Chemical process technology

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Author: Jacob A. Moulijn,Michiel Makkee,Annelies van Diepen

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471630098

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 7827

Chemical Process Technology is a comprehensive introduction, examining both the fundamental concepts and applied nature of this subject. Modern process development relies on a knowledge of many different disciplines and an application and integration of this knowledge. Chemical Process Technology provides an essential bridge between the chemical sciences and the chemical industry. It enables the reader to integrate fundamental knowledge of the basic disciplines, to understand the most important chemical processes, and to apply this knowledge and understanding to industrial processes. This innovative textbook examines both large-scale and small-scale chemical and biotechnology industries and aims to bring to life the concepts that form the basis of the process industry. Starting with a general look at the industry, subsequent chapters examine different processes in greater detail. Emphasis tends to be placed on chemical reactions and the reactor, both at the heart of each process, but coverage also includes feed pre-treatment and product separation. Features: * A comprehensive and balanced introduction, providing an essential link between chemistry and the chemical industry * Includes problems with their solutions to encourage a fuller understanding of the project. * Many examples and case studies taken from a variety of modern industries * Richly illustrated chapters, with many clearly developed flow diagrams and numerous figures Chemical Process Technology will be invaluable to all students of chemical engineering, biotechnology and industrial chemistry who need a modern introduction to chemical reactions and processes. The book will also be of interest to researchers and professionals needing a concise, up-to-date text on this diverse subject.

Chemical Reaction Technology

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Author: Dmitry Yu. Murzin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110389312

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 3455

The book discusses the sciences of operations, converting raw materials into desired products on an industrial scale by applying chemical transformations and other industrial technologies. Basics of chemical technology combining chemistry, physical transport, unit operations and chemical reactors are thoroughly prepared for an easy understanding.

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology - Volume III

Chemical Reaction Engineering

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Author: Ryzhard Pohorecki,John Bridgwater,M. Molzahn. Rafiqul Gani and Crispulo Gallegos

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848263988

Category:

Page: 338

View: 1749

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology is a theme component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering, dealing with processes in which materials undergo changes in their physical or chemical state. These changes may concern size, energy content, composition and/or other application properties. Chemical engineering deals with many processes belonging to chemical industry or related industries (petrochemical, metallurgical, food, pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, coatings and colors, renewable raw materials, biotechnological, etc.), and finds application in manufacturing of such products as acids, alkalis, salts, fuels, fertilizers, crop protection agents, ceramics, glass, paper, colors, dyestuffs, plastics, cosmetics, vitamins and many others. It also plays significant role in environmental protection, biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy production and sustainable economical development. The Theme on Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology deals, in five volumes and covers several topics such as: Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering; Unit Operations – Fluids; Unit Operations – Solids; Chemical Reaction Engineering; Process Development, Modeling, Optimization and Control; Process Management; The Future of Chemical Engineering; Chemical Engineering Education; Main Products, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Process Technology Equipment and Systems

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Author: Charles E. Thomas

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1435499123

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 8529

PROCESS TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS, 3E is a comprehensive introduction to the workings of a modern manufacturing facility in the process industry. The text, which fits a standard equipment and systems course, provides your students with the information they need to know and uses up-to-date graphics and photos to enhance their understanding of how process systems and equipment actually operate. This book carries on the tradition of excellence established by the first two editions, which have successfully launched thousands of process technicians into the chemical processing industry. Key topics include valves, vessels, and piping, pumps and compressors, motors and turbines, heat exchangers, cooling towers, boilers and furnaces, reactors and distillation, extraction and separation systems, and process instrumentation. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology - Volume IV

Process Development, Modeling, Optimization, Control and Process Management

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Author: Ryzhard Pohorecki,John Bridgwater,M. Molzahn. Rafiqul Gani and Crispulo Gallegos

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848263996

Category:

Page: 424

View: 3317

Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology is a theme component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering, dealing with processes in which materials undergo changes in their physical or chemical state. These changes may concern size, energy content, composition and/or other application properties. Chemical engineering deals with many processes belonging to chemical industry or related industries (petrochemical, metallurgical, food, pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, coatings and colors, renewable raw materials, biotechnological, etc.), and finds application in manufacturing of such products as acids, alkalis, salts, fuels, fertilizers, crop protection agents, ceramics, glass, paper, colors, dyestuffs, plastics, cosmetics, vitamins and many others. It also plays significant role in environmental protection, biotechnology, nanotechnology, energy production and sustainable economical development. The Theme on Chemical Engineering and Chemical Process Technology deals, in five volumes and covers several topics such as: Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering; Unit Operations – Fluids; Unit Operations – Solids; Chemical Reaction Engineering; Process Development, Modeling, Optimization and Control; Process Management; The Future of Chemical Engineering; Chemical Engineering Education; Main Products, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils (Aromatic Chemicals) Reprint-2011

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Author: NIIR Board

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178330660

Category:

Page: 640

View: 2849

Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils or aetherolea, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted. Essential oils are generally used in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products. Various essential oils have been used medicinally at different periods in history. Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer, and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims that essential oils and other aromatic compounds have curative effects. Oils are volatilized or diluted in carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer, heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense. This book describes about the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, distillation, yield, quality of essential oils, process of extraction of essential oils, manufacture of essential oils, products derived from essential oils and so on. The book in your hands contains formulae, processes, and test parameters of different types of essential oils derived from different natural sources. This is very helpful book for new entrepreneurs, professionals, institutions and for those who are already engaged in this field.

Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology, 2nd Edition

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Author: Karen Reinhardt,Werner Kern

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815517734

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 660

View: 3901

The second Edition of the Handbook of Silicon Wafer Cleaning Technology is intended to provide knowledge of wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits. The integration of the clean processes into the device manufacturing flow will be presented with respect to other manufacturing steps such as thermal, implant, etching, and photolithography processes. The Handbook discusses both wet and plasma-based cleaning technologies that are used for removing contamination, particles, residue, and photoresist from wafer surfaces. Both the process and the equipment are covered. A review of the current cleaning technologies is included. Also, advanced cleaning technologies that are under investigation for next generation processing are covered; including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol cleaning techniques. Additionally theoretical aspects of the cleaning technologies and how these processes affect the wafer is discussed such as device damage and surface roughening will be discussed. The analysis of the wafers surface is outlined. A discussion of the new materials and the changes required for the surface conditioning process used for manufacturing is also included. Focused on silicon wafer cleaning techniques including wet, plasma, and other surface conditioning techniques used to manufacture integrated circuits As this book covers the major technologies for removing contaminants, it is a reliable reference for anyone that manufactures integrated circuits, or supplies the semiconductor and microelectronics industries Covers processes and equipment, as well as new materials and changes required for the surface conditioning process Editors are two of the top names in the field and are both extensively published Discusses next generation processing techniques including supercritical fluid, laser, and cryoaerosol

Introduction to Process Technology

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Author: Charles E. Thomas

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1435454251

Category: Education

Page: 427

View: 4745

Appropriate for individuals who are just beginning employment as process technicians, Introduction to Process Technology, 3E explores the development of process technology as well as the science and technology, equipment, systems, operations, and troubleshooting principles associated with modern manufacturing. The 3rd Edition is a proven product, the result of years of use and testing. It features a logical arrangement of topics that provides a strong foundation for a process technology training program, while illustrating how each topic relates to others. Comprehensive coverage explores safety, health, environment, process instrumentation, applied physics, applied chemistry, and principles of quality in an easy-to-understand style that is directly applicable to industry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Design of Multiphase Reactors

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Author: Vishwas G. Pangarkar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118807766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8160

Details simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries Includes basic aspects of transport in multiphase reactors and the importance of relatively reliable and simple procedures for predicting mass transfer parameters Details of design and scale up aspects of several important types of multiphase reactors Examples illustrated through design methodologies presenting different reactors for reactions that are industrially important Includes simple spreadsheet packages rather than complex algorithms / programs or computational aid

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

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Author: John Meurig Thomas,W. John Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352768378X

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 8925

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

The Complete Technology Book on Chemical Industries

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Author: NIIR Board

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178330687

Category: Chemical industry

Page: 443

View: 4390

In modern age chemical industries have permeated most extensively in comparison with other industries and are progressing at a very rapid pace. Chemical Industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries under the Indian economy. The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. Central to the modern world economy, it converts raw materials into more than 70,000 different products. Chemicals have contributed in various sectors like food industry, fertilizers, perfumery, fragrance and flavour etc. Chemicals are used to make a wide variety of consumer goods, as well as thousands inputs to agriculture, manufacturing, construction, and service industries. There are numerous chemicals produced in chemical industry for example chloroform, caffeine, fertilizers , dyes, drug intermediates, herbicide, inorganic salts, copper sulphate, acetaldehyde etc. The chemical industry itself consumes 26 percent of its own output. The Chemical Industry in India is based on the idea of diversification. For example inorganic chemicals is the sector where the growth rate is near about 9% and the chemicals produced in this sector are mainly used in alkalis, fertilizers, etc. Depending on the product categories the chemical industry is divided in many other sectors like drugs and pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, fine chemicals like dyes and paints etc. The chemical industry in India which generates almost 13% of total national export is growing annually at a growth rate anywhere between 10% and 12%. This book majorly deals with the molecular formula, raw materials, properties, laboratory testing, manufacturing process explained with flow diagrams and uses of the chemicals. The major contents of the book are inorganic salts, inorganic chemicals, industrial gas, fertilizers, alum, caffeine, ceramic chemicals etc. This book covers the production of more than 100 chemicals for example acetanilide, methylamine, butylamine, linalol, phosphorous, salicylic acid etc. This book should be of great value to young chemical engineers and chemists who are just entering the field but those already practicing will find much of interest and use for broadening of their insight in to fields in which they are only marginally informed. It is hoped that this book will aid to young engineers, chemical, civil, mechanical and electrical as well as chemists, in understanding the value of chemical, the type of problems met in their production and method for solving these problems.

Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design (Revised 2nd Edition)

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Author: James R. Couper,W. Roy Penney,James R. Fair, PhD

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780080919720

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 1311

A facility is only as efficient and profitable as the equipment that is in it: this highly influential book is a powerful resource for chemical, process, or plant engineers who need to select, design or configures plant sucessfully and profitably. It includes updated information on design methods for all standard equipment, with an emphasis on real-world process design and performance. The comprehensive and influential guide to the selection and design of a wide range of chemical process equipment, used by engineers globally • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Revised edition, new material includes updated equipment cost data, liquid-solid and solid systems, and the latest information on membrane separation technology Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, rules of thumb, and equipment rating forms to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with many line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Industrial Chemical Process Design, 2nd Edition

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Author: Douglas Erwin

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071819800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 1682

"The most complete, up-to-date, problem-solving toolkit for chemical engineers and process designers. Industrial Chemical Process Design, Second Edition provides a step-by-step methodology and 25 downloadable, customizable, needs-specific software applications that offer quick, accurate solutions to complex process design problems. These applications uniquely fill the gaps left by large, very expensive commercial process simulation software packages used to select, size, and design industrial chemical process equipment. Written by a hands-on industry consultant and featuring more than 200 illustrations, this book thoroughly details: Sizing and cost estimating of process unit operation equipment Design and rating of fractionation equipment and three-phase separation equipment Chemical optimization Commercial distillation Packaged plant cost analysis Estimating cost for modular packages Performing operations such as liquid-liquid extraction and gas liquid separation vessel sizing and rating Green engineering New to the Second Edition: Added focus on sustainability with new green engineering coverage: crude oil database; vegetable oils and plant greenhouse production for use in automobile fuels; gasoline and diesel fuel database; greenhouse fuels; water removal treatment in three-phase vessel design New focus on engineering economics Simplified shell/tube design method and improved shell/tube exchanger software improvements Fluid flow coverage includes both single- and two-phase flow and the very desirable addition of complete process engineering of NOx removal and catalytic SCR reactor processes necessary in all electric generator power plants and refinery furnace systems (per mandatory EPA regulations) Coverage of the Fischer-Tropsch process converting natural methane gas to crude oil products, liquids, gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel - all sulfur-free! Includes a plan to decrease reliance on crude oil imports Contains a packaged cost analysis natural gas-to-liquids plant turn-key software program "--

Separation Process Technology

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Author: Jimmy L. Humphrey

Publisher: McGraw-Hill (canada)

ISBN: 9780070311732

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 9654

You can maximize industrial profitability by choosing the right separation process with this authoritative guide. This book will help engineers, chemists, managers, and technicians in the chemical, petroleum, pharaceutical, food, and paper industries maximize profitability by optimizing performance of separation processes. Focusing on the latest distillation, extraction, adsorption, and membrane processes, this up-to-the-minute guide helps you select a cost-effective process; choose a cost-cutting configuration; keep up with cutting-edge technology; and follow up on your choices. Written by two of the leading separation process chemical engineers in the world, this handbook is truly worth its weight in gold to anyone involved in separation process technology.

The Complete Book on Rubber Chemicals

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Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178331217

Category:

Page: 672

View: 5620

Rubber Chemicals are essential additives for the manufacture and quality improvement of rubber products such as automobile tires, rubber hoses, and quake absorbing rubbers. For rubber processing and compounding certain chemicals are required which are known as rubber chemicals. The primary requirement of adding different compounding ingredients to develop the different grades of rubber compounds to meet various service needs at an economic price and to provide certain desired physical properties to a considerable extent. Some of the examples of rubber chemicals are waxes, amines, thiazoles, silicone resins, alcohol, sulphuric acids, dithiocarbamates, phosphoric acid etc. They are mostly applicable for white and coloured rubber. They are generally used in rubber tubing, conveyor belt cover balloons, hot water bottles injection bottle caps, footwear related items etc. Indian rubber chemical industry has high growth potential triggered by increased consumption and steady growth in tyre and rubber industries. The speciality chemicals industry in India is projected to grow at 15-17 % per year to reach $ 80-100 billion by 2020. The demand for rubber chemicals is on the rise. All major manufacturers have raised the prices of their products substantially. Massive investment is expected to flow into the rubber chemicals manufacturing sector in India in the coming years from both domestic and global players. The book covers different types, physical and chemical properties, applications of different rubber chemicals like waxes, synthetic organic chemicals, amines, silicones resins, releasing agents, stabilizers, solvents and many more. Some of the fundamentals of the book are synthetic hydrocarbon waxes, uses of amines in polymers, synthetic organic chemicals, analysis of specific anti-degradants, stabilization of halogenated polymers, anaerobic fermentations, the manufacture of sulfuric acid, analysis of dithiocarbamate esters, sodium hyposulfite (hydrosulfite), citric acid, gluconic acid, acetic acid, itaconic acid, kojic acid etc. Rubber chemicals have a huge potential growth in future and considering the importance of the chemical we have brought out this book which will be an invaluable resource to rubber chemical manufacturers, technocrats, researchers, consultants and new entrepreneurs.

Scale-up

Modellübertragung in der Verfahrenstechnik

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Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660461

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 2676

Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.

Handbook of Separation Process Technology

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Author: Ronald W. Rousseau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471895589

Category: Science

Page: 1010

View: 3944

Surveys the selection, design, and operation of most of the industrially important separation processes. Discusses the underlying principles on which the processes are based, and provides illustrative examples of the use of the processes in a modern context. Features thorough treatment of newer separation processes based on membranes, adsorption, chromatography, ion exchange, and chemical complexation. Includes a review of historically important separation processes such as distillation, absorption, extraction, leaching, and crystallization and considers these techniques in light of recent developments affecting them.

Global Food Security and Supply

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Author: Wayne Martindale

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118699297

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 4615

With the global population projected to reach 9 billion by theyear 2050, the need for nations to secure food supplies for theirpopulations has never been more pressing. Finding better supplychain solutions is an essential part of achieving a secure andsustainable diet for a rapidly increasing population. We are now ina position, through methods including life cycle assessment (LCA),carbon footprinting and other tools, to accurately measure andassess our use – or misuse – of natural resources,including food. The impact of new technologies and managementsystems can therefore improve efficiencies and find new ways toreduce waste. Global Food Security and Supply provides robust, succinctinformation for people who want to understand how the global foodsystem works. The book demonstrates the specific tools availablefor understanding how food supply works, addresses the challengesfacing a secure and safe global food supply, and helps readers toappreciate how these challenges might be overcome. This book is a concise and accessible text that focuses onrecent data and findings from a range of internationalcollaborations and studies. The author provides both asnapshot of global food supply and security today, and a projectionof where these issues may lead us in the future. This book willtherefore be of particular interest to food policy leaders,commercial managers in the food industry, and researchers andstudents seeking a better understanding of a rapidly evolvingtopic.