Bioethics

an introduction for the biosciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: T. B. Mepham

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199214303

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 418

View: 9116

Ben Mepham is Special Professor in Applied Bioethics, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham and Visiting Professor in Bioethics, Department of Policy Studies, University of Lincoln, UK. I. The Theoretical Background to Bioethics 1. The Nature of Bioethics 2. Theories of Ethics 3. A Framework for Ethical Analysis II. Bioethics and Human Futures 4. The Biology of Poverty 5. Fertility and Morality 6. Genomics, Eugenics and Integrity III. Bioethics and Animals 7. Human Uses of Animals 8. Experiments on Animals 9. Animals and Modern Biotechnology IV. Bioethics, Plants, and the Environment 10. The First Generation of Genetically Modified Crops 11. Dietary Futures 12. Environmental Sustainability V. Bioethics in Practice 13. Risk, Precaution, and Trust 14. Politics and the Biosciences 15. Bioethics in the Laboratory

BioIndustry Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David L. Finegold,Cecile M Bensimon,Abdallah S. Daar,Margaret L. Eaton,Beatrice Godard,Bartha Maria Knoppers,Jocelyn Mackie,Peter A. Singer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080492513

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 6805

This book is the first systematic, detailed treatment of the approaches to ethical issues taken by biotech and pharmaceutical companies. The application of genetic/genomic technologies raises a whole spectrum of ethical questions affecting global health that must be addressed. Topics covered in this comprehensive survey include considerations for bioprospecting in transgenics, genomics, drug discovery, and nutrigenomics, as well as how to improve stakeholder relations, design ethical clinical trials, avoid conflicts of interest, and establish ethics advisory boards. The expert authors represent multiple disciplines including law, medicine, bioinformatics, pharmaceutics, business, and ethics.

Genetics and Philosophy

An Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul Griffiths,Karola Stotz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354765

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3494

In the past century, nearly all of the biological sciences have been directly affected by discoveries and developments in genetics, a fast-evolving subject with important theoretical dimensions. In this rich and accessible book, Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz show how the concept of the gene has evolved and diversified across the many fields that make up modern biology. By examining the molecular biology of the 'environment', they situate genetics in the developmental biology of whole organisms, and reveal how the molecular biosciences have undermined the nature/nurture distinction. Their discussion gives full weight to the revolutionary impacts of molecular biology, while rejecting 'genocentrism' and 'reductionism', and brings the topic right up to date with the philosophical implications of the most recent developments in genetics. Their book will be invaluable for those studying the philosophy of biology, genetics and other life sciences.

Introduction to Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John A. Bryant,Linda Baggott la Velle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119080150

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 2910

Provides comprehensive, yet concise coverage of the broad field of bioethics, dealing with the scientific, medical, social, religious, political and international concerns This book offers complete information about all aspects of bioethics and its role in our world. It tackles the concerns of bioethicists, dealing with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy. The book introduces the various modes of ethical thinking and then helps the reader to apply that thinking to issues relating to the environment, to plants and animals, and to humans. Written in an accessible manner, Introduction to Bioethics, Second Edition focuses on key issues directly relevant to those studying courses ranging from medicine through to biology and agriculture. Ethical analysis is threaded throughout each chapter and supplementary examples are included to stimulate further thought. In addition there are numerous mini-case studies to aid understanding, together with key references and further reading. Topics covered include genetic modification; GM crops, human genetics and genomics; cloning and stem cells; assisted reproduction; end of life issues; human enhancement; transhumanism and more. A concise introduction covering the whole field of bioethics Ethical analysis included throughout Mini case-studies in each chapter place ethics into specific contexts Includes exercises and commentary to further clarify ethical discussions Now fully revised, updated and re-ordered, with new chapters on Biofuels and on Synthetic Biology Introduction to Bioethics, Second Edition is primarily aimed at undergraduate students taking courses in biomedical sciences, biological sciences, and medicine. It will also be useful to anyone with an interested in the ethics of biological and biomedical science, including science journalists and reporters, who want to inform themselves about current developments.

Principles of Biomedical Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp,James F. Childress

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195143310

Category: Medical

Page: 454

View: 5568

For many years this has been a leading textbook of bioethics. It established the framework of principles within the field. This is a very thorough revision with a new chapter on methods and moral justification.

The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter A. Singer,A. M. Viens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468219

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 7567

Medicine and health care generate many bioethical problems and dilemmas that are of great academic, professional and public interest. This comprehensive resource is designed as a succinct yet authoritative text and reference for clinicians, bioethicists, and advanced students seeking a better understanding of ethics problems in the clinical setting. Each chapter illustrates an ethical problem that might be encountered in everyday practice; defines the concepts at issue; examines their implications from the perspectives of ethics, law and policy; and then provides a practical resolution. There are 10 key sections presenting the most vital topics and clinically relevant areas of modern bioethics. International, interdisciplinary authorship and cross-cultural orientation ensure suitability for a worldwide audience. This book will assist all clinicians in making well-reasoned and defensible decisions by developing their awareness of ethical considerations and teaching the analytical skills to deal with them effectively.

Experiments in Democracy

Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Benjamin Hurlbut

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231542917

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 303

Human embryo research touches upon strongly felt moral convictions, and it raises such deep questions about the promise and perils of scientific progress that debate over its development has become a moral and political imperative. From in vitro fertilization to embryonic stem cell research, cloning, and gene editing, Americans have repeatedly struggled with how to define the moral status of the human embryo, whether to limit its experimental uses, and how to contend with sharply divided public moral perspectives on governing science. Experiments in Democracy presents a history of American debates over human embryo research from the late 1960s to the present, exploring their crucial role in shaping norms, practices, and institutions of deliberation governing the ethical challenges of modern bioscience. J. Benjamin Hurlbut details how scientists, bioethicists, policymakers, and other public figures have attempted to answer a question of great consequence: how should the public reason about aspects of science and technology that effect fundamental dimensions of human life? Through a study of one of the most significant science policy controversies in the history of the United States, Experiments in Democracy paints a portrait of the complex relationship between science and democracy, and of U.S. society's evolving approaches to evaluating and governing science's most challenging breakthroughs.

Bioethics , Introduction for the biosciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467264547

Category: Education

Page: 67

View: 3189

Facts101 is your complete guide to Bioethics , Introduction for the biosciences. In this book, you will learn topics such as A framework for ethical analysis, The biology of poverty, Fertility and morality, and Genomics, eugenics and integrity plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Smart Mice, Not-So-Smart People

An Interesting and Amusing Guide to Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Arthur L. Caplan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742541726

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 5892

An assortment of lighthearted and provocative essays about bioethics issues invites readers to formulate their own opinions about a wide variety of topics, from genetically modified foods and cloning to Mad Cow disease and advanced maternal age.

Bioethics

A Philosophical Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Stephen Holland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745690637

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 7058

This book provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to contemporary bioethics. It also presents provocative, philosophically informed arguments on current bioethical issues. Holland engages with debates ranging from the more familiar ï¿1⁄2 such as euthanasia, advance decisions to refuse treatment, and new reproductive technologies ï¿1⁄2 to the philosophical implications of recent developments in genetics, including prenatal genetic therapy, genetic enhancement and human cloning. The book is built around four crucial themes. The first is moral status: what are the implications of the moral status of human embryos or animals for our biomedical practices? The second theme ï¿1⁄2 life, death and killing ï¿1⁄2 looks at the ethics of ending, or failing to lengthen, human life. Holland then explores various questions of personal identity raised in contemporary bioethical debates. Finally, he presents and develops a version of the argument from nature ï¿1⁄2 which continues to be influential in bioethics ï¿1⁄2 in order to make sense of the objection that some biomedical innovations are ï¿1⁄2unnaturalï¿1⁄2. Structuring the discussions in this way creates an engaging introduction to bioethics that is an ideal textbook for students, whilst offering much to stimulate colleagues in the field. This second edition has been thoroughly and comprehensively updated to reflect the most recent advances in bioethics, and includes an entirely new chapter on the ethical treatment of patients in the minimally conscious state.

Arguing About Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Stephen Holland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135692076

Category: Philosophy

Page: 624

View: 2207

Arguing About Bioethics is a fresh and exciting collection of essential readings in bioethics, offering a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the field. Influential contributions from established philosophers and bioethicists, such as Peter Singer, Thomas Nagel, Judith Jarvis Thomson and Michael Sandel, are combined with the best recent work in the subject. Organised into clear sections, readings have been chosen that engage with one another, and often take opposing views on the same question, helping students get to grips with the key areas of debate. All the core issues in bioethics are covered, alongside new controversies that are emerging in the field, including: embryo research selecting children and enhancing humans human cloning using animals for medical purposes organ donation consent and autonomy public health ethics resource allocation developing world bioethics assisted suicide. Each extract selected is clear, stimulating and free from unnecessary jargon. The editor’s accessible and engaging section introductions make Arguing About Bioethics ideal for those studying bioethics for the first time, while more advanced readers will be challenged by the rigorous and thought-provoking arguments presented in the readings.

Bioethics and the Human Goods

An Introduction to Natural Law Bioethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alfonso Gómez-Lobo

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 162616164X

Category: Medical

Page: 148

View: 5074

Bioethics and the Human Goods offers students and general readers a brief introduction to bioethics from a “natural law” philosophical perspective. This perspective, which traces its origins to classical antiquity, has profoundly shaped Western ethics and law and is enjoying an exciting renaissance. While compatible with much in the ethical thought of the great religions, it is grounded in reason, not religion. In contrast to the currently dominant bioethical theories of utilitarianism and principlism, the natural law approach offers an understanding of human flourishing grounded in basic human goods, including life, health, friendship, and knowledge, and in the wrongness of intentionally turning against, or neglecting, these goods. The book is divided into two sections: Foundations and Issues. Foundations sketches a natural law understanding of the important ethical principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice and explores different understandings of “personhood” and whether human embryos are persons. Issues applies a natural law perspective to some of the most controversial debates in contemporary bioethics at the beginning and end of life: research on human embryos, abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, the withdrawal of tube-feeding from patients in a “persistent vegetative state,” and the definition of death. The text is completed by appendices featuring personal statements by Alfonso Gómez-Lobo on the status of the human embryo and on the definition and determination of death.

Ethics and Law for the Health Professions

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ian Kerridge,Michael Lowe,Cameron Stewart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781862879096

Category: Bioethical issues

Page: 1208

View: 4660

Ethics and Law for the Health Professions is a cross-disciplinary medico-legal book whose previous editions have been widely used by students, teachers and practitioners in the health professions and in law. This new 4th edition has been extensively revised and updated to take account of developments in law, biomedical science, healthcare delivery and bioethics. Sections dealing with critical reasoning, problem solving, professionalism, negligence, standards of care, public health and the emerging biosciences have been considerably expanded and entirely new chapters have been added dealing with sexuality, culture, rural health, evidence and global health.As with previous editions, the 4th edition of Ethics and Law for the Health Professions focuses on issues that are relevant both to clinicians and to health-policy-makers. It combines insights from philosophy, bioethics and the health social sciences, biomedical research data and case law. Importantly, this book recognises that health professionals must understand both the ethical and legal implications of their practice but is careful to distinguish between the two.This book provides an invaluable resource for those who are responsible for the design and delivery of health care and for those who have an interest in how health care can best meet the needs and reflect the values of the community.

Practical Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496891

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7130

For thirty years, Peter Singer's Practical Ethics has been the classic introduction to applied ethics. For this third edition, the author has revised and updated all the chapters and added a new chapter addressing climate change, one of the most important ethical challenges of our generation. Some of the questions discussed in this book concern our daily lives. Is it ethical to buy luxuries when others do not have enough to eat? Should we buy meat from intensively reared animals? Am I doing something wrong if my carbon footprint is above the global average? Other questions confront us as concerned citizens: equality and discrimination on the grounds of race or sex; abortion, the use of embryos for research and euthanasia; political violence and terrorism; and the preservation of our planet's environment. This book's lucid style and provocative arguments make it an ideal text for university courses and for anyone willing to think about how she or he ought to live.

Where Science and Ethics Meet: Dilemmas at the Frontiers of Medicine and Biology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Chris Willmott,Salvador Macip

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440851352

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 5026

Through engaging case studies and clear explanations of the underlying science, this book makes the social impacts and ethical consequences of recent advances in biomedicine understandable for general readers. • Provides clear, easily understandable information for nonspecialist readers with sufficient detail to enable an understanding of the science behind the discoveries and the range of ethical problems they generate • Presents a dynamic mix of present or near-future case studies (fictional), scientific explanations, and discussions of ethics • Addresses topics that are frequently in the media, such as cloning, organ transplantation, and genetic modification, and clarifies concepts that people have heard about but may not fully understand • Summarizes arguments in favor and against to allow readers to form their own opinions on important ethical debates

In the Company of Animals

A Study of Human-Animal Relationships

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James Serpell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521577793

Category: Nature

Page: 283

View: 3773

In the Company of Animals is an original and very readable study of human attitudes to the natural world. It contrasts the way we love some animals while ruthlessly exploiting others; it provides a detailed and fascinating account of ways in which animal companionship can influence our health; and it provides a key to understanding the moral contradictions inherent in our treatment of animals and nature. Its scope encompasses history, anthropology, and animal and human psychology. Along the way, the author uncovers a fascinating trail of insights and myths about our relationship with the species with which we share the planet. James Serpell is the editor of The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions With People (CUP, 1995).

Perspectives on Animal Behavior

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Judith Goodenough,Betty McGuire,Elizabeth Jakob

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470045175

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 1894

Perspectives on Animal Behavior introduces biologists and psychologists to the scientific reasoning and methodology in the field while also addressing development and mechanisms. Rather than just focusing on evolutionary behavior, the book presents a variety of different perspectives including genetics, neurological, learning, and behavioral ecology. The third edition walks them through experimentation and data analysis, which are critical in the field. It includes classical studies that form the foundation of this field but concentrates on more current work in order to present the thinking and experiments. Biologists and psychologists will then gain a modern understanding of animal behavior.

Bibliographie de la philosophie

Bibliography of philosophy

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782271064011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 923

L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.

Core Maths for the Biosciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin B. Reed

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199216347

Category: Education

Page: 576

View: 8876

Core Maths for the Biosciences introduces the range of mathematical concepts that bioscience students need to master during thier studies. Starting from fundamental concepts, it blends clear explanations and biological examples throughout as it equips the reader with the full range of mathematical tools required by biologists today.

Contemporary Bioethics

A Reader with Cases

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jessica Pierce,George Randels

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195313826

Category: Philosophy

Page: 722

View: 6443

Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continually evolving field. It covers all the essential topics - including abortion, reproductive ethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and allocation of resources - and also extends into cutting-edge areas like environmental sustainability, terrorism, neuroethics, immigration, genetic manipulations, and links between first- and third-world health. The book opens with a substantial introduction that explores key differences between secular and religious modes of argumentation. Each of the following chapters contains an in-depth introduction, a selection of concise readings, discussion questions, and a collection of 7-10 case studies.