Beyond the Boycott

Labor Rights, Human Rights, and Transnational Activism

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Author: Gay W. Seidman

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7102

As the world economy becomes increasingly integrated, companies can shift production to wherever wages are lowest and unions weakest. How can workers defend their rights in an era of mobile capital? With national governments forced to compete for foreign investment by rolling back legal protections for workers, fair trade advocates are enlisting consumers to put market pressure on companies to treat their workers fairly. In Beyond the Boycott, sociologist Gay Seidman asks whether this non-governmental approach can reverse the "race to the bottom" in global labor standards. Beyond the Boycott examines three campaigns in which activists successfully used the threat of a consumer boycott to pressure companies to accept voluntary codes of conduct and independent monitoring of work sites. The voluntary Sullivan Code required American corporations operating in apartheid-era South Africa to improve treatment of their workers; in India, the Rugmark inspection team provides 'social labels' for handknotted carpets made without child labor; and in Guatemala, COVERCO monitors conditions in factories producing clothing under contract for major American brands. Seidman compares these cases to explore the ingredients of successful campaigns, as well as the inherent limitations facing voluntary monitoring schemes. Despite activists' emphasis on educating individual consumers to support ethical companies, Seidman finds that, in practice, they have been most successful when they mobilized institutions—such as universities, churches, and shareholder organizations. Moreover, although activists tend to dismiss states' capabilities, all three cases involved governmental threats of trade sanctions against companies and countries with poor labor records. Finally, Seidman points to an intractable difficulty of independent workplace monitoring: since consumers rarely distinguish between monitoring schemes and labels, companies can hand pick monitoring organizations, selecting those with the lowest standards for working conditions and the least aggressive inspections. Transnational consumer movements can increase the bargaining power of the global workforce, Seidman argues, but they cannot replace national governments or local campaigns to expand the meaning of citizenship. As trade and capital move across borders in growing volume and with greater speed, civil society and human rights movements are also becoming more global. Highly original and thought-provoking, Beyond the Boycott vividly depicts the contemporary movement to humanize globalization—its present and its possible future. A Volume in the American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology

Beyond Boycotts

Sport during the Cold War in Europe

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Author: Philippe Vonnard,Nicola Sbetti,Grégory Quin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110526735

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 6060

Sport during Cold War has recently begun to be studied in more depth. Some scholars have edited a book about the US and Soviet sport diplomacy and show ow the government of these two countries have used sport during this period, notably as a tool of "soft power" during the Olympic games. Our goal is to continue in this direction and to focus more on the sport field as a place of exchanges during the Cold War. Regarding this point, our aim is to show that there were events "beyond boycotts"many and that unknown connections existed inside sport. Morevoer, many actors were involved in these exchanges. Thus, it is important not only to focus on the action of States, but also on private actors (international sporting bodies and journalists), considering that they acted around sport (an "apolitic" field) as it was tool to maintain links between the two blocs. Our project offers a good opportunity for young scholars to present original research based on new materials (notably the use of institutional or personals archives). Morevoer, it is also a step forward with a view to conduct research within a global history paradigm, one that is still underused in sport academic fields.

Beyond the boycotts

financing local government in the post-apartheid era

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Author: Terence Corrigan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Local finance

Page: 60

View: 8677

Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions

The Global Struggle for Palestinian Rights

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Author: Omar Barghouti

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608461157

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7906

"Barghouti is the future. He is intelligent, empowered, and non-violent. He is completely impressive. It would help Americans to see such a picture of Palestinian political engagement, when they have such a distorted image of who Palestinians are. Some day they will know him."—Phillip Weiss, author of Mondoweiss: The War of Ideas in the Middle East THIRTY YEARS ago, an international movement utilizing boycott, divestment, and sanction (BDS) tactics rose in solidarity with those suffering under the brutal apartheid regime of South Africa. The historic acts of BDS activists from around the world isolated South Africa as a pariah state and heralded the end of apartheid. Now, as awareness of the apartheid nature of the State of Israel continues to grow, Omar Barghouti, founding member of the Palestinian Civil Society Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel, presents a renewed call to action. Aimed at forcing the State of Israel to uphold international law and universal human rights for the Palestinian people, here is a manifesto for change. “No one has done more to build the intellectual, legal and moral case for BDS than Omar Barghouti. The global Palestinian solidarity movement has been transformed and is on the cusp of major new breakthroughs.” —Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine and No Logo “I commend this excellent book by Omar Barghouti…BDS is a call to refuse to be silent in the face of military occupation of the Palestinian people by the Israeli regime, apartheid, and colonialism. BDS is a nonviolent way in which each of us and our governments can follow our conscience and rightful moral and legal responsibility and act now to save Palestinian lives by demanding that the Israeli apartheid regime give justice and equality to all." —Mairead Maguire, Nobel Peace Laureate (1976)

Beyond the Handshake

Multilateral Cooperation in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1991-1996

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Author: Dalia Dassa Kaye

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505329

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1001

Arabs and Israelis have battled one another in political and military arenas, seemingly continuously, for some fifty years. The 1991 Madrid Peace Conference sought to change this pattern, launching bilateral and multilateral tracks in the Arab-Israeli peace process. As a result, a broad group of Arab states sat down with Israel and began to cooperate on a wide range of regional issues in what became known as the Middle East multilaterals. Yet why did enemies reluctant even to recognize one another choose to cooperate on regional problems? And once this process began, what drove the parties to continue such cooperation or, in some cases, halt their cooperative efforts? Beyond the Handshake addresses these fundamental questions, exploring the origins of the multilaterals and the development of multilateral cooperation in the areas of arms control and regional security, economic development, water management, and the environment. Dalia Dassa Kaye, challenging conventional concepts of cooperation, argues that multilateral cooperation in the Middle East must be appreciated as a process of interaction rather than solely as a set of outcomes. Presenting theoretical insights of value to students of regional and international relations, Beyond the Handshake provides a unique look at the evolving nature of Arab-Israeli relations and exposes the foundation the multilateral peace process laid for future regional cooperation in the Middle East.

Effects of the Arab League Boycott of Israel on U. S. Businesses

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Author: Constance A. Hamilton

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788115561

Category:

Page: 77

View: 8932

An estimate of the economic effects of the Arab League boycott of Israel on U.S. businesses. Also examines the effects of the secondary and tertiary levels of implementation of the boycott. 16 charts and tables.

A City in Turmoil – Dublin 1919–1921

The War of Independence

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Author: Pádraig Yeates

Publisher: Gill & Macmillan Ltd

ISBN: 0717154637

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 532

Dublin was the cockpit of the Irish Revolution. It was in the capital that Dáil Éireann convened and built an alternative government to challenge the authority of Dublin Castle; it was where the munitions strike that crippled the British war effort in 1920 began and it was where rival intelligence organisations played out their deadly game of cat and mouse. But it was also a city where ambushes became a daily occurrence and ordinary civilians were caught in the deadly crossfire. Restrictions on travel, military curfews and the threat of internment would ultimately make normal life impossible. As in his previous work, A City in Wartime,Pádraig Yeates uncovers unknown and neglected aspects of the Irish Revolution, including the role that the Bank of Ireland played in keeping the city solvent, the rise of the Municipal Reform Association to challenge the hegemony of Sinn Féin and Labour, how one of Ireland's leading businessmen started out as a bagman for Michael Collins and how, ultimately, many Dubliners found it easier to sympathise with the fight for the Republic than participate in or pay for it.

Beyond the Fields

Cesar Chavez, the UFW, and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century

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Author: Randy Shaw

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520268040

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 7699

Describes the social changes Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers of America helped accomplish that have endured in the twenty-first century, including the building of Latino political power and the fight for environmental justice.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Integrating Public Buses

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Author: Jake Miller

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780823962518

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 306

Depicts how the black community of Montgomery, Alabama, staged the 1955 boycott to end segregation on public buses, discussing the struggle in the context of the Civil Rights Movement.

The Water's Edge and Beyond

Defining the Limits to Domestic Influence on United States Middle East Policy

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Author: Mitchell Geoffrey Bard

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412839617

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 3019

One of the most commonly held notions in American politics is that American Jews have a great deal of influence on U.S. foreign policy. Some influential Americans have even argued that Jewish-Americans control American policy in the Middle East to the detriment of the national interest. Such views are readily accepted by leaders of the Arab world, and influence their own policies, perspectives, and lobbying activities. How accurate is this assessment? This study provides the most thorough analysis to date of the Israeli and Arab lobbies, their effectiveness, and the impact they exerted on the American political process from 1945 onward. Bard examines the reasons for the acknowledged effectiveness of Israeli lobbying efforts, and the relative ineffectiveness of Arab lobbies, and compares and contrasts their approaches. He shows that lobby - influence is constrained by a number of variables, including the President's own position on the issues, the specific policy content of an issue, the election cycle, the popularity of a President, and where decision-making authority resides. Using case studies, a thorough knowledge of political theory, and sophisticated quantitative analysis, Bard presents a study that will be of interest to all those concerned about Middle East policy, interest groups, and foreign policy decision-making. Above all, it will compel a retreat from stereotypical thinking about the Jewish "lobby" and the function of lobbies in general.

Beyond the Ivory Tower

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Author: Derek Curtis BOK

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674068988

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 586

The president of Harvard University explores the ethical and social responsibilities and issues facing the modern university and discusses the response of the university to its obligations to society

Israel and the Palestinian Refugee Issue

The Formulation of a Policy, 1948-1956

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Author: Jacob Tovy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317810775

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 4389

Examining the development of Israel’s policy toward the Palestinian refugee issue, this book spans the period following the first Arab-Israeli War until the mid-1950s, when the basic principles of Israel’s policy were finalized. Israel and the Palestinian Refugee Issue outlines and analyzes the various aspects that, together, created the mosaic of the "refugee problem" with which Israel has since had to contend. These aspects include issues of repatriation, resettlement, compensation, blocked bank accounts, internal refugees and family reunification. Drawing on extensive archival research, this book uses documents from Israeli government meetings, from the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee and files from the office of the Prime Minister’s advisor on Arab affairs to address the many diverse aspects of this topic, and will be essential reading for academics and researchers with an interest in Israel, the Middle East, and political science more broadly.

Better Day Coming

Blacks and Equality, 1890-2000

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Author: Adam Fairclough

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440684162

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3356

From the end of postwar Reconstruction in the South to an analysis of the rise and fall of Black Power, acclaimed historian Adam Fairclough presents a straightforward synthesis of the century-long struggle of black Americans to achieve civil rights and equality in the United States. Beginning with Ida B. Wells and the campaign against lynching in the 1890s, Fairclough chronicles the tradition of protest that led to the formation of the NAACP, Booker T. Washington and the strategy of accommodation, Marcus Garvey and the push for black nationalism, through to Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and beyond. Throughout, Fairclough presents a judicious interpretation of historical events that balances the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement against the persistence of racial and economic inequalities.

Consumer Boycotts

Effecting Change Through the Marketplace and Media

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Author: Monroe Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135960429

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1492

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

From Boycott to Economic Cooperation

The Political Economy of the Arab Boycott of Israel

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Author: Gil Feiler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135228345

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 9440

A study of the Arab economic boycott of Israel. This title includes the evolution and development of the boycott, and examines aspects such as theory, practice and legality of the longest-lasting example of economic sanctions in the 20th century.

In Iberia and Beyond

Hispanic Jews Between Cultures : Proceedings of a Symposium to Mark the 500th Anniversary of the Expulsion of Spanish Jewry

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Author: Bernard Dov Cooperman

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 9780874136012

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 3636

"This collection of articles is an attempt to get at the complexities of Sephardic history by bringing together scholars who approach the topic from quite different points of view and quite different methodologies. It includes twelve essays selected from those presented at a conference at the University of Maryland to mark the 500th anniversary of the expulsion of Jews from Spain." "The papers range chronologically from the eleventh to seventeenth centuries, and geographically from Spain to Italy and the Low Countries."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Boycotts, Buses, and Passes

Black Women's Resistance in the U.S. South and South Africa

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Author: Pamela E. Brooks

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9781558496781

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9825

A comparative history of the liberation struggles of black women in two countries

The Middle East Oil Decade and Beyond

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Author: Gad G. Gilbar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135248508

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 6250

This study of fundamental aspects of the oil decade examines the influence of oil production, export and revenues on domestic, regional and international relations. It highlights the expansion of higher education in the Arab world, and the increase in demand for industrial and consumer goods.

Boycotts Busing and Beyond

The History and Implications of School Desegregation in the Urban North

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Author: DUNN; RONNIE A.,WHYTE; DONNA M.,JAMES L. HARDIMAN

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781465298881

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1711