Brilliant Green

The Surprising History and Science of Plant Intelligence


Author: Stefano Mancuso,Alessandra Viola

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916042

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 6609

Are plants intelligent? Can they solve problems, communicate, and navigate their surroundings? Or are they passive, incapable of independent action or social behavior? Philosophers and scientists have pondered these questions since ancient Greece, most often concluding that plants are unthinking and inert: they are too silent, too sedentary -- just too different from us. Yet discoveries over the past fifty years have challenged these ideas, shedding new light on the extraordinary capabilities and complex interior lives of plants. In Brilliant Green, Stefano Mancuso, a leading scientist and founder of the field of plant neurobiology, presents a new paradigm in our understanding of the vegetal world. Combining a historical perspective with the latest in plant science, Mancuso argues that, due to cultural prejudices and human arrogance, we continue to underestimate plants. In fact, they process information, sleep, remember, and signal to one another -- showing that, far from passive machines, plants are intelligent and aware. Through a survey of plant capabilities from sight and touch to communication, Mancuso challenges our notion of intelligence, presenting a vision of plant life that is more sophisticated than most imagine. Plants have much to teach us, from network building to innovations in robotics and man-made materials -- but only if we understand more about how they live. Part botany lesson, part manifesto, Brilliant Green is an engaging and passionate examination of the inner workings of the plant kingdom. Financial support for the translation of this book has been provided by SEPS: Segretariato Europeo Per Le Pubblicazioni Scientifiche.

Handbook of Biological Dyes and Stains

Synthesis and Industrial Applications


Author: R. W. Sabnis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470586235

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 9482

A complete, up-to-date resource of information on more than 200 dyes and stains Handbook of Biological Dyes and Stains is the most comprehensive volume available on the subject, covering all the available dyes and stains known to date in the literature for use in biology and medicine. Top dye expert Dr. Ram Sabnis organizes the compounds alphabetically by the most commonly used chemical name. He presents an easy-to-use reference complete with novel ideas for breakthrough research in medical, biological, chemical, and related fields. This is the first book to give the CAS registry number, chemical structure, Chemical Abstracts index name, all other chemical names, Merck Index number, chemical/dye class, molecular formula, molecular weight, physical form, solubility, melting point, boiling point, pH range, color change at pH, pKa, absorption, and emission maxima of dyes and stains, as well as to provide access to synthesis procedures (lab scale and industrial scale) of dyes and stains. This user-friendly handbook also features references on safety, toxicity, and adverse effects of dyes and stains on humans, animals, and the environment, including: acute/chronic toxicity aquatic toxicity carcinogenicity cytotoxicity ecotoxicity genotoxicity hepatotoxicity marine toxicity mutagenicity nephrotoxicity neurotoxicity oral toxicity phototoxicity phytotoxicity The use of biological dyes and stains has extremely high potential in today's business environment. This makes Handbook of Biological Dyes and Stains a convenient, must-have reference. Its staining, biological, and industrial applications make it a vital resource for industrial and academic researchers; the book also serves as a valuable desktop reference for medical professionals, biologists, chemists, chemical/optical engineers, physicists, materials scientists, intellectual property professionals, students, and professors.

Culture Media for Food Microbiology


Author: J.E.L. Corry,G.D.W. Curtis,R.M. Baird

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080530123

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 490

View: 4129

This publication deals in depth with a limited number of culture media used in Food Science laboratories. It is basically divided into two main sections: 1) Data on the composition, preparation, mode of use and quality control of various culture media used for the detection of food borne microbes. 2) Reviews of several of these media, considering their selectivity and productivity and comparative performance of alternative media. Microbiologists specializing in food and related areas will find this book particularly useful.

Die Intelligenz der Pflanzen


Author: Stefano Mancuso,Alessandra Viola

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956140443

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 7126

Ohne die Pflanzen, die uns mit Nahrung, Energie und Sauerstoff versorgen, könnten wir Menschen auf der Erde nicht einmal Wochen überleben. Merkwürdig eigentlich, dass sie trotzdem lange als Lebewesen niederer Ordnung galten, knapp oberhalb der unbelebten Welt. Erst seit kurzem erkennt die Forschung, was schon Darwin vermutete: dass Pflanzen trotz ihrer (scheinbaren) Unbeweglichkeit über stupende Fähigkeiten verfügen, ja über Intelligenz. Denn außer den fünf Sinnen des Menschen besitzen sie noch mindestens 15 weitere, mit denen sie nicht nur elektromagnetische Felder erspüren und die Schwerkraft berechnen, sondern zahlreiche chemische Stoffe ihrer Umwelt analysieren können. Mit Duftstoffen warnen sie sich vor Fressfeinden oder locken Tiere an, die sie davon befreien; über die Wurzeln bilden sie riesige Netzwerke, in denen Informationen über den Zustand der Umwelt zirkulieren. Ohne Organe können sie so über eine Form von Schwarmintelligenz Strategien entwickeln, die ihr Überleben sichern. Von wegen »vegetieren«! Ein besseres Verständnis der Intelligenz der Pflanzen könnte uns lehren, auf Pestizide zu verzichten, ja bessere Computer und Netzwerke zu entwickeln, meint der renommierte Pflanzenforscher Stefano Mancuso, der uns in diesem Buch anschaulich und voller Leidenschaft eine unbekannte Welt eröffnet.

Handbook of Media for Environmental Microbiology, Second Edition


Author: Ronald M. Atlas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420037487

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 567

The second edition of a bestseller, this book provides a comprehensive reference for the cultivation of bacteria, Archaea, and fungi from diverse environments, including extreme habitats. Expanded to include 2,000 media formulations, this book compiles the descriptions of media of relevance for the cultivation of microorganisms from soil, water, and air. The format allows easy reference to the information needed to prepare media for the cultivation of microorganisms required for environmental analysis, including the determination of water safety. The media are organized alphabetically, and each listing includes medium composition, instructions for preparation, commercial sources, and uses.

Nina Röder

Bath in Brilliant Green


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868288902


Page: 144

View: 4696

With its melancholic visual language, Nina Roder's series bath in brilliant green presents a poetic perspective on different forms of helplessness and loss. In associative arrangements of portraits, landscapes, and still life motifs - often created in darkness - she approaches states of loss and rediscovery, as well as the metaphor of letting go. Staged images of marble-like bodies question the meaning of human existence. Her works frequently depict natural structures and vegetal artifacts, such as bits of algae or thistles in an absurd form

Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance


Author: Mr. Manohar A. Potdar

Publisher: Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788185790596

Category: Pharmaceutical industry

Page: 420

View: 6874

Bacterial Infections of Humans

Epidemiology and Control


Author: Alfred S. Evans,Philip S. Brachman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 146155327X

Category: Medical

Page: 888

View: 6563

In Memoriam of Alfred S. Evans This third edition of Bacterial Infections of Humans is dedicated to Alfred Spring Evans, who died on January 21, 1996, 2Yz years after a diagnosis of cancer. Al was the senior editor of this textbook, which he founded with Harry Feldman in 1982. Al was a clinician, epidemiologist, educator, catalyst for biomedical research, historian, author, speaker, seeker of the truth, sincere friend of students, sports enthusiast, traveler, and truly a man of all seasons. He was a devoted husband to Brigette Klug Evans, father of three children, and grandfather of four. Al was born in Buffalo, New York, on August 21,1917, to Ellen Spring and John H. Evans, M.D., one ofthe United States's first anesthesiologists and an early researcher in the field of oxygen therapy. He received his undergraduate training at the University of Michigan; was awarded an M.D. degree in 1943 from the University of Buffalo; interned in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and performed his medical residency at the Goldwater Hospital in New York City. He was in the United States Army from 1944 to 1946, assigned as a public health officer to a base in Okinawa, Japan. It was there that he met Drs.

Artificial Dyestuffs Used in the United States

Quantity and Value of Foreign Imports and of Domestic Production During the Fiscal Year 1913-14


Author: Thomas Herbert Norton

Publisher: N.A


Category: Dyes and dyeing

Page: 254

View: 7464

Green Fluorescent Protein

Properties, Applications and Protocols


Author: Martin Chalfie,Steven R. Kain

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471739480

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 5168

Since the discovery of the gene for green fluorescent protein(GFP), derived from jellyfish, this protein that emits a green glowhas initiated a revolution in molecular biosciences. With thistool, it is now possible to visualize nearly any protein ofinterest in any cell or tissue of any species. Since thepublication of the first edition, there have been tremendouslysignificant technological advances, including development of newmutant variants. Proteins are now available in yellow and blue, andNovel Fluorescent Proteins (NFPs) have expanded their utility indeveloping biosensors, biological markers, and other biologicalapplications. This updated, expanded new edition places emphasis on the rise ofNFPs, including new chapters on NFP properties with detailedprotocols, applications of GFPs and NFPs in industry research, andbiosensors. This book provides a solid theoretical framework, alongwith detailed, practical guidance on use of GFPs and NFPs withdiscussion of potential pitfalls. The expert contributors providereal examples in showing how to tailor GFP/NFP to specific systems,maximize expression, and enhance detection.

Handbook of Microbiological Media, Fourth Edition


Author: Ronald M. Atlas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439804063

Category: Science

Page: 2040

View: 5798

Handbook of Microbiological Media, Fourth Edition is an invaluable reference for every medical, veterinary, diagnostic, and academic laboratory, and now in its fourth edition, it is even more complete. This edition carries on the tradition of CRC Press handbook excellence, listing the formulations, methods of preparation, and uses for more than 7,000 microbiological media. With 1,500 more entries than any previous edition, the handbook includes both classic and modern media used for the identification, cultivation, and maintenance of diverse bacteria, archaea, and fungi. The breadth of culture media in this comprehensive resource is enormous and has greatly expanded in recent years with the exploration of extreme habitats and the use of molecular methods to identify new lineages of bacteria and archaea. The media also represent significant advances in the ability to use chromogenic substrates to identify specific species and strains of bacteria, e.g., E. coli O157 and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). These media are extremely useful for clinical diagnostics and for the protection of the food supply from pathogenic microorganisms. With over 7,000 formulations, this new edition includes all the media used for: Routine examination of food and water Cultivating specific strains of bacteria, archaea, fungi, and protists, including many anaerobes and extremophiles Cultivating the numerous microorganisms currently available from the world’s global bioresource centers (BRCs) Additionally, many culture media are now available that are free of animal components. Plant-based media eliminate possible contamination with prions, which is important for production of vaccines and pharmaceuticals. The entries are arranged alphabetically by medium name and include composition, instructions for preparation, commercial sources, safety cautions, uses, and more. This reference contains the most comprehensive compilation of microbiological media available in a single volume. The only resource you need for all media types, it makes finding media for culturing diverse microorganisms quick and simple. With uniform presentations of media formulations and preparations, it presents easy-to-follow directions and cookbook recipes for preparing media. You won’t find a more complete or user-friendly microbiology reference anywhere.

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine


Author: Mark Wainwright

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470744944

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 377

Photosensitisers in Biomedicine offers clear and comprehensive coverage of the many different photosensitiser types, including information on their many applications that now extend beyond anticancer therapy. These applications now include photoantimicrobial treatments not only in microbial disease, but also in the microbial resistance to conventional drugs, which is circumvented by photomicrobial action. The application of photoantimicrobials in biological fluids is also of considerable importance in the current era of HIV and is discussed in the book. This text offers the most up-to-date coverage of photodynamic therapy including information on how photosensitisers have evolved within the field of cancer therapy and more recently antimicrobial research. There are few books on the market that take the approach of this text, as many are either conference based or focus on the chemistry of photosensitisers. Photosensitisers in Biomedicine is clearly defined into three distinct parts beginning with a clear introduction to the various types of photosensitisers. The book then moves on to discuss the chemistry of photosensitisers and closes with their numerous applications, for example, photodynamic therapy, photodiagnosis, photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) and other non-oncological applications such as optical, arterial plaques and stents.

Anaerobic Bacteria


Author: K. T. Holland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461317754

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 206

View: 7431

This book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students of micro biology and biological sciences in universities and colleges, as well as for research workers entering the field and requiring a broad contemporary view of anaerobic bacteria and associated concepts. Obligate anaerobes, together with microaerophils, are characterized by their sensitivity to oxygen. This dictates specialized laboratory methods a fact which has led to many students being less familiar with anaerobes than their distribution and importance would warrant The metabolic strategies such as methanogenesis, an oxygenic photosynthesis and diverse fermenta tive pathways which do not have equivalents in aerobic bacteria also make anaerobes worthy of attention. In these limited pages an attempt has been made to cover the varied aspects of anaerobic bacteria, and a bibliography has been included, which will allow individual topics to be pursued in greater detail. We are grateful to Mrs Winifred Webster and Mrs Hilary Holdsworth for typing the manuscript and to the Leeds University Audio Visual Service for preparing the figures. Finally, our thanks go to the students, postgradu ates and wives who read and criticized the manuscript.