Impact of welfare reform on children and their families

hearings before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on February 28, and March 1, 1995


Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160471230

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 4637

Children and Welfare Reform


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Aid to families with dependent children programs

Page: 208

View: 4276

Battered women, children, and welfare reform

the ties that bind


Author: Ruth A. Brandwein

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780761911487

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 185

View: 2990

"Battered Women, Children, and Welfare Reform provides an invaluable service for those interested in the realities of reform efforts. The text's four parts place many realities in perspectives, identify gaps in reform efforts, and map alternative paths to reform. The text undeniably bridges several disciplines and policy areas that others typically address separately. The reader most likely will remain impressed with the text's compelling, clear voice in an era of policy making in which agreement seems assumed and the proper direction for reform remain uncontested." --Journal of Marriage and the Family "The historical role of welfare in helping women free themselves from domestic abuse and children from child abuse has long been obscured. Despite its many flaws, welfare offers women a lifeline with which to climb out of an abusive relationship, and the repeal of welfare threatens to chain abused women and children to their abusers. This important and pioneering collection explores the connections between welfare and family violence, and it should be read by all concerned with women's and children's welfare." --Linda Gordon, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Ruth Brandwein has brought together a series of essays that analyze the intersection between domestic violence against women, poverty, and welfare cutbacks. Together the essays make clear that while poverty contributes to abuse, so does abuse perpetuate poverty. Moreover, the policies introduced under the banner of ‘welfare reform' are likely to further endanger women who are already acutely vulnerable, both by introducing new occasions and provocations for abuse, and by reducing the scanty economic protections that welfare once provided. A fine book about an enormously important issue." --Frances Fox Piven, Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Sociology, City University of New York "This book hits squarely the RISKS that accompany welfare (and systems) reform, not debating the need for reform, but the DANGERS to spouses within the current system and in the approaches that ‘experts,' who frequently have no clue about their clients, present as further abuse in the name of reform and cost-saving." --The World Pastoral Care Center Resources Hotline '99, June 1999 This tightly edited book links two timely topics -- domestic violence and welfare reform. Developed by leading interdisciplinary academics, practitioners, advocates, and policymakers, Battered Women, Children, and Welfare Reform explores various threads that tie family violence to welfare. Chapters examine how public assistance can provide the financial support necessary for escaping domestic violence; how batterers restrict their partner's job and educational opportunities, preventing them from leaving the welfare rolls; how child support regulations require disclosure of information that may increase the danger of family violence; and how child abuse is linked to the need for welfare. A key chapter, written by survivors of abuse who were also welfare recipients, completes this much needed addition to the sparse literature and research available on the connection between family violence, child support, child abuse, and welfare. The macro approach of this book lends insights that will assist practitioners in understanding their clients' objective reality. In addition, academics involved in law, social work, public policy, public administration, and women's studies will appreciate this unique study.

Welfare Reform

The Next Act


Author: Alan Weil,Kenneth Finegold

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 9780877667100

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 4668

The welfare reform debate is not over, despite declarations of success from many politicians and commentators. Welfare Reform: The Next Act draws on six years of in-depth research to explore the implications of 1996's welfare reform . The authors examine all facets of the new system: its effects on family structure and children, its success in moving welfare recipients to work, its ability to reach hard-to-serve populations, its effects on immigrants, and its disproportionate impacts across racial and ethnic lines. It is the most rigorous and comprehensive analysis available--and an invaluable tool for determining how the new welfare system can meet the needs of vulnerable families through all phases of the economic cycle.

Family and Child Well-Being after Welfare Reform


Author: Douglas Besharov

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412813999

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 775

Since their historic high in 1994, welfare caseloads in the United States have dropped an astounding 59 percent--more than 5 million fewer families receive welfare. Family and Child Well-Being after Welfare Reform, now in paperback, explores how low-income children and their families are faring in the wake of welfare reform. Contributors to the volume include leading social researchers. Can existing surveys and other data be used to measure trends in the area? What key indicators should be tracked? What are the initial trends after welfare reform? What other information or approaches would be helpful? The book covers a broad range of topics: an update on welfare reform (Douglas J. Besharov and Peter Germanis); ongoing major research (Peter H. Rossi); material well-being, such as earnings, benefits, and consumption (Richard Bavier); family versus household (Wendy D. Manning); fatherhood, cohabitation, and marriage (Wade F. Horn); teenage sex, pregnancy, and nonmarital births (Isabel V. Sawhill); child maltreatment and foster care (Richard J. Gelles); homelessness and housing (John C. Weicher); child health and well-being (Lorraine V. Klerman); nutrition, food security, and obesity (Harold S. Beebout); crime, juvenile delinquency, and dysfunctional behavior (Lawrence W. Sherman); drug use (Peter Reuter); mothers' work and child care (Julia B. Isaacs); and the activities of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Don Winstead and Ann McCormick). When welfare reform was first debated, many people feared that it would hurt the poor, especially children. The contributors find little evidence to suggest this has occurred. As time limits and other programmatic requirements take hold, more information will be needed to assess the condition of low-income families after welfare reform. This informative volume establishes a baseline for that assessment.

Welfare reform and children's well-being

an analysis of Proposition 165


Author: Michael Wald,Rene Bowser,Stanford Center for the Study of Families, Children, and Youth

Publisher: N.A


Category: Aid to families with dependent children programs

Page: 49

View: 8155

Evaluating Welfare Reform

A Framework and Review of Current Work, Interim Report


Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309184113

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3186

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 fundamentally changed the nation's social welfare system, replacing a federal entitlement program for low-income families, called Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), with state-administered block grants, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. PRWORA furthered a trend started earlier in the decade under so called "waiver" programs-state experiments with different types of AFDC rules-toward devolution of design and control of social welfare programs from the federal government to the states. The legislation imposed several new, major requirements on state use of federal welfare funds but otherwise freed states to reconfigure their programs as they want. The underlying goal of the legislation is to decrease dependence on welfare and increase the self-sufficiency of poor families in the United States. In summer 1998, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) asked the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council to convene a Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs. The panel's overall charge is to study and make recommendations on the best strategies for evaluating the effects of PRWORA and other welfare reforms and to make recommendations on data needs for conducting useful evaluations. This interim report presents the panel's initial conclusions and recommendations. Given the short length of time the panel has been in existence, this report necessarily treats many issues in much less depth than they will be treated in the final report. The report has an immediate short-run goal of providing DHHS-ASPE with recommendations regarding some of its current projects, particularly those recently funded to study ''welfare leavers''-former welfare recipients who have left the welfare rolls as part of the recent decline in welfare caseloads.

Welfare Reform and Beyond

The Future of the Safety Net


Author: Isabel V. Sawhill,R. Kent Weaver,Ron Haskins,Andrea Kane

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798828

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 6222

The Brookings Institution's Welfare Reform & Beyond Initiative was created to inform the critical policy debates surrounding the upcoming congressional reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and a number of related programs that were created or dramatically altered by the 1996 landmark welfare reform legislation. The goal of the project has been to take the large volume of existing and forthcoming research studies and shape them into a more coherent and policy-oriented whole. This capstone collection gathers twenty brief essays (published between January 2001 and February 2002) that focus on assessing the record of welfare reform, specific issues likely to be debated before the TANF reauthorization, and a broader set of policy options for low-income families. It is a reader-friendly volume that will provide policymakers, the press, and the interested public with a comprehensive guide to the numerous issues that must be addressed as Congress considers the future of the nation's antipoverty policies. The collection covers the following topics and features a new introduction from the editors: - An Overview of Effects to Date - Welfare Reform Reauthorization: An Overview of Problems and Issues - A Tax Proposal for Working Families with Children - Welfare Reform and Poverty - Reducing Non-Marital Births - Which Welfare Reforms are Best for Children? - Welfare and the Economy - What Can Be Done to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Out-of-Wedlock Births? - Changing Welfare Offices - State Programs - Welfare Reform and Employment - Fragile Families, Welfare Reform, and Marriage - Health Insurance, Welfare, and Work - Helping the Hard-to-Employ - Sanctions and Welfare Reform - Child Care and Welfare Reform - Job Retention and Advancement in Welfare Reform - Housing and Welfare Reform - Non-Citizens - Block Grant Structure - Food Stamps - Work Support System - Possible Welfare Reform in the Cities

For Better and For Worse

Welfare Reform and the Well-Being of Children and Families


Author: Greg J. Duncan,Lindsay P. Chase-Lansdale

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610448286

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 2915

The 1996 welfare reform bill marked the beginning of a new era in public assistance. Although the new law has reduced welfare rolls, falling caseloads do not necessarily mean a better standard of living for families. In For Better and For Worse, editors Greg J. Duncan and P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and a roster of distinguished experts examine the evidence and evaluate whether welfare reform has met one of its chief goals-improving the well-being of the nation's poor children. For Better and For Worse opens with a lively political history of the welfare reform legislation, which demonstrates how conservative politicians capitalize on public concern over such social problems as single parenthood to win support for the radical reforms. Part I reviews how individual states redesigned, implemented, and are managing their welfare systems. These chapters show that most states appear to view maternal employment, rather that income enhancement and marriage, as key to improving child well-being. Part II focuses on national and multistate evaluations of the changes in welfare to examine how families and children are actually faring under the new system. These chapters suggest that work-focused reforms have not hurt children, and that reforms that provide financial support for working families can actually enhance children's development. Part III presents a variety of perspectives on policy options for the future. Remarkable here is the common ground for both liberals and conservatives on the need to support work and at the same time strengthen safety-net programs such as Food Stamps. Although welfare reform-along with the Earned Income Tax Credit and the booming economy of the nineties-has helped bring mothers into the labor force and some children out of poverty, the nation still faces daunting challenges in helping single parents become permanent members of the workforce. For Better and For Worse gathers the most recent data on the effects of welfare reform in one timely volume focused on improving the life chances of poor children.

Flat Broke with Children

Women in the Age of Welfare Reform


Author: Sharon Hays

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195176018

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 2318

This text explores the impact of recent welfare reform on motherhood, marriage, and work in women's lives. It also focuses on what welfare reform reveals about work and family life, and its impact on us all.

Welfare Reform

States' Efforts to Expand Child Care Programs


Author: Gale C. Harris,David G. Artadi,Lois L. Shoemaker

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788174865

Category: Political Science

Page: 52

View: 1723

Focuses on the efforts of 7 states -- California, Connecticut, Louisiana, Maryland, Oregon, Texas, and Wisconsin -- to modify their child care subsidy programs under the new welfare reform law. Identifies the amounts of federal and state funds that states are spending on child care subsidy programs and how they are allocating these resources among welfare families, families making the transition from welfare to work, and working poor families. Examines how states are trying to increase the supply of child care to meet the projected demand under welfare reform, and the extent to which states are changing standards for child care providers. Tables.

African American Children and Families in Child Welfare

Cultural Adaptation of Services


Author: Ramona Denby,Carla M. Curtis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536208

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4497

This text proposes corrective action to improve the institutional care of African American children and their families, calling attention to the specific needs of this population and the historical, social, and political factors that have shaped its experience within the child welfare system. The authors critique policy and research and suggest culturally targeted program and policy responses for more positive outcomes.

Welfare Reform

Implications of Increased Work Participation for Child Care


Author: David P. Bixler,Janet L. Mascia

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788147753

Category: Political Science

Page: 48

View: 3257

As States implement the new welfare reform legislation and are required to move larger percentages of their caseloads into work-related activities, greater numbers of welfare recipients are likely to need child care. This report measures the extent to which the current supply of child care will be sufficient to meet the anticipated demand under the new welfare reform law and identifies other challenges that face low-income families in assessing child care. Analyzes child care supply data and estimated child care demand at four sites -- two urban and two nonurban -- in three states. Charts and tables.

Families, Poverty, and Welfare Reform

Confronting a New Policy Era


Author: Lawrence B. Joseph

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780962675553

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 4365

Can welfare encourage self-sufficiency, or does it merely foster ongoing dependence on the system? What hope can be placed in welfare reform? This essential volume combines essays by prominent public policy scholars with comments by social project directors who speak from their experience in the field. Essays include critical assessments of the effects of poverty on children and families, policies to reduce dependency on welfare, and welfare reform, as well as a more specific look at welfare reform in the state of Illinois.

Child Care and Inequality

Rethinking Carework for Children and Youth


Author: Francesca M. Cancian

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415933513

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 5088

Child Care and Inequality provides an in-depth investigation of carework for children and youth of all ages. This outstanding collection of original essays encourages us to rethink carework and to explore policies that address the needs of both care recipients and careworkers.

Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare

Congruence with the Everyday Lives of Children and Parents


Author: Gary Cameron,Marshall Fine,Sarah Maiter,Karen Frensch,Nancy Freymond

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666277

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3874

The North American approach to child protection is broadly accepted, despite frequent criticisms of its core limitations: parental fear and resistance, the limited range of services and supports available to families, escalating costs, and high stress and turnover among service providers. Could these shortcomings be improved through organizational or system reform? Based on findings from a decade’s worth of research, Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare provides original reflections on the everyday realities of families and front-line service providers involved with the system. It includes data from a variety of regions and situations, all linked together through a common investigatory framework. The contributors highlight areas of concern in current approaches to child and family welfare, but also propose new solutions that would make the system more welcoming and helpful both for families and for service providers.

Changing Welfare Services

Case Studies of Local Welfare Reform Programs


Author: Michael J Austin,Marvin D Feit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135426376

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 6314

Contains field-tested techniques to enhance the effectiveness of your local social services! Changing Welfare Services: Case Studies of Local Welfare Reform Programs describes promising programs and practices that have emerged in the United States since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Using case studies, this reference provides important lessons that will help social service directors and staff to develop strategies that will improve local welfare-to-work services. This casebook focuses on the agencies rather than the welfare population, emphasizing the guiding values of these agencies and the lessons they learned. Changing Welfare Services explores new approaches to service delivery, with emphasis on removing barriers to work force participation and promoting self-sufficiency through support services. The case studies involve programs focused on working with the community by developing partnerships with local organizations to provide better services. This text emphasizes the organizational changes—such as the development of new training programs, merging employment and social service agencies, and restructuring agency programs to foster collaboration between child welfare services and welfare-to-work programs—that were successful strategies used to implement welfare reform. In Changing Welfare Services, you will learn about: the Connections Shuttle and the Guaranteed Ride Home Program—transportation services for welfare-to-work participants the Exempt Provider Training Program— trains Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) participants and others to launch and improve their own high-quality child care businesses co-location of support services—situating mental health and substance abuse services near the social services agency so TANF participants can make a single visit for all necessary services the Family Loan Program—helps low-income families deal with large or unexpected one-time expenses the JobKeeper Hotline—provides round-the-clock counseling, crisis intervention, and referral services to help participants stay employed and much more! Changing Welfare Services shows how these agencies discovered new ways to serve the needs of low-income residents and offers you a variety of inventive techniques for improving your own agency’s support for welfare recipients. Enhanced with tables, figures, and appendixes, this practitioner-oriented casebook is a much-needed complement to the many quantitative studies of the welfare population. This book is a valuable resource for state and local human service administrators and staff, policymakers, and university faculty and students of public policy.

Welfare Reform

Effects of a Decade of Change


Author: Jeff GROGGER,Lynn A. Karoly,Jeff Grogger

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674037960

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 4861

In Welfare Reform, Jeffrey Grogger and Lynn Karoly assemble evidence from numerous studies to assess how welfare reform has affected behavior. To broaden our understanding of this wide-ranging policy reform, the authors evaluate the evidence in relation to an economic model of behavior.