Chemical Process Safety

Fundamentals with Applications

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Author: Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0132901048

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 6533

The Leading Guide To Process Safety Now Extensively Updated For Today’s Processes And Systems As chemical processes have grown more complex, so have the safety systems required to prevent accidents. Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, offers students and practitioners a more fundamental understanding of safety and the application required to safely design and manage today’s sophisticated processes. The third edition continues the definitive standard of the previous editions. The content has been extensively updated to today’s techniques and procedures, and two new chapters have been added. A new chapter on chemical reactivity provides the information necessary to identify, characterize, control, and manage reactive chemical hazards. A new chapter on safety procedures and designs includes new content on safely management, and specific procedures including hot work permits, lock-tag-try, and vessel entry. Subjects Include Inherently safer design Toxicology and industrial hygiene Toxic release and dispersion models Fires and explosions, and how to prevent them Reliefs and relief sizing Hazard identification Risk assessment Safe designs and procedures Case histories Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, is an ideal reference for professionals. It can be used for both graduate and undergraduate instruction. This edition contains more than 480 end-of-chapter problems. A solutions manual is available for instructors.

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities

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Author: Dennis P. Nolan

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 032331144X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 4101

Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

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Author: Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123972833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 6534

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals

A System Perspective for Assessing and Avoiding Low-Probability, High-Consequence Events

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Author: Hans J Pasman

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128009128

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 458

View: 8561

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

Process Control

Modeling, Design, and Simulation

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Author: B. Wayne Bequette

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional

ISBN: 9780133536409

Category: Computers

Page: 769

View: 4523

Master process control hands on, through practical examples and MATLABreg; simulations This is the first complete introduction to process control that fully integrates software tools-enabling professionals and students to master critical techniques hands on, through computer simulations based on the popular MATLAB environment. Process Control: Modeling, Design, and Simulation teaches the field's most important techniques, behaviors, and control problems through practical examples, supplemented by extensive exercises-with detailed derivations, relevant software files, and additional techniques available on a companion Web site. Coverage includes: bull; Fundamentals of process control and instrumentation, including objectives, variables, and block diagrams Methodologies for developing dynamic models of chemical processes Dynamic behavior of linear systems: state space models, transfer function-based models, and more Feedback control; proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) controllers; and closed-loop stability analysis Frequency response analysis techniques for evaluating the robustness of control systems Improving control loop performance: internal model control (IMC), automatic tuning, gain scheduling, and enhancements to improve disturbance rejection Split-range, selective, and override strategies for switching among inputs or outputs Control loop interactions and multivariable controllers An introduction to model predictive control (MPC) Bequette walks step by step through the development of control instrumentation diagrams for an entire chemical process, reviewing common control strategies for individual unit operations, then discussing strategies for integrated systems. The book also includes 16 learning modules demonstrating how to use MATLAB and SIMULINK to solve several key control problems, ranging from robustness analyses to biochemical reactors, biomedical problems to multivariable control.

Scale-up

Modellübertragung in der Verfahrenstechnik

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Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660461

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 6366

Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.

Problem Solving in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering with POLYMATH, Excel, and MATLAB

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Author: Michael B. Cutlip,Mordechai Shacham

Publisher: Prentice-Hall PTR

ISBN: 9780131482043

Category: Computers

Page: 727

View: 503

Problem Solving in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering with POLYMATH™, Excel, and MATLAB®, Second Edition , is a valuable resource and companion that integrates the use of numerical problem solving in the three most widely used software packages: POLYMATH, Microsoft Excel, and MATLAB. Recently developed POLYMATH capabilities allow the automatic creation of Excel spreadsheets and the generation of MATLAB code for problem solutions. Students and professional engineers will appreciate the ease with which problems can be entered into POLYMATH and then solved independently in all three software packages, while taking full advantage of the unique capabilities within each package. The book includes more than 170 problems requiring numerical solutions. This greatly expanded and revised second edition includes new chapters on getting started with and using Excel and MATLAB. It also places special emphasis on biochemical engineering with a major chapter on the subject and with the integration of biochemical problems throughout the book. General Topics and Subject Areas, Organized by Chapter Introduction to Problem Solving with Mathematical Software Packages Basic Principles and Calculations Regression and Correlation of Data Introduction to Problem Solving with Excel Introduction to Problem Solving with MATLAB Advanced Problem-Solving Techniques Thermodynamics Fluid Mechanics Heat Transfer Mass Transfer Chemical Reaction Engineering Phase Equilibrium and Distillation Process Dynamics and Control Biochemical Engineering Practical Aspects of Problem-Solving Capabilities Simultaneous Linear Equations Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations Linear, Multiple Linear, and Nonlinear Regressions with Statistical Analyses Partial Differential Equations (Using the Numerical Method of Lines) Curve Fitting by Polynomials with Statistical Analysis Simultaneous Ordinary Differential Equations (Including Problems Involving Stiff Systems, Differential-Algebraic Equations, and Parameter Estimation in Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations) The Book's Web Site (http://www.problemsolvingbook.com) Provides solved and partially solved problem files for all three software packages, plus additional materials Describes discounted purchase options for educational version of POLYMATH available to book purchasers Includes detailed, selected problem solutions in Maple™, Mathcad®, and Mathematica™

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

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Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 980

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Operations Research

Einführung

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Author: Frederick S. Hillier,Gerald J. Liebermann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486792083

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 868

View: 1292

Aus dem Inhalt: Was ist Operations Research? Überblick über die Modellierungsgrundsätze des Operations Research. Einführung in die lineare Programmierung. Die Lösung linearer Programmierungsprobleme: Das Simplexverfahren. Stochastische Prozesse. Warteschlangentheorie. Lagerhaltungstheorie. Prognoseverfahren. Markov-Entscheidungsprozesse. Reliabilität. Entscheidungstheorie. Die Theorie des Simplexverfahrens Qualitätstheorie und Sensitivitätsanalyse Spezialfälle linearer Programmierungsprobleme. Die Formulierung linearer Programmierungsmodelle und Goal-Programmierung. Weitere Algorithmen der linearen Programmierung. Netzwerkanalyse einschließlich PERT-CPM. Dynamische Optimierung. Spieltheorie. Ganzzahlige Programmierung. Nichtlineare Programmierung Simulation. Anhang. Lösungen für ausgewählte Übungsaufgaben.

Handbuch des Kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes

Theorie und Praxis der elektrochemischen Schutzverfahren

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Author: Walter von Baeckmann,W. Schwenk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527625739

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 6620

Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage vor fast 30 Jahren ist das Handbuch des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes zu einem Klassiker geworden. Der Erfolgstitel liegt nun in der vierten Auflage vor. Kathodischer Korrosionsschutzes hat in den vergangenen Jahren nichts an seiner Bedeutung verloren - er ist auch heute noch eines der wichtigsten Verfahren des Korrosionschutzes überhaupt. Auf einigen Gebieten wie dem Schutz von Stahlbeton ist seine Bedeutung sogar noch gewachsen. Gut zehn Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der dritten Auflage musste in vielen Bereichen eine Neubearbeitung durchgeführt werden. Das gilt - wie bereits bei früheren Auflagen - für die Messtechnik zum Nachweis der ausreichenden Schutzwirkung mit der praktischen Anwendung bei Rohrleitungen und Fragen der Beeinflussung durch Gleichströme sowie die Wirkung von Wechselspannungen. Im Bereich der Korrosion bilden die verschiedenen Arten der Risskorrosion und die Wechselstromkorrosion Schwerpunkte der Überarbeitung. Auf dem Gebiet der Messtechnik und der Umhüllungsschäden wurden neuartige Beschriebungen der elektrischen Eigenschaften von Beschichtungsfehlstellen entwickelt. Die vierte Auflage erscheint in einer Zeit der verstärkten internationalen Zusammenarbeit - insbesondere bei der Normung - und eines zunehmenden Sicherbeitsbedarfs. Deshalb dient das Handbuch auch der Wissenserhaltung mit allen zugehörigen Grundlagenwissenschaften und gegebenenfalls auch zur Basis von Qualifikationsnachweisen. Wieder haben zahlreiche Fachleute aus der Industrie ihr Fachwissen zum weltweit einzigartigen Standardwerk über alle Anwendungsbereiche der elektrochemischen Korrosionsschutzverfahren beigetragen. Dabei wurde Wert auf lückenlose Querverweise zwischen den einzelnen Kapiteln und einheitliche bzw. normgerechte Terminologie gelegt. Das Handbuch ist nicht nur unentbehrlich für Unternehmen für kathodischen Schutz, sondern ist für alle Personen, die sich mit Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz beschäftigen, zum Nachschlagen und zur Weiterbildung geeignet.

Books for Occupational Education Programs

A List for Community Colleges, Technical Institutes and Vocational Schools

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Author: Edward Mapp

Publisher: New York : Bowker

ISBN: N.A

Category: Vocational education

Page: 308

View: 6626

Books in Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 2493

Bioprocess Engineering

Basic Concepts

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Author: Michael L. Shuler,Fikret Kargi,Matthew DeLisa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780137062706

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 1100

The Leading Introduction to Biochemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Updated with Key Advances in Productivity, Innovation, and Safety Bioprocess Engineering, Third Edition, is an extensive update of the world's leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering and reflects key advances in productivity, innovation, and safety. The authors review relevant fundamentals of biochemistry, microbiology, and molecular biology, including enzymes, cell functions and growth, major metabolic pathways, alteration of cellular information, and other key topics. They then introduce evolving biological tools for manipulating cell biology more effectively and to reduce costs of bioprocesses. This edition presents major advances in the production of biologicals; highly productive techniques for making heterologous proteins; new commercial applications for both animal and plant cell cultures; key improvements in recombinant DNA microbe engineering; techniques for more consistent authentic post-translational processing of proteins; and other advanced topics. It includes new, improved, or expanded coverage of The role of small RNAs as regulators Transcription, translation, regulation, and differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes Cell-free processes, metabolic engineering, and protein engineering Biofuels and energy, including coordinated enzyme systems, mixed-inhibition and enzyme-activation kinetics, and two-phase enzymatic reactions Synthetic biology The growing role of genomics and epigenomics Population balances and the Gompetz equation for batch growth and product formation Microreactors for scale-up/scale-down, including rapid scale-up of vaccine production The development of single-use technology in bioprocesses Stem cell technology and utilization Use of microfabrication, nanobiotechnology, and 3D printing techniques Advances in animal and plant cell biotechnology The text makes extensive use of illustrations, examples, and problems, and contains references for further reading as well as a detailed appendix describing traditional bioprocesses.