Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids

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Author: John Singleton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057460

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 2893

This book provides an introduction to band theory and the electronic properties of materials at a level suitable for final-year undergraduates or first-year graduate students. It sets out to provide the vocabulary and quantum-mechanical training necessary to understand the electronic, optical and structural properties of the materials met in science and technology and describes some of the experimental techniques which are used to study band structure today. In order to leave space for recent developments, the Drude model and the introduction of quantum statistics are treated synoptically. However, Bloch's theorem and two tractable limits, a very weak periodic potential and the tight-binding model, are developed rigorously and in three dimensions. Having introduced the ideas of bands, effective masses and holes, semiconductor and metals are treated in some detail, along with the newer ideas of artificial structures such as super-lattices and quantum wells, layered organic substances and oxides. Some recent `hot topics' in research are covered, e.g. the fractional Quantum Hall Effect and nano-devices, which can be understood using the techniques developed in the book. In illustrating examples of e.g. the de Haas-van Alphen effect, the book focuses on recent experimental data, showing that the field is a vibrant and exciting one. References to many recent review articles are provided, so that the student can conduct research into a chosen topic at a deeper level. Several appendices treating topics such as phonons and crystal structure make the book self-contained introduction to the fundamentals of band theory and electronic properties in condensed matter physic today.

Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

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Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486712407

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 617

Dieses exzellente Werk fuhrt aus, in welcher Hinsicht optische Eigenschaften von Festkorpern anders sind als die von Atomen. [...] Die Ausgewogenheit von physikalischen Erklarungen und mathematischer Beschreibung ist sehr gut. DEr Text ist erganzt durch kritische Anmerkungen in den Marginalien und selbsterklarender Abbildungen. BArry R. MAsters, OPN Optics & Photonics News 2011 Fox ist es gelungen, eine gute, kompakte und anspruchsvolle Darstellung der optischen Eigenschaften von Festkorpern vorzulegen. AMerican Journal of Physics

Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

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Author: James F Annett

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486705409

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 1052

Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung. In seinem Aufbau verfolgt es das Ziel, die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen zu motivieren. Das Buch beginnt mit dem einfachsten der drei Phänomene, der Bose-Einstein-Kondensation. Nach einem Überblick über grundlegenden Eigenschaften idealer Bose-Gase werden Verfahren zum Einfangen und Kühlen von Atomen vorgestellt, um schließlich auf die Realisierung von Bose-Einstein-Kondensaten in verdünnten atomaren Gasen eingehen zu können. Aufgrund von Zusammenfassungen und weiterführenden Literaturangaben ist das Werk gleichermaßen zum Selbststudium geeignet wie zur vertiefenden Vorlesungsbegleitung. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben, teils mit Lösungen und Hinweisen, ermöglichen die unmittelbare Überprüfung des Gelernten.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik

Viel-Teilchen-Theorie

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Author: Wolfgang Nolting

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662075628

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 7123

Der beliebte Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in sieben Bänden alle für das Diplom maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt gut durchdacht das im jeweiligen Semester nötige theoretische-physikalische Rüstzeug. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffes. Die Neuauflage des siebten Bandes zur Viel-Teilchen-Theorie wurde neubearbeitet.

Solid State Theory

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Author: Walter A. Harrison

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486152235

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 1766

DIVThorough, modern study of solid state physics; solid types and symmetry, electron states, electronic properties and cooperative phenomena. /div

Kristallmodelle

Symmetriemodelle der 32 Kristallklassen zum Selbstbau

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Author: Rüdiger Borchardt,Siegfried Turowski

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486844989

Category: Science

Page: 44

View: 7407

Dieses Buch ist Teil unserer neuen Datenbank Anorganik Online. Für ein wirkliches Begreifen der Kristalle und ihrer Symmetrien. Modellbaubögen in sieben Farben (pro Kristallsystem eine Farbe) bieten die Möglichkeit, 3-dimensionale Körper, auf denen alle Symmetrieelemente eingezeichnet sind, selbst zusammenzubauen. Eine kurze Einführung, eine übersichtliche Tabelle der 32 Kristallklassen sowie ein Lernkartensystem komplettieren das Heft.

Solid State and Quantum Theory for Optoelectronics

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Author: Michael A. Parker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420019452

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 4903

While applications rapidly change one to the next in our commercialized world, fundamental principles behind those applications remain constant. So if one understands those principles well enough and has ample experience in applying them, he or she will be able to develop a capacity for reaching results via conceptual thinking rather than having to always rely on models to test various conditions. In Solid State and Quantum Theory for Optoelectronics, Michael Parker provides a general conceptual framework for matter that leads to the matter-light interaction explored in the author’s Physics of Optoelectronics (CRC Press). Instead of overburdening readers with the definition–theorem– proof format often expected in mathematics texts, this book instructs readers through the development of conceptual pictures. Employing a proven pedagogic approach, as rigorous as it is intuitive, Professor Parker – Provides several lead-ins to the quantum theory including a brief review of Lagrange and Hamilton’s approach to classical mechanics and the fundamental quantum link with Hilbert space Demonstrates the Schrödinger wave equation from the Feynman path integral Discusses standard topics such as the quantum well, harmonic oscillator, representations, perturbation theory, and spin Expands discussion from the density operator and its applications to quantum computing and teleportation Provides the concepts for ensembles and microstates in detail with emphasis on the derivation of particle population distributions across energy levels Professors Parker includes problems to help readers understand and internalize the material. But just as important, the working-through of these problems will help readers develop the sort of approach that, instead of wholly relying on models, enables them to extrapolate solutions guided by informed intuition developed over the course of formal study and laboratory experiment. It is the kind of conceptual thinking that will allow readers to move with deeper understanding from optical applications to more theoretical topics in physics.

Physik kondensierter Materie

Kristalle, Flüssigkeiten, Flüssigkristalle und Polymere

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Author: Gert Strobl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642559867

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 7737

Das Buch gründet auf einer Vorlesung in Freiburg, welche, am Beginn des Hauptstudiums angeboten, gleichermaßen in die Festkörperphysik wie auch die Physik von Flüssigkeiten, Flüssigkristallen und Polymeren einführt. Die verschiedenen Formen kondensierter Materie werden in fünf Kapiteln, Strukturen, Suszeptibilitäten, Molekularfelder, Ströme und die Dynamik betreffend, jeweils gemeinsam behandelt. Die Intention des Buches ist die zusammenhängende Darstellung von Begriffen und Konzepten, die bei der Erfassung der Eigenschaften kondensierter Materie einzuführen sind, unter Verzicht auf eine Schilderung der vielen Einzelheiten. Das Ziel besteht in der Schaffung einer breiten Verständnisgrundlage, von der ausgehend dann ein einfaches Weitergeben und eine Vertiefung in viele Richtungen ermöglicht werden soll.

Electronic Properties of Engineering Materials

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Author: James D. Livingston

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471316275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 8091

It includes both chemical and physical approaches to the properties of solids, and clearly separates those aspects of materials properties that can be tackled with classical physics from those that require quantum mechanics. * Quantum mechanics are introduced later to allow readers to be familiar with some of the mathematics necessary for quantum mechanics before being exposed to its bewildering fundamental concepts. * Discusses the electronic properties of solids from the viewpoint of elementary band theory, and end with a brief treatment of semiconductors and some semiconducting devices.

The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors

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Author: Andrei Lebed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540766728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 754

View: 6336

This bang up-to-date volume contains the distilled wisdom of some of the world’s leading minds on the subject. Inside, there is a treasure trove of general (tutorial) and topical reviews, written by leading researchers in the area of organic superconductors and conductors. The papers hail from all over the world, as far afield as the USA and Australia. They cover contemporary topics such as unconventional superconductivity, non-Fermi-liquid properties, and the quantum Hall effect.

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume II: Electronic Properties

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Author: Jenö Sólyom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540853154

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 3640

The reader is holding the second volume of a three-volume textbook on sol- state physics. This book is the outgrowth of the courses I have taught for many years at Eötvös University, Budapest, for undergraduate and graduate students under the titles Solid-State Physics and Modern Solid-State Physics. The main motivation for the publication of my lecture notes as a book was that none of the truly numerous textbooks covered all those areas that I felt should be included in a multi-semester course. Especially, if the course strives to present solid-state physics in a uni?ed structure, and aims at d- cussing not only classic chapters of the subject matter but also (in more or less detail) problems that are of great interest for today’s researcher as well. Besides, the book presents a much larger material than what can be covered in a two- or three-semester course. In the ?rst part of the ?rst volume the analysis of crystal symmetries and structure goes into details that certainly cannot be included in a usual course on solid-state physics. The same applies, among others, to the discussion of the methods used in the determination of band structure, the properties of Fermi liquids and non-Fermi liquids, and the theory of unconventional superconductors in the present and third volumes. These parts can be assigned as supplementary reading for interested students, or can be discussed in advanced courses.

Quantum Theory of Real Materials

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Author: James R. Chelikowsky,Steven G. Louie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792396666

Category: Science

Page: 550

View: 342

A Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen This volume is a Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen. The articles, contributed by leading researchers in condensed matter physics, high-light recent advances in the use of quantum theory to explain and predict properties of real materials. The invention of quantum mechanics in the 1920's provided detailed descriptions of the electronic structure of atoms. However, a similar understanding of solids has been achieved only in the past 30 years, owing to the complex electron-ion and electron electron interactions in these systems. Professor Cohen is a central figure in this achievement. His development of the pseudopotential and total energy methods provided an alternate route using computers for the exploration of solids and new materials even when they have not yet been synthesized. Professor Cohen's contributions to materials theory have been both fundamental and encompassing. The corpus of his work consists of over 500 papers and a textbook. His band structures for semiconductors are used worldwide by researchers in solid state physics and chemistry and by device engineers. Professor Cohen's own use of his theories has resulted in the determination of the electronic structure, optical properties, structural and vibrational properties, and superconducting properties of numerous condensed matter systems including semiconductors, metals, surfaces, interfaces, defects in solids, clusters, and novel materials such as the fullerides and nanotubes.

Solid-State Physics

Introduction to the Theory

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Author: James Patterson,Bernard Bailey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642025891

Category: Science

Page: 827

View: 2745

While the standard solid state topics are covered, the basic ones often have more detailed derivations than is customary (with an empasis on crystalline solids). Several recent topics are introduced, as are some subjects normally included only in condensed matter physics. Lattice vibrations, electrons, interactions, and spin effects (mostly in magnetism) are discussed the most comprehensively. Many problems are included whose level is from "fill in the steps" to long and challenging, and the text is equipped with references and several comments about experiments with figures and tables.

Interatomic Bonding in Solids

Fundamentals, Simulation, and Applications

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Author: Valim Levitin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671579

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 8080

The connection between the quantum behavior of the structure elements of a substance and the parameters that determine the macroscopic behavior of materials has a major influence on the properties exhibited by different solids. Although quantum engineering and theory should complement each other, this is not always the case. This book aims to demonstrate how the properties of materials can be derived and predicted from the features of their structural elements, generally electrons. In a sense, electronic structure forms the glue holding solids together and it is central to determining structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic, and vibrational properties. The main part of the book is devoted to an overview of the fundamentals of density functional theory and its applications to computational solid-state physics and chemistry. The author shows the technique for construction of models and the computer simulation methods in detail. He considers fundamentals of physical and chemical interatomic bonding in solids and analyzes the predicted theoretical outcome in comparison with experimental data. He applies first-principle simulation methods to predict the properties of transition metals, semiconductors, oxides, solid solutions, and molecular and ionic crystals. Uniquely, he presents novel theories of creep and fatigue that help to anticipate, and prevent, possibly fatal material failures. As a result, readers gain the knowledge and tools to simulate material properties and design materials with desired characteristics. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the book, it is suitable for a variety of markets from students to engineers and researchers.

Statistical Mechanics: Algorithms and Computations

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Author: Werner Krauth

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198515359

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 2769

This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics, adopting simple language and an attractive format of many illustrations, tables and printed algorithms. The discussion of key subjects in classical and quantum statistical physics will appeal to students, teachers and researchers in physics and related sciences. The focus is on orientation with implementation details kept to a minimum. - ;This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics in a clear and accessible way and demonstrates its close relation to other approaches in theoretical physics. Individual chapters focus on subjects as diverse as the hard sphere liquid, classical spin models, single quantum particles and Bose-Einstein condensation. Contained within the chapters are in-depth discussions of algorithms, ranging from basic enumeration methods to modern Monte Carlo techniques. The emphasis is on orientation, with discussion of implementation details kept to a minimum. Illustrations, tables and concise printed algorithms convey key information, making the material very accessible. The book is completely self-contained and graphs and tables can readily be reproduced, requiring minimal computer code. Most sections begin at an elementary level and lead on to the rich and difficult problems of contemporary computational and statistical physics. The book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in physics and the neighbouring sciences. An accompanying CD allows incorporation of the book's content (illustrations, tables, schematic programs) into the reader's own presentations. - ;'This book is the best one I have reviewed all year.' Alan Hinchliffe, Physical Sciences Educational Reviews -

Statistical Mechanics

Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity

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Author: James Sethna

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019856676X

Category: Computers

Page: 349

View: 5461

Sethna distills the core ideas of statistical mechanics to make room for new advances important to information theory, complexity, and modern biology. He explores everything from chaos through to life at the end of the universe.

Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology

A Basic Introduction

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Author: Ta-Pei Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198529576

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 3016

An introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity, this work is structured so that interesting applications, such as gravitational lensing, black holes and cosmology, can be presented without the readers having to first learn the difficult mathematics of tensor calculus.

Superconductivity, Superfluids and Condensates

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Author: James F. Annett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507567

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 5327

Superconductivity, provides a basic introduction to one of the most innovative areas in condensed matter physics today. This book includes ample tutorial material, including illustrations, chapter summaries, graded problem sets, and concise examples. This book is part of the Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics.

Modern Classical Optics

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Author: Geoffrey Brooker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198599654

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 397

View: 1932

Praised as 'one of the best new optics books seen for some time', this book will provide a unique presentation of classical optics from the modern perspective. Written for advanced undergraduate students, the text stands out by its readability and stimulating discussions, close ties to experimental physics, and excellent choice of worked problem sets.