Charles Masterman (1873-1927), Politician and Journalist

The Splendid Failure


Author: Eric Hopkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780773479869

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 300

View: 7181

Based on the Masterman Papers recently made available in the University of Birmingham Library. He is best remembered today as the author of The Condition of England (1909). Sets him in political and social context, a portrait of a complex man of enormous promise whose career fell tragically short of expectations.

Industrialisation and Society

A Social History, 1830-1951


Author: Eric Hopkins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134660979

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 5746

Indusrialisation and Society provides an essential introduction to the effects of industrialisation on British society, from Queen Victoria's reign to the birth of the welfare state in the 1940s. This book deals with the remarkable social consequences of the industrial revolution, as Britain changed into an urban society based on industry. As the first nation to undergo an industrial revolution, Britain was also the first to deal with the unprecedented social problems of rapid urbanisation combined with an unparalleled growth in population. Industrialisation and Society looks at contemporary ways in which the government and ordinary people tried to cope with these new pressures, and studies their reactions to the unforseen consequences of the steam revolution. In particular, this indispensable book considers: * the Victorian inheritance * Edwardian England and the Liberal reforms * the two world wars * the Welfare State.

Labour and Working-Class Lives


Author: Keith Laybourn,John Shepherd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1784995274

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8024

This is an absorbing collection of original essays contributed in honour of Professor Chris Wrigley, one of the leading figures in the study of British labour history and former President of The Historical Association. It focuses on a range of historical topics on two main themes: labour politics and working-class lives. The collection reflects Wrigley's interests in liberal and labour politics, industrial relations, trade unions and industrial systems. The essays cover a wide period from late Victorian and Edwardian politics to recent times in Britain. In the first part of the volume, two studies of the careers of the radical George Howell and the Liberal Chief Whip Herbert Gladstone demonstrate how their political careers helped to determine the way in which the Labour movement would develop in the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. Other essays explore the long-term relationship between trade unions and Labour politics, as well as the socialist and progressive aftermath following the second Labour government's demise in 1931 seen through studies of the Independent Labour Party and the development of the Progressive League. The essays in the second half of the volume on working-class lives and culture raise a number of significant issues. Was working-class culture less organised in Britain than in Germany? How did the world of female clerkship develop? What part did the next generation of George and Bessie Lansbury's family contribute to twentieth-century politics? Wrigley's work has primarily focused upon the political process in Britain in modern times and reflects his long-standing interest in political parties, prominent political figures, and the everyday lives of those represented in the Labour Party and the broader Labour movement. This volume is dedicated to a similar range of historical questions and the essentially pragmatic approach of Wrigley in making the study of history accessible to a wider audience in Britain and beyond.

Devising Consumption

Cultural Economies of Insurance, Credit and Spending


Author: Liz Mcfall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136511792

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 2244

The book explores the vital role played by the financial service industries in enabling the poor to consume over the last hundred and fifty years. Spending requires means, but these industries offered something else as well – they offered practical marketing devices that captured, captivated and enticed poor consumers. Consumption and consumer markets depend on such devices but their role has been poorly understood both in the social sciences and in business studies and marketing. While the analysis of consumption and markets has been carved up between academics and practitioners who have been interested in either their social and cultural life or their economic and commercial organisation, consumption continues to be driven by their combination. Devising consumption requires practical mixtures of commerce and art whether the product is an insurance policy or the next gadget in the internet of things . By making the case for a pragmatic understanding of how ordinary, everyday consumption is orchestrated, the book offers an alternative to orthodox approaches, which should appeal to interdisciplinary audiences interested in questions about how markets work and why it matters.

Gender, Civic Culture and Consumerism

Middle-Class Identity in Britain, 1800-1940


Author: Alan Kidd,David Nicholls

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719056765

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 4068

The essays in this volume deal chiefly with issues of class and gender, which are seen as mutually constitutive of social identity. Recent historical interest in the idea of "modernity" is represented in studies of socio-spatial relations of urban culture and in the emergence of gender-laden conceptions of the modern suburban culture of domesticity and consumerism. Art and art patronage are dissected as cultural motifs suggestive both of gender and rank. The detailed cultural aesthetic of the middle classes is explored from the learned societies of the late eighteenth century to the amateur operatic societies of the twentieth-century suburbs. A key focus is the changing and uncertain representation of masculine identities in relation to class.

Standard English and the Politics of Language


Author: T. Crowley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230501931

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 5980

The status of 'Standard English' has featured in linguistic, educational and cultural debates over decades. This second edition of Tony Crowley's wide-ranging historical analysis and lucid account of the complex and sometimes polarised arguments driving the debate brings us up to date, and ranges from the 1830s to Conservative education policies in the 1990s and on to the implications of the National Curriculum for English language teaching in schools. Students and researchers in literacy, the history of English language, cultural theory, and English language education will find this treatment comprehensive, carefully researched and lively reading.

Watriama and Co

Further Pacific Islands Portraits


Author: Hugh Laracy

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666331

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 284

View: 8363

WATRIAMA AND CO (the title echoes Kipling's STALKY AND CO!) is a collection of biographical essays about people associated with the Pacific Islands. It covers a period of almost a century and a half. However, the individual stories of first-hand experience converge to some extent in various ways so as to present a broadly coherent picture of 'Pacific History'. In this, politics, economics and religion overlap. So, too, do indigenous cultures and concerns; together with the activities and interests of the Europeans who ventured into the Pacific and who had a profound, widespread and enduring impact there from the nineteenth century, and who also prompted reactions from the Island peoples. Not least significant in this process is the fact that the Europeans generated a 'paper trail' through which their stories and those of the Islanders (who also contributed to their written record) can be known. Thus, not only are the subjects of the essays to be encountered personally, and within a contextual kinship, but the way in which the past has shaped the future is clearly discernible. Watriama himself features in various historical narratives. So, too, certain of his confreres in this collection, which is the product of several decades of exploring the Pacific past in archives, by sea, and on foot through most of Oceania.

Machines as the Measure of Men

Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance


Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801497605

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 2430

This new edition of what has become a standard account of Western expansion and technological dominance includes a new preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

A War of Individuals

Bloomsbury Attitudes to the Great War


Author: Jonathan Atkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719060702

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 250

View: 9259

Bringing together examples of the aesthetic pacifism practised during the Great War by members of the Bloomsbury Group and others, this text outlines the stories of those less well-known who shared the mind-set of the Bloomsbury Group when it came to facing the first total war. It draws together evidence from all the major archives in Great Britain for to create a complete picture of this fascinating form of anti-war expression featuring well-known individuals such as Virginia Woolf, Bertrand Russell and Siegfried Sassoon.

Rising from the Flames

The Rebirth of Theater in Occupied Japan, 1945-1952


Author: Samuel L. Leiter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780739128183

Category: Drama

Page: 429

View: 5988

This is the first book to describe the way in which the traditional and modern forms of Japanese theater responded to Japan's defeat in World War II. It includes sixteen essays by thirteen specialists demonstrating the triumphs and tribulations of Japanese theater during the Allied Occupation, 1945–1952.

Smyrna's Ashes


Author: Michelle Tusan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520289560

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 8646

Today the West tends to understand the Middle East primarily in terms of geopolitics: Islam, oil, and nuclear weapons. But in the nineteenth century it was imagined differently. The interplay of geography and politics found definition in a broader set of concerns that understood the region in terms of the moral, humanitarian, and religious commitments of the British empire. Smyrna’s Ashes reevaluates how this story of the “Eastern Question” shaped the cultural politics of geography, war, and genocide in the mapping of a larger Middle East after World War I.

Rural England

Being an Account of Agricultural and Social Researches Carried Out in the Years 1901 and 1902


Author: H. Rider Haggard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110802548X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 700

View: 9953

H. Rider Haggard (1856-1925) is best known as the successful writer of adventure stories with exotic backgrounds such as King Solomon's Mines and She. However, he also served on a number of royal commissions, and in managing his wife's Norfolk estate became a recognised expert on agricultural matters. Rural England, published in 1902 and reissued in 1906, was the product of his travels around England and Wales writing articles for the Daily Express. They show a picture of agriculture in poor condition, and suggest reforms which would improve matters. The book was well received, and subsequently many of his suggestions were included in the Development Act of 1909. He favoured co-operative societies such as were found in Denmark, an increase in the number of smallholdings, and a national forestry commission. Volume 1 discusses conditions in a large part of the south and west of England, and the Channel Islands.

Anthropology in the Public Arena

Historical and Contemporary Contexts


Author: Jeremy MacClancy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118475526

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 5376

This articulate and authoritative survey of both the popular and academic trends in anthropology demonstrates the broad relevance of anthropological knowledge and argues for a more inclusive conception of the discipline that engages the public imagination. Demonstrates the evolving social contexts of British anthropological theory and practice from the mid-19th century Highlights the importance of popular anthropology in forming and sustaining the professional discipline Explores the past and present cross-fertilization of anthropologists, scientists and prominent literary figures Assesses the pioneering efforts online to advance the role of anthropology in public debates Appeals to a broader readership interested in cultural and intellectual history

The Condition of England


Author: C.F.G. Masterman

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 0571286836

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 9000

The Condition of England was first published in 1909. Faber Finds are reissuing it to celebrate its one hundredth anniversary. Although copies are now hard to come by, it was a success on first publication running quickly into six editions. It has often been likened to Matthew Arnold's Culture and Anarchy though it is more sombre. Charles Masterman, who was in the Liberal Government when he wrote this, provides a penetrating, sceptical and unsettling anatomy of Edwardian England, seeing beneath the imperial splendour a society 'fissured into unnatural plenitude on the one hand and ... an unnatural privation on the other'. This remains a work of acute social analysis.

Mind as Machine

A History of Cognitive Science


Author: Margaret Ann Boden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 019954316X


Page: 1631

View: 1484

The Great War of Words

British, American and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933


Author: Peter Buitenhuis

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774843225

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 5405

In September 1914, twenty-five of Britain's most distinguished authors met with the war propaganda bureau to discuss how they could defend civilization against the savagery of the invading 'Huns'. In The Great War of Words Peter Buitenhuis tells the hitherto unknown story of the secret collaboration between the government and leading writers of the time, including H.G. Wells, John Buchan and John Galsworthy. The book also chronicles their disillusionment with the Allied propaganda machine after the war -- and how this changed the course of literary history in the 20th century.

The Invention of International Crime

A Global Issue in the Making, 1881–1914


Author: P. Knepper

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230251129

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 3882

We live in the age of international crime but when did it begin? This book examines the period when crime became an international issue (1881-1914), exploring issues such as 'world-shrinking' changes in transportation, communication and commerce, and concerns about alien criminality, white slave trading and anarchist outrages.

The Tyranny of Printers

Newspaper Politics in the Early American Republic


Author: Jeffrey L. Pasley

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813921899

Category: History

Page: 517

View: 7968

Although frequently attacked for their partisanship and undue political influence, the American media of today are objective and relatively ineffectual compared to their counterparts of two hundred years ago. From the late eighteenth to the late nineteenth century, newspapers were the republic's central political institutions, working components of the party system rather than commentators on it. The Tyranny of Printers narrates the rise of this newspaper-based politics, in which editors became the chief party spokesmen and newspaper offices often served as local party headquarters. Beginning when Thomas Jefferson enlisted a Philadelphia editor to carry out his battle with Alexander Hamilton for the soul of the new republic (and got caught trying to cover it up), the centrality of newspapers in political life gained momentum after Jefferson's victory in 1800, which was widely credited to a superior network of papers. Jeffrey L. Pasley tells the rich story of this political culture and its culmination in Jacksonian democracy, enlivening his narrative with accounts of the colorful but often tragic careers of individual editors.