Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids

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Author: John Singleton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057460

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 7854

This book provides an introduction to band theory and the electronic properties of materials at a level suitable for final-year undergraduates or first-year graduate students. It sets out to provide the vocabulary and quantum-mechanical training necessary to understand the electronic, optical and structural properties of the materials met in science and technology and describes some of the experimental techniques which are used to study band structure today. In order to leave space for recent developments, the Drude model and the introduction of quantum statistics are treated synoptically. However, Bloch's theorem and two tractable limits, a very weak periodic potential and the tight-binding model, are developed rigorously and in three dimensions. Having introduced the ideas of bands, effective masses and holes, semiconductor and metals are treated in some detail, along with the newer ideas of artificial structures such as super-lattices and quantum wells, layered organic substances and oxides. Some recent `hot topics' in research are covered, e.g. the fractional Quantum Hall Effect and nano-devices, which can be understood using the techniques developed in the book. In illustrating examples of e.g. the de Haas-van Alphen effect, the book focuses on recent experimental data, showing that the field is a vibrant and exciting one. References to many recent review articles are provided, so that the student can conduct research into a chosen topic at a deeper level. Several appendices treating topics such as phonons and crystal structure make the book self-contained introduction to the fundamentals of band theory and electronic properties in condensed matter physic today.

Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

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Author: James F Annett

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3486705407

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 5740

Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung, wobei es in die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen schrittweise einführt.

Solid State Theory

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Author: Walter A. Harrison

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486152235

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 895

DIVThorough, modern study of solid state physics; solid types and symmetry, electron states, electronic properties and cooperative phenomena. /div

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume II: Electronic Properties

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Author: Jenö Sólyom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540853154

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 399

The reader is holding the second volume of a three-volume textbook on sol- state physics. This book is the outgrowth of the courses I have taught for many years at Eötvös University, Budapest, for undergraduate and graduate students under the titles Solid-State Physics and Modern Solid-State Physics. The main motivation for the publication of my lecture notes as a book was that none of the truly numerous textbooks covered all those areas that I felt should be included in a multi-semester course. Especially, if the course strives to present solid-state physics in a uni?ed structure, and aims at d- cussing not only classic chapters of the subject matter but also (in more or less detail) problems that are of great interest for today’s researcher as well. Besides, the book presents a much larger material than what can be covered in a two- or three-semester course. In the ?rst part of the ?rst volume the analysis of crystal symmetries and structure goes into details that certainly cannot be included in a usual course on solid-state physics. The same applies, among others, to the discussion of the methods used in the determination of band structure, the properties of Fermi liquids and non-Fermi liquids, and the theory of unconventional superconductors in the present and third volumes. These parts can be assigned as supplementary reading for interested students, or can be discussed in advanced courses.

Electronic Properties of Organic Conductors

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Author: Takehiko Mori

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431552642

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 5420

This book provides an easily understandable introduction to solid state physics for chemists and engineers. Band theory is introduced as an extension of molecular orbital theory, and its application to organic materials is described. Phenomena beyond band theory are treated in relation to magnetism and electron correlation, which are explained in terms of the valence bond theory and the Coulomb and exchange integrals. After the fundamental concepts of magnetism are outlined, the relation of correlation and superconductivity is described without assuming a knowledge of advanced physics. Molecular design of organic conductors and semiconductors is discussed from the standpoint of oxidation-reduction potentials, and after a brief survey of organic superconductors, various applications of organic semiconductor devices are described. This book will be useful not only for researchers but also for graduate students as a valuable reference.

Quantum Theory of Real Materials

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Author: James R. Chelikowsky,Steven G. Louie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792396666

Category: Science

Page: 550

View: 4551

A Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen This volume is a Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen. The articles, contributed by leading researchers in condensed matter physics, high-light recent advances in the use of quantum theory to explain and predict properties of real materials. The invention of quantum mechanics in the 1920's provided detailed descriptions of the electronic structure of atoms. However, a similar understanding of solids has been achieved only in the past 30 years, owing to the complex electron-ion and electron electron interactions in these systems. Professor Cohen is a central figure in this achievement. His development of the pseudopotential and total energy methods provided an alternate route using computers for the exploration of solids and new materials even when they have not yet been synthesized. Professor Cohen's contributions to materials theory have been both fundamental and encompassing. The corpus of his work consists of over 500 papers and a textbook. His band structures for semiconductors are used worldwide by researchers in solid state physics and chemistry and by device engineers. Professor Cohen's own use of his theories has resulted in the determination of the electronic structure, optical properties, structural and vibrational properties, and superconducting properties of numerous condensed matter systems including semiconductors, metals, surfaces, interfaces, defects in solids, clusters, and novel materials such as the fullerides and nanotubes.

Physik kondensierter Materie

Kristalle, Flüssigkeiten, Flüssigkristalle und Polymere

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Author: Gert Strobl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642559867

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 1124

Das Buch gründet auf einer Vorlesung in Freiburg, welche, am Beginn des Hauptstudiums angeboten, gleichermaßen in die Festkörperphysik wie auch die Physik von Flüssigkeiten, Flüssigkristallen und Polymeren einführt. Die verschiedenen Formen kondensierter Materie werden in fünf Kapiteln, Strukturen, Suszeptibilitäten, Molekularfelder, Ströme und die Dynamik betreffend, jeweils gemeinsam behandelt. Die Intention des Buches ist die zusammenhängende Darstellung von Begriffen und Konzepten, die bei der Erfassung der Eigenschaften kondensierter Materie einzuführen sind, unter Verzicht auf eine Schilderung der vielen Einzelheiten. Das Ziel besteht in der Schaffung einer breiten Verständnisgrundlage, von der ausgehend dann ein einfaches Weitergeben und eine Vertiefung in viele Richtungen ermöglicht werden soll.

Electronic Properties of Engineering Materials

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Author: James D. Livingston

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471316275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 7729

It includes both chemical and physical approaches to the properties of solids, and clearly separates those aspects of materials properties that can be tackled with classical physics from those that require quantum mechanics. * Quantum mechanics are introduced later to allow readers to be familiar with some of the mathematics necessary for quantum mechanics before being exposed to its bewildering fundamental concepts. * Discusses the electronic properties of solids from the viewpoint of elementary band theory, and end with a brief treatment of semiconductors and some semiconducting devices.

Solid State and Quantum Theory for Optoelectronics

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Author: Michael A. Parker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420019452

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 6185

While applications rapidly change one to the next in our commercialized world, fundamental principles behind those applications remain constant. So if one understands those principles well enough and has ample experience in applying them, he or she will be able to develop a capacity for reaching results via conceptual thinking rather than having to always rely on models to test various conditions. In Solid State and Quantum Theory for Optoelectronics, Michael Parker provides a general conceptual framework for matter that leads to the matter-light interaction explored in the author’s Physics of Optoelectronics (CRC Press). Instead of overburdening readers with the definition–theorem– proof format often expected in mathematics texts, this book instructs readers through the development of conceptual pictures. Employing a proven pedagogic approach, as rigorous as it is intuitive, Professor Parker – Provides several lead-ins to the quantum theory including a brief review of Lagrange and Hamilton’s approach to classical mechanics and the fundamental quantum link with Hilbert space Demonstrates the Schrödinger wave equation from the Feynman path integral Discusses standard topics such as the quantum well, harmonic oscillator, representations, perturbation theory, and spin Expands discussion from the density operator and its applications to quantum computing and teleportation Provides the concepts for ensembles and microstates in detail with emphasis on the derivation of particle population distributions across energy levels Professors Parker includes problems to help readers understand and internalize the material. But just as important, the working-through of these problems will help readers develop the sort of approach that, instead of wholly relying on models, enables them to extrapolate solutions guided by informed intuition developed over the course of formal study and laboratory experiment. It is the kind of conceptual thinking that will allow readers to move with deeper understanding from optical applications to more theoretical topics in physics.

Einführung in die Festkörperphysik

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Author: Charles Kittel

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486272192

Category:

Page: 725

View: 9493

Sämtliche Grundlagen der Festkörperphysik werden ausführlich dargestellt und mit vielen Zeichnungen und Bildern begreifbar gemacht. Besonders hilfreich für das Verständnis ist die enge Verzahnung von Experiment, Anwendung und Theorie.

Electronic Structure and the Properties of Solids

The Physics of the Chemical Bond

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Author: Walter A. Harrison

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141780

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 4231

This text offers basic understanding of the electronic structure of covalent and ionic solids, simple metals, transition metals and their compounds; also explains how to calculate dielectric, conducting, bonding properties.

Solid-State Physics

An Introduction to Theory and Experiment

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Author: Harald Ibach,Hans Lüth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642972306

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 1618

In recent decades solid state physics has seen many dramatic new developments and has become one of the largest independent branches of physics. It has simultaneously ex panded into many new areas, playing a vital role in fields that were once the domain of the engineering and chemical sciences. A consequence of this explosive development is that no single university lecturer can today be expected to have a detailed knowledge of all aspects of this vast subject; likewise, it is impossible to conceive of a course that could offer students a comprehensive understanding of the entire discipline and its many applications. In view of this situation, it is particularly valuable to have a textbook that gives a concise account of the essential elements of the physics of solids. In this book the fun damental aspects of solid state physics are presented according to the scheme: Chemical bonding, structure, lattice dynamics, and electronic properties. We believe that this se quence is the optimum choice for tutorial purposes. It enables the more difficult con cepts to be introduced at a point where a basic understanding of fundamental ideas has already been achieved through the study of simple models and examples. In addition to this carefully structured exposition of classical solid state theory based on the periodic solid and the one-electron approximation, the book also includes comprehen sive descriptions of the most active areas in modern research: Magnetism, superconduc tivity and semiconductor physics.

Solid-State Physics

Introduction to the Theory

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Author: James Deane Patterson,Bernard C. Bailey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540241159

Category: Science

Page: 717

View: 9164

Introduces the study of the physical properties of solids, providing a theoretical framework for understanding the electrical, dielectric, magnetic, elastic, and thermal properties of solids in terms of basic physical laws.

The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors

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Author: Andrei Lebed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540766728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 754

View: 8260

This bang up-to-date volume contains the distilled wisdom of some of the world’s leading minds on the subject. Inside, there is a treasure trove of general (tutorial) and topical reviews, written by leading researchers in the area of organic superconductors and conductors. The papers hail from all over the world, as far afield as the USA and Australia. They cover contemporary topics such as unconventional superconductivity, non-Fermi-liquid properties, and the quantum Hall effect.

Festkörperspektroskopie

Eine Einführung

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Author: Hans Kuzmany

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642746926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 6935

In dem vorliegenden Lehrbuch wird erstmals eine zusammenfassende Darstellung festkörperspektroskopischer Methoden und ihrer Verwendung zur Analyse der elektronischen und gitterdynamischen Struktur der Festkörper gegeben. Die Methoden erstrecken sich einerseits über den ganzen Bereich des elektromagnetischen Spektrums, betreffen andererseits aber auch die Spektroskopie mit Teilchen wie Elektronen, Neutronen, Positronen, Mymesonen, usw. Das Buch gibt damit erstmals eine grundlegende, stark diversifizierte und dem heutigen Stand der Untersuchungstechnik entsprechende Darstellung der Festkörperspektroskopie. Ziel des Lehrbuches ist es, dem Studenten und Leser allgemein einen einfachen und direkten Einstieg in die Methoden und Möglichkeiten einer modernen Festkörperspektroskopie zu vermitteln, der ihm die weitere Verfolgung wissenschaftlicher und technischer Arbeiten auf dem speziellen Fachgebiet ermöglicht.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 6

Statistische Physik

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Author: Wolfgang Nolting

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642253938

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 9479

Der Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in 7 Bänden alle für das Diplom und für Bachelor/Master-Studiengänge maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt das im jeweiligen Semester notwendige theoretisch-physikalische Rüstzeug. Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffs. Der 6. Band zur Statistischen Physik wurde für die Neuauflage grundlegend überarbeitet und um aktuelle Entwicklungen ergänzt. Durch die zweifarbige Gestaltung ist der Stoff jetzt noch übersichtlicher gegliedert.

Interatomic Bonding in Solids

Fundamentals, Simulation, and Applications

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Author: Valim Levitin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671579

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 7903

The connection between the quantum behavior of the structure elements of a substance and the parameters that determine the macroscopic behavior of materials has a major influence on the properties exhibited by different solids. Although quantum engineering and theory should complement each other, this is not always the case. This book aims to demonstrate how the properties of materials can be derived and predicted from the features of their structural elements, generally electrons. In a sense, electronic structure forms the glue holding solids together and it is central to determining structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic, and vibrational properties. The main part of the book is devoted to an overview of the fundamentals of density functional theory and its applications to computational solid-state physics and chemistry. The author shows the technique for construction of models and the computer simulation methods in detail. He considers fundamentals of physical and chemical interatomic bonding in solids and analyzes the predicted theoretical outcome in comparison with experimental data. He applies first-principle simulation methods to predict the properties of transition metals, semiconductors, oxides, solid solutions, and molecular and ionic crystals. Uniquely, he presents novel theories of creep and fatigue that help to anticipate, and prevent, possibly fatal material failures. As a result, readers gain the knowledge and tools to simulate material properties and design materials with desired characteristics. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the book, it is suitable for a variety of markets from students to engineers and researchers.

Solid State Physics

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Author: Giuseppe Grosso,Giuseppe Pastori Parravicini

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123850312

Category: Science

Page: 872

View: 9230

Solid State Physics is a textbook for students of physics, material science, chemistry, and engineering. It is the state-of-the-art presentation of the theoretical foundations and application of the quantum structure of matter and materials. This second edition provides timely coverage of the most important scientific breakthroughs of the last decade (especially in low-dimensional systems and quantum transport). It helps build readers' understanding of the newest advances in condensed matter physics with rigorous yet clear mathematics. Examples are an integral part of the text, carefully designed to apply the fundamental principles illustrated in the text to currently active topics of research. Basic concepts and recent advances in the field are explained in tutorial style and organized in an intuitive manner. The book is a basic reference work for students, researchers, and lecturers in any area of solid-state physics. Features additional material on nanostructures, giving students and lecturers the most significant features of low-dimensional systems, with focus on carbon allotropes Offers detailed explanation of dissipative and nondissipative transport, and explains the essential aspects in a field, which is commonly overlooked in textbooks Additional material in the classical and quantum Hall effect offers further aspects on magnetotransport, with particular emphasis on the current profiles Gives a broad overview of the band structure of solids, as well as presenting the foundations of the electronic band structure. Also features reported with new and revised material, which leads to the latest research

Statistical Mechanics: Algorithms and Computations

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Author: Werner Krauth

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198515359

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 4130

This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics, adopting simple language and an attractive format of many illustrations, tables and printed algorithms. The discussion of key subjects in classical and quantum statistical physics will appeal to students, teachers and researchers in physics and related sciences. The focus is on orientation with implementation details kept to a minimum. - ;This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics in a clear and accessible way and demonstrates its close relation to other approaches in theoretical physics. Individual chapters focus on subjects as diverse as the hard sphere liquid, classical spin models, single quantum particles and Bose-Einstein condensation. Contained within the chapters are in-depth discussions of algorithms, ranging from basic enumeration methods to modern Monte Carlo techniques. The emphasis is on orientation, with discussion of implementation details kept to a minimum. Illustrations, tables and concise printed algorithms convey key information, making the material very accessible. The book is completely self-contained and graphs and tables can readily be reproduced, requiring minimal computer code. Most sections begin at an elementary level and lead on to the rich and difficult problems of contemporary computational and statistical physics. The book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in physics and the neighbouring sciences. An accompanying CD allows incorporation of the book's content (illustrations, tables, schematic programs) into the reader's own presentations. - ;'This book is the best one I have reviewed all year.' Alan Hinchliffe, Physical Sciences Educational Reviews -

Electronic Structure and Magneto-Optical Properties of Solids

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Author: Victor Antonov,Bruce Harmon,Alexander Yaresko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402019068

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 2004

The aim of this book is to review recent achievements in thetheoretical investigations of the electronic structure, optical, magneto-optical (MO), and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD)properties of compounds and Multilayered structures.Chapter 1 of this book is of an introductory character and presentsthe theoretical foundations of the band theory of solids such as thedensity functional theory for ground state properties of solidsincluding local density approximation (LDA). It also presents somemodifications to the LDA, such as gradient correction, self-interaction correction, LDA+U method, orbital polarizationcorrection, GW approximation, and dynamical mean- field theory. Thedescription of the magneto-optical effects and linear response theoryare also presented.The book describes the MO properties for a number of 3d materials, such as elemental ferromagnetic metals (Fe, Co and Ni) andparamagnetic metals in external magnetic fields (Pd and Pt), someimportant 3d compounds such as XPt3 (X=V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Co), Heusleralloys, chromium spinel chalcogenides, MnB and strongly correlatedmagnetite Fe304. It also describes the recent achievements in both theexperimental and theoretical investigations of the electronicstructure, optical and MO properties of transition metal multilayeredstructures (MLS).The book presents also the MO properties of f band ferromagneticmaterials: Tm, Nd, Sm, Ce and La monochalcogenides, some important Y