Challenging The Rules(s) of Law

Colonialism, Criminology and Human Rights in India

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Author: Kalpana Kannabiran,Ranbir Singh

Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc

ISBN: 0761936653

Category: Social Science

Page: 495

View: 5065

This collection of essays re-examines the field of criminology through an interdisciplinary lens, challenging in the process unproblematic assumptions of the rule of law and opening out avenues for a renewed and radical restatement of the contexts of criminal law in India. This collection is a significant step towards mapping the ways in which interdisciplinary research and human rights activism might inform legal praxis more effectively and holistically. The contributors are a diverse group – widely respected activists, bureaucrats, scholars, and professionals – who share concerns on criminal justice systems and the need to entrench human rights in the Indian polity.

Mr. Mothercountry

The Man Who Made the Rule of Law

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Author: Keally D. McBride,Professor of Politics Keally McBride

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190252979

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 6919

Today, every continent retains elements of the legal code distributed by the British empire. The British empire created a legal footprint along with political, economic, cultural and racial ones. One of the central problems of political theory is the insurmountable gap between ideas and their realization. Keally McBride argues that understanding the presently fraught state of the concept of the rule of law around the globe relies upon understanding how it was first introduced and then practiced through colonial administration--as well as unraveling the ideas and practices of those who instituted it. The astonishing fact of the matter is that for thirty years, between 1814 and 1844, virtually all of the laws in the British Empire were reviewed, approved or discarded by one individual: James Stephen, disparagingly known as "Mr. Mothercountry." Virtually every single act that was passed by a colony made its way to his desk, from a levy to improve sanitation, to an officer's pay, to laws around migration and immigration, and tariffs on products. Stephen, great-grandfather of Virginia Woolf, was an ardent abolitionist, and he saw his role as a legal protector of the most dispossessed. When confronted by acts that could not be overturned by reference to British law that he found objectionable, he would make arguments in the name of the "natural law" of justice and equity. He truly believed that law could be a force for good and equity at the same time that he was frustrated by the existence of laws that he saw as abhorrent. In Mr. Mothercountry, McBride draws on original archival research of the writings of Stephen and his descendants, as well as the Macaulay family, two major lineages of legal administrators in the British colonies, to explore the gap between the ideal of the rule of law and the ways in which it was practiced and enforced. McBride does this to show that there is no way of claiming that law is always a force for good or simply an ideological cover for oppression. It is both. Her ultimate intent is to illuminate the failures of liberal notions of legality in the international sphere and to trace the power disparities and historical trajectories that have accompanied this failure. This book explores the intertwining histories of colonial power and the idea of the rule of law, in both the past and the present, and it asks what the historical legacy of British Colonialism means for how different groups view international law today.

Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights

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Author: Jérémie Gilbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136020160

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 5475

Although nomadic peoples are scattered worldwide and have highly heterogeneous lifestyles, they face similar threats to their mobile livelihood and survival. Commonly, nomadic peoples are facing pressure from the predominant sedentary world over mobility, land rights, water resources, access to natural resources, and migration routes. Adding to these traditional problems, rapid growth in the extractive industry and the need for the exploitation of the natural resources are putting new strains on nomadic lifestyles. This book provides an innovative rights-based approach to the issue of nomadism looking at issues including discrimination, persecution, freedom of movement, land rights, cultural and political rights, and effective management of natural resources. Jeremie Gilbert analyses the extent to which human rights law is able to provide protection for nomadic peoples to perpetuate their own way of life and culture. The book questions whether the current human rights regime is able to protect nomadic peoples, and highlights the lacuna that currently exists in international human rights law in relation to nomadic peoples. It goes on to propose avenues for the development of specific rights for nomadic peoples, offering a new reading on freedom of movement, land rights and development in the context of nomadism.

Violence Studies

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Author: Kalpana Kannabiran

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199464821

Category:

Page: 408

View: 582

Violence is embedded in our everyday. We encounter not only its overt, raw, and brutal nature but also the deeply buried invisible and insidious forms that normalize violence in the collective conscience, making it less noticeable and more tolerable. This volume opens out the field of violence studies with a focus on its myriad habitations and experiences in India. It interrogates the numerous ways in which omnipresent violence is interpreted and represented, and delves into the interconnections between the identifiable normative axes of power and the engendering of violence. Bringing together fresh methodological and conceptual perspectives on the way violence is understood and analysed, the contributors to this volume investigate its occurrence across sitesâlaw, family, state, gender, labour, caste, sexuality, communalism, and so onâto explore the normal as well as the exceptional. The case studies in this book are all drawn from the Indian experience. This volume aims towards a coherent and more nuanced understanding of violence that moves beyond the episodic to the systemic, structural levels of society and consciousness.

Perspectives in criminology

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Author: S. Venugopala Rao,Indian Institute of Advanced Study

Publisher: Vikas Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 8368

Papers presented at a seminar; in the Indian context.

Criminology

analysis and critique of crime in America

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Author: Richard Quinney

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 370

View: 9437

Die Verwandlung der Welt

Eine Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts

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Author: Jürgen Osterhammel

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406615015

Category: History

Page: 1568

View: 8604

Mit dem 19. Jahrhundert beginnt die Vorgeschichte der Gegenwart. Es war das Zeitalter der großen politischen Ideologien und der Verwissenschaftlichung des Daseins, der Eisenbahn und der Industrie, der Massenemigration zwischen den Kontinenten und der ersten Welle wirtschaftlicher und kommunikativer Globalisierung, des Nationalismus und der imperialen Expansion Europas in alle Teile der Erde. Zugleich ist das 19. Jahrhundert aus heutiger Sicht fern und fremd geworden: eine faszinierende Welt von gestern. Dieses Buch porträtiert und analysiert die Epoche in weltgeschichtlicher Sicht: als eine Zeit dramatischer Umbrüche in Europa, Asien, Afrika und Amerika und als eine Ära entstehender Globalität. Jürgen Osterhammel erzählt kundig und facettenreich die Geschichte einer Welt im Umbruch. Aus einer Fülle an Material und einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Blickwinkel entsteht das Porträt einer faszinierenden Epoche. Osterhammel fragt nach Strukturen und Mustern, markiert Zäsuren und Kontinuitäten, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede. Seine kulturübergreifenden, thematisch aufgefächerten Darstellungen und Analysen verbinden sich dabei zu einem kühnen Geschichtspanorama, das nicht nur traditionelle eurozentrische Ansätze weit hinter sich lässt, sondern auch erheblich mehr bietet als die gängigen historiographischen Paradigmen wie Industrialisierung oder Kolonialismus. Die Herausbildung unterschiedlicher Wissensgesellschaften, das Verhältnis Mensch- Natur oder der Umgang mit Krankheit und Andersartigkeit kommen darin ebenso zur Sprache wie Besonderheiten der Urbanisierung, verschiedene Formen von Bürgerlichkeit oder die Gegensätze von Migration und Sesshaftigkeit, Anpassung und Revolte, Säkularisierung und Religiosität. Zugleich stellt Osterhammel immer wieder Bezüge zur Gegenwart her. Auf der Höhe der Forschung, engagiert geschrieben und zugleich wohltuend unideologisch, ist sein Werk nicht nur ein Handbuch für jeden Historiker. Seine plastischen Schilderungen ziehen auch den interessierten Laien in den Bann eines Jahrhunderts, dessen Bedeutung in dieser welthistorisch angelegten Epochengeschichte ganz neu ausgelotet wird.

International Books in Print

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Author: Archie Rugh,Barbara Hopkinson,K G Saur,K G Saur Books,K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company,Irene Izod

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Co

ISBN: 9783598222894

Category: English imprints

Page: 2500

View: 6446

Die Niederlage der politischen Vernunft

Wie wir die Errungenschaften der Aufklärung verspielen

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Author: Egon Flaig

Publisher: zu Klampen Verlag GbR

ISBN: 3866746474

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 916

Dass menschenrechtliche Prinzipien universal sein sollen, ist ein Gebot der Vernunft, das uns die Aufklärung auferlegt hat. Indes, wie sind die Erfordernisse dieses Universalismus zu erfüllen in der jeweiligen konkreten Weltlage? Das vermag uns nur eine politische Vernunft zu sagen, welche sich – anders als Kants praktische Vernunft – in Zeithorizonten bewegt. Aber eben diese Vernunft verliert heute rasch Terrain an antiuniversalistische Theorien, die kulturelle Sonderrechte propagieren und verfälschte Vergangenheiten produzieren. Dabei gerät die gute Gesinnung zum Maßstab des Handelns und die Entrüstung zum Mittel geistiger Auseinandersetzung. Um zu ermessen, was hierbei auf dem Spiel steht, verlangt Egon Flaig geistesgeschichtliche Rückbesinnung. Er fragt zum einen, welche Diskurse eine antiuniversalistische Einstellung legitimiert und vorangetrieben haben; und er erörtert zum anderen, weshalb die politische Vernunft auf historische Verankerung angewiesen ist. Denn allein aus einem kulturellen Gedächtnis heraus, das sich der Aufklärung verpflichtet weiß, gewinnen wir die Orientierung für politisches Handeln im Geiste eines emanzipatorischen Universalismus.

Books in Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 8446

Exploring Vulnerability

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Author: Günter Thomas,Heike Springhart

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647540633

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 7205

Vulnerability is an essential but also an intriguing ambiguous part of the human condition. This book con-ceptualizes vulnerability to be a fundamental threat and deficit and at the same time to be a powerful resource for transformation.The exploration is undertaken in multidisciplinary perspectives and approaches the human condition in fruitful conversations with medical, psychological, legal, theological, political and philosophical investiga-tions of vulnerability.The multidisciplinary approach opens the space for a broad variety of deeply interrelated topics. Thus, vulnerability is analyzed with respect to diverse aspects of human and social life, such as violence and power, the body and social institutions. Theologically questions of sin and redemption and eventually the nature of the Divine are taken up. Throughout the book phenomenological descriptions are combined with necessary conceptual clarifications. The contributions seek to illuminate the relation between vulnerability as a fundamental unavoidable condition and contingent actualizations related to specific dangers and risks. The core thesis of the book can be seen within its multi-perspectivity: A sound concept of vulnerability is key to a realistic, that is to say neither negative nor illusionary anthropology, to an honest post-theistic understanding of God and eventually to a deeply humanistic understanding of social life.

New Society

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 1829

Law books, 1876-1981

books and serials on law and its related subjects

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Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 5039

View: 8242