Big Data and Social Science

A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ian Foster,Rayid Ghani,Ron S. Jarmin,Frauke Kreuter,Julia Lane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498751431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 5517

Both Traditional Students and Working Professionals Acquire the Skills to Analyze Social Problems. Big Data and Social Science: A Practical Guide to Methods and Tools shows how to apply data science to real-world problems in both research and the practice. The book provides practical guidance on combining methods and tools from computer science, statistics, and social science. This concrete approach is illustrated throughout using an important national problem, the quantitative study of innovation. The text draws on the expertise of prominent leaders in statistics, the social sciences, data science, and computer science to teach students how to use modern social science research principles as well as the best analytical and computational tools. It uses a real-world challenge to introduce how these tools are used to identify and capture appropriate data, apply data science models and tools to that data, and recognize and respond to data errors and limitations. For more information, including sample chapters and news, please visit the author's website.

Big Data in Computational Social Science and Humanities

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Shu-Heng Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319954652

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 3056

This edited volume focuses on big data implications for computational social science and humanities from management to usage. The first part of the book covers geographic data, text corpus data, and social media data, and exemplifies their concrete applications in a wide range of fields including anthropology, economics, finance, geography, history, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and mass communications. The second part of the book provides a panoramic view of the development of big data in the fields of computational social sciences and humanities. The following questions are addressed: why is there a need for novel data governance for this new type of data?, why is big data important for social scientists?, and how will it revolutionize the way social scientists conduct research? With the advent of the information age and technologies such as Web 2.0, ubiquitous computing, wearable devices, and the Internet of Things, digital society has fundamentally changed what we now know as "data", the very use of this data, and what we now call "knowledge". Big data has become the standard in social sciences, and has made these sciences more computational. Big Data in Computational Social Science and Humanities will appeal to graduate students and researchers working in the many subfields of the social sciences and humanities.

Big Data, Crime and Social Control

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Aleš Završnik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315395762

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 7334

From predictive policing to self-surveillance to private security, the potential uses to of big data in crime control pose serious legal and ethical challenges relating to privacy, discrimination, and the presumption of innocence. The book is about the impacts of the use of big data analytics on social and crime control and on fundamental liberties. Drawing on research from Europe and the US, this book identifies the various ways in which law and ethics intersect with the application of big data in social and crime control, considers potential challenges to human rights and democracy and recommends regulatory solutions and best practice. This book focuses on changes in knowledge production and the manifold sites of contemporary surveillance, ranging from self-surveillance to corporate and state surveillance. It tackles the implications of big data and predictive algorithmic analytics for social justice, social equality, and social power: concepts at the very core of crime and social control. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of criminology, sociology, politics and socio-legal studies.

Computational Social Science in the Age of Big Data

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin Welker,Cathleen M. Stützer,Marc Egger

Publisher: Herbert von Halem Verlag

ISBN: 3869622687

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 460

View: 7248

Der Sammelband Computational Social Science in the Age of Big Data beschäftigt sich mit Konzepten, Methoden, Tools und Anwendungen (automatisierter) datengetriebener Forschung mit sozialwissenschaftlichem Hintergrund. Der Fokus des Bandes liegt auf der Etablierung der Computational Social Science (CSS) als aufkommendes Forschungs- und Anwendungsfeld. Es werden Beiträge international namhafter Autoren präsentiert, die forschungs- und praxisrelevante Themen dieses Bereiches besprechen. Die Herausgeber forcieren dabei einen interdisziplinären Zugang zum Feld, der sowohl Online-Forschern aus der Wissenschaft wie auch aus der angewandten Marktforschung einen Einstieg bietet.

Computational Social Science

Die Analyse von Big Data

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Andreas Blätte,Joachim Behnke,Kai-Uwe Schnapp,Claudius Wagemann

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 3845286555

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 9240

"Big Data" ist in aller Munde. Zeitungen, Zeitschriften und Bücher greifen das Thema auf; es wird viel debattiert. Wie fundamental die Umwälzungen sind, die mit der Datenflut einhergehen, dringt erst seit kurzem ins öffentliche Bewusstsein. Was aber bedeutet "Big Data" für die Politikwissenschaft? Welche Herausforderungen stellen sich? Der Sammelband trägt politikwissenschaftliche Perspektiven auf neue Entwicklungen zusammen, um zur Diskussion darüber beizutragen, welche Art von Veränderungen der Arbeitsweisen, Erkenntnismöglichkeiten und Erkenntnisprozesse empirischer politikwissenschaftlicher Forschung sich aufgrund der Möglichkeiten der Digitalisierung ergeben haben. Der Ausrichtung der Sektion Methoden folgend ist der Band vorrangig auf die methodisch-technischen, weniger auf die moralischen und gesellschaftspolitischen Dimensionen des Gesamtthemas Big Data und New Analytics ausgerichtet. Mit Beiträgen von Florian Bader, Joachim Behnke, Andreas Blätte, Sebastian Dumm, Mennatallah El-Assady, Thorsten Faas, Valentin Gold, Simon Hegelich, Christian Hoops, Pascal Jürgens, Andreas Jungherr, Cathleen Kantner, Kelly Lancaster, Christian Müller, Simon Munzert, Dominic Nyhuis, Maximilian Overbeck, Christian Rohrdantz, Christian Rubba, Gary S. Schaal, Kai-Uwe Schnapp, Susanne Schnorr-Bäcker, Harald Schoen, Andree Thieltges und Claudius Wagemann.

Data Science and Social Research

Epistemology, Methods, Technology and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N. Carlo Lauro,Enrica Amaturo,Maria Gabriella Grassia,Biagio Aragona,Marina Marino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319554778

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 928

This edited volume lays the groundwork for Social Data Science, addressing epistemological issues, methods, technologies, software and applications of data science in the social sciences. It presents data science techniques for the collection, analysis and use of both online and offline new (big) data in social research and related applications. Among others, the individual contributions cover topics like social media, learning analytics, clustering, statistical literacy, recurrence analysis and network analysis. Data science is a multidisciplinary approach based mainly on the methods of statistics and computer science, and its aim is to develop appropriate methodologies for forecasting and decision-making in response to an increasingly complex reality often characterized by large amounts of data (big data) of various types (numeric, ordinal and nominal variables, symbolic data, texts, images, data streams, multi-way data, social networks etc.) and from diverse sources. This book presents selected papers from the international conference on Data Science & Social Research, held in Naples, Italy in February 2016, and will appeal to researchers in the social sciences working in academia as well as in statistical institutes and offices.

Drogen

Die Geschichte eines langen Krieges

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Johann Hari

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035687

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 4062

»Hari vereint präzise Recherche mit einer zutiefst menschlichen Erzählung. Dieses Buch wird eine dringend notwendige Debatte auslösen.« Glenn Greenwald Der Krieg gegen die Drogen gilt inzwischen als gescheitert, der Handel mit Drogen ist ein blühendes Geschäft, alle Maßnahmen gegen den Konsum sind weitgehend erfolglos. Woran liegt das? Der britische Journalist Johann Hari begibt sich auf eine einzigartige Reise – von Brooklyn über Mexiko bis nach Deutschland – und erzählt die Geschichten derjenigen, deren Leben vom immerwährenden Kampf gegen Drogen geprägt ist: von Dealern, Süchtigen, Kartellmitgliedern, den Verlierern und Profiteuren. Mit seiner grandiosen literarischen Reportage schreibt Hari sowohl eine Geschichte des Krieges gegen Drogen als auch ein mitreißendes und streitbares Plädoyer zum Umdenken. »Hervorragender Journalismus, packend erzählt.« Naomi Klein »Phantastisch!« Noam Chomsky

Wikipedia

Das Rätsel der Kooperation

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Christian Stegbauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531916912

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 1096

Im Enzyklopädieprojekt Wikipedia kooperieren hunderttausende Menschen; sie kommen mit einem minimalen Aufwand an Koordination aus. Das Ergebnis ist ein öffentliches Gut, das oft sogar traditionellen Nachschlagewerken überlegen ist. Klassische Theorien der Kooperation, wie Eigennutz oder Zusammenhalt durch starke gemeinsame Werte, versagen bei der Erklärung, warum sich so viele Menschen an Wikipedia beteiligen. Diesem Rätsel der Kooperation ist das Buch auf der Spur. Vor allem durch netzwerkanalytische Betrachtungen wird gezeigt, dass sich das Engagement durch eine Verortung im positionalen System reguliert. Folge davon ist nicht nur, dass einige Teilnehmer sehr viel Zeit mit der Mitarbeit an Wikipedia verbringen; ohne es zu wollen, wird hierdurch auch ein großer Teil potenzieller Helfer ausgeschlossen. Die neuen Erklärungen für Freiwilligenarbeit sind auch in anderen Bereichen des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements von Bedeutung.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Luke Sloan,Anabel Quan-Haase

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473987970

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 7075

The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods offers a step-by-step guide to overcoming the challenges inherent in research projects that deal with ‘big and broad data’, from the formulation of research questions through to the interpretation of findings. The handbook includes chapters on specific social media platforms such as Twitter, Sina Weibo and Instagram, as well as a series of critical chapters. The holistic approach is organised into the following sections: Conceptualising & Designing Social Media Research Collection & Storage Qualitative Approaches to Social Media Data Quantitative Approaches to Social Media Data Diverse Approaches to Social Media Data Analytical Tools Social Media Platforms This handbook is the single most comprehensive resource for any scholar or graduate student embarking on a social media project.

Data Science and Simulation in Transportation Research

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Janssens, Davy

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466649216

Category: Computers

Page: 350

View: 325

Given its effective techniques and theories from various sources and fields, data science is playing a vital role in transportation research and the consequences of the inevitable switch to electronic vehicles. This fundamental insight provides a step towards the solution of this important challenge. Data Science and Simulation in Transportation Research highlights entirely new and detailed spatial-temporal micro-simulation methodologies for human mobility and the emerging dynamics of our society. Bringing together novel ideas grounded in big data from various data mining and transportation science sources, this book is an essential tool for professionals, students, and researchers in the fields of transportation research and data mining.

Social Physics

How Social Networks Can Make Us Smarter

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alex Pentland

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101625570

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4041

From one of the world’s leading data scientists, a landmark tour of the new science of idea flow, offering revolutionary insights into the mysteries of collective intelligence and social influence If the Big Data revolution has a presiding genius, it is MIT’s Alex “Sandy” Pentland. Over years of groundbreaking experiments, he has distilled remarkable discoveries significant enough to become the bedrock of a whole new scientific field: social physics. Humans have more in common with bees than we like to admit: We’re social creatures first and foremost. Our most important habits of action—and most basic notions of common sense—are wired into us through our coordination in social groups. Social physics is about idea flow, the way human social networks spread ideas and transform those ideas into behaviors. Thanks to the millions of digital bread crumbs people leave behind via smartphones, GPS devices, and the Internet, the amount of new information we have about human activity is truly profound. Until now, sociologists have depended on limited data sets and surveys that tell us how people say they think and behave, rather than what they actually do. As a result, we’ve been stuck with the same stale social structures—classes, markets—and a focus on individual actors, data snapshots, and steady states. Pentland shows that, in fact, humans respond much more powerfully to social incentives that involve rewarding others and strengthening the ties that bind than incentives that involve only their own economic self-interest. Pentland and his teams have found that they can study patterns of information exchange in a social network without any knowledge of the actual content of the information and predict with stunning accuracy how productive and effective that network is, whether it’s a business or an entire city. We can maximize a group’s collective intelligence to improve performance and use social incentives to create new organizations and guide them through disruptive change in a way that maximizes the good. At every level of interaction, from small groups to large cities, social networks can be tuned to increase exploration and engagement, thus vastly improving idea flow. Social Physics will change the way we think about how we learn and how our social groups work—and can be made to work better, at every level of society. Pentland leads readers to the edge of the most important revolution in the study of social behavior in a generation, an entirely new way to look at life itself. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Big Data, Little Data, No Data

Scholarship in the Networked World

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Christine L. Borgman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028565

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 1865

"Big Data" is on the covers of Science, Nature, the Economist, and Wired magazines, on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. But despite the media hyperbole, as Christine Borgman points out in this examination of data and scholarly research, having the right data is usually better than having more data; little data can be just as valuable as big data. In many cases, there are no data -- because relevant data don't exist, cannot be found, or are not available. Moreover, data sharing is difficult, incentives to do so are minimal, and data practices vary widely across disciplines.Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure -- an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation -- six "provocations" meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship -- Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship.

Computational Social Science

Discovery and Prediction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: R. Michael Alvarez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316531287

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5346

Quantitative research in social science research is changing rapidly. Researchers have vast and complex arrays of data with which to work: we have incredible tools to sift through the data and recognize patterns in that data; there are now many sophisticated models that we can use to make sense of those patterns; and we have extremely powerful computational systems that help us accomplish these tasks quickly. This book focuses on some of the extraordinary work being conducted in computational social science - in academia, government, and the private sector - while highlighting current trends, challenges, and new directions. Thus, Computational Social Science showcases the innovative methodological tools being developed and applied by leading researchers in this new field. The book shows how academics and the private sector are using many of these tools to solve problems in social science and public policy.

Big Data

Die Revolution, die unser Leben verändern wird

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger,Viktor; Cukier Mayer-Schönberger

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864144590

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3477

Ob Kaufverhalten, Grippewellen oder welche Farbe am ehesten verrät, ob ein Gebrauchtwagen in einem guten Zustand ist – noch nie gab es eine solche Menge an Daten und noch nie bot sich die Chance, durch Recherche und Kombination in der Daten¬flut blitzschnell Zusammenhänge zu entschlüsseln. Big Data bedeutet nichts weniger als eine Revolution für Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik. Es wird die Weise, wie wir über Gesundheit, Erziehung, Innovation und vieles mehr denken, völlig umkrempeln. Und Vorhersagen möglich machen, die bisher undenkbar waren. Die Experten Viktor Mayer-Schönberger und Kenneth Cukier beschreiben in ihrem Buch, was Big Data ist, welche Möglichkeiten sich eröffnen, vor welchen Umwälzungen wir alle stehen – und verschweigen auch die dunkle Seite wie das Ausspähen von persönlichen Daten und den drohenden Verlust der Privatsphäre nicht.

Humanizing Big Data

Marketing at the Meeting of Data, Social Science and Consumer Insight

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Colin Strong

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 074947212X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 5226

Big data raises more questions than it answers, particularly for those organizations struggling to deal with what has become an overwhelming deluge of data. It can offer marketers more than simple tactical predictive analytics, but organizations need a bigger picture, one that generates some real insight into human behaviour, to drive consumer strategy rather than just better targeting techniques. Humanizing Big Data guides marketing managers, brand managers, strategists and senior executives on how to use big data strategically to redefine customer relationships for better customer engagement and an improved bottom line. Humanizing Big Data provides a detailed understanding of the way to approach and think about the challenges and opportunities of big data, enabling any brand to realize the value of their current and future data assets. First it explores the 'nuts and bolts' of data analytics and the way in which the current big data agenda is in danger of losing credibility by paying insufficient attention to what are often fundamental tenets in any form of analysis. Next it sets out a manifesto for a smart data approach, drawing on an intelligent and big picture view of data analytics that addresses the strategic business challenges that businesses face. Finally it explores the way in which datafication is changing the nature of the relationship between brands and consumers and why this calls for new forms of analytics to support rapidly emerging new business models. After reading this book, any brand should be in a position to make a step change in the value they derive from their data assets.