Beyond Boycotts

Sport during the Cold War in Europe

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Author: Philippe Vonnard,Nicola Sbetti,Grégory Quin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110526735

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 6856

Sport during Cold War has recently begun to be studied in more depth. Some scholars have edited a book about the US and Soviet sport diplomacy and show ow the government of these two countries have used sport during this period, notably as a tool of "soft power" during the Olympic games. Our goal is to continue in this direction and to focus more on the sport field as a place of exchanges during the Cold War. Regarding this point, our aim is to show that there were events "beyond boycotts"many and that unknown connections existed inside sport. Morevoer, many actors were involved in these exchanges. Thus, it is important not only to focus on the action of States, but also on private actors (international sporting bodies and journalists), considering that they acted around sport (an "apolitic" field) as it was tool to maintain links between the two blocs. Our project offers a good opportunity for young scholars to present original research based on new materials (notably the use of institutional or personals archives). Morevoer, it is also a step forward with a view to conduct research within a global history paradigm, one that is still underused in sport academic fields.

Consumer Boycotts

Effecting Change Through the Marketplace and Media

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Author: Monroe Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135960429

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 851

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Globalization and NGOs

Transforming Business, Government, and Society

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Author: Jonathan P. Doh,Rammrath Chair in International Business Jonathan P Doh,Hildy Teegen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567204995

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 2272

Doh and Teegen show how government officials and corporate officers can maximize their cooperation and collaboration with NGOs.

Beyond the Boycott

Labor Rights, Human Rights, and Transnational Activism

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Author: Gay W. Seidman

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 5448

As the world economy becomes increasingly integrated, companies can shift production to wherever wages are lowest and unions weakest. How can workers defend their rights in an era of mobile capital? With national governments forced to compete for foreign investment by rolling back legal protections for workers, fair trade advocates are enlisting consumers to put market pressure on companies to treat their workers fairly. In Beyond the Boycott, sociologist Gay Seidman asks whether this non-governmental approach can reverse the "race to the bottom" in global labor standards. Beyond the Boycott examines three campaigns in which activists successfully used the threat of a consumer boycott to pressure companies to accept voluntary codes of conduct and independent monitoring of work sites. The voluntary Sullivan Code required American corporations operating in apartheid-era South Africa to improve treatment of their workers; in India, the Rugmark inspection team provides 'social labels' for handknotted carpets made without child labor; and in Guatemala, COVERCO monitors conditions in factories producing clothing under contract for major American brands. Seidman compares these cases to explore the ingredients of successful campaigns, as well as the inherent limitations facing voluntary monitoring schemes. Despite activists' emphasis on educating individual consumers to support ethical companies, Seidman finds that, in practice, they have been most successful when they mobilized institutions—such as universities, churches, and shareholder organizations. Moreover, although activists tend to dismiss states' capabilities, all three cases involved governmental threats of trade sanctions against companies and countries with poor labor records. Finally, Seidman points to an intractable difficulty of independent workplace monitoring: since consumers rarely distinguish between monitoring schemes and labels, companies can hand pick monitoring organizations, selecting those with the lowest standards for working conditions and the least aggressive inspections. Transnational consumer movements can increase the bargaining power of the global workforce, Seidman argues, but they cannot replace national governments or local campaigns to expand the meaning of citizenship. As trade and capital move across borders in growing volume and with greater speed, civil society and human rights movements are also becoming more global. Highly original and thought-provoking, Beyond the Boycott vividly depicts the contemporary movement to humanize globalization—its present and its possible future. A Volume in the American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology

Unequal Freedoms

The Global Market as an Ethical System

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Author: John McMurtry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781551930039

Category: Competition

Page: 409

View: 9190

Published Under the Garamond Imprint The intelligent citizen's complete guide to the theory and practice of the global market.

Effects of the Arab League Boycott of Israel on U. S. Businesses

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Author: Constance A. Hamilton

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788115561

Category:

Page: 77

View: 9874

An estimate of the economic effects of the Arab League boycott of Israel on U.S. businesses. Also examines the effects of the secondary and tertiary levels of implementation of the boycott. 16 charts and tables.

Beyond the Handshake

Multilateral Cooperation in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1991-1996

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Author: Dalia Dassa Kaye

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505329

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6930

Arabs and Israelis have battled one another in political and military arenas, seemingly continuously, for some fifty years. The 1991 Madrid Peace Conference sought to change this pattern, launching bilateral and multilateral tracks in the Arab-Israeli peace process. As a result, a broad group of Arab states sat down with Israel and began to cooperate on a wide range of regional issues in what became known as the Middle East multilaterals. Yet why did enemies reluctant even to recognize one another choose to cooperate on regional problems? And once this process began, what drove the parties to continue such cooperation or, in some cases, halt their cooperative efforts? Beyond the Handshake addresses these fundamental questions, exploring the origins of the multilaterals and the development of multilateral cooperation in the areas of arms control and regional security, economic development, water management, and the environment. Dalia Dassa Kaye, challenging conventional concepts of cooperation, argues that multilateral cooperation in the Middle East must be appreciated as a process of interaction rather than solely as a set of outcomes. Presenting theoretical insights of value to students of regional and international relations, Beyond the Handshake provides a unique look at the evolving nature of Arab-Israeli relations and exposes the foundation the multilateral peace process laid for future regional cooperation in the Middle East.

Readings from Futures

a collection of articles from the journal Futures, 1974-80

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Author: Ralph Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780861030408

Category: Economic forecasting

Page: 386

View: 1299

Trans-Atlantic Divide

The USA/Euroland Rift?

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Author: John J. Metzler

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 2358

This book brings a needed balance to the debate: are the USA and Europe really at odds after stressful unavoidable diplomatic residue following the Iraq War? The book outlines a clear common ground for both sides, noting that American relations with Europe remain vital for commercial, cultural, and geo-political reasons.

Beyond the Fields

Cesar Chavez, the UFW, and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century

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Author: Randy Shaw

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520942240

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6821

Cesar Chavez is the most prominent Latino in United States history books, and much has been written about Chavez and the United Farm Worker's heyday in the 1960s and '70s. But left untold has been their ongoing impact on 21st century social justice movements. Beyond the Fields unearths this legacy, and describes how Chavez and the UFW's imprint can be found in the modern reshaping of the American labor movement, the building of Latino political power, the transformation of Los Angeles and California politics, the fight for environmental justice, and the burgeoning national movement for immigrant rights. Many of the ideas, tactics, and strategies that Chavez and the UFW initiated or revived—including the boycott, the fast, clergy-labor partnerships and door-to-door voter outreach—are now so commonplace that their roots in the farmworkers' movement is forgotten. This powerful book also describes how the UFW became the era's leading incubator of young activist talent, creating a generation of skilled alumni who went on to play critical roles in progressive campaigns. UFW volunteers and staff were dedicated to furthering economic justice, and many devoted their post-UFW lives working for social change. When Barack Obama adopted "Yes We Can" as his 2008 campaign theme, he confirmed that the spirit of "Si Se Puede" has never been stronger, and that it still provides the clearest roadmap for achieving greater social and economic justice in the United States.

Political Consumerism

Global Responsibility in Action

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Author: Dietlind Stolle,Michele Micheletti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107010098

Category: Political Science

Page: 382

View: 2707

Political Consumerism captures the creative ways in which consumers and citizens turn to the market as their arena for politics. This book theorizes, describes, analyzes, compares, and evaluates how political consumers target corporations to solve globalized problems. It demonstrates the reconfiguration of civic engagement, political participation, and citizenship. Unlike other studies, this book also evaluates if and how consumer actions are or can become effective mechanisms of global change.

The history of New England

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Author: Candace Floyd

Publisher: Gramercy Books

ISBN: 9780517689066

Category: New England

Page: 304

View: 7678

Depicts the founders of the region, the early settlements, the witch trials, and the abolitionist movement, as well as the region's role in the Revolutionary and Civil Wars and its contributions to literature and the contemporary political scene

Invoking the spirit

religion and spirituality in the quest for a sustainable world

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Author: Gary T. Gardner

Publisher: Worldwatch Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 62

View: 8707

Beyond the Ivory Tower

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Author: Derek Curtis BOK

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674068988

Category: Education

Page: 328

View: 1109

The president of Harvard University explores the ethical and social responsibilities and issues facing the modern university and discusses the response of the university to its obligations to society

The Water's Edge and Beyond

Defining the Limits to Domestic Influence on United States Middle East Policy

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Author: Mitchell Geoffrey Bard

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412839617

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 1159

One of the most commonly held notions in American politics is that American Jews have a great deal of influence on U.S. foreign policy. Some influential Americans have even argued that Jewish-Americans control American policy in the Middle East to the detriment of the national interest. Such views are readily accepted by leaders of the Arab world, and influence their own policies, perspectives, and lobbying activities. How accurate is this assessment? This study provides the most thorough analysis to date of the Israeli and Arab lobbies, their effectiveness, and the impact they exerted on the American political process from 1945 onward. Bard examines the reasons for the acknowledged effectiveness of Israeli lobbying efforts, and the relative ineffectiveness of Arab lobbies, and compares and contrasts their approaches. He shows that lobby - influence is constrained by a number of variables, including the President's own position on the issues, the specific policy content of an issue, the election cycle, the popularity of a President, and where decision-making authority resides. Using case studies, a thorough knowledge of political theory, and sophisticated quantitative analysis, Bard presents a study that will be of interest to all those concerned about Middle East policy, interest groups, and foreign policy decision-making. Above all, it will compel a retreat from stereotypical thinking about the Jewish "lobby" and the function of lobbies in general.

Boycotts, Buses, and Passes

Black Women's Resistance in the U.S. South and South Africa

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Author: Pamela E. Brooks

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9781558496781

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2382

A comparative history of the liberation struggles of black women in two countries

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Integrating Public Buses

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Author: Jake Miller

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780823962518

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 8021

Depicts how the black community of Montgomery, Alabama, staged the 1955 boycott to end segregation on public buses, discussing the struggle in the context of the Civil Rights Movement.