize the biological behavior of a tumor. Markers are such as oncogenes, growth factor receptors or genetic aberrations. The importance of these new markers shall be discussed concerning the different types of oral cancers and salivary gland tumours.

Tissue Preservation in Caries Treatment

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Author: Tomas Albrektsson

Publisher: Quintessence Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 5555

This book provides information about the recent developments in minimal tissue intervention methods, including the use of fluoride, ozone, and mild chemical treatments. In particular, the safety and efficacy of a novel chemomechanical agent, Carisolv, is described.

Progress in Oral Cancer Research

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Author: Frederik L. Nielsen

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600218651

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 5204

Oral cancer is any cancerous tissue growth located in the mouth. It may arise as a primary lesion originating in any of the oral tissues, by metastasis from a distant site of origin, or by extension from a neighbouring anatomic structure, such as the nasal cavity or the maxillary sinus. Oral cancers may originate in any of the tissues of the mouth, and may be of varied histologic types: teratoma, adenocarcinoma derived from a major or minor salivary gland, lymphoma from tonsillar or other lymphoid tissue, or melanoma from the pigment producing cells of the oral mucosa. Far and away the most common oral cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, originating in the tissues that line the mouth and lips. Oral or mouth cancer most commonly involves the tissue of the lips or the tongue. It may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gingiva (gums), or palate (roof of the mouth). Most oral cancers look very similar under the microscope and are called squamous cell carcinoma. These are malignant and tend to spread rapidly. This book presents important new research in the field.

Clinical Approaches to Oral Mucosal Disorders: Part II, An Issue of Dental Clinics of North America,

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Author: Thomas P. Sollecito

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323289967

Category: Medical

Page: 212

View: 3927

Part II of our important volume on oral mucosal disorders, in this issue we cover: oral herpes virus infections, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, lichen planus/lichenoid mucositis, pediatric soft tissue diagnosis, oral cancer, chemotherapy/radiation induced oral mucositis, bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of jaws/anti-resorptive drug related osteonecrosis of the jaw, oral graft-versus-host disease, human papillomavirus, perioral lesions and dermatoses, and more!

Master Dentistry E-Book

Volume 1: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radiology, Pathology and Oral Medicine

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Author: Paul Coulthard,Keith Horner,Philip Sloan,Elizabeth D. Theaker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040045

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 6008

MASTER DESTISTRY is designed as a revision guide for dental students and offers the "curriculum essentials" in an easy-to-digest format. Each section is fully illustrated throughout and is supported by extensive self-assessment questions which allow the reader to assess their own knowledge of the topic and perfect their exam techniques. Now in colour, this second edition addresses oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine and is perfect for both undergraduate students and post-graduates preparing for the MFDS or international equivalents. Quick reference revision aid for dental students – ideal for exam preparation! Integrates specialist areas of knowledge to enhance skills in clinical problem solving Evidence-based approach enables understanding of the strength of the evidence supporting current practice Includes extensive self-testing material – short answers, essays, MCQs and EMQs – enabling students to assess their knowledge and perfect exam techniques Suitable for post-graduate students who will find the book useful for the MJDF or international equivalent New chapter on evidenced-based practice Extensive revisions to sections on surgical implantology and assessment of trauma Updated self-assessment material to reflect current exam formats Now published with colour!

Current Research in Head and Neck Cancer

Molecular Pathways, Novel Therapeutic Targets, and Prognostic Factors

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Author: Henning Bier

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805577893

Category: Medical

Page: 207

View: 1180

The development of head and neck cancer is a multistep process in which genetic as well as epigenetic alterations interfere with the regular functions of proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. In addition, carcinogenesis is promoted by the impairment of mechanisms responsible for the maintenance of genetic stability. The accumulation of crucial events such as evasion of apoptosis, lack of senescence, deregulated proliferation, invasion and metastasis, as well as neoangiogenesis eventually determines the malignant phenotype. The 16 articles of this volume span from advances in the understanding of underlying molecular pathways (conditional mouse model, folate activity, DNA repair, genomic heterogeneity, p53 family members, human papillomavirus), to preclinical and clinical studies investigating potential novel therapeutic targets (epidermal growth factor receptor, nuclear factor-kappaB, vascular endothelial growth factor, chemokine receptors, P53-based immunotherapy, virus-modified tumor vaccination), and biometric considerations on the evaluation of prognostic factors. This state-of-the-art publication is recommended reading not only for ENT specialists and oncologists, but also for molecular biologists and other subspecialists interested in head and neck cancer research.

Dental Management of the Medically Compromised Patient - E-Book

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Author: James W. Little,Donald Falace,Craig Miller,Nelson L. Rhodus

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323088015

Category: Medical

Page: 736

View: 7242

Learn how common medical conditions can affect the course of the dental treatment a patient receives. This updated, concise reference provides the information you need to provide appropriate dental care to any patient, regardless of existing medical conditions. Featuring vivid illustrations and well-organized tables in each chapter, this text gives you the in-depth details and the overall summaries you need to get to the root of your patients’ needs. Organization of medical conditions provides a brief overview of the basic disease process, epidemiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, laboratory findings, and currently accepted medical therapy of each disorder. This is followed by a detailed explanation and recommendations for specific dental management. Coverage of dosages, side effects, and drug interactions with medications used in dentistry, including those used during pregnancy. Chapters focusing on major health problems in the US and other nations include, ischemic hearth disease, smoking and tobacco use cessation, sleep-related breathing disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, diabetes mellitus, and psychiatric disorders. Dental management summary table summarizes important factors for consideration in the dental management of medically compromised patients. Appendix on the therapeutic management of common oral lesions provides a quick reference to the causative factors, clinical description, currently accepted therapeutic management, and patient education regarding common oral conditions. Appendix on alternative and complementary drugs looks at herbal remedies, specifically efficacy, adverse effects/reactions, medical problems, drug interactions, and dental implications. NEW! Chapter on drug and alcohol abuse discusses the effects of marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines/methamphetamine, and alcohol, along with considerations for both medical and dental management. NEW! 2009 AAOS statement on Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Bacteremia in Patients with Joint Replacements provides recommendations to supplement practitioners in their clinical judgment regarding antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with a joint prosthesis.

AIDS in Asia

The Challenge Ahead

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Author: Jai P. Narain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761932253

Category: Social Science

Page: 395

View: 9771

AIDS poses an unprecedented health and developmental threat the world over including Asia. Ever since it emerged in the early 1980s, it has been spreading rapidly across continents and devastating millions of lives. In the process it has stretched the health-care systems and wrecked the economies and social fabric of many societies. Developing countries, including those in Asia--which has the second highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS--are the most seriously affected. In Asian countries, the problem is compounded by the lack of awareness, poverty, and inadequate funds and infrastructure. This important and comprehensive volume focuses on the epidemiological and programmatic aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. The contributors discuss the dynamics and determinants of HIV and cover a wide range of pertinent topics related to prevention, care and treatment. These include: - The health, economic, socio-cultural and security dimensions of HIV/AIDS - Success stories in HIV prevention and care including 100% condom programme - Antiretroviral treatment and the "3 by 5" initiative - Management of HIV and sexually-transmitted infections - Drug-related HIV - HIV vaccine development - The role of NGOs - Country-specific HIV reports The contributors highlight the lessons learned in Asia in responding to the challenge posed by HIV and the success achieved by many countries. In addition to HIV prevention, facilitating access to care--including antiretroviral treatment--despite the many problems is now a matter of crucial importance. Scaling up of innovative approaches proven effective elsewhere is also a matter of great urgency. This volume will be invaluable for all those engaged in combating HIV throughout the world. In particular, it will be of immense use to all those involved in HIV/AIDS control programmes, public health professionals, health care workers, policy makers, health administrators, as also international agencies and NGOs and community-based organizations.

Dental Clinical Advisor - E-Book

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Author: James R. Hupp,Thomas P. Williams,F. John Firriolo

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323079008

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 6309

Do you know what impact a patient's condition or medication could have on dental treatment? Always be certain with this chairside resource designed to alert you to the dental significance or implications of medical conditions, drugs, emergencies, and more. Clinical algorithms expedite decision making, and a CD-ROM lets you search the text and print hundreds of patient education handouts provided in both English and Spanish. Information is specifically tailored to dentistry by pointing out the dental significance or implications of each subject, including how conditions, medications, emergencies, and more can affect dental treatment. Consistent concise organization makes it easy to locate key information. Covers over 300 topics from simple pharmacologic information to rare medical diseases. Includes ICD-9 CM and CPT diagnostic/treatment codes for insurance records and categorization with outside agencies to help professionals and staff understand how particular conditions fit into insurance continuums and facilitate better communication with outside groups. Discusses when a treatment should/can be referred to other health care providers. Appendices present facts and tips related to a variety of more common conditions in one location for easier treatment planning Clinical algorithms chart possible paths for managing common conditions to expedite decision making. Reference listings suggest reliable sources for more in-depth reading on each topic. CD-ROM contains 950 patient education handouts in English and Spanish to enhance communication between practitioners and their patients.