British Fighting Methods in the Great War

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Author: Paddy Griffith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135196702

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 5571

This collection points out the very real and substantial evolution of tactics that went on in response to new warfare and how this had a real effect on the positive performance of the British Army from 1916 onwards.

Die Büchse der Pandora

Geschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs

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Author: Jörn Leonhard

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406676804

Category: History

Page: 1168

View: 6697

Der Erste Weltkrieg sprengte alles, was sich die Welt vor 1914 hatte vorstellen können. Er wirkte wie die Büchse der Pandora – jenes mythische Schreckensgefäß, aus dem alle Übel der Welt entwichen, als man gegen den Rat der Götter seinen Deckel hob. Jörn Leonhard erzählt die Geschichte des Krieges so vielschichtig wie nie zuvor. Er führt den Leser auf vergessene Schlachtfelder und versetzt ihn abwechselnd in die Hauptstädte aller beteiligten Staaten. So entfaltet dieses Buch ein beeindruckendes Panorama. Es zeigt, wie die Welt in den Krieg hineinging und wie sie aus ihm als eine völlig andere wieder herauskam. Es nimmt nicht nur die Staaten und Nationen in den Blick, sondern auch die Imperien in Europa und weit darüber hinaus. Es beschreibt die dynamische Veränderung der Handlungsspielräume, die rasanten militärischen Entwicklungen und die immer rascheren Wandlungen der Kriegsgesellschaften. Und es lässt die Erfahrungen ganz unterschiedlicher Zeitgenossen wieder lebendig werden: von Militärs, Politikern und Schriftstellern, Männern und Frauen, Soldaten und Arbeitern. Jörn Leonhard ist eine zeitgemäße und moderne Geschichte des Ersten Weltkriegs gelungen, die es so bisher noch nicht gegeben hat: europäisch vergleichend, global in der Perspektive, souverän in der Darstellung.

1914-1918

The History of the First World War

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Author: David Stevenson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141904348

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 4886

1914-1918, David Stevenson's history of the First World War, has been acclaimed as the definitive one-volume account of the conflict In the summer of 1914 Europe exploded into a frenzy of mass violence. The war that followed had global repercussions, destroying four empires and costing millions of lives. Even the victorious countries were scarred for a generation, and we still today remain within the conflict's shadow. In this major analysis David Stevenson re-examines the causes, course and impact of this 'war to end war', placing it in the context of its era and exposing its underlying dynamics. His book provides a wide-ranging international history, drawing on insights from the latest research. It offers compelling answers to the key questions about how this terrible struggle unfolded: questions that remain disturbingly relevant for our own time. 'It's harder to imagine a better single-volume comprehensive history of the conflict than this superb study' Ian Kershaw 'Perhaps the best comprehensive one-volume history of the war yet written' New Yorker 'David Stevenson is the real deal ... His defining characteristic is his outstanding rigour as an historian ... tremendously clever' Niall Ferguson 'This history of the 1914-1918 conflict surpasses all others. It is tough, erudite and comprehensive' Independent

The Pity of War

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Author: Niall Ferguson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141975830

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 4835

The controversial revisionist history of World War I that made Niall Ferguson's name The First World War killed around eight million men and bled Europe dry. More than any other event, it made the twentieth century. In this boldly conceived book and provocative, aimed to appeal not only to students but also to the general reader, Niall Ferguson explodes many of the myths surrounding the war. Niall Ferguson is Herzog Professor of Financial History at the Stern School of Business, New York University, Visiting Professor of History, Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow, Jesus College, Oxford. His other books for Penguin include Empire, The Cash Nexus, Colossus, The War of the World, Virtual History, High Financier and Civilization.

The Great War

An Imperial History

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Author: John H. Morrow Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134628986

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 6422

The Great War is a landmark history that firmly places the First World War in the context of imperialism. Set to overturn conventional accounts of what happened during this, the first truly international conflict, it extends the study of the First World War beyond the confines of Europe and the Western Front. By recounting the experiences of people from the colonies especially those brought into the war effort either as volunteers or through conscription, John Morrow's magisterial work also unveils the impact of the war in Asia, India and Africa. From the origins of World War One to its bloody (and largely unknown) aftermath, The Great War is distinguished by its long chronological coverage, first person battle and home front accounts, its pan European and global emphasis and the integration of cultural considerations with political.

British Ways of Counter-insurgency

A Historical Perspective

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Author: Matthew Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134920458

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 8007

This edited collection examines the British ‘way’ in counter-insurgency. It brings together and consolidates new scholarship on the counter-insurgency associated with the end of empire, foregrounding a dark and violent history of British imperial rule, one that stretched back to the nineteenth century and continued until the final collapse of the British Empire in the 1960s. The essays gathered in the collection cover the period from the late nineteenth century to the 1960s; they are both empirical and conceptual in tone. This edited collection pivots on the theme of the nature of the force used by Britain against colonial insurgents. It argues that the violence employed by British security forces in counter-insurgency to maintain imperial rule is best seen from a maximal perspective, contra traditional arguments that the British used minimum force to defeat colonial rebellions. Case studies are drawn from across the British Empire, covering a period of some hundred years, but they concentrate on the savage wars of decolonisation after 1945. The collection includes a historiographical essay and one on the ‘lost’ Hanslope archive by the scholar chosen by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to manage the release of the papers held. This book was published as a special issue of Small Wars and Insurgencies.

A Companion to World War I

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Author: John Horne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118275802

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 7420

A Companion to the First World War brings together an international team of distinguished historians who provide a series of original and thought-provoking essays on one of the most devastating events in modern history. Comprises 38 essays by leading scholars who analyze the current state of historical scholarship on the First World War Provides extensive coverage spanning the pre-war period, the military conflict, social, economic, political, and cultural developments, and the war's legacy Offers original perspectives on themes as diverse as strategy and tactics, war crimes, science and technology, and the arts Selected as a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE

The Afghan Way of War

How and Why They Fight

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Author: Robert Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912564

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5565

Focusing on key episodes in Afghanistan's long history of conflict with foreign forces from the early nineteenth century to the present, this book sheds new light on the Afghan "Way of War." Robert Johnson shows that, contrary to the stereotypes of primitive warriors enflamed with religious fanaticism, Afghan warfare has been marked by constant change as Afghani methods evolved to face new threats. From the dynastic struggles and popular resistance movements of the nineteenth century to the ideological confrontations of recent decades, Afghans have long resisted political coercion, military intervention, and foreign influence. To do so, they have developed sophisticated strategic approaches to deal with both internal unrest and foreign intrusion, while at the tactical level outthinking and outfighting their opponents at every step. The final part of the book, which deals with how the Taliban has contested Western intervention by borrowing from traditions in Afghan history and culture, will be of considerable topical interest in light of the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan.

The Perfect Nazi

Uncovering My SS Grandfather's Secret Past and How Hitler Seduced a Generation

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Author: Martin Davidson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141966823

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3023

In 1926, at the age of twenty, a trainee dentist called Bruno Langbehn joined the Nazi party. Growing up in a Germany that was impoverished and humiliated by the defeat of the First World War, and surrounded by a fiercely military environment, Bruno was one of the first young men to sign up. And as the party rose to power, he was there every step of the way. Eventually his loyalty was rewarded with a high-ranking position in Hitler's dreaded SS, the elite security service charged with sending Germany's 'racially impure' to the death camps. For fifty years after the end of the Second World War, his family kept this horrifying secret until his British grandson, Martin Davidson, uncovered the truth. Drawing on an astonishing cache of personal documents, Davidson retraces Bruno's journey from disillusioned adolescent to SS Officer to mysterious grandfather. In this extraordinary account he tries to understand how Langbehn and millions of others like him were seduced by Hitler's regime, and attempts to come to terms with this devastating revelation.

Blasted Literature

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Author: Deaglan O Donghaile

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748687696

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 6150

By connecting Fenian and anarchist violence found in popular fiction from the 1880s to the early 1900s with the avant-garde writing of British modernism, Deaglan O Donghaile demonstrates that Victorian popular fiction and modernism were directly influence

Fighting fascism: the British Left and the rise of fascism, 1919-39

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Author: Keith Hodgson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1847797571

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6243

In the years between the two world wars, the parties of the left had to confront new and frightening movements which were intent on their complete destruction. Fascism triumphed in Italy, Germany, Spain and elsewhere, coming to power after intense struggles with the labour movements of those countries. Yet in Britain, the left was able to confront the challenge of fascism effectively by understanding the nature of the threat, and by evolving tactics which played a crucial role in preventing British fascist movements from growing and developing as they had elsewhere. This book examines the analyses of fascism put forward by British socialists and communists, explains the anti-fascist strategies they proposed, and assesses the reasons for their effectiveness. In recounting the theories and actions of the Labour Party, the TUC, the Communist Party of Great Britain and other left-wing groups, the work seeks to explain their different approaches, while at the same time highlighting the common thread that linked all their interpretations of fascism. The author seeks to redress an imbalance which has led to the ideas and actions of British anti-fascists being less well covered than those of their counterparts in Europe. The work is also a contribution to the ongoing debate regarding the nature of fascism, and of its neglected antithesis, anti-fascism. It will appeal to students and scholars of British history and politics in the inter-war period, as well as to those interested in the political ideologies of the left and the right.

The Second World War

1939-45

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Author: Christine Hatt

Publisher: Evans Brothers

ISBN: 9780237531942

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 62

View: 5500

This series takes a fresh look at history by using original documents as the starting point for studying major events or periods in the past. The author draws on a wide range of sources, from diaries and letters to speeches and legal documents. Each document is set in context and fully annotated. They have been set in modern type for legibility, but photographs of some of the original documents are also shown. The books are highly illustrated with photographs, reproductions and maps. World War II examines the causes of the war and details the course of the conflict in Western Europe, the USSR, Africa and the Pacific. It also describes the experiences of civilians, resistance fighters, prisoners of war and Holocaust victims.

Am Anfang war Gewalt

Die deutsche Revolution 1918/19 und der Beginn der Weimarer Republik

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Author: Mark Jones

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843715475

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 1446

Der Historiker Mark Jones schildert die dramatische Gründungsphase der Weimarer Republik erstmals als eine Geschichte der Gewalt. Er zeigt, wie eine anfangs friedliche Revolution in einer Reihe von Tabubrüchen endet, einschließlich des Mordes an Frauen und Kindern durch Soldaten der sozialdemokratisch geführten Regierung. Diese Erfahrung wurde für das weitere Schicksal Deutschlands prägend – bis hin zur entfesselten Gewalt des NS-Regimes. Anhand neu erschlossener Archivquellen, darunter zahlreiche Berichte von Zeitzeugen, führt Mark Jones den Leser an die Orte der staatlich legitimierten und ausgelösten Gewaltexzesse dieser Zeit und lässt die Stimmen der Täter, ihrer Opfer und deren Familien lebendig werden. »Mark Jones‘ exzellent geschriebenes Buch wirft einen neuen Blick auf die deutsche Revolution von 1918/19.« Sönke Neitzel »Am Anfang war Gewalt ist das Werk eines der meistversprechenden Historikers der jüngeren deutschen Vergangenheit. Es stützt sich auf akribische archivalische Forschung und fügt unserem Verständnis von der Geburt der deutschen Demokratie ein wichtiges Korrektiv hinzu. Zugleich ist das Buch eine Herausforderung für die Historiker, die sich traditionell meist auf die hohe Politik konzentrieren. Denn es eröffnet uns neue Fragestellungen zur Geschichte Deutschlands in der schicksalhaften ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts.« Robert Gerwarth, University College Dublin »Eine bemerkenswerte Darstellung der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19 (…) Mark Jones gelingt es, die militärische und politische Geschichte mit der Gesellschafts- und Kulturgeschichte zu verbinden. Ein Buch, das eine breite Leserschaft verdient.« Peter C. Caldwell, Rice University (USA) »Es gibt gute Gründe, anzunehmen, dass dieses Buch einmal als ein Wendepunkt in der Art und Weise eingestuft werden wird, wie die Historiker die revolutionären Umwälzungen und die politische Gewalt erklären, die am Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges den europäischen Kontinent erschütterten (...) Originell und gut geschrieben, ist Am Anfang war Gewalt eine innovative, faszinierende und überzeugende Analyse der Gewalt in der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19. Man kann Mark Jones zu diesem neuen und provokativen Beitrag nur gratulieren.« Ángel Alcalde, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München »Ein gründlich recherchiertes und intelligent argumentierendes Buch. Mark Jones verdient Anerkennung für diesen unser Verständnis der deutschen Revolution von 1918/19 bereichernden Beitrag (...) In gewisser Weise kommt seine Darstellung der heute als klassisch geltenden Sichtweise nahe, die Mehrheitssozialdemokraten hätten aus überzogenen Ängsten vor dem Bolschewismus heraus auf die revolutionäre Unruhe überreagiert (...) Doch statt diese Ängste von oben herab verurteilen, macht Jones sich die Mühe, ihre Entstehung und ihre Wechselwirkungen mit den Ereignissen auf der Straße zu analysieren.« Moritz Föllmer, University of Amsterdam

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 1004

The Politics of Collective Violence

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Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110749480X

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 3073

Are there any commonalities between such phenomena as soccer hooliganism, sabotage by peasants of landlords' property, incidents of road rage, and even the events of September 11? With striking historical scope and command of the literature of many disciplines, this book, first published in 2003, seeks the common causes of these events in collective violence. In collective violence, social interaction immediately inflicts physical damage, involves at least two perpetrators of damage, and results in part from coordination among the persons who perform the damaging acts. Professor Tilly argues that collective violence is complicated, changeable, and unpredictable in some regards, yet that it also results from similar causes variously combined in different times and places. Pinpointing the causes, combinations, and settings helps to explain collective violence and its variations, and also helps to identify the best ways to mitigate violence and create democracies with a minimum of damage to persons and property.

Der deutsche Krieg

1939 - 1945

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Author: Nicholas Stargardt

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035032

Category: History

Page: 848

View: 1072

Einzigartig und fesselnd erzählt der renommierte Oxford-Historiker Nicholas Stargardt in ›Der Deutsche Krieg‹ aus der Nahsicht, wie die Deutschen – Soldaten, Lehrer, Krankenschwestern, Nationalsozialisten, Christen und Juden – den Zweiten Weltkrieg durchlebten. Tag für Tag erleben wir mit, worauf sie hofften, was sie schockierte, worüber sie schwiegen und wie sich ihre Sicht auf den Krieg allmählich wandelte. Gestützt auf zahllose Tagebücher und Briefe, unter anderem von Heinrich Böll und Victor Klemperer, Wilm Hosenfeld und Konrad Jarausch, gelingt Nicholas Stargardt ein Blick in die Köpfe der Menschen, der deutlich macht, warum so viele Deutsche noch an die nationale Sache glaubten, als der Krieg längst verloren war und die Gewissheit wuchs, an einem Völkermord teilzuhaben. Ein verstörendes Kaleidoskop der Jahre 1939 bis 1945 im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland. »Ein Meisterwerk der Geschichtsschreibung, das die ›Vogelperspektive‹ nahtlos mit einer Mikrogeschichte dieser verhängnisvollen Periode des 20. Jahrhunderts verbindet.« Jan T. Gross »Erstmals wird die Chronologie der Stimmung, der Hoffnungen und Befürchtungen (...) der deutschen Bevölkerung während des Krieges wirklich sichtbar. Eine eindrucksvolle, fesselnde Darstellung.« Mark Roseman »Hervorragend geschrieben und in seiner Argumentation überzeugend, ist dieses Buch ein Muss.« Saul Friedländer

Another Bloody Century

Future Warfare

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1780223919

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 1744

How the wars of the near future will be fought and who will win them Many nations, peoples and special interest groups believe that violence will advance their cause. Warfare has changed greatly since the Second World War; it continued to change during the late 20th century and this process is still accelerating. Political, technological, social and religious forces are shaping the future of warfare, but most western armed forces have yet to evolve significantly from the cold war era when they trained to resist a conventional invasion by the Warsaw Pact. America is now the only superpower, but its dominance is threatened by internal and external factors. The world's most hi-tech weaponry seems helpless in the face of determined guerrilla fighters not afraid to die for their beliefs. Professor Colin Gray has advised governments on both sides of the Atlantic and in ANOTHER BLOODY CENTURY, he reveals what sort of conflicts will affect our world in the years to come.

Acts of Conscience

Christian Nonviolence and Modern American Democracy

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Author: Joseph Kip Kosek

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231513054

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 4495

In response to the massive bloodshed that defined the twentieth century, American religious radicals developed a modern form of nonviolent protest, one that combined Christian principles with new uses of mass media. Greatly influenced by the ideas of Mohandas Gandhi, these "acts of conscience" included sit-ins, boycotts, labor strikes, and conscientious objection to war. Beginning with World War I and ending with the ascendance of Martin Luther King Jr., Joseph Kip Kosek traces the impact of A. J. Muste, Richard Gregg, and other radical Christian pacifists on American democratic theory and practice. These dissenters found little hope in the secular ideologies of Wilsonian Progressivism, revolutionary Marxism, and Cold War liberalism, all of which embraced organized killing at one time or another. The example of Jesus, they believed, demonstrated the immorality and futility of such violence under any circumstance and for any cause. Yet the theories of Christian nonviolence are anything but fixed. For decades, followers have actively reinterpreted the nonviolent tradition, keeping pace with developments in politics, technology, and culture. Tracing the rise of militant nonviolence across a century of industrial conflict, imperialism, racial terror, and international warfare, Kosek recovers radical Christians' remarkable stance against the use of deadly force, even during World War II and other seemingly just causes. His research sheds new light on an interracial and transnational movement that posed a fundamental, and still relevant, challenge to the American political and religious mainstream.

The Glorious Revolution

1688 - Britain's Fight for Liberty

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Author: Edward Vallance

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1405527765

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 4117

In 1688, a group of leading politicians invited the Dutch prince William of Orange over to England to challenge the rule of the catholic James II. When James's army deserted him he fled to France, leaving the throne open to William and Mary. During the following year a series of bills were passed which many believe marked the triumph of constitutional monarchy as a system of government. In this radical new interpretation of the Glorious Revolution, Edward Vallance challenges the view that it was a bloodless coup in the name of progress and wonders whether in fact it created as many problems as it addressed. Certainly in Scotland and Ireland the Revolution was characterised by warfare and massacre. Beautifully written, full of lively pen portraits of contemporary characters and evocative of the increasing climate of fear at the threat of popery, this new book fills a gap in the popular history market and sets to elevate Edward Vallance to the highest league of popular historians.