Before The Dawn

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Author: Nicholas Wade

Publisher: Gerald Duckworth & Co

ISBN: 071564209X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8240

When did language emerge? How did our ancestors break out of Africa and defeat the more physically powerful Neanderthals? How did human nature change in the 35,000 years between the emergence of fully modern humans and the first settlements? In the last three years a flood of new scientific findings driven by revelations discovered in the human genome has provided compelling new answers to many long-standing mysteries about our ancient ancestors. Nicholas Wade takes readers to the forefront of research in a sweeping and engrossing narrative, the first to reveal how genetic discoveries are helping to weave together the perspectives of archaeology, palaeontology, anthropology, linguistics, and many other fields. Before the Dawn marks a major advance in our understanding of human nature and origins.

Die Gene sind es nicht ...

Biologie, Ideologie und menschliche Natur

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Author: Richard C. Lewontin,Leon J. Kamin,Steven P. R. Rose

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621270366

Category:

Page: 264

View: 1990

Masters of the Planet

The Search for Our Human Origins

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Author: Ian Tattersall

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137000384

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9640

50,000 years ago – merely a blip in evolutionary time – our Homo sapiens ancestors were competing for existence with several other human species, just as their own precursors had been doing for millions of years. Yet something about our species separated it from the pack, and led to its survival while the rest became extinct. So just what was it that allowed Homo sapiens to become Masters of the Planet? Curator Emeritus at the American Museum of Natural History, Ian Tattersall takes us deep into the fossil record to uncover what made humans so special. Surveying a vast field from initial bipedality to language and intelligence, Tattersall argues that Homo sapiens acquired a winning combination of traits that was not the result of long term evolutionary refinement. Instead it emerged quickly, shocking their world and changing it forever.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8863

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

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Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 6198

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Die Neandertaler und wir

Meine Suche nach den Urzeit-Genen

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Author: Svante Pääbo

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030324

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 7087

Die aufregende Geschichte der Entschlüsselung des Neandertalergenoms – und das lebendige Porträt der neuen Wissenschaft der Paläogenetik In einer folgenreichen Nacht im Jahre 1996 gelang Svante Pääbo die Entschlüsselung der ersten DNA-Sequenzen eines Neandertalers. Eine Sensation! Die verblüffenden Erkenntnisse revolutionierten unser Bild von der Entwicklung des Homo sapiens. Jetzt erzählt der preisgekrönte Wissenschaftler seine persönliche Geschichte und verschränkt sie mit der Geschichte des neuen Gebiets, das er maßgeblich mitentwickelte: der Paläogenetik - von den ersten Analysen an altägyptischen Mumien bis hin zu Mammuts, Höhlenbären und Riesenfaultieren. Ein faszinierender Blick hinter die Kulissen der Spitzenforschung in Deutschland und der spannende Entwicklungsroman einer Wissenschaft, deren Ergebnisse vor wenigen Jahrzehnten noch niemand erahnen konnte

When the Invasion of Land Failed

The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

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Author: George R. McGhee Jr.

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536364

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9833

The invasion of land by ocean-dwelling plants and animals was one of the most revolutionary events in the evolution of life on Earth, yet the animal invasion almost failed—twice—because of the twin mass extinctions of the Late Devonian Epoch. Some 359 to 375 million years ago, these catastrophic events dealt our ancestors a blow that almost drove them back into the sea. If those extinctions had been just a bit more severe, spiders and insects—instead of vertebrates—might have become the ecologically dominant forms of animal life on land. This book examines the profound evolutionary consequences of the Late Devonian extinctions and the various theories proposed to explain their occurrence. Only one group of four-limbed vertebrates exists on Earth, while other tetrapod-like fishes are extinct. This gap is why the idea of "fish with feet" seems so peculiar to us, yet such animals were once a vital part of our world, and if the Devonian extinctions had not happened, members of these species, like the famous Acanthostega and Ichthyostega, might have continued to live in our rivers and lakes. Synthesizing decades of research and including a wealth of new discoveries, this accessible, comprehensive text explores the causes of the Devonian extinctions, the reasons vertebrates were so severely affected, and the potential evolution of the modern world if the extinctions had never taken place.

Abschied von Eldorado

eine Kolonialgeschichte

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Author: Vidiadhar S. Naipaul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548603582

Category:

Page: 447

View: 2338

Ancestors and Relatives

Genealogy, Identity, and Community

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Author: Eviatar Zerubavel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912319

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4137

Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.

On Primitive Society

and other forbidden topics

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Author: C.R.Hallpike

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1456783793

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 448

Political correctness in social anthropology has made the terms ‘primitive society’, ‘social evolution’ and even ‘human nature’ unacceptable, and removed the possibility of open academic debate about them. Written from the perspective of a lifetime’s research, this collection of papers takes a hard look at these taboos, and challenges some fundamental assumptions of post-modern thinking. Including some new material on memetics, evolutionary psychology and Darwinian theory in the social sciences, this collection provides a long-overdue assessment of some key topics in modern anthropology.

Architecture of First Societies

A Global Perspective

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Author: Mark M. Jarzombek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118421051

Category: Architecture

Page: 672

View: 543

“This book is the most comprehensively global andcritically sensitive synthesis of what we now know of the materialand socio-cultural evolution of the so-called First Societies.Written by a distinguished architectural historian and theorist,this truly remarkable and indispensable study shows how thematerial culture of our forebears, from building to clothing, food,ritual and dance, was inextricably bound up with the mode ofsurvival obtained in a particular place and time…It is astudy that will surely become required reading for every student ofmaterial culture.”—Kenneth Frampton Starting with the dawn of human society, through earlycivilizations, to the pre-Columbian American tribes,Architecture of First Societies: A Global Perspective tracesthe different cultural formations that developed in various placesthroughout the world to form the built environment. Looking throughthe lens of both time and geography, the history of earlyarchitecture is brought to life with full-color photographs, maps,and drawings. Drawing on the latest research in archaeological andanthropological knowledge, this landmark book also looks at howindigenous societies build today in order to help inform the past.

A Theory of Race

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Author: Joshua Glasgow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135853665

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 775

Social commentators have long asked whether racial categories should be conserved or eliminated from our practices, discourse, institutions, and perhaps even private thoughts. In A Theory of Race, Joshua Glasgow argues that this set of choices unnecessarily presents us with too few options. Using both traditional philosophical tools and recent psychological research to investigate folk understandings of race, Glasgow argues that, as ordinarily conceived, race is an illusion. However, our pressing need to speak to and make sense of social life requires that we employ something like racial discourse. These competing pressures, Glasgow maintains, ultimately require us to stop conceptualizing race as something biological, and instead understand it as an entirely social phenomenon.

Future Primal

How Our Wilderness Origins Show Us the Way Forward

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Author: Louis G. Herman

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 1608681157

Category: Nature

Page: 466

View: 7571

How should we respond to our converging crises of violent conflict, political corruption, and global ecological devastation? In this sweeping, big-picture synthesis, Louis G. Herman argues that for us to create a sustainable, fulfilling future, we need to first look back into our deepest past to recover our core humanity. Important clues for recovery can be found in the lives of traditional San Bushman hunter-gatherers of South Africa, the closest living relatives to the ancestral African population from which all humans descended. Their culture can give us a sense of what life was like during the tens of thousands of years when humans lived in wilderness, without warfare, walled cities, or slavery. Herman suggests we draw from the experience of the San and other earth-based cultures and weave their wisdom together with the scientific story of an evolving universe to help create something radically new — an earth-centered, planetary politics with the personal truth quest at its heart.

Der Geschmack von Laub und Erde

Wie ich versuchte, als Tier zu leben

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Author: Charles Foster

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492958761

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4314

Was fühlt ein Tier, wie lebt es und wie nimmt es seine Umwelt wahr? Um das herauszufinden, tritt Charles Foster ein faszinierendes Experiment an. Er schlüpft in die Rolle von fünf verschiedenen Tierarten: Dachs, Otter, Fuchs, Rothirsch und Mauersegler. Er haust in einem Bau unter der Erde, schnappt mit den Zähnen nach Fischen in einem Fluss und durchstöbert Mülltonnen auf der Suche nach Nahrung. Er schärft seine Sinne, wird zum nachtaktiven Lebewesen, beschreibt wie ein Weinkenner die unterschiedlichen »Terroirs« von Würmern und wie sich der Duft der Erde in den verschiedenen Jahreszeiten verändert. In die scharfsinnige und witzige Schilderung seiner skurrilen Erfahrungen lässt er wissenswerte Fakten einfließen und stellt sie in den Kontext philosophischer Themen. Letztendlich geht es dabei auch um die eine Frage: Was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein.

Social Justice and the Experience of Emotion

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Author: Russell Cropanzano,Jordan H. Stein,Thierry Nadisic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136891838

Category: Psychology

Page: 340

View: 9511

This book seeks to integrate the scholarship on justice and affect. The authors focus on empirical social scientific theories pertaining to fairness, mood and emotion. Most of the literature in this book is drawn from social and organizational psychology. Other areas included are management, personality and evolutionary psychology. The book includes coverage of relevant philosophical positions from Aristotle and Rawls. The goal of this book is to familiarize the reader with the rich tradition of conceptual models explaining the association between justice and emotion. It will be of interest to graduate students, researchers and practitioners in industrial organizational psychology, social psychology, management and business ethics.

Der Mann, der Inseln liebte

Erzählung

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Author: David Herbert Lawrence

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455813801

Category: Fiction

Page: 80

View: 2871

D. H. Lawrence’ grandiose Erzählung über die Abgründe der menschlichen Existenz - neu übersetzt von Benjamin Lebert: Ein Mann liebt Inseln. Er sucht sein Glück auf einer sturmumtosten Insel. Hier erschafft er sich seine eigene Welt, richtet alles nach seinen Vorstellungen ein. Doch schon bald wird sein Glück bedroht, nicht von Wind und Wellen, sondern von den anderen Menschen. Also flüchtet der Mann auf eine kleinere Insel und schließlich auf eine noch kleinere Insel, bis er schließlich ganz allein ist, allein mit dem Meer. Immer tiefer verliert er sich in sich selbst, in seinen Wünschen und Sehnsüchten. Eine Geschichte über einen Menschen, der den Rückzug aus der Welt wagt, um die Gezeiten, die Schwingungen der Seele zu spüren, um sich sein eigenes Paradies zu erschaffen.