Beyond the Sociology of Development

Economy and Society in Latin America and Africa

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Author: Ivar Oxaal,Tony Barnett,David Booth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136856935

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7303

Conceived as a response to the economic naïvety and implicit metropolitan bias of many 1950s and 60s studies of ‘the sociology of development’ , this volume, first published in 1975, provides actual field studies and theoretical reviews to indicate the directions which a conceptually more adequate study of developing societies should take. Much of the book reflects strongly the influence of Andre Gunder Frank, but the contributors adopt a critical attitude to his ideas, applying them in empirical situations within such African and American countries as Kenya, Guyana, Tanzania and Peru. Others pursue the lines of enquiry opened up by Latin American theories of economic ‘dependency’ and by the new school of French economic anthropology.

The Sociology Of Development

The Impasse And Beyond

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Author: Ray Kiely

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317821653

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 8372

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Sociology of Development Handbook

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Author: Gregory Hooks

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520277783

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 3406

"This handbook brings together essays by leading contributors to development sociology by addressing intellectual challenges: internal and international migration, transformation of political regimes, globalization, changes in household and family formations, gender dynamics, technological change, population and economic growth, environmental sustainability, peace and war, and the production and reproduction of social and economic inequality. The Sociology of Development Handbook includes essays that reflect the range of debates in development sociology and in the interdisciplinary study and practice of development"--Provided by publisher.

Sociological Theory Beyond the Canon

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Author: Syed Farid Alatas,Vineeta Sinha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137411341

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 2070

This book expands the sociological canon by introducing non-Western and female voices, and subjects the existing canon itself to critique. Including chapters on both the ‘founding fathers’ of sociology and neglected thinkers it highlights the biases of Eurocentrism and androcentrism, while also offering much-needed correctives to them. The authors challenge a dominant account of the development of sociological theory which would have us believe that it was only Western European and later North American white males in the nineteenth and early twentieth century who thought in a creative and systematic manner about the origins and nature of the emerging modernity of their time. This integrated and contextualised account seeks to restructure the ways in which we theorise the emergence of the classical sociological canon. This book’s global scope fills a significant lacuna and provides a unique teaching resource to students of classical sociological theory.

The Sociology of Social Change

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Author: Piotr Sztompka

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631182061

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1411

The sociology of social change has always been the product of times of flux, and the unmatched dynamism of our period is already reflected in the revitalization of theories of change. Piotr Sztompka's aim in this volume is to take stock of and to reappraise the whole legacy of sociological thinking about change, from the classical to the contemporary, providing the intellectual tools necessary for a critical and rational grasp of our own turbulent times. Intended primarily as an advanced textbook for upper-division and graduate students, as well as researchers, this book covers the four grand visions of social and historical change which have dominated the field since the 19th century: the evolutionary, the cyclical, the dialectical, and the post-developmentalist. In so doing, it provides indispensable analytic discussions of the concepts focal to contemporary debates such as social processd, developmentd, progressd, social timed, historical traditiond, modernityd, post-modernity d, and globalizationd.

Beyond Sociology's Tower of Babel

Reconstructing the Scientific Method

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Author: Bernard S. Phillips

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 9780202306650

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 4073

To look outside the discipline of sociology is to find little credibility given to the field as science. Bernard Phillips argues that we are learning to see ever more clearly the contradiction between scientific standards and what in fact has been achieved by sociology. Instead of knowledge based on the full range of our findings, we have separate pieces of knowledge located within the diverse areas of the discipline, and fads and fashions in the ideas and terms we use with relatively little cumulative development. This has led many to question whether any "scientific method" can be applied to human behavior. If the arguments and alternative interpretations in this book on the problematic nature of sociology's use of scientific method prove to be credible and fruitful, then the implications are profound. For example, the conclusions drawn for every single social science study that has ever been conducted would be open to reinterpretation, because they fail to take into account systematically the enormous complexity involved within any given instance of human behavior. Our present approach assumes implicitly that the pieces of the human jigsaw puzzle can at some point be put together so as to yield a coherent picture. Yet, as Phillips shows, if each piece is itself deficient, then no coherent picture emerges when we attempt to put the pieces together. Refusing to take the current fragmentation of sociology as inevitable, Phillips offers a clear vision, through a series of heuristic "web" images, of how sociologists might achieve the cumulative development and credibility that are the hallmarks of any science. His research draws heavily on the works of classical and contemporary theorists, philosophers, and historians of science, as well as on postmodernist critiques and responses to postmodernism. This reconstruction will be useful for courses in method in the study of the classical tradition of sociology. Bernard Phillips was introduced to sociology at Columbia University by C. Wright Mills. A former professor of sociology at Boston University, cofounder of the ASA Section on Sociological Practice and founder of the Sociological Imagination Group, his publications emphasize methodology and theory.

Behind the Development Banks

Washington Politics, World Poverty, and the Wealth of Nations

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Author: Sarah Babb

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226033678

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6677

The World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) carry out their mission to alleviate poverty and promote economic growth based on the advice of professional economists. But as Sarah Babb argues in Behind the Development Banks, these organizations have also been indelibly shaped by Washington politics—particularly by the legislative branch and its power of the purse. Tracing American influence on MDBs over three decades, this volume assesses increased congressional activism and the perpetual “selling” of banks to Congress by the executive branch. Babb contends that congressional reluctance to fund the MDBs has enhanced the influence of the United States on them by making credible America’s threat to abandon the banks if its policy preferences are not followed. At a time when the United States’ role in world affairs is being closely scrutinized, Behind the Development Banks will be necessary reading for anyone interested in how American politics helps determine the fate of developing countries.

Development Theory

Four Critical Studies

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Author: David Lehmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136856161

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 9412

The studies in this book, first published in 1979, offer an all-encompassing contemporary critique of the sociology, politics and economics of development as they are ‘conventionally’ taught and disseminated. They also seek to outline the beginnings of a new approach, while not sparing from criticism the simplistic of contemporary radical theories. The reissue will prove of significant interest to the teaching of development studies at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels.

Beyond the Impasse

New Directions in Development Theory

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Author: Frans J. Schuurman

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856492102

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 233

View: 6439

Development theory in the past decade has met with increasingly heavy criticism. Dependency theories, as well as modes of production and world-system approaches, have come to be considered as internally inconsistent and inadequate for explaining the increasing diversity and unevenness of the Third World. This book confronts the theoretical impasse which many feel has been reached. Development scholars from various disciplines review recent changes in research priorities, procedures and orientations, and detect the emergence of new and diverse lines of theoretical development in the field. In particular, they deal with the important meta-theoretical, political, cultural and ethical questions that have come to the fore.

Government and Rural Development in East Africa

Essays on Political Penetration

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Author: L. Cliffe,J.S. Coleman,M.R. Doornbos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401010307

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 2266

The gestation period of this collection has been lengthy even by academic stan dards. Some of our long-suffering contributors prepared their original drafts for a workshop held in Nairobi in 1967, and although they have all up-dated their contributions they are still essentially reporting on research conducted in the late 1960s. However, we feel that their various findings and analyses of the issues they respectively treat have a continuing validity in our comprehension of the problem of rural development. Other contributions reporting on more recent work have been incorporated at different times since, most of them not commissioned especially for this symposium but all adding something to our understanding of the problem. The slow accumulation of material which makes up this fmal collection parallels an evolution in our own collective thinking, if indeed not that of most students of 'development' over the past decade. The progression has not been towards fmal clarification of the complex and changing East African realities, nor towards formulation of an accepted model for their analysis; rather, it has been marked by the questioning of the initial, somewhat simplistic assumptions with which some of us started out and a continuing debate and widening polar ization of views about the significance of that process of government 'pene tration' of the rural areas which is our focus, about the positive or negative value of 'development' policies in East Africa and, indeed, about the appropri ate theoretical approaches to the study of 'development' in general.

Poverty Capital

Microfinance and the Making of Development

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Author: Ananya Roy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136992499

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7791

Winner of the 2011 Paul Davidoff award! This is a book about poverty but it does not study the poor and the powerless; instead it studies those who manage poverty. It sheds light on how powerful institutions control "capital," or circuits of profit and investment, as well as "truth," or authoritative knowledge about poverty. Such dominant practices are challenged by alternative paradigms of development, and the book details these as well. Using the case of microfinance, the book participates in a set of fierce debates about development – from the role of markets to the secrets of successful pro-poor institutions. Based on many years of research in Washington D.C., Bangladesh, and the Middle East, Poverty Capital also grows out of the author's undergraduate teaching to thousands of students on the subject of global poverty and inequality.

The Sociology Book

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Author: DK

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1465445706

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1560

The Sociology Book from DK is an introduction to the subject that tells you all about what society is and what makes it tick. With more than 100 ideas from the world's most renowned sociologists, covering topics as diverse as the effects of globalization; issues of equality, diversity, identity, and human rights; the role of institutions; and the rise of urban living in modern society, this book details all the key concepts of sociological thought. - Part of an award-winning series that uses an innovative graphic approach and creative use of typography to clarify hard-to-grasp concepts and explain big ideas - Explores sociological theories formulated by more than 100 famous sociologists, from Jane Addams to Sharon Zukin - Easy to navigate step-by-step summaries explain each idea in a nutshell - Biographies of key sociologists and social activists give a historical context to each idea - A directory of social thinkers includes further biographies of sociologists from around the world

Moral Development and Reality

Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman

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Author: John C. Gibbs

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923893

Category: Philosophy

Page: 299

View: 3751

In Moral Development and Reality the author explores moral development through the theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman. The book should find a place not only as classroom reading, but also as a contribution to broader dialogues in the academic community on the question and nature of moral development and behaviour.

The Scholar Denied

W. E. B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology

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Author: Aldon Morris

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520960483

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6247

In this groundbreaking book, Aldon D. Morris’s ambition is truly monumental: to help rewrite the history of sociology and to acknowledge the primacy of W. E. B. Du Bois’s work in the founding of the discipline. Calling into question the prevailing narrative of how sociology developed, Morris, a major scholar of social movements, probes the way in which the history of the discipline has traditionally given credit to Robert E. Park at the University of Chicago, who worked with the conservative black leader Booker T. Washington to render Du Bois invisible. Morris uncovers the seminal theoretical work of Du Bois in developing a "scientific" sociology through a variety of methodologies and examines how the leading scholars of the day disparaged and ignored Du Bois’s work. The Scholar Denied is based on extensive, rigorous primary source research; the book is the result of a decade of research, writing, and revision. In exposing the economic and political factors that marginalized the contributions of Du Bois and enabled Park and his colleagues to be recognized as the "fathers" of the discipline, Morris delivers a wholly new narrative of American intellectual and social history that places one of America’s key intellectuals, W. E. B. Du Bois, at its center. The Scholar Denied is a must-read for anyone interested in American history, racial inequality, and the academy. In challenging our understanding of the past, the book promises to engender debate and discussion.

New Models In Geog

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Author: Richard Peet,Nigel Thrift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134526709

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9812

First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Sociology of Structural Disaster

Beyond Fukushima

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Author: Miwao Matsumoto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138230347

Category:

Page: 272

View: 2067

How and why did credible scientists, engineers, government officials, journalists, and others collectively give rise to a drastic failure to control the threat to the population of the Fukushima disaster? Why was there no effort on the part of inter-organizational networks, well-coordinated in the nuclear village, to prevent the risks from turning into a disaster? This book answers these questions by formulating the concept of "structural disaster" afresh. First, the book presents the path-dependent development of structural disaster through a sociological reformulation of path-dependent mechanisms not only in the context of nuclear energy but also in the context of renewable energy. Secondly, it traces the origins of structural disaster to a secret accident involving standardized military technology immediately before World War II, and opportunistic utilization of the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, thus reconstructing the development of structural disaster within a long-term historical perspective. Maintaining distance from conflicts of interest and cultural essentialisms, this book highlights configurations and mechanisms of structural disasters that are far more persistent, more universal, but less visible, and that have turned risk into suffering. The book seeks to cast light on an important new horizon of the science-technology-society interface in the sociology of science and technology, science and technology studies, the sociology of disaster, the social history of the military-industrial-university complex, and beyond.

Beyond NGO-ization

The Development of Social Movements in Central and Eastern Europe

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Author: Steven Saxonberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317174607

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6309

The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.

Beyond the Science Wars

The Missing Discourse about Science and Society

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Author: Ullica Christina Olofsdotter Segerstråle

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791446188

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 534

Contextualizes the "Science Wars" from interdisciplinary sociological, historical, scientific, political, and cultural perspectives.

Beyond the Nuclear Family

Families in a Configurational Perspective

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Author: Eric Widmer,Riitta Jallinoja

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039117048

Category: Social Science

Page: 401

View: 6240

The importance of significant family contexts that are not easily circumscribed with reference to a household or a limited set of family roles has been underlined throughout the last two decades by researchers. A strong interest for family relationships beyond the nuclear family has emerged in the social sciences. The various contributions to this book develop a configurational approach to families, which emphasizes interdependencies existing among large numbers of family members, and reconsiders some of the central issues of family life in this light: fertility projects, childcare and socialization, monetary transfers across generations and support for the elderly, relationships with grandparents, uncles, aunts and in-laws, gender inequalities, divorce and other family disruptions, and the importance of friends and acquaintances for families. Beyond very real changes affecting the structures of family life since the sixties, the book reveals that basic forms of togetherness still underlie much of what is going on in family configurations.