Behemoth or The Long Parliament

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Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022622984X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 6562

Behemoth, or The Long Parliament is essential to any reader interested in the historical context of the thought of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). In De Cive (1642) and Leviathan (1651), the great political philosopher had developed an analytical framework for discussing sedition, rebellion, and the breakdown of authority. Behemoth, completed around 1668 and not published until after Hobbe's death, represents the systematic application of this framework to the English Civil War. In his insightful and substantial Introduction, Stephen Holmes examines the major themes and implications of Behemoth in Hobbes's system of thought. Holmes notes that a fresh consideration of Behemoth dispels persistent misreadings of Hobbes, including the idea that man is motivated solely by a desire for self-preservation. Behemoth, which is cast as a series of dialogues between a teacher and his pupil, locates the principal cause of the Civil War less in economic interests than in the stubborn irrationality of key actors. It also shows more vividly than any of Hobbe's other works the importance of religion in his theories of human nature and behavior.

Behemoth

Or, the Long Parliament, Edited for the First Time from the Original Ms. by Ferdinand Tönnies

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Author: Ferdinand Tonnies,Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: Franklin Classics

ISBN: 9780342191109

Category:

Page: 226

View: 564

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Collected Political Works: Leviathan + De Cive (On the Citizen) + The Elements of Law + Behemoth, or The Long Parliament

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Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: 8074849872

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1375

View: 8667

This carefully crafted ebook: “The Collected Political Works: Leviathan + De Cive (On the Citizen) + The Elements of Law + Behemoth, or The Long Parliament ” contains 4 books in one volume and is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. The Collected Political Works, written by Thomas Hobbes, described his views on how humans could thrive in harmony while avoiding the perils and fear of societal conflict. His experience during a time of upheaval in England influenced his thoughts, which he captured in The Elements of Law , De Cive (On the Citizen), Behemoth, or The Long Parliament and his most famous work, Leviathan. Leviathan, published in 1651, concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and situations identified with a state of nature and the famous motto Bellum omnium contra omnes ("the war of all against all") could only be averted by strong central government. De Cive ('On the citizen') was Hobbes's first published book of political philosophy. The book was published originally in Latin from Paris in 1642. This work focuses more narrowly on the political and anticipates themes of the better-known Leviathan. The Elements of Law, which Hobbes circulated in 1640, is the first work in which Hobbes follows his typical systematic pattern of starting with the workings of the mind and language, and developing the discussion towards political matters. As his book seemed to support the King against the claims of Parliament, Hobbes began fearing for his welfare, and so, later that same year, departed for Paris, where he would remain in hiding for the next eleven years. Hobbes came into the orbit of Mersenne's circle once again and, for some of time, served as the mathematics tutor of a young, fugitive prince who would later become King Charles II. Behemoth (also known as The Long Parliament), completed around 1668 and not published until after Hobbe's death, represents the systematic application of this framework to the English Civil War. Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), whose current reputation rests largely on his political philosophy, was a thinker with wide-ranging interests. In philosophy, he defended a range of materialist and empiricist views against Cartesian and Aristotelian alternatives. In physics, his work was influential on Leibniz, and led him into disputes with Boyle and the experimentalists of the early Royal Society. In history, he translated Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War into English, and later wrote his own history of the Long Parliament. In mathematics he was less successful, and is best remembered for his repeated unsuccessful attempts to square the circle. But despite that, Hobbes was a serious and prominent participant in the intellectual life of his time.

Behemoth oder Das Lange Parlament

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Author: Thomas Hobbes,Peter Schröder

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787328084

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6714

Dem biblischen Seeungeheuer Leviathan, das in Hobbes gleichnamigem Hauptwerk für die Allmacht des absolutistischen Staates steht, stellt der Autor in dieser Schrift, die aufgrund eines königlichen Druckverbots erst posthum erscheinen konnte, das Landungeheuer Behemoth aus der jüdischen Mythologie gegenüber. The Long Parliament bestand im Gegensatz zum Short Parliament, das nur 22 Tage, beginnend am 13. April 1640, tagte, offi ziell von 1640 bis 1660. Dies ist die Periode, die Hobbes in seinem Behemoth behandelt. Während der Leviathan systematisch erarbeitet, welche Bedingungen für einen funktionierenden Staat erfüllt sein müssen, diskutiert der Behemoth die Gründe für den durch Aufruhr und Bürgerkrieg herbeigeführten Verfall des englischen Staates. Behemoth or the Long Parliament steht als Chiffre für Anarchie und Aufl ösung staatlicher Gewalt. Titel und Inhalt der Schrift scheinen das bewusst gewählte Gegenbild zum konstruktiven Staatsentwurf des Leviathan zu bilden, und in der Tat sind beide Werke in engem Zusammenhang zu lesen. Der Behemoth ist in Dialogform verfasst. Hobbes geht es darum, die Gründe zu verstehen, die zur Aufl ösung des englischen Gemeinwesens geführt haben, aber er verfolgt auch Fragen nach einer erfolgreichen politischen Erziehung, die seiner Ansicht nach vom Souverän geleistet werden muss. In seinem einleitenden Essay beleuchtet der Herausgeber neben der verwickelten Editionsgeschichte ausführlich den Gedankengang und den historischen und philosophischen Hintergrund dieses wichtigen Hobbes'schen Werks.

Behemoth; Or, the Long Parliament - Scholar's Choice Edition

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Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781294984733

Category:

Page: 224

View: 1958

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Thomas Hobbes

Eine Einführung

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Author: Herfried Münkler

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593419610

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 9140

Thomas Hobbes, dessen Denken von den europäischen Konfessions- und Bürgerkriegen des 17. Jahrhunderts geprägt war, steht für einen Paradigmenwechsel innerhalb der politischen Philosophie. Diese ging seit Platon und Aristoteles von der Opposition zwischen gerechtem und ungerechtem Gemeinwesen aus. Hobbes jedoch "erfand" für sein Zeitalter eine neue Opposition: die von Herrschaftslosigkeit und Herrschaft. Chaos und Krieg sollten durch die Einsetzung eines absoluten Souveräns gebannt werden. Damit war Hobbes Wegbereiter einer neuen Regierungsform. Herfried Münklers bekannte Einführung in die Philosophie von Thomas Hobbes liegt nun in einer aktualisierten Neuauflage vor.

Grundzüge der Philosophie

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Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849628000

Category:

Page: 382

View: 9826

Das Standardwerk "Grundzüge der Philosophie" beseteht aus drei Teilen: In De Corpore, dem ersten Teil der Trilogie elementa philosophiae, von 1655 entwickelt Hobbes zentrale Thesen zu naturwissenschaftlichen Fragen. Ausgehend von einer materialistischen Grundhaltung und dem – exemplarisch durch René Descartes vertretenen – mechanistischen Denken seiner Zeit schreibt er allein den Körpern und deren Bewegung Wirklichkeit zu. Im zweiten Teil, dem 1658 veröffentlichten De Homine, aber auch bereits in seinem Hauptwerk Leviathan von 1651 überträgt Hobbes seine Körpertheorie auf den menschlichen Erkenntnisapparat und entwickelt eine eigene mechanistische Erkenntnistheorie. Hobbes’ staatstheoretische Lehren bilden aus heutiger Sicht den zentralen Teil seines Werkes. Sie sind es, die ihm einen herausgehobenen Platz in der Philosophiegeschichte sichern. Sie finden sich in De Cive von 1642, dem dritten Teil der Trilogie elementa philosophiae. Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem elektronischen Lesegerät. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors.

Gesellschaft und Staat

ein unvermeidlicher Dualismus

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Author: Peter Koslowski

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783129154403

Category: Church and state

Page: 332

View: 8940

Rulers and Ruled

An Introduction to Classical Political Theory

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Author: Irving M. Zeitlin

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442690755

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9129

This book illuminates several timeless principles of political philosophy that have come down to us through the ages in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, and the authors of the Federalist Papers, Madison, Hamilton, and Jay. Among these principles are the following: that a good society is based on law; that a good constitution balances social classes against each other; that a mixed constitution is best for this purpose; that popular sovereignty is the best foundation for a just and stable constitution; and that representative government is best for a large, complex society. In this valuable and accessibly written guide to the fundamentals of political thought, Irving Zeitlin shows that certain thinkers have given us insights that rise above historical context - 'trans-historical principles' that can provide the political scientist with an element of foresight, an ability not to predict events but to anticipate a certain range of possibilities. While the historian studies unique and unrepeatable circumstances such as those, for example, that gave rise to Julius Caesar, the political theorist, using these trans-historical principles, recognizes the conditions that can lead to Caesarism. Zeitlin draws on an unusual depth of knowledge, offering a lucid, interesting, and memorable summation of his chosen classic texts, in a work that will appeal strongly to his intended audience at the undergraduate level.

Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Philosophie

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Author: Wilhelm Windelband

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849616835

Category:

Page: 960

View: 504

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Windelbands Lexikon gehört zu den grundlegenden Werken zur Geschichte der Philosophie und deckt alle Spektren ab. Inhalt: Einleitung. § 1. Name und Begriff der Philosophie. § 2. Die Geschichte der Philosophie. § 3. Einteilung der Philosophie und ihrer Geschichte. I. Teil. Die Philosophie der Griechen. 1. Kapitel. Die kosmologische Periode. § 4. Die Begriffe des Seins. § 5. Die Begriffe des Geschehens. § 6. Die Begriffe des Erkennens. 2. Kapitel. Die anthropologische Periode. § 7. Das Problem der Sittlichkeit. § 8. Das Problem der Wissenschaft. 3. Kapitel. Die systematische Periode. § 9. Die Neubegründung der Metaphysik durch Erkenntnistheorie und Ethik. § 10. Das System des Materialismus. § 11. Das System des Idealismus. § 12. Die aristotelische Logik. § 13. Das System der Entwicklung. II. Teil. Die hellenistisch-römische Philosophie. 1. Kapitel. Die ethische Periode. § 14. Das Ideal des Weisen. § 15. Mechanismus und Teleologie. § 16. Willensfreiheit und Weltvollkommenheit. § 17. Die Kriterien der Wahrheit. 2. Kapitel. Die religiöse Periode. § 18. Autorität und Offenbarung. § 19. Geist und Materie. § 20. Gott und Welt. § 21. Das Problem der Weltgeschichte. III. Teil. Die mittelalterliche Philosophie. 1. Kapitel. Erste Periode § 22. Die Metaphysik der inneren Erfahrung. § 23. Der Universalienstreit. § 24. Der Dualismus von Leib und Seele. 2. Kapitel. Zweite Periode. § 25. Das Reich der Natur und das Reich der Gnade. § 26. Der Primat des Willens oder des Verstandes. § 27. Das Problem der Individüalität. IV. Teil. Die Philosophie der Renaissance. 1. Kapitel. Die humanistische Periode. § 28. Der Kampf der Traditionen. § 29. Makrokosmus und Mikrokosmus. 2. Kapitel. Die naturwissenschaftliche Periode. § 30. Das Problem der Methode. § 31. Substanz und Kausalität. § 32. Das Naturrecht. V. Teil. Die Philosophie der Aufklärung. 1. Kapitel. Die theoretischen Fragen. § 33. Die eingeborenen Ideen. § 34. Die Erkenntnis der Außenwelt. § 35. Die natürliche Religion. 2. Kapitel. Die praktischen Fragen. § 36. Die Prinzipien der Moral. § 37. Das Kulturproblem. VI. Teil. Die deutsche Philosophie. 1. Kapitel. Kants Kritik der Vernunft. § 38. Der Gegenstand der Erkenntnis. § 39. Der kategorische Imperativ. § 40. Die natürliche Zweckmäßigkeit. 2. Kapitel. Die Entwicklung des Idealismus. § 41. Das Ding-an-sich. § 42. Das System der Vernunft. § 43. Die Metaphysik des Irrationalen. VII. Teil. Die Philosophie des neunzehnten Jahrunderts. § 44. Der Kampf um die Seele. § 45. Natur und Geschichte. § 46. Das Problem der Werte. Fußnoten

Restoration Historians and the English Civil War

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Author: R.C. MacGillivray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401016259

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 6932

This is a study of the histories of the English Civil War or some aspects of it written in England or by Englishmen and Englishwomen or publish ed in England up to 1702, the year of the publication of the first volume of Clarendon's History of the Rebellion. By the terms of this definition, Clarendon is himself, of course, one of the historians studied. Clarendon's History is so formidable an achievement that all historians writing about the war before its publication have an air of prematureness. Nevertheless, as I hope the following pages will show, they produced a body of writing which may still be read with interest and profit and which anticipated many of the ideas and attitudes of Clarendon's History. I will even go so far as to say that many readers who have only a limited interest or no in terest in the Civil War are likely to find many of these historians interest ing, should their works come to their attention, for their treatment of the problems of man in society, for their psychological acuteness, and for their style. But while I intend to show their merits, my main concern will be to show how the Civil War appeared to historians, including Clarendon, who wrote within one or two generations after it, that is to say, at a time when it remained part of the experience of people still alive. A word is necessary on terminology.

Ferdinand Tonnies

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Author: Rolf Fechner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110135190

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 8035

Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan

oder Stoff, Form und Gewalt eines kirchlichen und bürgerlichen Staates

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Author: Wolfgang Kersting

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3050050160

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 1559

Hobbes' 1651 publizierter 'Leviathan' zählt gemeinsam mit Platons 'Politeia' und Hegels 'Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts' zu den drei bedeutendsten Werken der politischen Philosophie. Hobbes greift das Bild aus dem Alten Testament auf, mit dem Gott zu Hiob spricht: "Auf Erden ist nicht seinesgleichen, er ist ein Geschöpf ohne Furcht ... er ist König über alle stolzen Tiere" - zugleich als vermenschlichtes Kompositbild auf dem berühmten Titelkupfer programmatisch dargestellt. Unter dieses Bild stellt Hobbes seine Staatslehre, in die zugleich seine anthropologischen, psychologischen, ethischen und religiösen Überlegungen einfließen. Dieser kooperative Kommentar erläutert und interpretiert den 'Leviathan' nach seinen Schwerpunkten und stellt ihn in seinen historischen Kontext. Er ist damit für jedes Seminar unverzichtbare Lektüre.

Private Law and the Rule of Law

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Author: Lisa M Austin,Dennis Klimchuk

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191045578

Category: Law

Page: 375

View: 4328

The rule of law is widely perceived to be a public law doctrine, concerned with the way in which governmental authority conforms to the dictates of law. The goal of this book is to challenge this presumption. The chapters in this volume all consider the idea that the rule of law concerns the nature of law generally and the conditions under which any relationship - that among citizens as well as that between citizens and the state - becomes subject to law. Addressing two major questions, they ask if our understanding of the rule of law is enriched by considering how and to what degree it is expressed or realized in private law, and whether our understanding of the private law is enriched by adding the principles of the rule of law to the traditional list of core private law concepts. Bringing together leading philosophers of private and public law, this volume examines key questions in a little-explored field, and will be essential reading for all those interested in the rule of law and in private law theory.

Literature and the Politics of Family in Seventeenth-Century England

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Author: Su Fang Ng

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463101

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 3532

A common literary language linked royal absolutism to radical religion and republicanism in seventeenth-century England. Authors from both sides of the Civil Wars, including Milton, Hobbes, Margaret Cavendish, and the Quakers, adapted the analogy between family and state to support radically different visions of political community. They used family metaphors to debate the limits of political authority, rethink gender roles, and imagine community in a period of social and political upheaval. While critical attention has focused on how the common analogy linking father and king, family and state, bolstered royal and paternal claims to authority and obedience, its meaning was in fact intensely contested. In this wide-ranging study, Su Fang Ng analyses the language and metaphors used to describe the relationship between politics and the family in both literary and political writings and offers a fresh perspective on how seventeenth-century literature reflected as well as influenced political thought.

Contract, Culture, and Citizenship

Transformative Liberalism from Hobbes to Rawls

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Author: Mark E. Button

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271033827

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 1714

"Explores the concept of the social contract and how it shapes citizenship. Argues that the modern social contract is an account of the ethical and cultural conditions upon which modern citizenship depends"--Provided by publisher.

The Limits of Reason in Hobbes's Commonwealth

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Author: Michael P. Krom

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441196471

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6040

The Limits of Reason in Hobbes's Commonwealth explores Hobbes's attempt to construct a political philosophy of enduring peace on the foundation of the rational individual. Hobbes's rational individual, motivated by self-preservation, obeys the laws of the commonwealth and thus is conceived as the model citizen. Yet Hobbes intimates that there are limits to what such an actor will do for peace, and that the glory-seeker - "too rarely found to be presumed on" - is capable of a generosity that is necessary for political longevity. Michael P. Krom identifies this as a fundamental contradiction in Hobbes's system: he builds the commonwealth on the rational actor, yet acknowledges the need for the irrational glory-seeker. Krom argues that Hobbes's attempt to establish a "king of the proud" fails to overcome the limits of reason and the precariousness of politics. This book synthesizes recent work on Hobbes's understanding of glory and political stability, challenging the view that Hobbes succeeds in incorporating glory-seekers into his political theory and explores the implications of this for contemporary political philosophy after Rawls.

Hobbes and the Law

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Author: David Dyzenhaus,Thomas Poole

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139576941

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8533

Hobbes's political thought provokes a perennial fascination. It has become particularly prominent in recent years, with the surge of scholarly interest evidenced by a number of monographs in political theory and philosophy. At the same time, there has been a turn in legal scholarship towards political theory in a way that engages recognisably Hobbesian themes, for example the relationship between security and liberty. However, there is surprisingly little engagement with Hobbes's views on legal theory in general and on certain legal topics, despite the fact that Hobbes devoted whole works to legal inquiry and gave law a prominent role in his works focused on politics. This volume seeks to remedy this gap by providing the first collection of specially commissioned essays devoted to Hobbes and the law.

Feminist Interpretations of Thomas Hobbes

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Author: Nancy J. Hirschmann,Joanne Harriet Wright

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271056355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 2481

"A collection of essays analyzing the seventeenth-century British political theorist Thomas Hobbes from a feminist perspective"--Provided by publisher.