Aeschines and Athenian Politics

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Author: Edward M. Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195359503

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 7097

Filling a major gap in scholarship, this is the first full-length study of the Athenian politician Aeschines. Along with Isocrates, Aeschines was one of the most prominent Athenian politicians who advocated friendly ties with the Macedonian king Philip II. Though overshadowed by his famous rival Demosthenes, Aeschines played a key role in the decisive events that marked the rise of Macedonian power in Greece and formed the transition from the Classical to the Hellenistic period. Three long speeches by Aeschines, all delivered in court battles with his opponent Demosthenes, have been preserved and provide us with valuable information about Athenian politics during a major turning point in Greek history. This study of Aeschines' political career examines the reliability of court speeches as historical evidence and shows how they help reveal how democratic institutions actually functioned in Athens when faced with the rise of Macedonian power.

Silence and Democracy

Athenian Politics in Thucydides' History

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Author: John Zumbrunnen

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271047429

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 8827

The role of elites vis-&à-vis the mass public in the construction and successful functioning of democracy has long been of central interest to political theorists. In Silence and Democracy, John Zumbrunnen explores this theme in Thucydides&’ famous history of the Peloponnesian War as a way of focusing our thoughts about this relationship in our own modern democracy. In Periclean Athens, according to Thucydides, &“what was in name a democracy became in actuality rule by the first man.&” This political transformation of Athenian political life raises the question of how to interpret the silence of the demos. Zumbrunnen distinguishes the &“silence of contending voices&” from the &“collective silence of the demos,&” and finds the latter the more difficult and intriguing problem. It is in the complex interplay of silence, speech, and action that Zumbrunnen teases out the meaning of democracy for Thucydides in both its domestic and international dimensions and shows how we may benefit from the Thucydidean text in thinking about the ways in which the silence of ordinary citizens can enable the domineering machinations of political elites in America and elsewhere today.

Sophocles and Alcibiades

Athenian Politics in Ancient Greek Literature

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Author: Michael Vickers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317492927

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 6396

Literary historians have long held the view that the plays of the Greek dramatist, Sophocles deal purely with archetypes of the heroic past and that any resemblance to contemporary events or individuals is purely coincidental. In this book, Michael Vickers challenges this view and argues that Sophocles makes regular and extensive allusion to Athenian politics in his plays, especially to Alcibiades, one of the most controversial Athenian politicians of his day.Vickers shows that Sophocles was no closeted intellectual but a man deeply involved in politics and he reminds us that Athenian politics was intensely personal. He argues cogently that classical writers employed hidden meanings and that consciously or sub-consciously, Sophocles was projecting onto his plays hints of contemporary events or incidents, mostly of a political nature, hoping that his audience's passion for politics would enhance the popularity of his plays. Vickers strengthens his case about Sophocles by discussing other authors - Thucydides, Plato and Euripides - in whom he also demonstrates a body of allusions to Alcibiades and others.

Athenian Politics

Democracy in Athens from Pericles to Cleophon : Sources Translated from the Greek Texts Collected in From Pericles to Cleophon

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Author: R. W. J. Clayton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Athens (Greece)

Page: 64

View: 6638

Athenian Politics C800-500 BC

A Sourcebook

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Author: G. R. Stanton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134953720

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7950

First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Politics and the Street in Democratic Athens

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Author: Alex Gottesman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041686

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 6991

Examines 'informal' politics, like gossip and political theatrics, and how they related to more 'formal' politics of assembly and courts.

Athenian Political Oratory

16 Key Speeches

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Author: David D. Phillips

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415966108

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 3071

Heinrich Schenker: A Research and Information Guide is an annotated bibliography concerning both the nature of primary sources related to the composer and the scope and significance of the secondary sources which deal with him, his compositions, and his influence as a composer and theorist.

The Birds of Aristophanes, Considered in Relation to Athenian Politics (Classic Reprint)

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Author: Edward George Harman

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 9780331907612

Category: Drama

Page: 144

View: 6008

Excerpt from The Birds of Aristophanes, Considered in Relation to Athenian Politics Clough, or by Stewart and Long, but I have varied them considerably in places with the object of a more literal rendering. The quotations from Aristophanes follow mainly the Bohn translation, a literal prose rendering of that author being, in my opinion, Of more value than verse. For the extracts from the Athenian Constitution I have followed the rendering, with one or two slight verbal altera tions, of Sir F. G. Kenyon. I have made use of English in preference to the Greek for these quotations, because I am in hope that this book will prove Of some interest to the general reader. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Plato's Democratic Entanglements

Athenian Politics and the Practice of Philosophy

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Author: S. Sara Monoson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400823741

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 9196

In this book, Sara Monoson challenges the longstanding and widely held view that Plato is a virulent opponent of all things democratic. She does not, however, offer in its place the equally mistaken idea that he is somehow a partisan of democracy. Instead, she argues that we should attend more closely to Plato's suggestion that democracy is horrifying and exciting, and she seeks to explain why he found it morally and politically intriguing. Monoson focuses on Plato's engagement with democracy as he knew it: a cluster of cultural practices that reach into private and public life, as well as a set of governing institutions. She proposes that while Plato charts tensions between the claims of democratic legitimacy and philosophical truth, he also exhibits a striking attraction to four practices central to Athenian democratic politics: intense antityrantism, frank speaking, public funeral oratory, and theater-going. By juxtaposing detailed examination of these aspects of Athenian democracy with analysis of the figurative language, dramatic structure, and arguments of the dialogues, she shows that Plato systematically links democratic ideals and activities to philosophic labor. Monoson finds that Plato's political thought exposes intimate connections between Athenian democratic politics and the practice of philosophy. Situating Plato's political thought in the context of the Athenian democratic imaginary, Monoson develops a new, textured way of thinking of the relationship between Plato's thought and the politics of his city.

Citizens on Stage

Comedy and Political Culture in the Athenian Democracy

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Author: James F. McGlew

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472112852

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 4502

Examines Old Comedy's representation of the citizen in fifth-century democratic Athens

Athenian Political Thought and the Reconstitution of American Democracy

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Author: J. Peter Euben,John R. Wallach,Josiah Ober

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501723995

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 5237

In the contemporary United States the image and experience of Athenian democracy has been appropriated to justify a profoundly conservative political and educational agenda. Such is the conviction expressed in this provocative book, which is certain to arouse widespread comment and discussion. What does it mean to be a citizen in a democracy? Indeed, how do we educate for democracy? These questions are addressed here by thirteen historians, classicists, and political theorists, who critically examine ancient Greek history and institutions, texts, and ideas in light of today's political practices and values. They do not idealize ancient Greek democracy. Rather, they use it, with all its faults, as a basis for measuring the strengths and shortcomings of American democracy. In the hands of the authors, ancient Greek sources become partners in an educational dialogue about democracy's past, one that goads us to think about the limitations of democracy's present and to imagine enriched possibilities for its future. The authors are diverse in their opinions and in their political and moral commitments. But they share the view that insulating American democracy from radical criticism encourages a dangerous complacency that Athenian political thought can disrupt.

From Pericles to Cleophon

A Source Book and Reader in Athenian Politics

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Author: Mark S. Warman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Greek language

Page: 260

View: 1159

Athenian Democracy

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Author: Peter John Rhodes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195221398

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 6253

Athens' democracy developed during the sixth and fifth centuries and continued into the fourth; Athens' defeat by Macedon in 322 began a series of alternations between democracy and oligarchy. The democracy was inseparably bound up with the ideals of liberty and equality, the rule of law, and the direct government of the people by the people. Liberty means above all freedom of speech, the right to be heard in the public assembly and the right to speak one's mind in private. Equality meant the equal right of male citizens (perhaps 60,000 in the fifth century, 30,000 in the fourth) to participate in the government of the state and the administration of the law. Disapproved of as a mob rule until the nineteenth century, the institutions of Athenian democracy have become an inspiration for modern democratic politics and political philosophy. P. J. Rhodes's reader focuses on the political institutions, political activity, history, and nature of Athenian democracy and introduces some of the best British, American, German, and French scholarship on its origins, theory, and practice. Part I is devoted to political institutions: citizenship, the assembly, the law-courts, and capital punishment. Part II explores aspects of political activity: the demagogues and their relationship with the assembly, the maneuverings of the politicians, competitive festivals, and the separation of public from private life. Part III looks at three crucial points in the development of the democracy: the reforms of Solon, Cleisthenes, and Ephialtes. Part IV considers what it was in Greek life that led to the development of democracy. Some of the authors adopt broad-brush approaches to major questions; others analyze a particular body of evidence in detail. Use is made of archeology, comparison with other societies, the location of festivals in their civic context, and the need to penetrate behind what the classical Athenians made of their past.

Athenian Legacies

Essays on the Politics of Going on Together

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Author: Josiah Ober

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691120959

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 7924

How do communities survive catastrophe? Using classical Athens as its case study, this book argues that if a democratic community is to survive over time, its people must choose to go on together. That choice often entails hardship and hard bargains. In good times, going on together presents few difficulties. But in the face of loss, disruption, and civil war, it requires tragic sacrifices and agonizing compromises. Athenian Legacies demonstrates with flair and verve how the people of one influential political community rebuilt their democratic government, rewove their social fabric, and, through thick and thin, went on together. The book's essays address amnesty, civic education, and institutional innovation in early Athens, a city that built and lost an empire while experiencing plague, war, economic trauma, and civil conflict. As Ober vividly demonstrates, Athenians became adept at collective survival. They conjoined a cultural commitment to government by the people with new institutions that captured the social and technical knowledge of a diverse population to recover from revolution, foreign occupation, and the ravages of war. Ober provides insight into notorious instances of Athenian injustice, explaining why slaves, women, and foreign residents willingly risked their lives to support a regime in which they were systematically mistreated. He answers the question of why Socrates never left a city he said was badly governed. At a time when social scientists debate the cultural grounding necessary to foster democracy, Athenian Legacies advances new arguments about the role of diversity and the relevance of shared understanding of the past in creating democracies that flourish when the going gets rough.

Historien

2 Bände. Griechisch - Deutsch

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Author: Herodot

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 305009091X

Category: History

Page: 1446

View: 2840

Herodot (geb. um 484 v. Chr., gest. um 425) wird mit Recht der Vater der Geschichtsschreibung genannt. Er verfasste eine Urgeschichte der alten Kulturen: des Vorderen Orients, Ägyptens und Griechenlands. Die welthistorische Auseinandersetzung zwischen Persern und Griechen, die Beschreibung der Schlachten von Marathon, den Thermopylen, Salamis und Platää sind von außerordentlicher Lebendigkeit. Der Weitgereiste ist zugleich aber auch der meisterhafte Erzähler von Geschichten, die in die Weltliteratur eingegangen sind, wie z. B. das Schicksal des Krösus, Gyges und sein Ring oder der Ring des Polykrates. Herodot gehört zu den Klassikern der griechischen Literatur, zu ihren ernstesten - und schwierigsten - Autoren, trotz oder gerade wegen seiner scheinbaren Leichtigkeit. Herodots Werk birgt in sich verhaltene Größe, Leiden und Leidenschaft, Welterfahrung und tiefe Klugheit.

The Hellenistic Reception of Classical Athenian Democracy and Political Thought

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Author: Mirko Canevaro,Benjamin Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198748477

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4818

In the Hellenistic period (c.323-31 BCE), Greek teachers, philosophers, historians, orators, and politicians found an essential point of reference in the democracy of Classical Athens and the political thought which it produced. However, while Athenian civic life and thought in the Classical period have been intensively studied, these aspects of the Hellenistic period have so far received much less attention. This volume seeks to bring together the two areas of research, shedding new light on these complementary parts of the history of the ancient Greek polis. The essays collected here encompass historical, philosophical, and literary approaches to the various Hellenistic responses to and adaptations of Classical Athenian politics. They survey the complex processes through which Athenian democratic ideals of equality, freedom, and civic virtue were emphasized, challenged, blunted, or reshaped in different Hellenistic contexts and genres. They also consider the reception, in the changed political circumstances, of Classical Athenian non- and anti-democratic political thought. This makes it possible to investigate how competing Classical Athenian ideas about the value or shortcomings of democracy and civic community continued to echo through new political debates in Hellenistic cities and schools. Looking ahead to the Roman Imperial period, the volume also explores to what extent those who idealized Classical Athens as a symbol of cultural and intellectual excellence drew on, or forgot, its legacy of democracy and vigorous political debate. By addressing these different questions it not only tracks changes in practices and conceptions of politics and the city in the Hellenistic world, but also examines developing approaches to culture, rhetoric, history, ethics, and philosophy, and especially their relationships with politics.