Athenian Radical Democracy

461-404 BC

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Author: J. W. Roberts

Publisher: Lactor

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 7512

This collection of sources and commentary replaces the 1973 Athenian Politics , taking account of the increase in knowledge on demes, and the work of Mogens Herman Hansen. Part I contains a conceptual and historical background to the democratic system as it was at the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War in 431, Part II surveys the principal institutions of democracy, and Part III demonstrates the various ways in which the system was tested from the plague of 430 to the naval battles of Arginousai and Aigospotamoi. A vital resource for all students of the period.

Radical Democracy

Identity, Citizenship and the State

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Author: David Trend

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136660712

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 2926

Radical Democracy addresses the loss of faith in conventional party politics and argues for new ways of thinking about diversity, liberty and civic responsibility. The cultural and social theorists in Radical Democracy broaden the discussion beyond the conventional and conservative rhetoric by investigating the applicability of radical democracy in the United States. Issues debated include whether democracy is primarily a form of decision making or an instrument of popular empowerment; and whether democracy constitutes an abstract ideal or an achievable goal.

Radical Democracy

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Author: Douglas C. Lummis

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501712993

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8484

C. Douglas Lummis writes as if he were talking with intelligent friends rather than articulating political theory. He reminds us that democracy literally means a political state in which the people (demos) have the power (kratia). The people referred to are not people of a certain class or gender or color. They are, in fact, the poorest and largest body of citizens. Democracy is and always has been the most radical proposal, and constitutes a critique of every sort of centralized power. Lummis distinguishes true democracy from the inequitable incarnations referred to in contemporary liberal usage. He weaves commentary on classic texts with personal anecdotes and reflections on current events. Writing from Japan and drawing on his own experience in the Philippines at the height of People's Power, Lummis brings a cross-cultural perspective to issues such as economic development and popular mobilization. He warns against the fallacy of associating free markets or the current world economic order with democracy and argues for transborder democratic action. Rejecting the ways in which technology imposes its own needs, Lummis asks what work would look like in a truly democratic society. He urges us to remember that democracy should mean a fundamental stance toward the world and toward one’s fellow human beings. So understood, it offers an effective cure for what he terms "the social disease called political cynicism." Feisty and provocative, Radical Democracy is sure to inspire debate.

The Hellenistic Reception of Classical Athenian Democracy and Political Thought

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Author: Mirko Canevaro,Benjamin Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192524399

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5088

In the Hellenistic period (c.323-31 BCE), Greek teachers, philosophers, historians, orators, and politicians found an essential point of reference in the democracy of Classical Athens and the political thought which it produced. However, while Athenian civic life and thought in the Classical period have been intensively studied, these aspects of the Hellenistic period have so far received much less attention. This volume seeks to bring together the two areas of research, shedding new light on these complementary parts of the history of the ancient Greek polis. The essays collected here encompass historical, philosophical, and literary approaches to the various Hellenistic responses to and adaptations of Classical Athenian politics. They survey the complex processes through which Athenian democratic ideals of equality, freedom, and civic virtue were emphasized, challenged, blunted, or reshaped in different Hellenistic contexts and genres. They also consider the reception, in the changed political circumstances, of Classical Athenian non- and anti-democratic political thought. This makes it possible to investigate how competing Classical Athenian ideas about the value or shortcomings of democracy and civic community continued to echo through new political debates in Hellenistic cities and schools. Looking ahead to the Roman Imperial period, the volume also explores to what extent those who idealized Classical Athens as a symbol of cultural and intellectual excellence drew on, or forgot, its legacy of democracy and vigorous political debate. By addressing these different questions it not only tracks changes in practices and conceptions of politics and the city in the Hellenistic world, but also examines developing approaches to culture, rhetoric, history, ethics, and philosophy, and especially their relationships with politics.

Law, Sexuality, and Society

The Enforcement of Morals in Classical Athens

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Author: David Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521466424

Category: History

Page: 259

View: 2736

Subtitled `The enforcement of morals in Classical Athens' this book focuses on the examination of the social and legal context of adultery, homosexuality, impiety, and the public-private dichotomy in Athenian society. Through his comparative and historical study, Cohen develops a view of classical Athenian society which emphasizes the study of social control as the dynamic interplay of legal and social norms within the context of ideology and practice.

Sophocles and the Tragedy of Athenian Democracy

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Author: Josh Beer,D. G. Beers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313289460

Category: Drama

Page: 190

View: 5632

Illustrates how the theatre and Sophoclean tragedy, in particular, was crucial to the life and politics of the time.

Radical Democracy and Collective Movements Today

The Biopolitics of the Multitude versus the Hegemony of the People

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Author: Dr Alexandros Kioupkiolis,Mr Giorgos Katsambekis

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409470547

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 354

The 'Arab spring', the Spanish indignados, the Greek aganaktismenoi and the Occupy Wall Street movement all share a number of distinctive traits; they made extensive use of social networking and were committed to the direct democratic participation of all as they co-ordinated and conducted their actions. Leaderless and self-organized, they were socially and ideologically heterogeneous, dismissing fixed agendas or ideologies. Still, the assembled multitudes that animated these mobilizations often claimed to speak in the name of ‘the people’, and they aspired to empowered forms of egalitarian self-government in common. Similar features have marked collective resistances from the Zapatistas and the Seattle protests onwards, giving rise to theoretical and practical debates over the importance of these ideological and political forms. By engaging with the controversy between the autonomous, biopolitical ‘multitude’ of Hardt and Negri and the arguments in favour of the hegemony of ‘the people’ advanced by J. Rancière, E. Laclau, C. Mouffe and S. Žižek the central aim of this book is to discuss these instances of collective mobilization, to probe the innovative practices and ideas they have developed and to debate their potential to reinvigorate democracy whilst seeking something better than ‘disaster capitalism’.

Diskurs - radikale Demokratie - Hegemonie

Zum politischen Denken von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe

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Author: Martin Nonhoff

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839404940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 4120

Wenige politische Denker haben den internationalen politik- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Theoriediskurs der vergangenen Jahre so beeinflusst wie Chantal Mouffe und Ernesto Laclau - über Paradigmengrenzen hinweg. Beide verknüpfen neo-gramscianische, (post-)strukturalistische und psychoanalytische Theorieelemente und ermöglichen damit einerseits eine Erklärung von Ereignissen des politisch-diskursiven Geschehens, insbesondere der Ausbildung von Hegemonien, und andererseits eine normative Theorie der agonalen Demokratie. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes geben einen Überblick über wesentliche Denkfiguren von Laclau und Mouffe, setzen sich mit diesen kritisch auseinander und zeigen methodische und empirische Anschlussmöglichkeiten auf. Dieser Band enthält u.a. Originaltexte von Ernesto Laclau und Chantal Mouffe.

Edinburgh Companion to the History of Democracy

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Author: Benjamin Isakhan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748653686

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8607

Re-examines the long and complex history of democracy and broadens the traditional view of this history by complementing it with examples from unexplored or under-examined quarters.

Athens and Sparta

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Author: Stephen Todd

Publisher: Bristol Classical Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 83

View: 1798

Focuses on the image of rival societies, as Athens and Sparta have been perceived, by contemporaries, by later Greeks, during the Roman period and beyond.

The Warrior State

How Military Organization Structures Politics

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Author: E. Dolman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403978263

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 8196

Putting into question the conventional view that the military is detrimental to democratic development, Dolman provides a multifaceted examination of the institutional incentives of the military and its relations with civilian authorities. Drawing on classical political theory, a wide range of historical examples, and statistical findings, The Warrior State argues that the military can facilitate democracy as the result of specific norms and conditions that focus on individual action. Ironically, this may be best inculcated through a focus on the offensive, precisely the military doctrine commonly seen as most likely to result in international conflict. The paradox of offensive strategies possibly increasing international conflict while also enhancing democracy, which is supposed to decrease such conflict, from a core of this provocative book.

The Parthenon Enigma

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Author: Joan Breton Connelly

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0385350503

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 4815

Built in the fifth century b.c., the Parthenon has been venerated for more than two millennia as the West’s ultimate paragon of beauty and proportion. Since the Enlightenment, it has also come to represent our political ideals, the lavish temple to the goddess Athena serving as the model for our most hallowed civic architecture. But how much do the values of those who built the Parthenon truly correspond with our own? And apart from the significance with which we have invested it, what exactly did this marvel of human hands mean to those who made it? In this revolutionary book, Joan Breton Connelly challenges our most basic assumptions about the Parthenon and the ancient Athenians. Beginning with the natural environment and its rich mythic associations, she re-creates the development of the Acropolis—the Sacred Rock at the heart of the city-state—from its prehistoric origins to its Periklean glory days as a constellation of temples among which the Parthenon stood supreme. In particular, she probes the Parthenon’s legendary frieze: the 525-foot-long relief sculpture that originally encircled the upper reaches before it was partially destroyed by Venetian cannon fire (in the seventeenth century) and most of what remained was shipped off to Britain (in the nineteenth century) among the Elgin marbles. The frieze’s vast enigmatic procession—a dazzling pageant of cavalrymen and elders, musicians and maidens—has for more than two hundred years been thought to represent a scene of annual civic celebration in the birthplace of democracy. But thanks to a once-lost play by Euripides (the discovery of which, in the wrappings of a Hellenistic Egyptian mummy, is only one of this book’s intriguing adventures), Connelly has uncovered a long-buried meaning, a story of human sacrifice set during the city’s mythic founding. In a society startlingly preoccupied with cult ritual, this story was at the core of what it meant to be Athenian. Connelly reveals a world that beggars our popular notions of Athens as a city of staid philosophers, rationalists, and rhetoricians, a world in which our modern secular conception of democracy would have been simply incomprehensible. The Parthenon’s full significance has been obscured until now owing in no small part, Connelly argues, to the frieze’s dismemberment. And so her investigation concludes with a call to reunite the pieces, in order that what is perhaps the greatest single work of art surviving from antiquity may be viewed more nearly as its makers intended. Marshalling a breathtaking range of textual and visual evidence, full of fresh insights woven into a thrilling narrative that brings the distant past to life, The Parthenon Enigma is sure to become a landmark in our understanding of the civilization from which we claim cultural descent.

The Greek World 479-323 BC

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Author: Simon Hornblower

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136831258

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 5538

The Greek World 479-323 BC has been an indispensable guide to classical Greek history since its first publication nearly thirty years ago. Now Simon Hornblower has comprehensively revised and partly rewritten his original text, bringing it up-to-date for yet another generation of readers. In particular, this fourth edition takes full account of recent and detailed scholarship on Greek poleis across the Hellenic world, allowing for further development of the key theme of regional variety across the Mediterranean and beyond. Other extensive changes include a new sub-chapter on Islands, a completely updated bibliography, and revised citation of epigraphic material relating to the fourth-century BC. With valuable coverage of the broader Mediterranean world in which Greek culture flourished, as well as close examination of Athens, Sparta, and the other great city-states of Greece itself, this fourth edition of a classic work is a more essential read than ever before.

Justice as an aspect of the polis idea in Solon's political poems [electronic resource]

a reading of the fragments in light of the researches of new classical archaeology

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Author: Joseph A. Almeida

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004130029

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 284

View: 6532

In an interdisciplinary approach, this book examines the meaning of dike or justice in Solon' political poems from an interpretative perspective provided by the polis idea arising from the work of new classical archaeology.

Protagoras and Logos

A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric

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Author: Edward Schiappa

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1611171814

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 3457

Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century. In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.

Why Socrates Died: Dispelling the Myths

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Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393072907

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2246

A revisionist account of the most famous trial and execution in Western civilization—one with great resonance for American society today. Socrates’ trial and death together form an iconic moment in Western civilization. In 399 BCE, the great philosopher stood before an Athenian jury on serious charges: impiety and “subverting the young men of the city.” The picture we have of it—created by his immediate followers, Plato and Xenophon, and perpetuated in countless works of literature and art ever since—is of a noble man putting his lips to the poisonous cup of hemlock, sentenced to death in a fit of folly by an ancient Athenian democracy already fighting for its own life. But an icon, an image, is not reality, and time has transmuted so many of the facts into historical fable. Aware of these myths, Robin Waterfield has examined the actual Greek sources and presents here a new Socrates, in which he separates the legend from the man himself. As Waterfield recounts the story, the charges of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens were already enough for a death sentence, but the prosecutors accused him of more. They asserted that Socrates was not just an atheist and the guru of a weird sect but also an elitist who surrounded himself with politically undesirable characters and had mentored those responsible for defeat in the Peloponnesian War. Their claims were not without substance, for Plato and Xenophon, among Socrates’ closest companions, had idolized him as students, while Alcibiades, the hawkish and notoriously self-serving general, had brought Athens to the brink of military disaster. In fact, as Waterfield perceptively shows through an engrossing historical narrative, there was a great deal of truth, from an Athenian perspective, in these charges. The trial was, in part, a response to troubled times—Athens was reeling from a catastrophic war and undergoing turbulent social changes—and Socrates’ companions were unfortunately direct representatives of these troubles. Their words and actions, judiciously sifted and placed in proper context, not only serve to portray Socrates as a flesh-and-blood historical figure but also provide a good lens through which to explore both the trial and the general history of the period. Ultimately, the study of these events and principal figures allows us to finally strip away the veneer that has for so long denied us glimpses of the real Socrates. Why Socrates Died is an illuminating, authoritative account of not only one of the defining periods of Western civilization but also of one of its most defining figures.

Can Democracy Work?

A Short History of a Radical Idea, from Athens to Our World

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Author: James Miller

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1786074036

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8908

Democracy is invoked to support the vast majority of the world's governments. We have been talking about it for thousands of years, and attempting to put it into practice for hundreds, believing in it as the logical culmination of human affairs. But if both North Korea and the United States consider themselves democratic – and, indeed, both liberals and conservatives, capitalists and communists, bureaucrats and populists – isn't the idea meaningless? This is the biography of one of the world's most powerful ideas, a belief in the value of the collective, a battle between abstract rights and passionate convictions. In the end, only its citizens can decide on its fate.

Radical Democracy and Political Theology

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Author: Jeffrey W. Robbins

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527136

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 9969

Alexis de Tocqueville once wrote that "the people reign over the American political world like God over the universe," unwittingly casting democracy as the political instantiation of the death of God. According to Jeffrey W. Robbins, Tocqueville's assessment remains an apt observation of modern democratic power, which does not rest with a sovereign authority but operates as a diffuse social force. By linking radical democratic theory to a contemporary fascination with political theology, Robbins envisions the modern experience of democracy as a social, cultural, and political force transforming the nature of sovereign power and political authority. Robbins joins his work with Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri's radical conception of "network power," as well as Sheldon Wolin's notion of "fugitive democracy," to fashion a political theology that captures modern democracy's social and cultural torment. This approach has profound implications not only for the nature of contemporary religious belief and practice but also for the reconceptualization of the proper relationship between religion and politics. Challenging the modern, liberal, and secular assumption of a neutral public space, Robbins conceives of a postsecular politics for contemporary society that inextricably links religion to the political. While effectively recasting the tradition of radical theology as a political theology, this book also develops a comprehensive critique of the political theology bequeathed by Carl Schmitt. It marks an original and visionary achievement by the scholar the Journal of the American Academy of Religion hailed "one of the best commentators on religion and postmodernism."

Cornelius Castoriadis and Radical Democracy

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Author: Vrasidas Karalis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004278583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 1660

Cornelius Castoriadis (1922-1997) is a Greek-born French philosopher. In the first part of this volume, his most significant essays are translated to present young Castoriadis’ philosophical interpretations, while the second part highlights aspects of his mature philosophy.