Climates of the southern continents

present, past, and future


Author: Janette Lindesay,Howard A. Bridgman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471949268

Category: Nature

Page: 297

View: 6847

This book fills a significant gap in the climatological literature, providing a comprehensive assessment of the climates of the southern hemisphere. It is the first book of its type to provide a consolidated view of the climates of southern Africa, Australia, South America and Antarctica, addressing past and future climates as well as those of the present. Present climates are considered in the first part of the book, to provide a background against which past and future climates can be investigated. Emphasis in the book is on the inter-relatedness of global, synoptic and smaller scale aspects of southern hemisphere continental climates. Discussion of topical, but fundamental, concerns including El Ni?o, global warming and climate variability is incorporated throughout the text. The study of the climatology of the southern hemisphere is fundamental to our understanding of climates and climatic issues across the globe. The book will therefore be of particular interest to scientists interested in climate with a focus beyond the southern hemisphere, as well as those with a specialised interest in all or part of the southern hemisphere. It is also a significant addition to the literature for climate researchers as well as for undergraduate students studying climatology in the atmospheric, environmental and earth sciences.

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Science and technology


Author: Albert John Walford,Library Association

Publisher: London : Library Association Pub.


Category: Reference

Page: 687

View: 6934

A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: mathematics; astronomy and surveying; physics; chemistry; earth sciences; palaeontology; anthropology; biology; natural history; botany; zoology; patents and interventions; medicine; engineering; transport vehicles; agriculture and livestock; household management; communication; chemical industry; manufactures; industries, trades and crafts; and the building industry.


The Geography of International Relations


Author: Saul Bernard Cohen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442223510

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 9767

Written by one of the world’s leading political geographers, this fully revised and updated textbook examines the dramatic changes wrought by ideological, economic, sociocultural, and demographic changes unleashed since the end of the Cold War. Saul Cohen considers these forces in the context of their human and physical settings and explores their geographical influence on foreign policy and international relations.

History of the Australian Vegetation

Cretaceous to Recent


Author: Robert S. Hill

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 1925261476

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 1621

The Australian vegetation is the end result of a remarkable history of climate change, latitudinal change, continental isolation, soil evolution, interaction with an evolving fauna, fire and most recently human impact. This book presents a detailed synopsis of the critical events that led to the evolution of the unique Australian flora and the wide variety of vegetational types contained within it. The first part of the book details the past continental relationships of Australia, its palaeoclimate, fauna and the evolution of its landforms since the rise to dominance of the angiosperms at the beginning of the Cretaceous period. A detailed summary of the palaeobotanical record is then presented. The palynological record gives an overview of the vegetation and the distribution of important taxa within it, while the complementary macrofossil record is used to trace the evolution of critical taxa. This book will interest graduate students and researchers interested in the evolution of the flora of this fascinating continent.

Circulation Weather types as a tool in atmospheric, climate and environmental research


Author: Alexandre M. Ramos,David Barriopedro,Emanuel Dutra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 2889196410


Page: N.A

View: 6663

Classifications of circulation weather systems have a long history in meteorology and climatology. Starting with manual classifications over specific regions of the globe, these tools (generally called “catalogs of synoptic types”) were restricted mainly to weather forecasting and historical climate variability studies. In the last decades, the advance of computing resources and the availability of datasets have fostered the development of fast and objective methods that process large amount of data. In recent years numerous methods of circulation type classification have been designed, showing their usefulness on a wide range of applications in scientific domains related to weather, climate, and environment. This Research Topic highlights methodological advances in circulation weather types and also their applications to different research areas. The articles included in this research topic show that circulation weather types can be used not only in Europe, where they have been always more frequent, but also applied to other regions of the world.

The Physical Geography of South America


Author: Thomas T. Veblen,Kenneth R. Young,Antony R. Orme

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198031840


Page: 448

View: 1169

The Physical Geography of South America, the eighth volume in the Oxford Regional Environments series, presents an enduring statement on the physical and biogeographic conditions of this remarkable continent and their relationships to human activity. It fills a void in recent environmental literature by assembling a team of specialists from within and beyond South America in order to provide an integrated, cross-disciplinary body of knowledge about this mostly tropical continent, together with its high mountains and temperate southern cone. The authors systematically cover the main components of the South American environment - tectonism, climate, glaciation, natural landscape changes, rivers, vegetation, animals, and soils. The book then presents more specific treatments of regions with special attributes from the tropical forests of the Amazon basin to the Atacama Desert and Patagonian steppe, and from the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Pacific coasts to the high Andes. Additionally, the continents environments are given a human face by evaluating the roles played by people over time, from pre-European and European colonial impacts to the effects of modern agriculture and urbanization, and from interactions with El Ni?o events to prognoses for the future environments of the continent.

Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology

The Past and Future of Landscapes and Regions


Author: Carole L. Crumley,Tommy Lennartsson,Anna Westin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108420982

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 2144

This book presents a practical, holistic research framework to help us both understand our past and build an appealing human future.

Climate Change and Human Mobility

Challenges to the Social Sciences


Author: Kirsten Hastrup,Karen Fog Olwig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139561243

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4338

'The greatest single impact of climate change could be on human migration', stated the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1990. Since then there has been considerable concern about the large-scale population movements that might take place because of climate change. This book examines emerging patterns of human mobility in relation to climate change, drawing on a multidisciplinary approach, including anthropology and geography. It addresses both larger, general questions and concrete local cases, where the link between climate change and human mobility is manifest and demands attention - empirically, analytically and conceptually. Among the cases explored are both historical and contemporary instances of migration in response to climate change, and together they illustrate the necessity of analyzing new patterns of movement, historic cultural images and regulation practices in the wake of new global processes.

Forthcoming Books


Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4143

Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change


Author: David Crichton,Fergus Nicol,Sue Roaf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136444556

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 6029

From the bestselling author of Ecohouse, this fully revised edition of Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change provides unique insights into how we can protect our buildings, cities, infra-structures and lifestyles against risks associated with extreme weather and related social, economic and energy events. Three new chapters present evidence of escalating rates of environmental change. The authors explore the growing urgency for mitigation and adaptation responses that deal with the resulting challenges. Theoretical information sits alongside practical design guidelines, so architects, designers and planners can not only see clearly what problems they face, but also find the solutions they need, in order to respond to power and water supply needs. Considers use of materials, structures, site issues and planning in order to provide design solutions. Examines recent climate events in the US and UK and looks at how architecture was successful or not in preventing building damage. Adapting Buildings and Cities for Climate Change is an essential source, not just for architects, engineers and planners facing the challenges of designing our building for a changing climate, but also for everyone involved in their production and use.

Books in Print


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 6347

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Climate Change in Deserts


Author: Martin Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107016916

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 9004

A synthesis of the environmental and climatic history of every major desert and desert margin, for researchers and advanced students.

Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources

With Modeling Techniques and Case Studies


Author: Komaragiri Srinivasa Raju,Dasika Nagesh Kumar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811061106

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 8604

This book gives an overview of various aspects of climate change by integrating global climate models, downscaling approaches, and hydrological models. It also covers themes that help in understanding climate change in a holistic manner. The book includes worked-out examples, revision questions, exercise problems, and case studies, making it relevant for use as a textbook in graduate courses and professional development programs. The book will serve well researchers, students, as well as professionals working in the area of hydroclimatology.

Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Forestry and Wood Industry


Author: Gundolf H. Kohlmaier,Michael Weber,Richard A. Houghton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662036088

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 3537

The lntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has recently summarized the state ofthe art in research on climate change (Climate Change 1995). The most up to date research findings have been divided into three volumes: • the Science ofClimate Change (working group I), • the Impacts, Adaption and Mitigation of Climate Change (working group II), and • the Economic and Social Dimensions ofClimate Change (working group III) There is a general consensus that a serious change in climate can only be avoided if the future emissions of greenhouse gases are reduced considerably from the business as usual projection and if at the same time the natural sinks for greenhouse gases, in particular that of CO , are maintained at the present level or 2 preferrably increased. Forests, forestry and forestry industry are important parts of the global carbon cycle and therefore they are also part of the mitigation potentials in at least a threefold way: 1. During the time period between 1980 and 1989 there was a net emission of CO from changes in tropical land use (mostly tropical deforestation) of 2 1. 6 +/- 1 GtC/a, but at the same time it was estimated that the forests in the northem hemisphere have taken up 0. 5 +/- 0. 5 GtC/a and additionally other terrestrial sinks (including tropical forests where no clearing took place) have been a carbon sink ofthe order of l. 3 +/- l.

Migration and Climate Change


Author: Étienne Piguet,Antoine Pécoud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107014859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 2142

"Migration and Climate Change provides the first authoritative overview of the relationship between climate change and migration, bringing together both case studies and syntheses from different parts of the world. It discusses policy responses, normative issues and critical perspectives from the point of view of human rights, international law, political science, and ethics, and addresses the concepts, notions and methods most suited to confronting this complex issue. The book constitutes a unique and thorough introduction to one of the most discussed but least understood consequences of climate change and brings together experts from a multitude of disciplines such as geography, anthropology and law, providing a valuable synthesis of research and debate"--

The Humane Metropolis

People and Nature in the 21st-century City


Author: Rutherford H. Platt

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 1558495541

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 3268

Four-fifths of Americans now live in the nation's sprawling metropolitan areas, and half of the world's population is now classified as "urban." As cities become the dominant living evironment for humans, there is growing concern about how to make such places more habitable, more healthy and safe, more ecological, and more equitable -- in short, more "humane." This book explores the prospects for a more humane metropolis through a series of essays and case studies that consider why and how urban places can be made greener and more amenable. Its point of departure is the legacy of William H. Whyte (1917-1999), one of America's most admired urban thinkers. From his eyrie high above Manhattan in the offices of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Whyte laid the foundation for today's "smart growth" and "new urbanist" movements with books such as The Last Landscape (1968). His passion for improving the habitability of cities and suburbs is reflected in the diverse grassroots urban design and regreening strategies discussed in this volume. Topics examined in this book include urban and regional greenspaces, urban ecological restoration, social equity, and green design. Some of the contributors are recognized academic experts, while others offer direct practical knowledge of particular problems and initiatives. The editor's introduction and epilogue set the individual chapters in a broader context and suggest how the strategies described, if widely replicated, may help create more humane urban environments. In addition to Rutherford H. Platt, contributors to the volume include Carl Anthony, Thomas Balsley, Timothy Beatley, Eugenie L. Birch, Edward J. Blakely, Colin M. Cathcart, Steven E. Clemants, Christopher A. De Sousa, Steven N. Handel, Peter Harnik, Michael C. Houck, Jerold S. Kayden, Albert LaFarge, Andrew Light, Charles E. Little, Anne C. Lusk, Thalya Parilla, Deborah E. Popper, Frank J. Popper, Mary V. Rickel, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Robert L. Ryan, Laurin N. Sievert, Andrew G. Wiley-Schwartz, and Ann Louise Strong. Included in the back of the book is a DVD of a 22-minute film created by Ted White, which serves as a companion to the text.