Beyond Boycotts

Sport during the Cold War in Europe

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Author: Philippe Vonnard,Nicola Sbetti,Grégory Quin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110526735

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 7214

Sport during Cold War has recently begun to be studied in more depth. Some scholars have edited a book about the US and Soviet sport diplomacy and show ow the government of these two countries have used sport during this period, notably as a tool of "soft power" during the Olympic games. Our goal is to continue in this direction and to focus more on the sport field as a place of exchanges during the Cold War. Regarding this point, our aim is to show that there were events "beyond boycotts"many and that unknown connections existed inside sport. Morevoer, many actors were involved in these exchanges. Thus, it is important not only to focus on the action of States, but also on private actors (international sporting bodies and journalists), considering that they acted around sport (an "apolitic" field) as it was tool to maintain links between the two blocs. Our project offers a good opportunity for young scholars to present original research based on new materials (notably the use of institutional or personals archives). Morevoer, it is also a step forward with a view to conduct research within a global history paradigm, one that is still underused in sport academic fields.

Beyond the Boycott

Labor Rights, Human Rights, and Transnational Activism

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Author: Gay W. Seidman

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 1656

As the world economy becomes increasingly integrated, companies can shift production to wherever wages are lowest and unions weakest. How can workers defend their rights in an era of mobile capital? With national governments forced to compete for foreign investment by rolling back legal protections for workers, fair trade advocates are enlisting consumers to put market pressure on companies to treat their workers fairly. In Beyond the Boycott, sociologist Gay Seidman asks whether this non-governmental approach can reverse the “race to the bottom” in global labor standards. Beyond the Boycott examines three campaigns in which activists successfully used the threat of a consumer boycott to pressure companies to accept voluntary codes of conduct and independent monitoring of work sites. The voluntary Sullivan Code required American corporations operating in apartheid-era South Africa to improve treatment of their workers; in India, the Rugmark inspection team provides ‘social labels’ for handknotted carpets made without child labor; and in Guatemala, COVERCO monitors conditions in factories producing clothing under contract for major American brands. Seidman compares these cases to explore the ingredients of successful campaigns, as well as the inherent limitations facing voluntary monitoring schemes. Despite activists’ emphasis on educating individual consumers to support ethical companies, Seidman finds that, in practice, they have been most successful when they mobilized institutions—such as universities, churches, and shareholder organizations. Moreover, although activists tend to dismiss states’ capabilities, all three cases involved governmental threats of trade sanctions against companies and countries with poor labor records. Finally, Seidman points to an intractable difficulty of independent workplace monitoring: since consumers rarely distinguish between monitoring schemes and labels, companies can hand pick monitoring organizations, selecting those with the lowest standards for working conditions and the least aggressive inspections. Transnational consumer movements can increase the bargaining power of the global workforce, Seidman argues, but they cannot replace national governments or local campaigns to expand the meaning of citizenship. As trade and capital move across borders in growing volume and with greater speed, civil society and human rights movements are also becoming more global. Highly original and thought-provoking, Beyond the Boycott vividly depicts the contemporary movement to humanize globalization—its present and its possible future. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology

Consumer Boycotts

Effecting Change Through the Marketplace and Media

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Author: Monroe Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135960429

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9988

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Globalization and NGOs

Transforming Business, Government, and Society

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Author: Jonathan P. Doh,Hildy Teegen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567204995

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 4440

Doh and Teegen show how government officials and corporate officers can maximize their cooperation and collaboration with NGOs.

Beyond the Boycott

Labor Rights, Human Rights, and Transnational Activism

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Author: Gay W. Seidman

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7125

As the world economy becomes increasingly integrated, companies can shift production to wherever wages are lowest and unions weakest. How can workers defend their rights in an era of mobile capital? With national governments forced to compete for foreign investment by rolling back legal protections for workers, fair trade advocates are enlisting consumers to put market pressure on companies to treat their workers fairly. In Beyond the Boycott, sociologist Gay Seidman asks whether this non-governmental approach can reverse the “race to the bottom” in global labor standards. Beyond the Boycott examines three campaigns in which activists successfully used the threat of a consumer boycott to pressure companies to accept voluntary codes of conduct and independent monitoring of work sites. The voluntary Sullivan Code required American corporations operating in apartheid-era South Africa to improve treatment of their workers; in India, the Rugmark inspection team provides ‘social labels’ for handknotted carpets made without child labor; and in Guatemala, COVERCO monitors conditions in factories producing clothing under contract for major American brands. Seidman compares these cases to explore the ingredients of successful campaigns, as well as the inherent limitations facing voluntary monitoring schemes. Despite activists’ emphasis on educating individual consumers to support ethical companies, Seidman finds that, in practice, they have been most successful when they mobilized institutions—such as universities, churches, and shareholder organizations. Moreover, although activists tend to dismiss states’ capabilities, all three cases involved governmental threats of trade sanctions against companies and countries with poor labor records. Finally, Seidman points to an intractable difficulty of independent workplace monitoring: since consumers rarely distinguish between monitoring schemes and labels, companies can hand pick monitoring organizations, selecting those with the lowest standards for working conditions and the least aggressive inspections. Transnational consumer movements can increase the bargaining power of the global workforce, Seidman argues, but they cannot replace national governments or local campaigns to expand the meaning of citizenship. As trade and capital move across borders in growing volume and with greater speed, civil society and human rights movements are also becoming more global. Highly original and thought-provoking, Beyond the Boycott vividly depicts the contemporary movement to humanize globalization—its present and its possible future. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology

Unequal Freedoms

The Global Market as an Ethical System

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Author: John McMurtry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781551930039

Category: Competition

Page: 409

View: 8835

Published Under the Garamond Imprint The intelligent citizen's complete guide to the theory and practice of the global market.

Assuming Boycott

Resistance, Agency, and Cultural Production

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Author: Kareem Estefan,Carin Kuoni,Laura Raicovich

Publisher: OR Books

ISBN: 1682190935

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 6691

Boycott and divestment are essential tools for activists around the globe. Today’s organizers target museums, universities, corporations, and governments to curtail unethical sources of profit, discriminatory practices, or human rights violations. They leverage cultural production – and challenge its institutional supports – helping transform situations in the name of social justice. The refusal to participate in an oppressive system has long been one of the most powerful weapons in the organizer’s arsenal. Since the days of the 19th century Irish land wars, when Irish tenant farmers defied the actions of Captain Charles Boycott and English landlords, “boycott” has been a method that’s shown its effectiveness time and again. In the 20th century, it notably played central roles in the liberation of India and South Africa and the struggle for civil rights in the U.S.: the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott is generally seen as a turning point in the movement against segregation. Assuming Boycott is the essential reader for today’s creative leaders and cultural practitioners, including original contributions by artists, scholars, activists, critics, curators and writers who examine the historical precedent of South Africa; the current cultural boycott of Israel; freedom of speech and self-censorship; and long-distance activism. Far from withdrawal or cynicism, boycott emerges as a productive tool of creative and productive engagement. Including essays by Nasser Abourahme, Ariella Azoulay, Tania Bruguera, Noura Erakat, Kareem Estefan, Mariam Ghani with Haig Aivazian, Nathan Gray and Ahmet Öğüt, Chelsea Haines, Sean Jacobs, Yazan Khalili, Carin Kuoni and Laura Raicovich, Svetlana Mintcheva, Naeem Mohaiemen, Hlonipha Mokoena, John Peffer, Joshua Simon, Ann Laura Stoler, Radhika Subramaniam, Eyal Weizman and Kareem Estefan, and Frank B. Wilderson III.

The Corridor of Certainty

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Author: Geoffrey Boycott

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1471130037

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 6176

Twelve years ago, Geoffrey Boycott received the diagnosis that tore his world apart: he had cancer of the tongue. Having faced down the fastest bowlers during his career as one of England's greatest-ever batsmen, he now had to take on an even more daunting foe. In this fascinating new book, his first autobiographical work for more than 15 years, Boycott not only relives his terrifying battle with cancer but also opens up about the personal side of his life as never before, writing movingly about his long-time love Rachael, and their daughter Emma. He talks about his many other interests and friendships beyond cricket, with a moving chapter on Brian Clough as well as revealing some surprising enthusiasms: Boycott and Katy Perry? But Boycott has devoted his life to cricket, and his insights on the game, its players and those who write and talk about it are never less than frank, revealing, entertaining and very honest. Following the death of Tony Greig, Boycott returns to the subject of the Packer 'revolution' to ask how much it really changed things, and he assesses the modern generation of players: how does he rate England's prolific captain Alastair Cook? And is Kevin Pietersen a batting genius or a player who has frittered away his talent? His opinions come with the authority of someone with profound knowledge of and love for the sport. In commentary, he refers to the 'corridor of uncertainty' for a batsman - but with Geoffrey Boycott there is never any room for that, which is why this book is such a compelling and entertaining read.

Effects of the Arab League Boycott of Israel on U. S. Businesses

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Author: Constance A. Hamilton

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788115561

Category:

Page: 77

View: 8098

An estimate of the economic effects of the Arab League boycott of Israel on U.S. businesses. Also examines the effects of the secondary and tertiary levels of implementation of the boycott. 16 charts and tables.

Beyond the Fields

Cesar Chavez, the UFW, and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century

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Author: Randy Shaw

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520268040

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5003

Describes the social changes Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers of America helped accomplish that have endured in the twenty-first century, including the building of Latino political power and the fight for environmental justice.

The Case Against Academic Boycotts of Israel

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Author: Cary Nelson,Gabriel Noah Brahm

Publisher: Mla Members for Scholar's Rights

ISBN: 9780990331605

Category: Education

Page: 549

View: 5486

The first collection to take critical look at the international movement to boycott Israel.

BDS

Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions : the Global Struggle for Palestinian Rights

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Author: Omar Barghouti

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608461149

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 1297

From 'Operation Cast Lead' to the recent assault on the Gaza flotilla, both the severity and the notoriety of Israel's many human rights abuses have begun to seep into the public consciousness and convince a growing international audience of the apartheid nature of Israel as a Jewish state. Boycott, divestment and sanctions efforts (BDS) helped topple South Africa's brutal apartheid regime. In this timely collection, Palestinian writer Omar Barghouti makes the case for a renewed campaign to force the state of Israel to uphold international law and universal human rights.

Pies from Nowhere: How Georgia Gilmore Sustained the Montgomery Bus Boycott

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Author: Dee Romito

Publisher: little bee books

ISBN: 9781499807202

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 2898

This stunning picture book looks into the life of Georgia Gilmore, a hidden figure of history who played a critical role in the civil rights movement and used her passion for baking to help the Montgomery Bus Boycott achieve its goal. Georgia decided to help the best way she knew how. She worked together with a group of women and together they purchased the supplies they needed-bread, lettuce, and chickens. And off they went to cook. The women brought food to the mass meetings that followed at the church. They sold sandwiches. They sold dinners in their neighborhoods. As the boycotters walked and walked, Georgia cooked and cooked. Georgia Gilmore was a cook at the National Lunch Company in Montgomery, Alabama. When the bus boycotts broke out in Montgomery after Rosa Parks was arrested, Georgia knew just what to do. She organized a group of women who cooked and baked to fund-raise for gas and cars to help sustain the boycott. Called the Club from Nowhere, Georgia was the only person who knew who baked and bought the food, and she said the money came from "nowhere" to anyone who asked. When Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for his role in the boycott, Georgia testified on his behalf, and her home became a meeting place for civil rights leaders. This picture book highlights a hidden figure of the civil rights movement who fueled the bus boycotts and demonstrated that one person can make a real change in her community and beyond. It also includes one of her delicious recipes for kids to try with the help of their parents!

Boycotts Busing and Beyond

The History and Implications of School Desegregation in the Urban North

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Author: DUNN; RONNIE A.,WHYTE; DONNA M.,JAMES L. HARDIMAN

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781465298881

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7098

Boycotts & Barflies

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Author: Victoria Michaels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936305001

Category: Fiction

Page: 398

View: 3037

After an endless string of bad dates and a generally pathetic love life, Grace Park and her friends decide to boycott men for six weeks. With a fantastic pair of shoes on the line for the woman who makes it to the end without breaking any rules, the competition gets fierce. Sparks fly a few days into the bet when Grace and her friends cross paths with a sexy bartender named Michael Andris who happens to have a little bet of his own going with his friends.... In this hilarious debut novel, Victoria Michaels brings us a colorful and relatable cast of characters. She sends them on a sweet and sexy escapade as they sidestep one booby trap after another, manage the best of misguided intentions, and exert a whole lot of willpower and self control as they race down the path to true love. Winning isn't everything...or is it?

Readings from Futures

a collection of articles from the journal Futures, 1974-80

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Author: Ralph Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780861030408

Category: Economic forecasting

Page: 386

View: 7015

China's Anti-American Boycott Movement in 1905

A Study in Urban Protest

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Author: Sin Kiong Wong

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780820452036

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 796

The movement has been largely overlooked by scholars of 20th-century China, says Kiong (Chinese studies, National U. of Singapore), whose eyes have been caught by flashier historical events of the period. It deserves more attention, he argues, because it signaled the rise of the urban protests in China during the rest of the century. He traces it t

Private Institutions and Global Governance

The New Politics of Environmental Sustainability

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Author: Philipp H. Pattberg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8325

'Philipp Pattberg's excellent study explores much uncharted ground and provides new insights in analysing the growing role of private institutions in an emerging system of governance.' - Karl Kaiser, Harvard University, US This book analyses the recent emergence of transnational forms of environmental regulation within the larger conceptual context of global governance research and institutional theory. Increasingly, private policies at the transnational level complement, and in some cases even replace, public interventions. the author takes a deep and broad look at the phenomenon to account for both the emergence and the influence of private institutions in global governance and sustainability.

Boycott Blues

How Rosa Parks Inspired a Nation

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Author: Andrea Davis Pinkney

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0060821183

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 8211

This story begins with shoes. This story is all for true. This story walks. And walks. And walks. To the blues. Rosa Parks took a stand by keeping her seat on the bus. When she was arrested for it, her supporters protested by refusing to ride. Soon a community of thousands was coming together to help one another get where they needed to go. Some started taxis, some rode bikes, but they all walked and walked. With dogged feet. With dog-tired feet. With boycott feet. With boycott blues. And, after 382 days of walking, they walked Jim Crow right out of town. . . . Andrea Davis Pinkney and Brian Pinkney present a poignant, blues-infused tribute to the men and women of the Montgomery bus boycott, who refused to give up until they got justice.