Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

Society in Transformation


Author: Michael Frassetto

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576072630

Category: History

Page: 419

View: 8918

Alphabetically arranged articles explore the people, literary works, industries and occupations, dynasties, art forms, and other aspects of Europe from the fourth to the tenth centuries.

Barbarian Europe


Author: Philip Willis Dixon

Publisher: Elsevier Phaidon (UK)


Category: History

Page: 151

View: 4251

Belief and Religion in Barbarian Europe c. 350-700


Author: Marilyn Dunn

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441100237

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1115

Challenging the accepted historical belief that they were mere passive recipients of Christian doctrine and providing insights into the way they would initially have apprehended a very different type of religion in the light of their own beliefs and intuitions, the book also examines the gradual adjustments which the Christian Church itself was forced to make across the period in order to consolidate large-scale conversions. Drawing on an exceptionally wide range of source material offering new approaches to evidence drawn from writers such as Tacitus, Ambrose, Augustine, Jordanes, as well as the Indiculus Superstitionum, and Pirmin's Scarapsus, it supplements these with material drawn from liturgical texts, hagiography, homilies, ecclesiastical and royal legislation and also from European folklore, interpreted in the light of latest theory to provide an authoritative overview of the period.

Barbarian Europe


Author: Karol Modzelewski

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783631649800

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: 414

View: 2344

European culture has been greatly influenced by the Christian Church and Greek and Roman culture. However, the peoples of Europe's remote past, whom the Greeks, Romans, and their medieval heirs called the -barbarians-, also left their mark. Closely examining ancient and medieval narratives and the codifications of laws, this thoughtfully conducted comparative study sheds light on the illiterate societies of the early Germanic and Slavic peoples. The picture that emerges is one of communities built on kinship, neighborly, and tribal relations, where decision making, judgement, and punishment were carried out collectively, and the distinction between the sacred and profane was unknown."

Die Söhne des Mars

Eine Geschichte des Krieges von der Steinzeit bis zum Ende der Antike


Author: Armin Eich

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406682308

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 5247

Der Mensch ist nicht von Natur aus kriegerisch. Die Massaker der Jungsteinzeit etwa verliefen zwar mit äußerster Brutalität, aber sie bildeten die Ausnahme von der Regel. Auch erscheinen sie nicht als Akte im Rahmen eines Kriegsgeschehens, sondern vielmehr als mit einfachen Werkzeugen verübte Morde an Wehrlosen. Der Krieg als geplanter, tödlicher Konflikt zwischen Menschengruppen entwickelte sich erst in den folgenden Jahrtausenden. Dann aber konnte er – wie beispielsweise in der klassischen Antike – nachgerade zu einer Lebensform werden, die alle Bereiche gesellschaftlicher Existenz dominierte: von der Erziehung über die Kunst, die Geschlechterverhältnisse bis zu Technik und Handel. So verfolgt Armin Eich in seinem spannenden Buch die Geschichte des Krieges von den frühesten Anfängen bis zur Spätantike. Er erhellt, wie die zunehmende ökonomische Integration Europas und Vorderasiens im 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr. einen ersten Höhepunkt erreicht und nicht zuletzt auf dem Gebiet der Waffentechnologie und der Entwicklung militärischer Fähigkeiten Ausdruck findet. Dieser bronzezeitliche Rüstungswettlauf endet um 1200 v. Chr. in einem sozialen und ökonomischen Zusammenbruch, ohne freilich ein Umdenken auszulösen: Mit der wirtschaftlichen und demographischen Erholung nimmt schon bald wieder die Gewaltintensität zu und geht mit der Entwicklung verbesserter Waffen und effizienterer Kampftaktiken einher. Im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. kann man mit dem Aufkommen einer ersten Ingenieursliteratur gar von einer Verwissenschaftlichung des Krieges sprechen. Der einzige Ausweg aus der fortschreitenden Eskalation scheint die Errichtung eines auf militärischer Macht basierenden Friedensreiches zu sein – das vorübergehend im Imperium Romanum Gestalt gewann.

Europe's Barbarians AD 200-600


Author: Edward James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317868250

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 2806

'Barbarians' is the name the Romans gave to those who lived beyond the frontiers of the Roman Empire - the peoples they considered 'uncivilised'. Most of the written sources concerning the barbarians come from the Romans too, and as such, need to be treated with caution. Only archaeology allows us to see beyond Roman prejudices - and yet these records are often as difficult to interpret as historical ones. Expertly guiding the reader through such historiographical complexities, Edward James traces the history of the barbarians from the height of Roman power through to AD 600, by which time they had settled in most parts of imperial territory in Europe. His book is the first to look at all Europe's barbarians: the Picts and the Scots in the far north-west; the Franks, Goths and Slavic-speaking peoples; and relative newcomers such as the Huns and Alans from the Asiatic steppes. How did whole barbarian peoples migrate across Europe? What were their relations with the Romans? And why did they convert to Christianity? Drawing on the latest scholarly research, this book rejects easy generalisations to provide a clear, nuanced and comprehensive account of the barbarians and the tumultuous period they lived through.

The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe


Author: Barry W. Cunliffe

Publisher: Oxford Illustrated Histories

ISBN: 9780192854414

Category: History

Page: 532

View: 5884

'takes the reader on a fascinating journey through the development of Western culture -- a definitive study.' -Oxford Times

Empires and Barbarians

The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe


Author: Peter J. Heather

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199892261

Category: History

Page: 734

View: 8780

"At the start of the first millennium AD, southern and western Europe formed part of the Mediterranean-based Roman Empire, the largest state western Eurasia has ever known, and was set firmly on a trajectory towards towns, writing, mosaics, and central heating. Central, northern and eastern Europe was home to subsistence farmers, living in wooden houses with mud floors, whose largest political units weighed in at no more than a few thousand people. By the year 1000, Mediterranean domination of the European landscape had been destroyed. Instead of one huge Empire facing loosely organized subsistence farmers, Europe - from the Atlantic almost to the Urals - was home to an interacting commonwealth of Christian states, many of which are still with us today. This book tells the story of the transformations which changed western Eurasia forever: of the birth of Europe itself"--Provided by publisher.

Renaissance Essays


Author: Denys Hay

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780907628965

Category: History

Page: 435

View: 6390

Denys Hay is one of the best known British historians of the Renaissance. His work is marked by a judicious and readable style, an equal interest in the affairs of England and Italy, and an ability to hold in balance the claims of political and cultural history. This collection brings together the important part of Professor Hay's work that has appeared as essays and represents all his major interests.

European Societies in the Bronze Age


Author: A. F. Harding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367295

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 1926

The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.

Landscape with Two Saints

How Genovefa of Paris and Brigit of Kildare Built Christianity in Barbarian Europe


Author: Lisa M. Bitel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199714398

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 7270

Lisa Bitel uses the history of two unique holy women--Genovefa of Paris (ca. 420-509) and Brigit of Kildare (ca.452-524)--to reveal how ordinary Europeans lived through Christianization at the dawn of the Middle Ages. Most converts did not have a sudden epiphany, Bitel argues. Instead they learned and lived their new religion in continuous conversation with preachers, saints, rulers, and neighbors. Together, they built their faith over many years, brick by brick, into their churches and shrines, cemeteries, houses, and even their markets and farms.

From Roman Provinces to Medieval Kingdoms


Author: Thomas F. X. Noble

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415327423

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 1277

How, when and why did the Middle Ages begin? This reader gathers together a prestigious collection of revisionist thinking on questions of key research in medieval studies.

The Barbarians Speak

How the Conquered Peoples Shaped Roman Europe


Author: Peter S. Wells

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691089782

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 2145

The Barbarians Speak re-creates the story of Europe's indigenous people who were nearly stricken from historical memory even as they adopted and transformed aspects of Roman culture. The Celts and Germans inhabiting temperate Europe before the arrival of the Romans left no written record of their lives and were often dismissed as "barbarians" by the Romans who conquered them. Accounts by Julius Caesar and a handful of other Roman and Greek writers would lead us to think that prior to contact with the Romans, European natives had much simpler political systems, smaller settlements, no evolving social identities, and that they practiced human sacrifice. A more accurate, sophisticated picture of the indigenous people emerges, however, from the archaeological remains of the Iron Age. Here Peter Wells brings together information that has belonged to the realm of specialists and enables the general reader to share in the excitement of rediscovering a "lost people." In so doing, he is the first to marshal material evidence in a broad-scale examination of the response by the Celts and Germans to the Roman presence in their lands. The recent discovery of large pre-Roman settlements throughout central and western Europe has only begun to show just how complex native European societies were before the conquest. Remnants of walls, bone fragments, pottery, jewelry, and coins tell much about such activities as farming, trade, and religious ritual in their communities; objects found at gravesites shed light on the richly varied lives of individuals. Wells explains that the presence--or absence--of Roman influence among these artifacts reveals a range of attitudes toward Rome at particular times, from enthusiastic acceptance among urban elites to creative resistance among rural inhabitants. In fascinating detail, Wells shows that these societies did grow more cosmopolitan under Roman occupation, but that the people were much more than passive beneficiaries; in many cases they helped determine the outcomes of Roman military and political initiatives. This book is at once a provocative, alternative reading of Roman history and a catalyst for overturning long-standing assumptions about nonliterate and indigenous societies.