Beyond Post-Zionism

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Author: Eran Kaplan

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 143845435X

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 9326

Comprehensive and critical analysis of the post-Zionist debates and their impact on various aspects of Israeli culture. Post-Zionism emerged as an intellectual and cultural movement in the late 1980s when a growing number of people inside and outside academia felt that Zionism, as a political ideology, had outlived its usefulness. The post-Zionist critique attempted to expose the core tenets of Zionist ideology and the way this ideology was used, to justify a series of violent or unjust actions by the Zionist movement, making the ideology of Zionism obsolete. In Beyond Post-Zionism Eran Kaplan explores how this critique emerged from the important social and economic changes Israel had undergone in previous decades, primarily the transition from collectivism to individualism and from socialism to the free market. Kaplan looks critically at some of the key post-Zionist arguments (the orientalist and colonial nature of Zionism) and analyzes the impact of post-Zionist thought on various aspects (literary, cinematic) of Israeli culture. He also explores what might emerge, after the political and social turmoil of the last decade, as an alternative to post-Zionism and as a definition of Israeli and Zionist political thought in the twenty-first century.

Judaistik im Wandel

Ein halbes Jahrhundert Forschung und Lehre über das Judentum in Deutschland

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Author: Andreas Lehnardt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110523477

Category: Religion

Page: 245

View: 7665

Nach wie vor existieren sehr unterschiedliche Konzepte und Vorstellungen von Studiengängen und Lehrangeboten, die einen Zugang zu dem kulturell wie geistesgeschichtlich so bedeutsamem wie vielschichtigen Phänomen Judentum vermitteln wollen. Dabei stößt in Deutschland die wissenschaftliche, in einen universitären Rahmen eingebundene Beschäftigung mit dem jüdischer Geschichte, Literatur, Religion und Kultur nach wie vor auf ein breites Interesse, und die Notwendigkeit der Aufarbeitung der jüdischen Geschichte wird erkannt und breit gefördert. Wie die Gründung zahlreicher judaistischer Institute und die Schaffung von Lehrstühlen und Studiengängen an verschiedenen Universitäten im deutschsprachigen Raum belegt, ist die Nachfrage nach fundierter Vermittlung und Forschung zu jüdischen Themen nach wie vor groß, auch wenn mancherorts auch schon ein Rückgang an Förderung und Interesse zu beobachten ist und die Stellung der Kleinen Fächer an größeren Fakultäten in Frage gestellt wird. Der vorliegende Band stellt unterschiedliche Positionen zur Relevanz und universitätspolitischen Verortung der wissenschaftlichen Beschäftigung mit dem Judentum zusammen.

Signatures of Struggle

The Figuration of Collectivity in Israeli Fiction

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Author: Oded Nir

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438472439

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 7596

A Marxist history of Israeli literature, tracing the relations between economic, social, and aesthetic transformations. Signatures of Struggle offers a unique perspective on Israeli literature, bringing Marxist cultural critique to bear on a field from which it has hitherto been absent. Oded Nir moves beyond the dominant interpretive horizon of Israeli literary criticism: the relation of literature to national ideology. Rather than reproducing the usual narrative in which fiction resists the nation’s goals, Nir demonstrates how, in each historical moment, literary engagement with national ideology is a means to think through social tensions or contradictions internal to Israeli society—to solve in imagination problems that threaten the social order. Focusing on moments of transformation, Nir argues that the 1950s crisis of realism was the result of the failure, rather than the success, of the collective transformative project of the haluzim, the settler vanguard of Zionism. In the 1980s, the postmodern turn expressed a crisis of social imagination, whose origin was the incorporation of Palestinians into the Israeli economy after the 1967 war. Finally, he shows that the ways in which history is imaginatively reworked in contemporary Israeli fiction can only be understood through the context of 1950s and 1980s literature. Authors analyzed include Yigal Mossinsohn, Nathan Shaham, Hanoch Bartov, Yehudit Hendel, Orly Castel-Bloom, Yehudit Katzir, David Grossman, Yehoshua Kenaz, and Batya Gur. “Nir’s mastery of relevant studies on Hebrew literature is impressive, as is his erudition when it comes to theoretical works. His textual analyses are insightful and original. The book makes a tremendous contribution to literary scholarship, but it is also one of the most important contributions to the entire field of Israel studies in this century.” — Eran Kaplan, author of Beyond Post-Zionism “This is a well-written, brilliantly conceptualized project. I have little doubt it will change the way Zionist historiography and the history of Hebrew literature will be discussed.” — Nitzan Lebovic, author of Zionism and Melancholy: The Short Life of Israel Zarchi

Politics and Government in Israel

The Maturation of a Modern State

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Author: Gregory S. Mahler

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 144226537X

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 1469

This balanced and comprehensive text explores Israeli government and politics from both institutional and behavioral perspectives. After briefly discussing Israel’s history and the early development of the state, Gregory Mahler then examines the social, religious, economic, cultural, and military contexts within which Israeli politics takes place. He makes special note of Israel’s geopolitical situation of sharing borders with, and being proximate to, several hostile Arab nations. The book explains the operation of political institutions and behavior in Israeli domestic politics, including the constitutional system and ideology, parliamentary government, the prime minister and the Knesset, political parties and interest groups, the electoral process and voting behavior, and the machinery of government. Mahler also considers Israel’s foreign policy setting and apparatus, the Palestinians and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the particularly sensitive questions of Jerusalem and the Israeli settlement movement, and the Middle East peace process overall. This clear and concise text provides an invaluable starting point for all readers needing a cogent introduction to Israel today.

Sovereign Jews

Israel, Zionism, and Judaism

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Author: Yaacov Yadgar

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438465335

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 6597

Offers a novel exploration of the relationship between religion and the state in Israel. The question of Jewish sovereignty shapes Jewish identity in Israel, the status of non-Jews, and relations between Israeli and Diaspora Jews, yet its consequences remain enigmatic. In Sovereign Jews, Yaacov Yadgar highlights the shortcomings of mainstream discourse and offers a novel explanation of Zionist ideology and the Israeli polity. Yadgar argues that secularism’s presumed binary pitting religion against politics is illusory. He shows that the key to understanding this alleged dichotomy is Israel’s interest in maintaining its sovereignty as the nation-state of Jews. This creates a need to mark a majority of the population as Jews and to distinguish them from non-Jews. Coupled with the failure to formulate a viable alternative national identity (either “Hebrew” or “Israeli”), it leads the ostensibly secular state to apply a narrow interpretation of Jewish religion as a political tool for maintaining a Jewish majority. “This book makes an important contribution to the study of Zionist ideology and the relationship between state and religion in Israel. As the author shows rather convincingly, Zionism and the State of Israel needed the Jewish tradition to supply meaning to their political-theological project. This is a fascinating argument that expands our critical understanding of the ideological foundations of the Jewish national movement.” — Eran Kaplan, author of Beyond Post-Zionism

The Challenge of Post-Zionism

Alternatives to Fundamentalist Politics in Israel

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Author: Ephraim Nimni

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856498944

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 642

This volume presents the emerging debate, known as Post-Zionism, about the future and characteristics of Israel. Its contributors include some of its main protagonists, Israeli citizens of Jewish and Palestinian background. They explore Post-Zionism's meanings, ambiguities, and prospects, and place it in its political context as Israeli society seems to be reaching an ideological crossroads. They also put forward criticisms of post-Zionism, and explore its implications for "out" groups, including Palestinians, Israeli women, and Jewish people living outside Israel.

Nationalism, Zionism and ethnic mobilization of the Jews in 1900 and beyond [electronic resource]

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Author: Michael Berkowitz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004131842

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 6405

European, US, and Israeli historians and social scientists try to skirt the political controversies involved in the origin of Israel to offer academic perspectives on Jewish nationalism, of which Zionism comprised a prominent alternative beginning in the late 19th century. They look in particular at aspects that have been undervalued in examining J.

Post-Zionism, Post-Holocaust

Three Essays on Denial, Forgetting, and the Delegitimation of Israel

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Author: Elhanan Yakira

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521111102

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 8024

This book contains three essays that examine three forms of anti-Zionism and their use of the Holocaust to delegitimize Israel.

Mein gelobtes Land

Triumph und Tragödie Israels

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Author: Ari Shavit

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641148219

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 3272

Die große Geschichte Israels Der renommierte Journalist Ari Shavit sieht Israel in einer halt- und ausweglosen Lage: als jüdisch-westlicher Staat in einer arabisch-islamischen (Um-)Welt seit seiner Gründung in der Existenz bedroht, andererseits Okkupationsmacht über ein anderes, das palästinensische Volk. Der Innovationskraft und Lebensfreude seiner Menschen stehen ein bröckelndes Gemeinwesen, zermürbende Konflikte, militärische Scheinerfolge und der Verlust internationalen Ansehens gegenüber. Was als gemeinschaftlicher hoffnungsfroher Aufbruch begann, insbesondere nach den Schrecken des Holocausts, der gemeinsame Bau von Eretz Israel, ist heute allgemeiner Desillusion und Desintegration gewichen. Shavit erzählt, zunächst auf den Spuren seines zionistischen Urgroßvaters, eine sehr persönliche Geschichte Israels während der letzten anderthalb Jahrhunderte, von Erfolgen im steten Überlebenskampf, aber auch von schuldbehafteter Tragik und unübersehbarem Niedergang.

Ethnicity and Beyond

Theories and Dilemmas of Jewish Group Demarcation

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Author: Eli Lederhendler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199842353

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1149

Volume XXV of the distinguished annual Studies in Contemporary Jewry explores new understandings and approaches to Jewish "ethnicity." In current parlance regarding multicultural diversity, Jews are often considered to belong socially to the "majority," whereas "otherness" is reserved for "minorities." But these group labels and their meanings have changed over time. This volume analyzes how "ethnic," "ethnicity," and "identity" have been applied to Jews, past and present, individually and collectively. Most of the symposium papers on the ethnicity of Jewish people and the social groups they form draw heavily on the case of American Jews, while others offer wider geographical perspectives. Contributors address ex-Soviet Jews in Philadelphia, comparing them to a similar population in Tel Aviv; Communism and ethnicity; intermarriage and group blending; American Jewish dialogue; and German Jewish migration in the interwar decades. Leading academics, employing a variety of social scientific methods and historical paradigms, propose to enhance the clarity of definitions used to relate "ethnic identity" to the Jews. They point to ethnic experience in a variety of different social manifestations: language use in social context, marital behavior across generations, spatial and occupational differentiation in relation to other members of society, and new immigrant communities as sub-ethnic units within larger Jewish populations. They also ponder the relevance of individual experience and preference as compared to the weight of larger socializing factors. Taken as a whole, this work offers revisionist views on the utility of terms like "Jewish ethnicity" that were given wider scope by scholars in the 1960s, '70s, and '80s.

Queer Theory and the Jewish Question

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Author: Daniel Boyarin,Daniel Itzkovitz,Ann Pellegrini

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231508956

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 464

View: 1411

The essays in this volume boldly map the historically resonant intersections between Jewishness and queerness, between homophobia and anti-Semitism, and between queer theory and theorizations of Jewishness. With important essays by such well-known figures in queer and gender studies as Judith Butler, Daniel Boyarin, Marjorie Garber, Michael Moon, and Eve Sedgwick, this book is not so much interested in revealing—outing—"queer Jews" as it is in exploring the complex social arrangements and processes through which modern Jewish and homosexual identities emerged as traces of each other during the last two hundred years.

Postzionism

A Reader

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Author: Laurence Jay Silberstein

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813543479

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 7820

Postzionism first emerged in the mid-1980s in writings by historians and social scientists that challenged the dominant academic versions of Israeli history, society, and national identity. Subsequently, this critique was expanded and sharpened in the writings of philosophers, cultural critics, legal scholars, and public intellectuals. This reader provides a broad spectrum of innovative and highly controversial views on Zionism and its place in the global Jewish world of the twenty-first century. While not questioning Israel's legitimacy as a state, many contributors argue that it has yet to become a fully democratic, pluralistic state in which power is shared among all of its citizens. Essays explore current attitudes about Jewish homeland and diaspora as well as the ways that zionist discourse contributes to the marginalization and exclusion of such minority communities as Palestinian citizens, Jews of Middle-Eastern origin (Mizrahim), women, and the queer community. An introductory essay describes Postzionism and contextualizes each contribution within the broader discourse. The most complete collection of postzionist documents available in English, this anthology is essential reading for students and scholars of Jewish identity, Middle-Eastern conflict, and Israeli history.

The Postzionism Debates

Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture

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Author: Laurence J. Silberstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113666386X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9046

The struggle for postzionism is a conflict over national memory and the control of cultural and physical space. Laurence J. Silberstein analyzes the phenomenon of postzionism and provides an intervention into this debate.

The Land Beyond Promise

Israel, Likud and the Zionist Dream

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Author: Colin Shindler

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860647741

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 7898

This book is an historically informed assessment of the Likud both in and out of government up until 2001, and the Zionism that is central to their ideology. Colin Shindler examines the political and ideological history of Zionism as presented by the Likud, and looks beyond propaganda and myths of left and right. In doing so, Shindler provides a fascinating background essential to understanding the current crisis and possible outcomes between Israeli and Palestinian territories.

Nativism, Zionism, and Beyond

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Author: Hannan Hever

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780815681809

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 81

View: 7843

Readings of Hebrew poetry by a leading critic who is associated with post-Zionist thought.

Hannah Arendt in Jerusalem

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Author: Steven E. Aschheim

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520220577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 428

View: 651

"It is impressive to see an edited collection in which such a high intellectual standard is maintained throughout... I learned things from almost every one of these chapters."--Craig Calhoun, author of Critical Social Theory

A History of Zionism

From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel

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Author: Walter Laqueur

Publisher: Schocken

ISBN: 030753085X

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 567

From one of the most distinguished historians of our time comes the definitive general history of the Zionist movement.