Categorical Data Analysis

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Author: Alan Agresti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471458767

Category: Mathematics

Page: 734

View: 2614

Amstat News asked three review editors to rate their topfive favorite books in the September 2003 issue. CategoricalData Analysis was among those chosen. A valuable new edition of a standard reference "A 'must-have' book for anyone expecting to do research and/orapplications in categorical data analysis." –Statistics in Medicine on Categorical Data Analysis,First Edition The use of statistical methods for categorical data hasincreased dramatically, particularly for applications in thebiomedical and social sciences. Responding to new developments inthe field as well as to the needs of a new generation ofprofessionals and students, this new edition of the classicCategorical Data Analysis offers a comprehensiveintroduction to the most important methods for categorical dataanalysis. Designed for statisticians and biostatisticians as well asscientists and graduate students practicing statistics,Categorical Data Analysis, Second Edition summarizes thelatest methods for univariate and correlated multivariatecategorical responses. Readers will find a unified generalizedlinear models approach that connects logistic regression andPoisson and negative binomial regression for discrete data withnormal regression for continuous data. Adding to the value in thenew edition is coverage of: Three new chapters on methods for repeated measurement andother forms of clustered categorical data, including marginalmodels and associated generalized estimating equations (GEE)methods, and mixed models with random effects Stronger emphasis on logistic regression modeling of binaryand multicategory data An appendix showing the use of SAS for conducting nearly allanalyses in the book Prescriptions for how ordinal variables should be treateddifferently than nominal variables Discussion of exact small-sample procedures More than 100 analyses of real data sets to illustrateapplication of the methods, and more than 600 exercises An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to allthe problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorialdepartment.

Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data

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Author: Alan Agresti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118209990

Category: Mathematics

Page: 424

View: 8204

Statistical science’s first coordinated manual of methods for analyzing ordered categorical data, now fully revised and updated, continues to present applications and case studies in fields as diverse as sociology, public health, ecology, marketing, and pharmacy. Analysis of Ordinal Categorical Data, Second Edition provides an introduction to basic descriptive and inferential methods for categorical data, giving thorough coverage of new developments and recent methods. Special emphasis is placed on interpretation and application of methods including an integrated comparison of the available strategies for analyzing ordinal data. Practitioners of statistics in government, industry (particularly pharmaceutical), and academia will want this new edition.

Applied Categorical Data Analysis and Translational Research

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Author: Chap T. Le

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470371307

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 2996

An updated treatment of categorical data analysis in the biomedical sciences that now explores applications to translational research Thoroughly updated with the latest advances in the field, Applied Categorical Data Analysis and Translational Research, Second Edition maintains the accessible style of its predecessor while also exploring the importance of translational research as it relates to basic scientific findings within clinical practice. With its easy–to–follow style, updated coverage of major methodologies, and broadened scope of coverage, this new edition provides an accessible guide to statistical methods involving categorical data and the steps to their application in problem solving in the biomedical sciences. Delving even further into the applied direction, this update offers many real–world examples from biomedicine, epidemiology, and public health along with detailed case studies taken straight from modern research in these fields. Additional features of the Second Edition include: A new chapter on the relationship between translational research and categorical data, focusing on design study, bioassay, and Phase I and Phase II clinical trials A new chapter on categorical data and diagnostic medicine, with coverage of the diagnostic process, prevalence surveys, the ROC function and ROC curve, and important statistical considerations A revised chapter on logistic regression models featuring an updated treatment of simple and multiple regression analysis An added section on quantal bioassays Each chapter features updated and new exercise sets along with numerous graphs that demonstrate the highly visual nature of the topic. A related Web site features the book′s examples as well as additional data sets that can be worked with using SAS® software. The only book of its kind to provide balanced coverage of methods for both categorical data and translational research, Applied Categorical Data Analysis and Translational Research, Second Edition is an excellent book for courses on applied statistics and biostatistics at the upper–undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the biomedical and public health fields.

An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis

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Author: Alan Agresti

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471113386

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 8770

Concise, complete, nontechnical; the ideal introduction to an increasingly important topic In recent years, the use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically in a variety of areas and applications. This book provides an applied introduction to the most important methods for analyzing categorical data. It summarizes methods that have long played a prominent role, such as chi-squared tests, but places special emphasis on logistic regression and loglinear modeling techniques. Special features of the book include: Emphasis on logistic regression modeling of binary data and Poisson regression modeling of count data A unified perspective, based on generalized linear models, that connects these methods with standard regression methods for normally-distributed data An appendix showing the use of a new SAS procedure (GENMOD) for generalized linear modeling that can conduct nearly all methods presented in the book An entertaining historical perspective of the development of the methods Specialized methods for ordinal data, small samples, multicategory data, and matched pairs More than 100 examples of real data sets and more than 200 exercises Writing in an applied, nontechnical style, Alan Agresti illustrates methods using a wide variety of real data, including alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use by teenagers; AZT use and delay of AIDS; space shuttle launches and O-ring failure; passive smoking and lung cancer; and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis is an invaluable tool for social, behavioral, and biomedical scientists, as well as researchers in public health, marketing, education, biological and agricultural sciences, and industrial quality control. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.

Applied Categorical Data Analysis

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Author: Chap T. Le

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471240600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 1234

The nonstatistician's quick reference to applied categorical data analysis With a succinct, unified approach to applied categorical data analysis and an emphasis on applications, this book is immensely useful to researchers and students in the biomedical disciplines and to anyone concerned with statistical analysis. This self-contained volume provides up-to-date coverage of all major methodologies in this area of applied statistics and acquaints the reader with statistical thinking as expressed through a variety of modern-day topics and techniques. Applied Categorical Data Analysis introduces a number of new research areas, including the Mantel-Haenszel method, Kappa statistics, ordinal risks, odds ratio estimates, goodness-of-fit, and various regression models for categorical data. Chap T. Le, author of Health and Numbers and Applied Survival Analysis, presents his information in a user-friendly format and an accessible style while purposefully keeping the mathematics to a level appropriate for students in applied fields. Well supplemented with helpful graphs and tables, Applied Categorical Data Analysis: * Covers both basic and advanced topics * Employs many real-life examples from biomedicine, epidemiology, and public health * Presents case studies in meticulous detail * Provides end-of-chapter exercise sets and solutions * Incorporates samples of computer programs (most notably in SAS). Applied Categorical Data Analysis is an important resource for graduate students and professionals who need a compact reference and guide to both the fundamentals and applications of the major methods in the field.

Bayesian Models for Categorical Data

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Author: Peter Congdon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470092386

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 2799

The use of Bayesian methods for the analysis of data has grown substantially in areas as diverse as applied statistics, psychology, economics and medical science. Bayesian Methods for Categorical Data sets out to demystify modern Bayesian methods, making them accessible to students and researchers alike. Emphasizing the use of statistical computing and applied data analysis, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to Bayesian methods of categorical outcomes. * Reviews recent Bayesian methodology for categorical outcomes (binary, count and multinomial data). * Considers missing data models techniques and non-standard models (ZIP and negative binomial). * Evaluates time series and spatio-temporal models for discrete data. * Features discussion of univariate and multivariate techniques. * Provides a set of downloadable worked examples with documented WinBUGS code, available from an ftp site. The author's previous 2 bestselling titles provided a comprehensive introduction to the theory and application of Bayesian models. Bayesian Models for Categorical Data continues to build upon this foundation by developing their application to categorical, or discrete data - one of the most common types of data available. The author's clear and logical approach makes the book accessible to a wide range of students and practitioners, including those dealing with categorical data in medicine, sociology, psychology and epidemiology.

Discrete Data Analysis with R

Visualization and Modeling Techniques for Categorical and Count Data

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Author: Michael Friendly,David Meyer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498725856

Category: Mathematics

Page: 544

View: 9668

An Applied Treatment of Modern Graphical Methods for Analyzing Categorical Data Discrete Data Analysis with R: Visualization and Modeling Techniques for Categorical and Count Data presents an applied treatment of modern methods for the analysis of categorical data, both discrete response data and frequency data. It explains how to use graphical methods for exploring data, spotting unusual features, visualizing fitted models, and presenting results. The book is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the social and health sciences, epidemiology, economics, business, statistics, and biostatistics as well as researchers, methodologists, and consultants who can use the methods with their own data and analyses. Along with describing the necessary statistical theory, the authors illustrate the practical application of the techniques to a large number of substantive problems, including how to organize data, conduct an analysis, produce informative graphs, and evaluate what the graphs reveal about the data. The first part of the book contains introductory material on graphical methods for discrete data, basic R skills, and methods for fitting and visualizing one-way discrete distributions. The second part focuses on simple, traditional nonparametric tests and exploratory methods for visualizing patterns of association in two-way and larger frequency tables. The final part of the text discusses model-based methods for the analysis of discrete data. Web Resource The data sets and R software used, including the authors’ own vcd and vcdExtra packages, are available at http://cran.r-project.org.

Statistical Analysis of Categorical Data

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Author: Chris J. Lloyd

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 7857

Accessible, up-to-date coverage of a broad range of modern and traditional methods. The ability to understand and analyze categorical, or count, data is crucial to the success of statisticians in a wide variety of fields, including biomedicine, ecology, the social sciences, marketing, and many more. Statistical Analysis of Categorical Data provides thorough, clear, up-to-date explanations of all important methods of categorical data analysis at a level accessible to anyone with a solid undergraduate knowledge of statistics. Featuring a liberal use of real-world examples as well as a regression-based approach familiar to most students, this book reviews pertinent statistical theory, including advanced topics such as Score statistics and the transformed central limit theorem. It presents the distribution theory of Poisson as well as multinomial variables, and it points out the connections between them. Complete with numerous illustrations and exercises, this book covers the full range of topics necessary to develop a well-rounded understanding of modern categorical data analysis, including: * Logistic regression and log-linear models. * Exact conditional methods. * Generalized linear and additive models. * Smoothing count data with practical implementations in S-plus software. * Thorough description and analysis of five important computer packages. Supported by an ftp site, which describes the facilities important to a statistician wanting to analyze and report on categorical data, Statistical Analysis of Categorical Data is an excellent resource for students, practicing statisticians, and researchers with a special interest in count data.

Handbook of Health Survey Methods

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Author: Timothy P. Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118594746

Category: Medical

Page: 840

View: 6479

A comprehensive guidebook to the current methodologiesand practices used in health surveys A unique and self-contained resource, Handbook of HealthSurvey Methods presents techniques necessary for confrontingchallenges that are specific to health survey research. Thehandbook guides readers through the development of sample designs,data collection procedures, and analytic methods for studies aimedat gathering health information on general and targetedpopulations. The book is organized into five well-defined sections: Design andSampling Issues, Measurement Issues, Field Issues, Health Surveysof Special Populations, and Data Management and Analysis.Maintaining an easy-to-follow format, each chapter begins with anintroduction, followed by an overview of the main concepts,theories, and applications associated with each topic. Finally,each chapter provides connections to relevant online resources foradditional study and reference. The Handbook of Health SurveyMethods features: 29 methodological chapters written by highly qualified expertsin academia, research, and industry A treatment of the best statistical practices and specificmethodologies for collecting data from special populations such assexual minorities, persons with disabilities, patients, andpractitioners Discussions on issues specific to health research includingdeveloping physical health and mental health measures, collectinginformation on sensitive topics, sampling for clinical trials,collecting biospecimens, working with proxy respondents, andlinking health data to administrative and other external datasources Numerous real-world examples from the latest research in thefields of public health, biomedicine, and health psychology Handbook of Health Survey Methods is an ideal reference foracademics, researchers, and practitioners who apply survey methodsand analyze data in the fields of biomedicine, public health,epidemiology, and biostatistics. The handbook is also a usefulsupplement for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses onsurvey methodology.

Foundations of Linear and Generalized Linear Models

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Author: Alan Agresti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118730038

Category: Mathematics

Page: 444

View: 9822

"This book presents an overview of the foundations and the key ideas and results of linear and generalized linear models under one cover. Written by a prolific academic, researcher, and textbook writer, Foundations of Linear and Generalized Linear Modelsis soon to become the gold standard by which all existing textbooks on the topic will be compared. While the emphasis is clearly and succinctly on theoretical underpinnings, applications in "R" are presented when they help to elucidate the content or promote practical model building. Each chapter contains approximately 15-20 exercises, primarily for readers to practice and extend the theory, but, also to assimilate the ideas by doing some data analysis. The carefully crafted models and examples convey basic concepts and do not get mired down in non-trivial considerations. An author-maintained web site includes, among other numerous pedagogical supplements, analyses that parallel the "R" routines from the book in SAS, SPSS and Stata"--

Bayesian Statistical Modelling

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Author: Peter Congdon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470035935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 3300

Bayesian methods combine the evidence from the data at hand with previous quantitative knowledge to analyse practical problems in a wide range of areas. The calculations were previously complex, but it is now possible to routinely apply Bayesian methods due to advances in computing technology and the use of new sampling methods for estimating parameters. Such developments together with the availability of freeware such as WINBUGS and R have facilitated a rapid growth in the use of Bayesian methods, allowing their application in many scientific disciplines, including applied statistics, public health research, medical science, the social sciences and economics. Following the success of the first edition, this reworked and updated book provides an accessible approach to Bayesian computing and analysis, with an emphasis on the principles of prior selection, identification and the interpretation of real data sets. The second edition: Provides an integrated presentation of theory, examples, applications and computer algorithms. Discusses the role of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in computing and estimation. Includes a wide range of interdisciplinary applications, and a large selection of worked examples from the health and social sciences. Features a comprehensive range of methodologies and modelling techniques, and examines model fitting in practice using Bayesian principles. Provides exercises designed to help reinforce the reader’s knowledge and a supplementary website containing data sets and relevant programs. Bayesian Statistical Modelling is ideal for researchers in applied statistics, medical science, public health and the social sciences, who will benefit greatly from the examples and applications featured. The book will also appeal to graduate students of applied statistics, data analysis and Bayesian methods, and will provide a great source of reference for both researchers and students. Praise for the First Edition: “It is a remarkable achievement to have carried out such a range of analysis on such a range of data sets. I found this book comprehensive and stimulating, and was thoroughly impressed with both the depth and the range of the discussions it contains.” – ISI - Short Book Reviews “This is an excellent introductory book on Bayesian modelling techniques and data analysis” – Biometrics “The book fills an important niche in the statistical literature and should be a very valuable resource for students and professionals who are utilizing Bayesian methods.” – Journal of Mathematical Psychology

Probability and Statistics with R

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Author: Maria Dolores Ugarte,Ana F. Militino,Alan T. Arnholt

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 6410

Designed for an intermediate undergraduate course, Probability and Statistics with R shows students how to solve various statistical problems using both parametric and nonparametric techniques via the open source software R. It provides numerous real-world examples, carefully explained proofs, end-of-chapter problems, and illuminating graphs to facilitate hands-on learning. Integrating theory with practice, the text briefly introduces the syntax, structures, and functions of the S language, before covering important graphically and numerically descriptive methods. The next several chapters elucidate probability and random variables topics, including univariate and multivariate distributions. After exploring sampling distributions, the authors discuss point estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, and a wide range of nonparametric methods. With a focus on experimental design, the book also presents fixed- and random-effects models as well as randomized block and two-factor factorial designs. The final chapter describes simple and multiple regression analyses. Demonstrating that R can be used as a powerful teaching aid, this comprehensive text presents extensive treatments of data analysis using parametric and nonparametric techniques. It effectively links statistical concepts with R procedures, enabling the application of the language to the vast world of statistics.

Recent Advances in Quantitative Methods in Cancer and Human Health Risk Assessment

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Author: Lutz Edler,Christos Kitsos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470857668

Category: Mathematics

Page: 502

View: 4470

Human health risk assessment involves the measuring of risk of exposure to disease, with a view to improving disease prevention. Mathematical, biological, statistical, and computational methods play a key role in exposure assessment, hazard assessment and identification, and dose-response modelling. Recent Advances in Quantitative Methods in Cancer and Human Health Risk Assessment is a comprehensive text that accounts for the wealth of new biological data as well as new biological, toxicological, and medical approaches adopted in risk assessment. It provides an authoritative compendium of state-of-the-art methods proposed and used, featuring contributions from eminent authors with varied experience from academia, government, and industry. Provides a comprehensive summary of currently available quantitative methods for risk assessment of both cancer and non-cancer problems. Describes the applications and the limitations of current mathematical modelling and statistical analysis methods (classical and Bayesian). Includes an extensive introduction and discussion to each chapter. Features detailed studies of risk assessments using biologically-based modelling approaches. Discusses the varying computational aspects of the methods proposed. Provides a global perspective on human health risk assessment by featuring case studies from a wide range of countries. Features an extensive bibliography with links to relevant background information within each chapter. Recent Advances in Quantitative Methods in Cancer and Human Health Risk Assessment will appeal to researchers and practitioners in public health & epidemiology, and postgraduate students alike. It will also be of interest to professionals working in risk assessment agencies.

The Theory of Measures and Integration

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Author: Eric M. Vestrup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317957

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 2596

An accessible, clearly organized survey of the basic topics of measure theory for students and researchers in mathematics, statistics, and physics In order to fully understand and appreciate advanced probability, analysis, and advanced mathematical statistics, a rudimentary knowledge of measure theory and like subjects must first be obtained. The Theory of Measures and Integration illuminates the fundamental ideas of the subject-fascinating in their own right-for both students and researchers, providing a useful theoretical background as well as a solid foundation for further inquiry. Eric Vestrup's patient and measured text presents the major results of classical measure and integration theory in a clear and rigorous fashion. Besides offering the mainstream fare, the author also offers detailed discussions of extensions, the structure of Borel and Lebesgue sets, set-theoretic considerations, the Riesz representation theorem, and the Hardy-Littlewood theorem, among other topics, employing a clear presentation style that is both evenly paced and user-friendly. Chapters include: * Measurable Functions * The Lp Spaces * The Radon-Nikodym Theorem * Products of Two Measure Spaces * Arbitrary Products of Measure Spaces Sections conclude with exercises that range in difficulty between easy "finger exercises"and substantial and independent points of interest. These more difficult exercises are accompanied by detailed hints and outlines. They demonstrate optional side paths in the subject as well as alternative ways of presenting the mainstream topics. In writing his proofs and notation, Vestrup targets the person who wants all of the details shown up front. Ideal for graduate students in mathematics, statistics, and physics, as well as strong undergraduates in these disciplines and practicing researchers, The Theory of Measures and Integration proves both an able primary text for a real analysis sequence with a focus on measure theory and a helpful background text for advanced courses in probability and statistics.

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering

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Author: Paul H. Kvam,Brani Vidakovic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470168691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 6663

A thorough and definitive book that fully addresses traditional and modern-day topics of nonparametric statistics This book presents a practical approach to nonparametric statistical analysis and provides comprehensive coverage of both established and newly developed methods. With the use of MATLAB, the authors present information on theorems and rank tests in an applied fashion, with an emphasis on modern methods in regression and curve fitting, bootstrap confidence intervals, splines, wavelets, empirical likelihood, and goodness-of-fit testing. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering begins with succinct coverage of basic results for order statistics, methods of categorical data analysis, nonparametric regression, and curve fitting methods. The authors then focus on nonparametric procedures that are becoming more relevant to engineering researchers and practitioners. The important fundamental materials needed to effectively learn and apply the discussed methods are also provided throughout the book. Complete with exercise sets, chapter reviews, and a related Web site that features downloadable MATLAB applications, this book is an essential textbook for graduate courses in engineering and the physical sciences and also serves as a valuable reference for researchers who seek a more comprehensive understanding of modern nonparametric statistical methods.

Exploratory Data Mining and Data Cleaning

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Author: Tamraparni Dasu,Theodore Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471458643

Category: Mathematics

Page: 203

View: 3308

Written for practitioners of data mining, data cleaning anddatabase management. Presents a technical treatment of data quality includingprocess, metrics, tools and algorithms. Focuses on developing an evolving modeling strategy through aniterative data exploration loop and incorporation of domainknowledge. Addresses methods of detecting, quantifying and correcting dataquality issues that can have a significant impact on findings anddecisions, using commercially available tools as well as newalgorithmic approaches. Uses case studies to illustrate applications in real lifescenarios. Highlights new approaches and methodologies, such as theDataSphere space partitioning and summary based analysistechniques. Exploratory Data Mining and Data Cleaning will serve as animportant reference for serious data analysts who need to analyzelarge amounts of unfamiliar data, managers of operations databases,and students in undergraduate or graduate level courses dealingwith large scale data analys is and data mining.

Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments

Theory and Applications

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Author: Ajit C. Tamhane

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118491432

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 9479

A indispensable guide to understanding and designing modern experiments The tools and techniques of Design of Experiments (DOE) allow researchers to successfully collect, analyze, and interpret data across a wide array of disciplines. Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments provides a modern and balanced treatment of DOE methodology with thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard designs of experiments, guiding the reader through applications to research in various fields such as engineering, medicine, business, and the social sciences. The book supplies a foundation for the subject, beginning with basic concepts of DOE and a review of elementary normal theory statistical methods. Subsequent chapters present a uniform, model-based approach to DOE. Each design is presented in a comprehensive format and is accompanied by a motivating example, discussion of the applicability of the design, and a model for its analysis using statistical methods such as graphical plots, analysis of variance (ANOVA), confidence intervals, and hypothesis tests. Numerous theoretical and applied exercises are provided in each chapter, and answers to selected exercises are included at the end of the book. An appendix features three case studies that illustrate the challenges often encountered in real-world experiments, such as randomization, unbalanced data, and outliers. Minitab® software is used to perform analyses throughout the book, and an accompanying FTP site houses additional exercises and data sets. With its breadth of real-world examples and accessible treatment of both theory and applications, Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments is a valuable book for experimental design courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an indispensable reference for practicing statisticians, engineers, and scientists who would like to further their knowledge of DOE.