Atomic Physics at Accelerators: Mass Spectrometry

Proceedings of the APAC 2000, held in Cargèse, France, 19–23 September 2000

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Author: David Lunney,Georges Audi,Heinz-Jürgen Kluge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401512701

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 9167

The search for examples of proton radioactivity has resulted in the discovery of a large number of proton emitters in the region 50

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

Ultrasensitive Analysis for Global Science

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Author: Claudio Tuniz,W. Kutschera,D. Fink,Gregory F. Herzog,John R. Bird

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849345388

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5679

This extensive undertaking, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, conducts an elaborate and comprehensive summary of one of the foremost catalysts of progress in scientific research. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), an innovative analytical technique, measures rare atoms at unprecedented levels of sensitivity, revolutionizing the science of radiocarbon dating and accessing new natural radioisotopes as environmental tracers and chronometers. This book demonstrates how AMS is applied in the studies of extraterrestrial materials, the earth sciences, the future of the global environment, and the history of mankind. This compendium also highlights the significant impact of AMS on several fields of scientific investigation, spurring remarkable studies in global climate change, ancient artifacts, pollution, nuclear safeguards, geochronology, and materials characterization. The myriad of sample types and variety of applications in this examination include: Meteorites from Mars Ancient air trapped in Antarctic ice The Shroud of Turin The dating of human bones The colonization of the Americas and Australia Ancient rock art The crown of Charlemagne Cancerogenic effects of cooked meat The consequences of the Chernobyl accident The role of aluminum in Alzheimer's Disease This unique edition has compiled the diverse set of scientific literature into a single volume, suitable as a text or resource on the major AMS-related outcomes, issues, and methods.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

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Author: Mike S. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118180720

Category: Science

Page: 1368

View: 8409

Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Encyclopedia of Nuclear Physics and its Applications

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Author: Reinhard Stock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527649263

Category: Science

Page: 796

View: 395

This book fills the need for a coherent work combining carefully reviewed articles into a comprehensive overview accessible to research groups and lecturers. Next to fundamental physics, contributions on topical medical and material science issues are included.

Trends in nuclear physics

Varenna on Lake Como, Villa Monastero, 23 June-3 July 1987

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Author: P. Kienle,R. A. Ricci

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 607

View: 8224

Modern Analytical Geochemistry

An Introduction to Quantitative Chemical Analysis Techniques for Earth, Environmental and Materials Scientists

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Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317894715

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 888

A comprehensive handbook of analytical techniques in geochemistry which provides the student and the professional with an understanding of the wide spectrum of different analytical methods that can be applied to Earth and environmental materials, together with a critical appreciation of their relative merits and limitations.

Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry

Sixteenth International Conference. 1-5 November 2000, Denton, Texas, USA

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Author: Jerome L. Duggan,I.L. Morgan

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 1200

View: 7164

The purpose of the conference was to review current research and the wealth of industrial applications that are in progress with accelerators throughout the world. The conference was composed of two symposia which ran in parallel. These are the Research Symposium and the Industrial Applications of Accelerators. Some of the sessions, which are of general interest, were held common to both groups. Over 500 invited papers were given at these symposia and contributed papers were accepted in the following areas: Accelerator and Component Design and Automation, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS), Accelerator Technology, Atomic Physics and Related Phenomena, Beam Processing Biological and Chemical Applications, Carbon Dating, Channeling, Charged Particle Microprobes, Computer Tomography, CTR and Related Phenomena, Detectors-Electronics-Instrumentation, Dosimetry, Electron Beam Processing, ERDA, Geosciences and Related Phenomena, Government Funding for Research, Insitu Beams, Ion Implantation (Semiconductors), Ion Implantation (Metallurgical), Ion Sources and Control Systems, Material Analysis with Ion Beams, Medical Applications with Accelerators, Medical Radioisotopes, Neutron Activation Analysis and Bulk Analysis with Accelerators, Nuclear Physics Photon-Ion Interaction using Fast Beams, Positron Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiation Effects, Radiation Processing, Radiation Therapy, Radioactive Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiological Safety Aspects of Accelerators, RBS, Single-Event Upsets Stopping Power, Surface Analysis with Ion Beams (PIXE), Synchrotron Light Source experiments, Targetry, Trace Analysis with Ion Beams, and Use of Small Accelerators in the Undergraduate Curriculum.

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

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Author: Pavel Povinec

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080553375

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 6942

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Cryogenic Particle Detection

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Author: Hans-Christian Stahl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540201137

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 2242

The development of cryogenic devices for particle detection has reached a stage at which many interesting applications are conceivable and already have been demonstrated. The book provides a comprehensive review of the field of cryogenic particle detection. It introduces the different detection techniques and gives an overview of the important areas in which these detectors are successfully applied.

Physics Briefs

Physikalische Berichte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Physics

Page: N.A

View: 4707

Nuclear Physics

Exploring the Heart of Matter

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Author: The Committee on the Assessment of and Outlook for Nuclear Physics,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309260418

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 950

The principal goals of the study were to articulate the scientific rationale and objectives of the field and then to take a long-term strategic view of U.S. nuclear science in the global context for setting future directions for the field. Nuclear Physics: Exploring the Heart of Matter provides a long-term assessment of an outlook for nuclear physics. The first phase of the report articulates the scientific rationale and objectives of the field, while the second phase provides a global context for the field and its long-term priorities and proposes a framework for progress through 2020 and beyond. In the second phase of the study, also developing a framework for progress through 2020 and beyond, the committee carefully considered the balance between universities and government facilities in terms of research and workforce development and the role of international collaborations in leveraging future investments. Nuclear physics today is a diverse field, encompassing research that spans dimensions from a tiny fraction of the volume of the individual particles (neutrons and protons) in the atomic nucleus to the enormous scales of astrophysical objects in the cosmos. Nuclear Physics: Exploring the Heart of Matter explains the research objectives, which include the desire not only to better understand the nature of matter interacting at the nuclear level, but also to describe the state of the universe that existed at the big bang. This report explains how the universe can now be studied in the most advanced colliding-beam accelerators, where strong forces are the dominant interactions, as well as the nature of neutrinos.

Electrostatic Accelerators

Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Ragnar Hellborg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540270957

Category: Science

Page: 620

View: 6490

Electrostatic accelerators are an important and widespread subgroup within the broad spectrum of modern, large particle acceleration devices. They are specifically designed for applications that require high-quality ion beams in terms of energy stability and emittance at comparatively low energies (a few MeV). Their ability to accelerate virtually any kind of ion over a continuously tunable range of energies makes them a highly versatile tool for investigations in many research fields including, but not limited to, atomic and nuclear spectroscopy, heavy ion reactions, accelerator mass spectroscopy as well as ion-beam analysis and modification. The book is divided into three parts. The first part concisely introduces the field of accelerator technology and techniques that emphasize their major modern applications. The second part treats the electrostatic accelerator per se: its construction and operational principles as well as its maintenance. The third part covers all relevant applications in which electrostatic accelerators are the preferred tool for accelerator-based investigations. Since some topics are common to all types of accelerators, Electrostatic Accelerators will also be of value for those more familiar with other types of accelerators.

From Hiroshima to the Iceman

The Development and Applications of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

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Author: Harry E Gove

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750305587

Category: Science

Page: 115

View: 1418

From Hiroshima to the Iceman: The Development and Applications of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry presents a fascinating account of a breakthrough in science and the insights it has brought that would not have been possible without it. Involved since its invention, Harry Gove recounts the story of the development of accelerator mass spectrometry and its use as an ultrasensitive detection technique in many fields of science and the arts. A key advantage of the technique is that it requires only very small samples of material. The book explores the areas where the technique has increased understanding and provided solutions to problems, including the clean-up and storage of nuclear waste, the effects of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, biomedical research, the settling of the Americas, and carbon dating of many precious artifacts. Objects dated include the Turin Shroud, the Iceman, the elephant bird egg, and the Dead Sea scrolls.

Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics

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Author: K. Bethge,G. Kraft,P. Kreisler,G. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540208051

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 9092

Designed to bridge the gap between the many applications in medicine and the underlying basic nuclear physics which needs to be understood by those applying the methods. In addition, those active in nuclear science will gain insight into the manifold applications of their subject. The main topics of the book are: physical foundations, instrumentation, diagnostics (imaging), therapies and radiation safety.

Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Basic Principles and Applications

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Author: Mike S. Lee,Mingshe Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470934692

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 5389

This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.

Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: Charged Particles

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080860176

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 1336

With this volume, Methods of Experimental Physics becomes Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, a name change which reflects the evolution of todays science. This volume is the first of three which will provide a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics; the three volumes as a set will form an excellent experimental handbook for the field. The wide availability of tunable lasers in the pastseveral years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

The Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research SIN

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Author: Andreas Pritzker

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3738684077

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 8196

This book tells the story of the Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research (SIN). The institute was founded in 1968 and became part of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in 1988. Its founding occurred at a time when physics was generally considered the key discipline for technological and social development. This step was unusual for a small country like Switzerland and showed courage and foresight. Equally unusual were the accomplishments of SIN, compared with similar institutes in the rest of the world, as well as its influence on Swiss, and partially also on international politics of science. That this story is now available in a widely understandable form is due to the efforts of some physicists, who took the initiative as long as contemporary witnesses could still be questioned. As is usually the case, official documents always show just an excerpt of what really happened. An intimate portrayal of people who contributed to success requires personal memories. This text relies on both sources. In addition, the events are illustrated with numerous photos.