The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling

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Author: Ernst J. M. Helmreich,Department of Physiological Chemistry School of Medicine Ernst J M Helmreich

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198508205

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 1459

The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling deals in depth with the principles of cell signalling, concentrating on structure and mechanism. It will serve as a reliable map through the maze of cell signalling pathways and help the reader understand how malfunctions in these pathways can lead to disease. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 describes the machinery of signal transduction starting with the properties of signals, receptors (including receptor activation), regulators, and the molecules that link receptor and regulator. The design of signalling cascades is explained by describing central signalling pathways: the Ras-regulated MAPK and PI-3 pathways; the Rho/Rac/Cdc 42 pathway controlling chemotaxis and regulating the cytoskeleton; the G protein coupled receptor cascades in response to sensory and hormonal signals; signalling by TGF-� in morphogenesis; cytokine signalling that controls haemopoiesis. There is also a discussion of the insulin response. As phosphorylation - dephosphorylation is involved in nearly all cellular regulatory processes, Part 1 concludes with a synopsis of its role in signalling. Part 2 describes the implementation of the signalling cascades focusing on the effect on gene transcription. After a brief description of the transcriptional machinery the regulation of transcription by cytokines and growth factors in the control of cell growth and the mechanisms and sites of control are discussed in detail. The regulators discussed include Jun/Fos, NF-AT, SREBPs, and STATs. The next two chapters cover gene regulation by nuclear receptors, including both the steroid hormone receptors and non-steroid nuclear receptors e.g. the retinoic acid receptors RAR and RXR. Part 3 studies the global cellular regulatory programs for the control of cell growth and proliferation. The first chapter concerns the regulation of the cell cycle and the role of the cyclin-dependent kinases, telomerase, Ran, and cell cycle checkpoints. The next topic is the signalling pathways in apoptosis: the TNF-receptor family death receptors, caspases, and the intracellular apoptosis signals and the role of apoptosis in the lifecycle of cells. Part 3 ends with a discussion of the signal pathways involved in the immune response, focusing on the involvement of cell-cell interactions. Part 4 considers loss of regulatory control and its consequences with respect to the molecular basis of cancer. It first describes the cellular regulatory proteins that have oncogenic potential, how they can become oncogenic and cause the transformation of normal cells to cancerous cells. Next is an analysis of the loss of developmental controls, the APC protein, �-catenin, and the Wnt pathway, that lead to mature terminally differentiated cells reverting to immature embryonic cells. The book ends with a summary of the molecular and cellular causes of cancer and an outlook for novel therapies. Throughout the text, the emphasis is on structure and mechanism and is well illustrated with 200 figures. The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling will be an invaluable companion to all graduate students studying cell signalling.

Cell Signalling

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Author: John T. Hancock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019965848X

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 5844

Signalling within and between cells is one of the most important aspects of modern biochemistry and cell biology. An understanding of signalling pathways is vital to a wide range of biologists, from those who are investigating the causes of cancer, to those who are concerned about the impactof environmental pollutants on the ecosystem. The way cells adapt to changing environments, and the way cell dysfunction causes disease, is underpinned by cell signalling events. Cell Signalling presents a carefully structured and highly accessible introduction to this intricate and rapidly growing field. Starting with an overview of cell signalling and highlighting its importance in many biological systems, the book goes on to explore the key components of extracellular andintracellular signalling mechanisms, before examining how these components come together to create signalling pathways. A focus on common components and concepts, rather than mechanistic detail, allows the reader to gain a thorough understanding of the principles that underpin cell signalling. Online Resource CentreThe Online Resource Centre to accompany Cell Signalling features:For students:* Links to useful websitesFor registered adopters of the text:* Journal Clubs: suggested research papers and discussion questions linked to topics featured in the book* Figures from the book in electronic format for use in lectures

Molecular Chaperones and Cell Signalling

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Author: Brian Henderson,A. Graham Pockley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444019

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5304

Originally published in 2005, this book reviews understanding of the biological roles of extracellular molecular chaperones. It provides an overview of the structure and function of molecular chaperones, their role in the cellular response to stress and their disposition within the cell. It also questions the basic paradigm of molecular chaperone biology - that these proteins are first and foremost protein-folding molecules. Paradigms of protein secretion are reviewed and the evolving concept of proteins (such as molecular chaperones) as multi-functional molecules for which the term 'moonlighting proteins' has been introduced is discussed. The role of exogenous molecular chaperones as cell regulators is examined and the physiological and pathophysiological role that molecular chaperones play is described. In the final section, the potential therapeutic use of molecular chaperones is described and the final chapter asks the question - what does the future hold for the extracellular biology of molecular chaperones?

Cell Signalling

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Author: John Hancock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199232105

Category: Education

Page: 341

View: 8343

'Cell Signalling' presents a carefully structured introduction to this subject, introducing those conserved features which underlie many different extra-and intracellular signalling systems.

Cancer Cell Signalling

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Author: Amanda Harvey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118527755

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 1946

A focused, accessible introduction to this key aspect of cancerbiology. It covers the individual cell signalling pathways that areknown to be involved in cancer development, and, most important,includes the cross- interactions between the pathways together withthe current therapeutic approaches. This is a‘must-have’ for advanced undergraduate and postgraduatestudents studying and researching within the field of cancerbiology.

Cell Signalling in Prokaryotes and Lower Metazoa

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Author: I. Fairweather

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402017391

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 4049

Cell signalling lies at the heart of many biological processes and currently is the focus of intense research interest. In multicellular organisms, it is central to how different types of cell communicate with each other and how they detect and respond to extracellular signals. Intercellular communication is vital to single-celled organisms as well, allowing them to respond to environmental cues and signals. To date, much of the understanding of signalling mechanisms has come from research on specific cell types (eg mouse lymphocyte and cardiomyocyte) or on organisms in which communication systems such as nervous and endocrine systems are well established. This volume therefore aims to 'fill the gap' by concentrating on 'simple organisms' where the elements of those signalling systems first evolved. Many of the groups covered contain important pathogens or parasites, and the potential for manipulating signalling pathways for therapeutic intervention will be highlighted.

Textbook of Cell Signalling in Cancer

An Educational Approach

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Author: Jacques Robert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319143409

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 1214

This book provides a simplified, yet comprehensive, overview of the signalling pathways operating between and inside cells, which will help younger oncologists find their way in the labyrinth of signalling pathways and in the multitude of signals and signal receptors, transducers and effectors that contribute to oncogenesis. This comprehensive reference text is based on the master’s courses delivered by Prof. Jacques Robert to graduate students at the University of Bordeaux, France. It includes a large number of colour schemas and figures that have been improved year after year for educational purposes. Signalling pathways are described individually and in depth, but without ignoring the multiplicity of interconnections and crosstalk. The presentation of each pathway is followed by a brief description of the alterations found in cancers as well as of the targeted pharmacological approaches that can be used to prevent or overcome the consequences of these oncogenic alterations. The basic mechanisms of molecular biology at the DNA replication, RNA transcription and protein activity levels are presented in a series of didactic annexes, enabling readers to better understand the alterations in signalling pathways.

Structure and Function in Cell Signalling

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Author: John Nelson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470723734

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 3920

"This book contains extremely detailed and informative content on structure and function of ligands, receptors, and signalling intermediates plus interactions ... the extent of detail and appropriate referencing is impressive." –Microbiology Today, July 2009 "A very well-written book suitable for use as a reference or textbook for an undergraduate subject in cell signalling. For researchers interested in the molecular basis of cell signalling and how aberrant regulation of cell signalling proteins causes diseases, this is an excellent resource of biochemical and structural information." –Australian Biochemist, August 2009 "From basics to details, this is an elegantly written and carefully edited book. The chapters on cell cycle control and oncogenesis are particularly fascinating and valuable to biomedical research. This is the book to have if you are interested in molecular mechanisms of signal transduction. It is a great introduction to the literature that will be welcomed by students and experts alike." –Doody's, January 2009 This text is a concise and accessible introduction to the dynamic but complex field of signal transduction. Rather than simply cataloguing all signalling molecules and delineating every known pathway, this book aims to break signalling down into common elements and activities – the ‘nuts and bolts’ of cellular information exchange. With an emphasis on clarity of presentation throughout, the book teaches the basic principles focusing on a mature core of knowledge, providing students with a foundation of learning in this complex and potentially confusing subject. It also addresses the issue of variation in the numbering of key amino acids as well as featuring interaction with RasMol software, and exercises to aid understanding. An accessible introduction to the complex field of cell signalling Interacts with RasMol software – freely downloadable for viewing structures in 3D Includes exercises and clear instructions in the use of RasMol Well illustrated in full colour throughout Structure and Function in Cell Signalling is an invaluable resource to students across a range of life science degree programmes including biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, physiology, biomedicine and oncology. This book provides a clear, accessible introduction to this rapidly expanding field.

Cell to Cell Signalling

From Experiments to Theoretical Models

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Author: A. Goldbeter

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483276791

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 9095

Cell to Cell Signalling: From Experiments to Theoretical Models is a collection of papers from a NATO Workshop conducted in Belgium in September 1988. The book discusses nerve cells and neural networks involved in signal transfers. The works of Hodgkin and Huxley presents a prototypic combination between experimental and theoretical approaches. The book discusses the coupling process found between secretory cells that modify their behavior. The text also analyzes morphogenesis and development, and then emphasizes the pattern formation found in Drosophila and in the amphibian embryo. The text also cite examples of immunological modeling that is related to the dynamics of immune networks based on idiotypic regulation. One paper analyzes the immune dynamism of HIV infection. The text notes that hormone signaling can be attributed as responsible for intercellular communication. Another paper examines how the dominant follicle in the ovarian cycle is selected, as well as the effectiveness of hormone secretion responsible for encoding the frequency of occurrence of periodic signals. The book also discusses heart signal sources such as cardiac dynamics and the response of periodically excited cardiac cells. The text can prove valuable for practioners in the field of neurology and cardiovascular medicine, and for researchers in molecular biology and molecular chemistry.

Stem Cells and Cell Signalling in Skeletal Myogenesis

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Author: D.A. Sassoon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080569734

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 2876

Skeletal muscle development is perhaps one of the best understood processes at the molecular, cellular and organismal level due in large part to the fact that primary myogenic cells (myoblasts) will grow and subsequently differentiate into myotubes in culture. With the advent of reverse mouse genetics, many of the observations gained through the study of myogenic cells in vitro have been directly tested in vivo. What has emerged is a complex but cohesive story of how myogenic cells are initially specified in the vertebrate embryo and how muscle fibers ultimately achieve their respective identities (i.e. fast versus slow) to perform their function. This collection of chapters is focused on these developments. The book discusses old and new directions for the skeletal muscle field and points out directions where the field may eventually progress.

Interactions Among Cell Signalling Systems

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Author: Ryo Sato,Gregory R. Bock,Kate Widdows

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470514213

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 5169

A panel of internationally renowned experts present papers on cell signalling--an area in which there has been recent important advances. Coverage includes the inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate receptor, signal-induced phospholipid degradation cascade and protein kinase C activation, cyclic AMP interactions in sustained cellular response, the acetylcholine receptor and much more.

Cell signalling

biology and medicine of signal transduction

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Author: Barry L. Brown,Pauline R. M. Dobson

Publisher: Raven Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 293

View: 1786

Protein Modules in Cellular Signalling

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Author: Ludwig Heilmeyer,Peter Friedrich

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586031800

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 2837

Dynamic stability of cells is a function of co-ordination and counterbalance between intracellular signalling events. Therefore, the knowledge of those molecules which form signalling cascades or signalling modules is of prime importance in understanding living processes. Signalling proteins, the component members of different cascades, are the focus of intense interest. Protein phosphorylation dephosphorylation is the prevalent mechanism by which signalling molecules transduce their signals.

Interactions among cell signalling systems

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Author: Ryō Satō,Gregory Bock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471930730

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 4758

A panel of internationally renowned experts present papers on cell signalling--an area in which there has been recent important advances. Coverage includes the inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate receptor, signal-induced phospholipid degradation cascade and protein kinase C activation, cyclic AMP interactions in sustained cellular response, the acetylcholine receptor and much more.

Focus on Cellular Signalling Research

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Author: Dorothy T. Leeds

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546198

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 6253

Cell signalling is the communication inside a cell or with its environment. It plays an important role in cellular growth, survival and apoptosis. For instance, the growth of a cell requires production of certain proteins. The genes that encode these proteins are located in DNA inside the nucleus while the initial signal for cellular growth may come from outside the cell. To induce the expression of these genes, the external signal must pass through specific pathways to reach these genes in DNA. The signalling pathway involves several proteins. If any one of them becomes abnormal or non-functional, the cellular process would be altered, which may cause disease. Therefore, knowing the detailed pathway is very important in understanding the pathogenesis of diseases.

Thiol Redox Transitions in Cell Signaling

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123810045

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 1003

This volume, along with its companion (volume 474), presents methods and protocols dealing with thiol oxidation-reduction reactions and their implications as they relate to cell signaling. The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for 40 years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Over 450 volumes have been published to date, and much of the material is relevant even today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences. Along with companion volume, provides a full overview of techniques necessary to the study of thiol redox in relation to cell signaling Gathers tried and tested techniques from global labs, offering both new and tried-and-true methods Relevant background and reference information given for procedures can be used as a guide to developing protocols in a number of disciplines

Cell Signalling

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Author: John T. Hancock

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 5483

Signalling within and between cells is an essential part of many biological processes, from the development of the body, to the activity of our immune system. Recent advances in molecular cell biology have allowed us to identify the components of signalling pathways, and examine how they interact to form the carefully orchestrated and controlled networks upon which the complexity of a living organism is built.

Cell Signaling & Molecular Targets in Cancer

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Author: Malay Chatterjee,Khosrow Kashfi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461407300

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 5167

This book provides an overview of critical components of cell signaling machinery and its role in epithelial morphogenesis, proliferation, invasions and angiogenesis in human cancer and discusses novel types of protein kinase pathways.