Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies

A Comparative Analysis

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Author: Jan W. Van Deth,José Ramón Montero,Anders Westholm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134126816

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 4966

This unique study presents the results of a cross-national analysis of citizenship and participation among citizens in twelve European democracies. Research on the future and quality of contemporary democracy is usually restricted to focus either on political participation, on particular aspects of citizenship, or on social activities, exclusively. This new book offers the first empirical investigation of the relationships both between social and political involvement, and between ‘small-scale’ and ‘large-scale’ democracies. Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies offers representative samples of the populations in a selection of European countries between 2000-2002, including: Denmark, Germany (East and West), Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. The leading contributors provide new theoretical insights and offer a broad conceptualization of citizenship, stimulating the ongoing discussions about the problems and challenges of democratic political systems. This book has a companion volume entitled Social Capital and Associations in European Democracies edited by William A. Maloney and Sigrid Roßteutscher (Routledge, 2006). Both volumes will be of great interest to students and researchers of European politics, comparative politics and sociology.

Social Capital and Associations in European Democracies

A Comparative Analysis

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Author: William A. Maloney,Sigrid Rossteutscher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134128916

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1713

This unique book offers an empirical assessment of how social and political involvement relates to theories of citizenship and democracy, providing a detailed comparative assessment of the potential that voluntary organizations offer citizens for social and political participation in several European countries. The coherent chapters, written by leading European researchers, examine the participatory opportunities offered by a wide and diverse variety of voluntary associations and provides a comparative perspective on the role, structure and functions of associations in six medium-sized European cities – Aalborg (Denmark), Aberdeen (UK), Bern (Switzerland), Enschede (the Netherlands), Mannheim (Germany) and Sabadell (Spain). This book has a companion volume entitled Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies edited by Jan van Deth, José Ramón Montero and Anders Westholm (Routledge, 2006). Both volumes will be of great interest to students and researchers of European politics, comparative politics and sociology.

Civil Society and Activism in Europe

Contextualizing engagement and political orientations

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Author: William A. Maloney,Jan W. Van Deth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136996974

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1557

This book examines the role of civil society organizations in several advanced European democracies: Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Specifically the book focuses on how voluntary organizations contribute to civic and democratic health and assesses the impact of different organizational types on social capital. Building on Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies and Social Capital and Associations in Europe (2007), this volume seeks to widen and deepen the analysis by introducing new data on activists and combining it with the organizational data and the population data. It evaluates the impact of the organizational context on individual activity profiles and attitudes and values of activists and provides a unique assessment on the contribution that voluntary associations make to civil and democratic society. Part One deals with the consequences of associational involvement for several attitudinal and behavioural orientations and Part Two expands the scope of the effects of voluntary associations towards European attitudes. This book is essential reading for students and scholars of civil society, democracy, political participation, politics and sociology.

Citizen Politics

Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

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Author: Russell J. Dalton

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483321436

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 7448

Now, more than ever, people drive the democratic process. What people think of their government and its leaders, how (or whether) they vote, and what they do or say about a host of political issues greatly affect the further strengthening or erosion of democracy and democratic ideals. This fully updated new sixth edition of Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, by Russell J. Dalton, continues to offer the only truly comparative study of political attitudes and behavior in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany. In addition to its comprehensive, thematic examination of political values, political activity, voting, and public images of government within a cross-national context, Citizen Politics explores new forms of political activity, such as Internet-based activism and new forms of political consumerism. All chapters have been updated with the latest research and empirical evidence. Further, Dalton includes new discussions of citizen sophistication and its implications for democratic citizenship.

Young People's Political Participation in Western Europe

Continuity or Generational Change?

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Author: Gema Garcia Albacete

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137341319

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 7186

Are young people today politically 'apathetic'? Or are they democratically 'mature' citizens? This book examines several types of involvement to reveal changes in young people's political participation in Europe in recent decades. It uses various concepts of 'age' to compare participation across countries and over time.

Routledge Handbook of European Politics

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Author: José M. Magone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317628357

Category: Political Science

Page: 984

View: 3258

Since the Treaty of the European Union was ratified in 1993, the European Union has become an important factor in an ever-increasing number of regimes of pooled sovereignty. This Handbook seeks to present a valuable guide to this new and unique system in the twenty-first century, allowing readers to obtain a better understanding of the emerging multilevel European governance system that links national polities to Europe and the global community. Adopting a pan-European approach, this Handbook brings together the work of leading international academics to cover a wide range of topics such as: the historical and theoretical background the political systems and institutions of both the EU and its individual member nations political parties and party systems political elites civil society and social movements in European politics the political economy of Europe public administration and policy-making external policies of the EU. This is an invaluable and comprehensive resource for students, scholars, researchers and practitioners of the European Union, European politics and comparative politics.

The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe

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Author: John Loughlin,Frank Hendriks,Anders Lidström

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191628247

Category: Political Science

Page: 810

View: 654

The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe analyses the state of play of democracy at the subnational level in the 27 member states of the EU plus Norway and Switzerland. It places subnational democracy in the context of the distinctive Anglo, the French, the German and Scandinavian state traditions in Europe asking to what extent these are still relevant today. The Handbook adapts Lijphart's theory of democracy and applies it to the subnational levels in all the country chapters. A key theoretical issue is whether subnational (regional and local) democracy is derived from national democracy or whether it is legitimate in its own right. Besides these theoretical concerns it focuses on the practice of democracy: the roles of political parties and interest groups and also how subnational political institutions relate to the ordinary citizen. This can take the form of local referendums or other mechanisms of participation. The Handbook reveals a wide variety of practices across Europe in this regard. Local financial systems also reveal a great variety. Finally, each chapter examines the challenges facing subnational democracy but also the opportunities available to them to enhance their democratic systems. Among the challenges identified are: Europeanization, globalization, but also citizens disaffection and switch-off from politics. Some countries have confronted these challenges more successfully than others but all countries face them. An important aspect of the Handbook is the inclusion of all the countries of East and Central Europe plus Cyprus and Malta, who joined the EU in 2004 and 2007. This is the first time they have been examined alongside the countries of Western Europe from the angle of subnational democracy.

The Networked Young Citizen

Social Media, Political Participation and Civic Engagement

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Author: Brian D. Loader,Ariadne Vromen,Michael Xenos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131769693X

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 6047

The future engagement of young citizens from a wide range of socio-economic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds in democratic politics remains a crucial concern for academics, policy-makers, civics teachers and youth workers around the world. At a time when the negative relationship between socio-economic inequality and levels of political participation is compounded by high youth unemployment or precarious employment in many countries, it is not surprising that new social media communications may be seen as a means to re-engage young citizens. This edited collection explores the influence of social media, such as YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter, upon the participatory culture of young citizens. This collection, comprising contributions from a number of leading international scholars in this field, examines such themes as the possible effects of social media use upon patterns of political socialization; the potential of social media to ameliorate young people’s political inequality; the role of social media communications for enhancing the civic education curriculum; and evidence for social media manifesting new forms of political engagement and participation by young citizens. These issues are considered from a number of theoretical and methodological approaches but all attempt to move beyond simplistic notions of young people as an undifferentiated category of ‘the internet generation’.

Private Groups and Public Life

Social Participation and Political Involvement in Representative Democracies

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Author: Jan W. van Deth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134701020

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2356

This book focuses on the changing relationship between social and political involvement in Western Europe. Empirical case studies examine how new social movements interact with conventional political structures as individuals and groups experiment with new forms of political expression. The results indicate not a declining, but a changing democratic culture.

Citizenship, Democracy and Higher Education in Europe, Canada and the USA

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Author: J. Laker,C. Naval,K. Mrnjaus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137287489

Category: Education

Page: 307

View: 5969

Citizenship, democracy and human rights have always been central to higher education and increasing globalization has amplified their urgency and complexity. This volume explores conceptual, theoretical and policy implications for post-secondary education engaging with these topics, comparing the USA, Canada, Eastern Europe and Western Europe.

Political Theory and the European Union

Legitimacy, Constitutional Choice and Citizenship

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Author: Michael Nentwich,Albert Weale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134690169

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 7052

The contributors to this book examine the issues of constitutional choice that face the governments and citizens of today's Europe. Divided into three sections this study addresses: questions of political legitimacy and the meaning of democratic deficit in the EU; the reality of what institutional reforms and decision making processes are possible; and the rights of citizenship and values that should be protected.

Die Wahlkampfstrategien der Parteien FDP und CDU von 2009 bis 2013

Eine Analyse

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Author: N.A

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668310734

Category: Political Science

Page: 22

View: 3109

Examensarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches System Deutschlands, Note: 1,3, Universität zu Köln, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Aufgrund der bedeutenden Entwicklungen, welche sich aus der Bundestagswahl 2013 insbesondere für die Parteien FDP und CDU/CSU eröffneten, soll folgend untersucht werden, welche Strategien diese Parteien verfolgt haben und welchen Einfluss diese schlussendlich auf das Wahlergebnis hatten. Der Vergleich eröffnet die Möglichkeit, Ursachen, Fehler oder Vorteile für den Ausgang der Wahl 2013 zu untersuchen. Die Analyse konzentriert sich primär auf die FDP, welche eine historisch bedeutsame Wahlniederlage verarbeiten muss. Erreichte sie in der Bundestagswahl 2009 noch 14,6 Prozent, gelang ihr in der Bundestagswahl 2013 mit 4,8 Prozent nicht einmal mehr der Einzug in den Bundestag. Das Hauptinteresse der Untersuchung gilt daher einem Vergleich der Strategie der FDP im Bundestagswahlkampf 2009 und im Bundestagswahlkampf 2013. Es wird untersucht, welche Fehlentscheidungen der Partei oder andere gesellschaftspolitische Ursachen sich für den dramatischen Misserfolg dieser Partei anführen lassen. Einen deutlichen Kontrast zu den Ergebnissen der FDP stellen die Ergebnisse von CDU und CSU dar. Sie sind die deutlichen Gewinner der Bundestagswahl 2013 mit einem dominanten Ergebnis von 41,5 Prozent. Eine Analyse der Strategien von CDU/CSU kann vor diesem Hintergrund sehr aufschlussreich sein. Die Arbeit gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Im ersten Abschnitt erfolgt die theoretische Herangehensweise an das Thema. Zunächst erfolgt eine Definition der Begriffe "Strategie“, "Wahlkampf“ und ein Überblick über Wahlkampfstrategien im Allgemeinen. Dies dient als Basis für die folgende Untersuchung. Anschließend werden der Untersuchungsgegenstand, die Bundestagswahl 2009 und 2013 sowie die Analysemethode vorgestellt. Die Untersuchung erfolgt anhand des abstrahierten Modells von Herbert Müller, welcher drei wesentliche Säulen des Wahlkampfes definierte.6 Mithilfe dieses Modells lässt sich untersuchen, welche Strategien die jeweiligen Parteien in den beiden Wahlkämpfen 2009 und 2013 verfolgten. Außerdem können anhand des Vergleichs der beiden Wahlkämpfe Rückschlüsse auf mögliche Fehlentscheidungen getroffen werden. Abschließend erfolgen eine Präsentation und Interpretation der Ergebnisse.

Citizenship, Democracy and Justice in the New Europe

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Author: Percy B. Lehning,Albert Weale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134726708

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 4443

The contributors to this study address the question of how political theory is relevant to the construction of new Europe and the tie-in issues of citizenship, social justice and political legitimacy. By using techniques of contemporary political theory, the book argues that the emergence of new Europe poses fundamental questions of value and principle and challenges more established political theories in the process.

Skills in Neighbourhood Work

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Author: Paul Henderson,David N. Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135131961

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 9799

Skills in Neighbourhood Work is a practice textbook. It explains the skills, knowledge and techniques needed by community workers and other practitioners to work effectively in and with communities. While the principles and methods it describes have stood the test of time, the political, economic and social changes which have taken place since the book was first published have made new editions essential. Rewritten and updated, and including new practice examples, the fourth edition retains all the practical information needed by the student or practitioner but sets it in the contemporary context. Including a European perspective and views from America and Australia, it covers: starting, supporting and ending work with community groups evaluation data collection goals and priorities making contacts group work helping groups work with other organisations. This invaluable textbook is essential reading for students and practitioners of community work.

Democracy in the European Union

Towards the Emergence of a Public Sphere

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Author: Liana Giorgi,Ingmar von Homeyer,Wayne Parsons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113422432X

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 3688

An invaluable exploration of the concern that transfers of power to European Union institutions are producing a worrying new form of democratic deficit. While ongoing reforms of these institutions promise to render decision processes at European level more transparent and accountable, these expert authors examine whether there is a European public sphere for citizens and their representatives to discuss, deliberate and evaluate issues of public relevance. They show how the process of European integration has given rise to a new object of study – European society, and why key questions concerning identity, citizenship, democracy, government and institutions are being raised anew and are major political concerns at European and Member State level. With six case studies of EU policy-making and representative institutions, they analyze the intensity of participatory practices in four dimensions: mobilization of societal actors, public contestation and debate, openness of decision-making, and responsiveness of policy makers. This book will be of strong interest to students and researchers of the European Union, European politics, European studies as well as those concerned with more theoretical aspects of governance and the public sphere.

Citizens in Europe

Civic Activism and the Community Democratic Experiment

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Author: Giovanni Moro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461419426

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 8570

In the Community-building process, citizens are the most invoked and feared, but at the same time the least known subject. This lack of knowledge nourishes the citizens’ detachment from the European Union and itself emerged in well known cases such as the French and Dutch referenda on the Constitutional Treaty or the public concern towards the EU policy on immigration. This gap is true especially for active citizenship organizations operating in the European policy making, not only in Brussels, but also and above all at national and local levels, and this book is aimed at filling this knowledge gap. The book is divided into two parts. The first part of the book focuses on the way in which the literature on EU governance and citizenship and on participatory democracy deals with citizen activism in public policy making. The second part discusses a number of empirical research projects on civic activism in Europe. This book aims, on the one hand, to bridge the academic debate to more policy oriented debates in which active citizenship organizations and policy makers are involved; and, on the other hand, to bridge theoretical discussion of the nature of the EU with the empirical literature based on the study of civic activism in Europe and at the national level. The distinctiveness of the book is that it tries to overcome both the “methodological nationalism” that affects the research and public debate on the EU, the normative attitude of most part of European studies in favor of an approach aimed at describing phenomena, and the habit of dealing with civic associations in Europe by referring only to the “Brussels Civil Society," making it of interest to both policy makers as well as students and scholars in European Studies, Political Science, Sociology and International Relations. ​

Renewal in European Local Democracies

Puzzles, Dilemmas and Options

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Author: Linze Schaap,Harry Daemen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3531187635

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 9342

This book explores the dynamics of democratic reform processes in European local government. On the basis of analyses of theoretical challenges to present developments, the book pays attention to processes of democratic innovation inspired by classical representative democracy and by new forms of democracy influenced by notions of governance, participation, e-governance, empowering civil society and the like. Also attention is given to the role of regionalization and of leader- ship in efforts to revitalize local democracy. Cases from all over Europe are being studied.