Biology and Wildlife of the Mediterranean Region

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Author: Jacques Blondel,James Aronson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198500351

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 8985

The Mediterranean is an outstanding 'hot- spot' of biological diversity. It is exceptional not only for this, but also because of its long history of interactions between its human inhabitants and the other fauna and flora of the region. The cradle of many civilizations, the Mediterranean region has been host to humans for thousands of years. This book is the first to synthesise our current understanding of the ecology, biology, and geology of Mediterranean animals, birds, and plants, and their habitats. The authors focus on the unique historical determinants and spatial patterns of Mediterranean biodiversity. In particular, the dramatic impacts of long-term human activities on the region's landscapes, flora, and fauna, are considered. This fascinating story will be of interest to researchers and students in ecology, biology, conservation, and geography, as well as to naturalists, and ecotourists visiting this popular holiday region.

Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin

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Author: F. di Castri,A.J. Hansen,M Debussche

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792304111

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 8744

In view of the massive change in the area of distribution of many world biota across classical biogeographical realms, and of the drastic restructuring of the biotic components of numerous ecosystems, the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) decided at its general Assembly in Ottawa, Canada, in 1982 to launch a project on the 'Ecology of Biological Invasions'. Several regional meetings were subsequently organized within the framework of SCOPE, in order to single out the peculiarities of the invasions that took place in each region, the behaviour of their invasive species and the invasibility of their ecosystems. Most noteworthy among such workshops were one in Australia in August 1984, one concerning North America and Hawaii in October 1984, and one dealing with southern Africa in November 1985. A leitmotiv of these workshops was that most of the invasive species to those regions were emanating from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, inadvertently or intentionally introduced by man. It was therefore considered as a timely endeavour to organize the next regional meeting in relation to this region. The workshop on 'Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin' was held in Montpellier, France, 21 to 23 May 1986, thanks to the financial support of SCOPE and of the A.W. Mellon Foundation, and the logistic facilities of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N .R.S.).

The Mediterranean Region

Biological Diversity in Space and Time

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Author: Jacques Blondel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199557985

Category: Nature

Page: 376

View: 653

It is becoming clear that the Mediterranean region is one of the "hottest" of the biodiversity hotspots on the planet. There is also an increasing concern for the conservation, adaptive management, and restoration of the unique natural ecosystems and cultural landscapes that characterize this area. This new work builds on the success and reputation of the first edition, although the text has been updated and expanded to document recent changes to biodiversity, newecological and evolutionary insights, and the challenges for the future.

Sharks of the Mediterranean

An Illustrated Study of All Species

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Author: Alessandro De Maddalena,Harald Bansch,Walter Heim

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476622949

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 3070

This comprehensive study of sharks of the Mediterranean Sea provides a great deal of information about shark biology, human-shark interactions, recent research, and ecology and conservation in the region. The authors cover classification, common names, morphology, size, reproduction, diet, habitat, distribution, behavior, status and references to source materials for 50 species. Illustrations include dozens of rare photos and detailed author drawings.

Natural Heritage

At the Interface of Nature and Culture

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Author: Peter Howard,Thymio Papayannis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131796943X

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 3060

It has become more and more accepted that nature conservation is not possible without taking into account human activities. Thus an integrated approach to both the natural and cultural heritage is being encouraged and developed. Gathering a number of distinguished authors with diverse backgrounds (from a religious leader to academics to conservation scientists), the book aims to investigate the relationship between human beings and nature, between nature and culture. Looking at nature as ‘heritage’ of the human race is a recognition both of the tremendous impacts (both positive and negative) that human activities have had on the natural environment, as well as the acceptance of human responsibility for managing our planet in a sustainable and sensitive manner. The texts included examine this interface between human beings and nature in specific places (from the Everglades in Florida and Mont Saint Micelle in Atlantic France, to the UK, Europe and the Mediterranean), as well as on a theoretical basis, and in the context of the international biodiversity conventions.

The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

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Author: Karen J. Esler,Anna L. Jacobsen,R. Brandon Pratt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198739133

Category:

Page: 352

View: 2728

The world's mediterranean-type climate regions (including areas within the Mediterranean, South Africa, Australia, California, and Chile) have long been of interest to biologists by virtue of their extraordinary biodiversity and the appearance of evolutionary convergence between thesedisparate regions. These regions contain many rare and endemic species. Their mild climate makes them appealing places to live and visit and this has resulted in numerous threats to the species and communities that occupy them. Threats include a wide range of factors such as habitat loss due todevelopment and agriculture, disturbance, invasive species, and climate change. As a result, they continue to attract far more attention than their limited geographic area might suggest. This book provides a concise but comprehensive introduction to mediterranean-type ecosystems. As with other booksin the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate these regions although their management, conservation, and restoration are also considered. The book is intended for students, naturalists, practitioners, and professionals without any previous knowledge of mediterranean-type ecosystem ecology. It is an accessible text suitable for graduate students and researchers of mediterranean-type ecosystem ecology and geography, as well asprofessional ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and conservation biologists requiring a concise, authoritative overview of the topic.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

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Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 6858

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Watching Vesuvius

A History of Science and Culture in Early Modern Italy

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Author: Sean Cocco

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226923711

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 8762

Mount Vesuvius has been famous ever since its eruption in 79 CE, when it destroyed and buried the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. But less well-known is the role it played in the science and culture of early modern Italy, as Sean Cocco reveals in this ambitious and wide-ranging study. Humanists began to make pilgrimages to Vesuvius during the early Renaissance to experience its beauty and study its history, but a new tradition of observation emerged in 1631 with the first great eruption of the modern period. Seeking to understand the volcano’s place in the larger system of nature, Neapolitans flocked to Vesuvius to examine volcanic phenomena and to collect floral and mineral specimens from the mountainside. In Watching Vesuvius, Cocco argues that this investigation and engagement with Vesuvius was paramount to the development of modern volcanology. He then situates the native experience of Vesuvius in a larger intellectual, cultural, and political context and explains how later eighteenth-century representations of Naples—of its climate and character—grew out of this tradition of natural history. Painting a rich and detailed portrait of Vesuvius and those living in its shadow, Cocco returns the historic volcano to its place in a broader European culture of science, travel, and appreciation of the natural world.

A Companion to Mediterranean History

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Author: Peregrine Horden,Sharon Kinoshita

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118519337

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 1661

A Companion to Mediterranean History presents a wide-ranging overview of this vibrant field of historical research, drawing together scholars from a range of disciplines to discuss the development of the region from Neolithic times to the present. Provides a valuable introduction to current debates on Mediterranean history and helps define the field for a new generation Covers developments in the Mediterranean world from Neolithic times to the modern era Enables fruitful dialogue among a wide range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, art, literature, and anthropology

Ecology and Evolution of Communities

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Author: Martin L. Cody,Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674224445

Category: Nature

Page: 545

View: 347

The evolution of species abundance and diversity; Competitive strategies of resource allocation; Community structure; Outlook.

The Mountains of the Mediterranean World

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Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521522885

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 1801

An environmental history of the mountain areas of Turkey, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Morocco.

Complete Mediterranean Wildlife

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Author: Paul Sterry

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0002201615

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 8383

The only guide currently available for the region, Complete Mediterranean Wildlife describes and illustrates 1500 species commonly found in the world s most popular holiday destination. Mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, butterflies and moths, other insects, spiders, slugs and snails, trees and flowering plants are all included, and each section is coded with a symbol for quick reference. From Cyprus in the east to the western end of the Mediterranean, the guide also covers species found in Portugal and the Algarve. While most Mediterranean habitats are low-lying, the range of the guide extends into the foothills of mountains. Shells and animals likely to be seen while snorkelling are also described and illustrated.

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

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Author: Philip W. Rundel,Gloria Montenegro Rizzardini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540644750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 447

View: 5984

Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.

Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies

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Author: Andrew Pullin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0412569701

Category: Nature

Page: 363

View: 7999

This book was conceived to mark the Silver Jubilee of the British Butterfly Conservation Society. Interest in the conservation of butterflies has increased so rapidly that it is difficult to relate to the situation 25 years ago. Butterflies were on the decline in Britain, Europe and elsewhere but we lacked data on the extent of the decline and the underlying reasons, leaving us unable to implement effective conservation measures. An early recognition of the plight of British butterflies and moths led to the foundation of the society by a small group of conservationists in 1968. Today the society has over 10000 members, owns a number of reserves and sponsors research, conservation and monitoring activities at the local and national level. As part of the Silver Jubilee celebrations an international symposium was held at Keele University in September 1993 entitled 'Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies'. This symposium clearly showed how much important work has been done in recent years and also gave me the impression that the subject had reached a watershed. This was not because the decline of butterflies has stopped or even slowed down, far from it, the threat to our butterflies continues to increase from habitat destruction and intensification of land use. The watershed is in our understanding of the relationship between butterflies and their habitat.

Guidelines for the Constitution of Ecological River Networks

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Author: Edit Wenger

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287149930

Category: Corridors (Ecology)

Page: 37

View: 9164

The Pan-European Biological Network is intended to ensure that ecosystems, habitats, populations of species and landscapes of European importance are maintained in a good state of conservation. It aims to restore the biodiversity which is seriously endangered in Europe. Water-courses and the environments associated with them are natural corridors used by both animal species and humans. With their great natural wealth, connecting numerous elements within the corridor, both longitudinally and laterally, they are essential elements in the constitution of the Pan-European Ecological Network.

Biology, Conservation and Sustainable Development of Sturgeons

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Author: Ramón Carmona,Alberto Domezain,Manuel García Gallego,José Antonio Hernando,Fernando Rodríguez,Manuel Ruiz-Rejón

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084374

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 4857

Sturgeons are considered “living fossils”, sharing many morphological and biological features with ancestral fish. Furthermore, sturgeons are of the utmost interest from an economic perspective, not only for the caviar but for the flesh. However, the wild populations of the majority of the species are at serious risk of extinction all over the world. So, it is urgent to develop strategies for both farming culture and conservation and recovery in natural habitats. This book provides a comprehensive view of the biology and sustainable development of sturgeons putting emphasis on the Southern Europe autochthonous species such as Acipenser nacarii and Acipenser sturio that share geographical distribution. Other relevant species (such as Huso huso, A. oxyrhinchus, A. ruthenus, A. stellatus) and areas (Germany, Russia, North America) are also considered. The contents are organised in three sections: Taxonomy and Biogeography (including the morphological and genetic analyses that clarify the taxonomy and phylogeny of sturgeons, focused on those from Southern Europe), Biology and Aquaculture (where several aspects of the developmental biology, feeding, and reproduction are considered in relation to the improvement of sturgeon farming), and Recovery and Conservation (that collates and analyses different recovery research actions, the ecology of the rivers for restoration as well as the problems related to the trade of caviar).

Sea Fishes Of The Mediterranean Including Marine Invertebrates

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Author: Lawson Wood

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472921763

Category: Nature

Page: 128

View: 4067

Sea Fishes of the Mediterranean reveals the fascinating wealth of sea life found in this diverse but little-documented region. This compact and easy-to-use guide, illustrated with many specially-commissioned colour photographs taken in a number of unique and exotic locations, is an essential companion for anyone interested in the marine life of the many seas that make up the Mediterranean Sea. Designed to be of practical use to divers, snorkelers and underwater photographers, this guide will be welcomed by the increasing number of visitors to the Mediterranean, which has become one of the most popular dive destinations in the world. It covers Gibraltar, Spain, France, Monaco, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy, Malta, Croatia, Greece, Crete, Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.

Identification of the Most Important Transboundary Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe

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Author: Robert Brunner

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287149916

Category: Conservation of natural resources

Page: 30

View: 6931

The protection of transborder areas in an ecological network system which take account of clusters of conservation areas represents an important step towards protecting natural heritage in Europe. Cross-border co-operation can help provide larger protected areas with uniform management and thus make a considerable contribution to the conservation of biodiversity. This report reflects the transborder co-operation in countries of central and eastern Europe, including Russia, the Baltic countries, Belarus and Ukraine.