Biomaterials

The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science

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Author: J. S. Temenoff,Antonios G. Mikos

Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780132350440

Category: Biomedical materials

Page: 478

View: 2056

Intended for use in an introductory course on biomaterials, taught primarily in departments of biomedical engineering. The book covers classes of materials commonly used in biomedical applications, followed by coverage of the biocompatibility of those materials with the biological environment. Finally, it covers some in-depth applications of biomaterials. It does all of this with an overall emphasis on tissue engineering. Co-authors, Johnna Temenoff and Antonios Mikos, are the 2010 Meriam/Wiley Distinguished Author Award Recipients for Biomaterials: The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science.

Biological Interactions on Materials Surfaces

Understanding and Controlling Protein, Cell, and Tissue Responses

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Author: David A. Puleo,Rena Bizios

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387981611

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 429

View: 5289

Success or failure of biomaterials, whether tissue engineered constructs, joint and dental implants, vascular grafts, or heart valves, depends on molecular-level events that determine subsequent responses of cells and tissues. This book presents the latest developments and state-of-the-art knowledge regarding protein, cell, and tissue interactions with both conventional and nanophase materials. Insight into these biomaterial surface interactions will play a critical role in further developments in fields such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and biocompatibility of implanted materials and devices. With chapters written by leaders in their respective fields, this compendium will be the authoritative source of information for scientists, engineers, and medical researchers seeking not only to understand but also to control tissue-biomaterial interactions.

Tissue Engineering

Principles and Practices

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Author: John P. Fisher,Antonios G. Mikos,Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987400X

Category: Medical

Page: 771

View: 1283

Tissue engineering research continues to captivate the interest of researchers and the general public alike. Popular media outlets like The New York Times, Time, and Wired continue to engage a wide audience and foster excitement for the field as regenerative medicine inches toward becoming a clinical reality. Putting the numerous advances in the field into a broad context, Tissue Engineering: Principles and Practices explores current thoughts on the development of engineered tissues. With contributions from experts and pioneers, this book begins with coverage of the fundamentals, details the supporting technology, and then elucidates their applications in tissue engineering. It explores strategic directions, nanobiomaterials, biomimetics, gene therapy, cell engineering, and more. The chapters then explore the applications of these technologies in areas such as bone engineering, cartilage tissue, dental tissue, vascular engineering, and neural engineering. A comprehensive overview of major research topics in tissue engineering, the book: Examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue-engineered devices Focuses upon those strategies typically incorporated into tissue-engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques Presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, this book includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue-engineered devices. The book provides a useful reference for courses devoted to tissue engineering fundamentals and those laboratories developing tissue-engineered devices for regenerative medicine therapy.

Biomedical Technology and Devices, Second Edition

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Author: James E. Moore Jr,Duncan J. Maitland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439859590

Category: Medical

Page: 820

View: 8677

Biomedical Technology and Devices, Second Edition focuses on the equipment, devices, and techniques used in modern medicine to diagnose, treat, and monitor human illnesses. Gathering together and compiling the latest information available on medical technology, this revised work adds ten new chapters. It starts with the basics, introducing the history of the thermometer and measuring body temperature, before moving on to a medley of devices that are far more complex. This book explores diverse technological functions and procedures including signal processing, auditory systems, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonic and emission imaging, image-guided thermal therapy, medical robotics, shape memory alloys, biophotonics, and tissue engineering. Each chapter offers a description of the technique, its technical considerations, and its use according to its applications and relevant body systems. It can be used as a professional resource, as well as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

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Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3672

View: 2855

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Biological Materials Science

Biological Materials, Bioinspired Materials, and Biomaterials

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Author: Marc André Meyers,Po-Yu Chen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113995220X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9083

Taking a unique materials science approach, this text introduces students to the basic concepts and applications of materials and biomedical engineering and prepares them for the challenges of the new interdisciplinary field of biomaterials science. Split into three sections - Basic Biology Principles, Biological Materials, and Bioinspired Materials and Biomimetics - it presents biological materials along with the structural and functional classification of biopolymers, bioelastomers, foams, and ceramic composites. More traditional biomimetic designs such as Velcro are then discussed in conjunction with new developments that mimic the structure of biological materials at the molecular level, mixing nanoscale with biomolecular designs. Bioinspired design of materials and structures is also covered. Focused presentations of biomaterials are presented throughout the text in succinct boxes, emphasising biomedical applications, whilst the basic principles of biology are explained, so no prior knowledge is required. The topics are supported by approximately 500 illustrations, solved problems, and end-of-chapter exercises.

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

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Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 4601

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Assembling Health Care Organizations

Practice, Materiality and Institutions

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Author: K. Lindberg,A. Styhre,Lars Walter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113702464X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 998

Assembling Health Care Organizations combines an institutional theory perspective with a materialist view of the technologies, devices, biological specimens, and other material resources mobilized and put to work in health care work.

Biomolecular Self-Assembling Materials

Scientific and Technological Frontiers

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Author: Panel on Biomolecular Materials,Solid State Sciences Committee,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030958986X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 29

View: 7768

Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix

The Intersection of Matrix Biology and Biomaterials

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Author: Gregory H. Hudalla,William L. Murphy

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849738335

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 5299

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the focus of much interest in biology and bioengineering. Increasing understanding of the influence of the ECM on cell behaviour has led to the exciting possibilities of tissue engineering. Aside from new therapeutic tools, understanding the ECM is of course fundamental to basic cell biology research. Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix approaches this topic from both basic science and practical engineering perspectives. Seven topics are approached each in a pair of chapters, one with a biological approach and its partner with a bioengineering approach. Topics include the mechanical properties of the ECM, which outlines current knowledge of the ECM physical structure and reviewing state-of-the-art strategies to mimic its native microenvironments. The organisational characteristics of the ECM form the focus of another pair of chapters, where the collagen triple helix is discussed, followed by a review of advances in artificial reproduction of well-ordered systems using self-assembling peptides, or peptide amphiphiles. The balanced approach of this text gives it a broad appeal to those interested in the ECM from a range of backgrounds and disciplines. Suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates, and academics, this text aims to unify the current knowledge of ECM biology and matrix-mimicking biomaterials.

Inspired by Biology

From Molecules to Materials to Machines

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Solid State Sciences Committee,Committee on Biomolecular Materials and Processes

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309134293

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 4042

Scientists have long desired to create synthetic systems that function with the precision and efficiency of biological systems. Using new techniques, researchers are now uncovering principles that could allow the creation of synthetic materials that can perform tasks as precise as biological systems. To assess the current work and future promise of the biology-materials science intersection, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation asked the NRC to identify the most compelling questions and opportunities at this interface, suggest strategies to address them, and consider connections with national priorities such as healthcare and economic growth. This book presents a discussion of principles governing biomaterial design, a description of advanced materials for selected functions such as energy and national security, an assessment of biomolecular materials research tools, and an examination of infrastructure and resources for bridging biological and materials science.

Architectural Symbiosis

Case Study of a New Building Species

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Author: Plamena Petkova Milusheva

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 188

View: 9760

The Global Genome

Biotechnology, Politics, and Culture

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Author: Eugene Thacker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250306

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 929

How global biotechnology is redefining "life itself." In the age of global biotechnology, DNA can exist as biological material in a test tube, as a sequence in a computer database, and as economically valuable information in a patent. In The Global Genome, Eugene Thacker asks us to consider the relationship of these three entities and argues that—by their existence and their interrelationships—they are fundamentally redefining the notion of biological life itself. Biological science and the biotech industry are increasingly organized at a global level, in large part because of the use of the Internet in exchanging biological data. International genome sequencing efforts, genomic databases, the development of World Intellectual Property policies, and the "borderless" business of biotech are all evidence of the global intersections of biology and informatics—of genetic codes and computer codes. Thacker points out the internal tension in the very concept of biotechnology: the products are more "tech" than "bio," but the technology itself is fully biological, composed of the biomaterial labor of genes, proteins, cells, and tissues. Is biotechnology a technology at all, he asks, or is it a notion of "life itself" that is inseparable from its use in the biotech industry? The three sections of the book cover the three primary activities of biotechnology today: the encoding of biological materials into digital form—as in bioinformatics and genomics; its recoding in various ways—including the "biocolonialism" of mapping genetically isolated ethnic populations and the newly pervasive concern over "biological security"; and its decoding back into biological materiality—as in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Thacker moves easily from science to philosophy to political economics, enlivening his account with ideas from such thinkers as Georges Bataille, Georges Canguilhem, Michel Foucault, Antonio Negri, and Paul Virilio. The "global genome," says Thacker, makes it impossible to consider biotechnology without the context of globalism.

Das Handbuch für Startups

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Author: Bob Dorf,Steve Blank,Nils Högsdal,Daniel Bartel

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3955618137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 9999

Ein Startup ist nicht die Miniaturausgabe eines etablierten Unternehmens, sondern eine temporäre, flexible Organisation auf der Suche nach einem nachhaltigen Geschäftsmodell: Das ist die zentrale Erkenntnis, die dem "Handbuch für Startups" zugrundeliegt. Es verbindet den Lean-Ansatz, Prinzipien des Customer Development sowie Konzepte wie Design Thinking und (Rapid) Prototyping zu einem umfassenden Vorgehensmodell, mit dem sich aus Ideen und Innovationen tragfähige Geschäftsmodelle entwickeln lassen. Lean Startup & Customer Development: Der Lean-Ansatz für Startups basiert, im Unterschied zum klassischen Vorgehen, nicht auf einem starren Businessplan, der drei Jahre lang unverändert umzusetzen ist, sondern auf einem beweglichen Modell, das immer wieder angepasst wird. Sämtliche Bestandteile der Planung – von den Produkteigenschaften über die Zielgruppen bis hin zum Vertriebsmodell – werden als Hypothesen gesehen, die zu validieren bzw. zu falsifizieren sind. Erst nachdem sie im Austausch mit den potenziellen Kunden bestätigt wurden und nachhaltige Verkäufe möglich sind, verlässt das Startup seine Suchphase und widmet sich der Umsetzung und Skalierung seines Geschäftsmodells. Der große Vorteil: Fehlannahmen werden erheblich früher erkannt – nämlich zu einem Zeitpunkt, an dem man noch die Gelegenheit hat, Änderungen vorzunehmen. Damit erhöhen sich die Erfolgsaussichten beträchtlich. Für den Praxiseinsatz: Sämtliche Schritte werden in diesem Buch detailliert beschrieben und können anhand der zahlreichen Checklisten nachvollzogen werden. Damit ist das Handbuch ein wertvoller Begleiter und ein umfassendes Nachschlagewerk für Gründerinnen & Gründer. Von deutschen Experten begleitet: Die deutsche Ausgabe des international erfolgreichen Handbuchs entstand mit fachlicher Unterstützung von Prof. Dr. Nils Högsdal und Entrepreneur Daniel Bartel, die auch ein deutsches Vorwort sowie sieben Fallstudien aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum beisteuern.

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

Applications to Polymers and Plastics

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Author: Stephen Z.D. Cheng

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080527406

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 858

View: 3779

As a new and exciting field of interdisciplinary macromolecular science and engineering, polymeric materials will have a profound presence in 21st century chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical, manufacturing, infrastructure, electronic, optical and information technologies. The origin of this field derived from an area of polymer science and engineering encompassing plastic technologies. The field is rapidly expanding to incorporate new interdisciplinary research areas such as biomaterials, macromolecular biology, novel macromolecular structures, environmental macromolecular science and engineering, innovative and nano-fabrications of products, and is translating discoveries into technologies. · Unique in combining scientific concepts with technological aspects · Provides a comprehensive and broad coverage of thermodynamic and thermal behaviours of various polymeric materials as well as methodologies of thermal analysis and calorimetry · Contributions are from both pioneering scientists and the new generation of researchers

Information Arts

Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology

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Author: Stephen Wilson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262731584

Category: Art

Page: 945

View: 5620

An introduction to the work and ideas of artists who use—and even influence—science and technology.

Bioengineering

A Conceptual Approach

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Author: Mirjana Pavlovic

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319107984

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 298

View: 667

This book explores critical principles and new concepts in bioengineering, integrating the biological, physical and chemical laws and principles that provide a foundation for the field. Both biological and engineering perspectives are included, with key topics such as the physical-chemical properties of cells, tissues and organs; principles of molecules; composition and interplay in physiological scenarios; and the complex physiological functions of heart, neuronal cells, muscle cells and tissues. Chapters evaluate the emerging fields of nanotechnology, drug delivery concepts, biomaterials, and regenerative therapy. The leading individuals and events are introduced along with their critical research. Bioengineering: A Conceptual Approach is a valuable resource for professionals or researchers interested in understanding the central elements of bioengineering. Advanced-level students in biomedical engineering and computer science will also find this book valuable as a secondary textbook or reference.

Die Fenster der Monade

Gottfried Wilhem Leibniz' Theater der Natur und Kunst

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Author: Horst Bredekamp

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050061162

Category: Art

Page: 280

View: 9455

Das Buch steht im Zusammenhang des Versuches, die zentrale Rolle der Bilder für die Ausbildung der modernen Philosophie am Beispiel bedeutender Gestalten des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts zu rekonstruieren. Das Projekt begann mit der Erschließung der Staatstheorie aus der Bildpolitik des "Leviathan" von Thomas Hobbes. Mit Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz' Ideen, ein Theater der Natur und Kunst sowie einen Atlas der Einbildungskraft zu errichten, folgt nun die Rekonstruktion eines Projektes, das für das Verständnis seiner Philosophie von tiefgreifender Bedeutung sein könnte. Obwohl Leibniz diese Idee so hartnäckig und ausdauernd wie kaum ein anderes Unternehmen betrieben hat, ist sie in der Forschung bislang so gut wie unbekannt geblieben. Für diesen Umstand war die zersplitterte und unvollständige Überlieferung von Leibniz' Schriften ebenso verantwortlich wie ein mächtiger Strang der Philosophiegeschichte, der die Welt des Haptischen und Visuellen immer dann favorisiert, wenn sie transzendiert wird. Die jüngsten Bände der Akademie-Ausgabe bieten jedoch erstmals die Möglichkeit, Leibniz' Wertschätzung der tastenden und zeichnenden Hand und des neugierigen und geschulten Auges im Zusammenhang zu verfolgen. Seine schier unbegreiflich vielfältigen Denkbewegungen und Aktivitäten erhalten mit dem Projekt des Theaters der Natur und Kunst daher nicht nur eine Ergänzung, sondern einen neuen Rahmen. Leibniz' Faible für das Theatrum Naturae et Artis könnte das Gesamtbild seiner Philosophie verwandeln, weil es die Kluft zwischen Kalkül und Anschauung wie auch zwischen der "Fensterlosigkeit" der Monade und der körperlichen Form ihrer Perzeptionsweisen zugleich vertieft und überbrückt.

Das X in Sex

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Author: David Bainbridge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783803125071

Category:

Page: 236

View: 1560