Beijing 2008: Preparing for Glory

Chinese Challenge in the 'Chinese Century'

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Author: J.A. Mangan,Dong Jinxia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317998405

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 234

View: 8705

Beijing 2008: Preparing for Glory - Chinese Challenge in the 'Chinese Century' brings together international scholars with an interest in sport and politics and sinologists with an interest in China - past, present and future - to explore global reaction to the Beijing Olympics - China's anticipated moment of glory on the world stage. The Beijing Olympics was, first and foremost, a political act of assertion. It was also a statement of national intent, the culmination of ideological effort going back to 1949 and the outcome of political, social, cultural and economic change. From the moment of the birth of the 'New China' sport has been viewed as a means of internal and external projection illustrating the capacity of the system and people to more than hold their own with those of other nations. In short, sport has been the chosen 'stage' on which the Chinese perform in pursuit of world recognition, respect and esteem. This assertion is not hard to understand. China's 'century of humiliation' at the hands of first the West and then Japan remains a traumatic experience. Beijing 2008 wass to assist the restoration of China's national self-esteem. He Zhenliang, Chairman of the IOC Commission for the Culture of Olympic Education, has remarked pointedly that the most significant outcome of the Beijing Games will be the elevation of the self-confidence and sense of pride of the Chinese people. Beijing 2008 was an act of political self-renewal on the world stage. This Collection demonstrates that sport is inseparable from politics. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

The Politics of the Male Body in Global Sport

The Danish Involvement

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Author: Hans Bonde

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317966023

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 304

View: 6782

Danish sport has been associated with Europe and the World; not least through I.P. Muller and Niels Bukh and the Danish Gymnastics revolution with its emphasis on male aesthetics and hygiene in the first half of the twentieth century. At the same time, Denmark has stood apart from Europe in the early moments of its history of sport with the rural revolution of the farming communities as a statement of political independence and assertion. However, during the German occupation of Denmark, Danish sport was part of a European collaboration which characterized a number of the occupied countries not least in the Nordic area. After the Second World War, Denmark embraced international body cultures with other European nations in particular Eastern martial arts. Denmark too, as part of trends in the European region and the world, became caught up in sport as a powerful contemporary political statement. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Post-Beijing 2008: Geopolitics, Sport and the Pacific Rim

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Author: J. A. Mangan,Fan Hong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317966082

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 1729

In 2008, as few in the world are unaware, China was host to the world via the Beijing Olympics. The world watched the metamorphosis of Beijing from insecure capital to confident metropolis but, aware of it or not, the world was also watching the symbolic assertion, via the Games, of a rising superpower. The Pacific Rim will be the stage on which China initially displays its new hegemonic intentions, aspirations and ambitions. Thus in Post-Beijing 2008, the political, economic and cultural impact of Beijing 2008 on the geopolitical future of the Pacific Rim will be discussed. This perspective, analysed by some of the most distinguished academic commentators from some of the world's leading universities who are closely associated with the Pacific Rim (East and West), is original in focus and the analysis is pregnant with political possibilities. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport in the Cultures of the Ancient World

New Perspectives

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Author: Zinon Papakonstantinou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317989481

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 248

View: 2215

Sport has been practised in the Greco-Roman world at least since the second millennium BC. It was socially integrated and was practised in the context of ceremonial performances, physical education and established local and international competitions including, most famously, the Olympic Games. In recent years, the continuous re-assessment of old and new evidence in conjunction with the development of new methodological perspectives have created the need for a fresh examination of central aspects of ancient sport in a single volume. This book fills that gap in ancient sport scholarship. When did the ancient Olympics begin? How is sport depicted in the work of the fifth-century historian Herodotus? What was the association between sport and war in fifth- and fourth-century BC Athens? What were the social and political implications of the practice of Greek-style sport in third-century BC Ptolemaic Egypt? How were Roman gladiatorial shows perceived and transformed in the Greek-speaking east? And what were the conditions of sport participation by boys and girls in ancient Rome? These are some of the questions that this book, written by an international cast of distinguished scholars on ancient sport, attempts to answer. Covering a wide chronological and geographical scope (ancient Mediterranean from the early first millennium BC to fourth century AD), individual articles re-examine old and new evidence, and offer stimulating, original interpretations of key aspects of ancient sport in its political, military, cultural, social, ceremonial and ideological setting. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Olympic Aspirations

Realised and Unrealised

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Author: J. A. Mangan,Mark Dyreson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135712794

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 406

View: 5826

Olympic Aspirations: Realised and Unrealised surveys more than a century of the Olympic Movement’s promotion of Olympic ideals internationally. The idea for Olympic Aspirations emerged at the world-renowned annual Beijing Academic Forum just months after the city hosted the impressive 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. One section of the Forum was devoted to the impact of the Olympic Movement on China and on China’s image in the world. The tone at times was too self-congratulatory for some present. The critical discussion that continued into late 2010 inspired this book. Olympic Aspirations is a companion volume to the well-received Olympic Legacies: Intended and Unintended and draws on expertise from academics in all parts of the world. Both volumes have a similar purpose: to record Olympic ideals achieved but more importantly, to stimulate reflection on those as yet unachieved. Both are constructive in approach, positive in tone and optimistic in attitude. Olympic Aspirations offers original and insightful arguments that address the actions the Olympic Movement has taken to improve the Games. It argues that these actions are as yet incomplete. In concert with Olympic Legacies, it presents two sides of the same coin minted to advance the purity of the Olympic 'coinage'. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport in Films

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Author: Emma Poulton,Martin Roderick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415447508

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 258

View: 9886

Sport offers everything a good story should have: heroes and villains, triumph and disaster, achievement and despair, tension and drama. Consequently, sport makes for a compelling film narrative and films, in turn, are a vivid medium for sport. Yet despite its regularity as a central theme in motion pictures, constructions and representations of sport and athletes have been marginalised in terms of serious analysis within the longstanding academic study of films and documentaries. In this collection, it is the critical study of film and its connections to sport that are examined. The collection is one of the first of its kind to examine the ways in which sport has been used in films as a metaphor for other areas of social life. Among the themes and issues explored by the contributors are: Morality tales in which good triumphs over evil The representation and ideological framing of social identities, including class, gender, race and nationality The representation of key issues pertinent to sport, including globalization, politics, commodification, consumerism, and violence The meanings 'spoken' by films – and the various 'readings' which audiences make of them This is a timely collection that draws together a diverse range of accessible, insightful and ground-breaking new essays. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

American Sports

An Anthropological Approach

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Author: Alan Klein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415448307

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 260

View: 1654

This collection illustrates the expansiveness of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of sport. While rooted in anthropology, these essays consider American sports in their social, economic, cultural and political aspects, charting their evolution. The book draws from history, sociology, and political science; as well as considering the relationship between the developed and developing world; and culture and masculinity. The first part of the book considers the local and global interplay of professional baseball, covering: Major League Baseball's impact on the Dominican Republic nationalism and baseball on the Mexican/US border the globalizing forces of baseball as an industry. The second part of the book is concerned with the cultural examination of the responsiveness of masculinity to social and cultural forces, examining: the exaggerated world of bodybuilders in Southern California the cross-cultural comparisons of male behaviour on a bi-national baseball team in Mexico the historical examination of Jews in American sport. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society

Cricket in Colonial India, 1780-1947

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Author: Boria Majumdar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415400145

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 195

View: 711

This is an exacting social history of Indian cricket between 1780 and 1947. It considers cricket as a derivative sport, creatively adapted to suit modern Indian socio-cultural needs, fulfil political imperatives and satisfy economic aspirations. Majumdar argues that cricket was a means to cross class barriers and had a healthy following even outside the aristocracy and upper middle classes well over a century ago. Indeed, in some ways, the democratization of the sport anticipated the democratization of the Indian polity itself. Boria Majumdar reveals the appropriation, assimilation and subversion of cricketing ideals in colonial and post-colonial India for nationalist ends. He exposes a sport rooted in the contingencies of the colonial and post-colonial context of nineteenth- and twentieth-century India. Cricket, to put it simply, is much more than a 'game' for Indians. This study describes how the genealogy of their intense engagement with cricket stretches back over a century. It is concerned not only with the game but also with the end of cricket as a mere sport, with Indian cricket's commercial revolution in the 1930s, with ideals and idealism and their relative unimportance, with the decline of morality for reasons of realpolitik, and with the denunciation, once and for all, of the view that sport and politics do not mix. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport

Football

From England to the World

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Author: Dolores P. Martinez,Projit B. Mukharji

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415480611

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 155

View: 8772

This book is a fascinating journey through a series of scholarly articles. The journey begins by tracing one of the most significant stories in the popularization of Association Football. In the next leg of the journey it charts the diverse and changing face of the modern British game. It then moves on to the global spread of the game from England and its domestication and appropriation in its new homes across the planet. It also investigates the exchanges which are increasingly taking place between these new homes of football. In the concluding pieces footballâe(tm)s global experience is compared with the attempts at globalizing baseball and drawing out the larger patterns that inform footballâe(tm)s global experience. This book was published as a special issue in Soccer and Society.

Olympic Legacies: Intended and Unintended

Political, Cultural, Economic and Educational

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Author: J A Mangan,Mark Dyreson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317966627

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5900

For more than a century, the Olympics have been the modern world's most significant sporting event. Indeed, they deserve much credit for globalizing sport beyond the boundaries of the Anglo-American universe, where it originated, into broader global realms. By the 1930s, the Olympics had become a global mega-event that occupied the attention of the media, the interest of the public and the energies of nation-states. Since then, projected by television, funded by global capital and fattened by the desires of nations to garner international prestige, the Olympics have grown to gargantuan dimensions. In the course of its epic history, the Olympics have left numerous legacies, from unforgettable feats to monumental stadiums, from shining triumphs to searing tragedies, from the dazzling debuts on the world's stage of new cities and nations to notorious campaigns of national propaganda. The Olympics represent an essential component of modern global history. The Olympic movement itself has, since the 1990s, recognized and sought to shape its numerous legacies with mixed success as this book makes clear. It offers ground-breaking analyses of the power of Olympic legacies, positive and negative, and surveys the subject from Athens in 1896 to Beijing in 2008, and indeed beyond. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9829

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Das Wunder von Berlin

1936: Wie neun Ruderer die Nazis in die Knie zwangen

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Author: Daniel James Brown

Publisher: Riemann Verlag

ISBN: 3641093309

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 4693

Der Millionenseller aus den USA Von Beginn an ist es eine Reise mit unwahrscheinlichem Ausgang: Neun junge Männer aus der amerikanischen Provinz machen sich 1936 auf den Weg nach Berlin, um die Goldmedaille im Rudern zu gewinnen. Daniel James Brown schildert das Schicksal von Joe Rantz, einem Jungen ohne Perspektive, der rudert, um den Dämonen seiner Vergangenheit zu entkommen und seinen Platz in der Welt zu finden. Wie er und seine Freunde vor den laufenden Kameras Leni Riefenstahls den Nazis ihre Propagandashow stehlen, ist ein atemberaubendes Abenteuer und zugleich das eindringliche Porträt einer Ära. Eine unvergessliche wahre Geschichte von Entschlossenheit, Überleben und Mut.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

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Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 7843

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Die Hälfte des Himmels

wie Frauen weltweit für eine bessere Zukunft kämpfen

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Author: Nicholas D. Kristof,Sheryl WuDunn

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406606380

Category:

Page: 359

View: 9805

Olympische Erziehung

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Author: Roland Naul

Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag

ISBN: 3898991423

Category:

Page: 162

View: 845

In fünf Teilen und zehn Kapiteln wird dargelegt, warum und weshalb trotz aktueller Probleme in der Olympischen Bewegung der Olympische Gedanke für alle eine Herausforderung für eine moderne Sporterziehung darstellt. Es werden pädagogische und didaktische Grundlagen für eine Olympische Erziehung vorgestellt, die vor allem motorisches Können und moralisches Handeln im Sport und im alltäglichen Leben wieder zusammenbringen müssen - im Denken, im Lernen und im Handeln von Kindern und Jugendlichen, aber auch bei Erwachsenen.

Sport und Doping

zur Analyse einer antagonistischen Symbiose

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Author: Eike Emrich,Werner Pitsch

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631594513

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 5662

Handelt es sich im Fall des Leistungssports und des Dopings um eine antagonistische Symbiose, in der man -nicht miteinander und nicht ohneeinander- kann? Der moderne, zum Zweck der Einkommenserzielung betriebene Spitzensport war wahrscheinlich von Beginn an bis heute von Doping begleitet. In verschiedenen Beitragen wird das Phanomen -Doping im Spitzensport- aus der Perspektive der Soziologie, der Okonomie, der Rechtswissenschaft und der Anthropologie beleuchtet. Dabei zeigt sich, dass unterschiedliche Rahmenbedingungen und soziale Prozesse in ihrer wechselseitigen Verschrankung dieses vielfach als Problem wahrgenommene Phanomen erst ermoglichen. Verschiedenen rationalen individuellen und korporativen Akteuren gelingt es dabei, an seinem Bestehen zu partizipieren und daraus Nutzen zu ziehen."

Doping Dokumente

Von der Forschung zum Betrug

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Author: Brigitte Berendonk

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642934846

Category: Medical

Page: 492

View: 9349

Geahnt und befürchtet hatten die Sportbegeisterten und -zuschauer schon seit langem, daß im Leistungssport gedopt wird. Trotz gelegentlicher Selbstbekenntnisse von Sportlern aber wurde dies von offizieller Seite stets bestritten und Vermutungen als bösartig und falsch abgetan. Noch bestand Hoffnung, daß Fairness und natürliche Freude am Wettkampf im Spitzensport ausschlaggebend sei. Erst als sich deutliche Hinweise - u.a. Ben Johnson in Seoul - nicht mehr abstreiten ließen, fanden in den USA, in Canada und Australien offizielle Untersuchungen statt. Bei den dabei unter Eid gemachten Aussagen von Sportlern, Trainern, Sportmedizinern und Funktionären kam das ungeheure Ausmaß des Dopingmißbrauchs langsam ans Tageslicht. Auch in der Bundesrepublik wurde eine Kommission eingesetzt, deren nun vorliegender Bericht zeigt, daß zumindest in der ehemaligen DDR flächendeckend gedopt wurde. Die offizielle Empfehlung lautet allerdings: keinen Schuldigen nennen, schweigen - und schweigend weiterdopen, um auch bei den nächsten internationalen Sportfesten glänzen zu können. Ohne die genauen Fakten und Namen der Verantwortlichen und Mittäter zu nennen, wird es aber keine Reinigung des Sports vom Doping und keine Zukunft für einen menschenwürdigen Leistungssport geben. Noch gelten die Anabolika-unterstützten Rekorde als Vorgaben. Deshalb und besonders auch der zahlreichen Opfer wegen - der ohne ihr Wissen mit Hormonen behandelten oft jugendlichen Sportler auf der einen Seite sowie derjenigen, die vergeblich versucht hatten, auf faire Art sportliche Leistungen zu erbringen - hat sich die Autorin entschlossen, mit diesem Buch die Wahrheit an die Öffentlichkeit zu bringen. Dokumentiert wird auch, welche gesundheitlichen und psychischen Schäden durch Dopingmittel (androgene Hormone) besonders im Frauensport angerichtet werden, und wie Sportmediziner und Wissenschaftler mitgewirkt haben an Menschen-Versuchen und Forschungsvorhaben mit dem Ziel, neue, stärkere Mittel zu entwickeln und Dopingkontrollen effektiver zu umgehen. Brigitte Berendonk war viele Jahre erfolgreich im Spitzensport - u.a. Deutsche Jugendmeisterin in der damaligen DDR, dann in der BRD, später Deutsche Meisterin im Diskuswerfen und Kugelstoßen und zweifache Olympiateilnehmerin. Insgesamt 39mal startete sie in der deutschen Leichtathletik-Nationalmannschaft der Frauen. Ein Hamburger Nachrichten-Magazin wird zum Erscheinen über Doping Dokumente berichten.

Homo Necans

Interpretationen altgriechischer Opferriten und Mythen

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Author: Walter Burkert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110808471

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 4181