Athenian Democracy

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Author: Peter John Rhodes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195221398

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 6263

Athens' democracy developed during the sixth and fifth centuries and continued into the fourth; Athens' defeat by Macedon in 322 began a series of alternations between democracy and oligarchy. The democracy was inseparably bound up with the ideals of liberty and equality, the rule of law, and the direct government of the people by the people. Liberty means above all freedom of speech, the right to be heard in the public assembly and the right to speak one's mind in private. Equality meant the equal right of male citizens (perhaps 60,000 in the fifth century, 30,000 in the fourth) to participate in the government of the state and the administration of the law. Disapproved of as a mob rule until the nineteenth century, the institutions of Athenian democracy have become an inspiration for modern democratic politics and political philosophy. P. J. Rhodes's reader focuses on the political institutions, political activity, history, and nature of Athenian democracy and introduces some of the best British, American, German, and French scholarship on its origins, theory, and practice. Part I is devoted to political institutions: citizenship, the assembly, the law-courts, and capital punishment. Part II explores aspects of political activity: the demagogues and their relationship with the assembly, the maneuverings of the politicians, competitive festivals, and the separation of public from private life. Part III looks at three crucial points in the development of the democracy: the reforms of Solon, Cleisthenes, and Ephialtes. Part IV considers what it was in Greek life that led to the development of democracy. Some of the authors adopt broad-brush approaches to major questions; others analyze a particular body of evidence in detail. Use is made of archeology, comparison with other societies, the location of festivals in their civic context, and the need to penetrate behind what the classical Athenians made of their past.

Athens and Athenian Democracy

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Author: Robin Osborne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521844215

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 9059

Constructs a distinctive view of classical Athens, a view which takes seriously the evidence of archaeology and of art history.

Athenian Democracy: A Sourcebook

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Author: Luca Asmonti

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441165312

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5758

This volume presents a wide range of literary and epigraphic sources on the history of the world's first democracy, offering a comprehensive survey of the key themes and principles of Athenian democratic culture. Beginning with the mythical origins of Athenian democracy under Theseus and describing the historical development of Athens' democratic institutions through Solon's reforms to the birth of democracy under Cleisthenes, the book addresses the wider cultural and social repercussions of the democratic system, concluding with a survey of Athenian democracy in the Hellenistic and Roman age. All sources are presented in translation with full annotation and commentary and each chapter opens with an introduction to provide background and direction for readers. Sources include material by Aristotle, Homer, Aristophanes, Herodotus, Thucydides, Cicero, Tacitus and many others. The volume also includes an A-Z of key terms, an annotated bibliography with suggestions for further reading in the primary sources as well as modern critical works on Athenian democracy, and a full index.

Athenian Democracy

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Author: John Thorley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134364598

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 8767

The fifth century BC witnessed not only the emergence of one of the first democracies, but also the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. John Thorley provides a concise analysis of the development and operation of Athenian democracy against this backdrop. Taking into account both primary source material and the work of modern historians, Athenian Democracy examines: * the prelude to democracy * how the democractic system emerged * how this system worked in practice * the efficiency of this system of government * the success of Athenian democracy. Including a useful chronology and blibliography, this second edition has been updated to take into account recent research.

The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes

Structure, Principles, and Ideology

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Author: Mogens Herman Hansen

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806131436

Category: Political Science

Page: 447

View: 6158

The Athenian democracy of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. is the most famous and perhaps most nearly perfect example of direct democracy. Covering the period 403-322 B.C., Mogens Herman Hansen focuses on the crucial last thirty years, which coincided with the political career of Demosthenes. Hansen distinguishes between the city's seven political institutions: the Assembly, the nomothetai, the People's Court, the boards of magistrates, the Council of Five Hundred, the Areopagos, and ho boulomenos. He discusses how Athenians conceived liberty both as the ability to participate in the decision-making process and as the right to live without oppression from the state or other citizens. Equality was conceived of as an equality not of nature but of opportunity.

Athenian Democracy

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Author: John Thorley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134793359

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 9559

This pamphlet outlines the development and operation of Athenian democracy to the end of the fifth century BC. Separate sections examine the prelude to democracy, the emergence of a democratic system, and the way this system worked in practice. A final section focuses on the questions: how should we judge the success of Athenian democracy? who benefitted? was it an efficient system of government? in what sense was Athenian democracy the forerunner of modern democracies?

Performance Culture and Athenian Democracy

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Author: Simon Goldhill,Robin Osborne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521642477

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 6286

This 1999 book discusses the ways performance is central to the practice and ideology of Athenian democracy.

Pericles

The Rise and Fall of Athenian Democracy

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Author: Hamish Aird

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9780823938285

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 9466

Describes the life and accomplishments of the Athenian leader who held power during the high point of Athenian civilization, and places him in the context of his times.

Thrasybulus and the Athenian Democracy

The Life of an Athenian Statesman

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Author: Robert J. Buck

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515072212

Category: History

Page: 139

View: 1911

"Die wissenschaftliche Welt wie alle an der Geschichte Griechenlands im klassischen Zeitalter Interessierten ueberhaupt, haben B. fuer einen wertvollen und originellen Beitrag zur althistorischen Diskussion, vor allem aber fuer eine nuetzliche und konzise Monographie ueber eine trotz reicher Detailforschung nur selten in zusammenfassender Form dargestellte Epoche der athenischen Geschichte zu danken." Tyche "Although Thrasybulus of Steiria was a major player in some of the most important events of Athenian history, he has been largely neglected by ancient commentators and modern scholars alike. By way of giving Thrasybulus the attention his deeds warrant, Buck provides in his brief study a Thrasybulus-centered history of the period from 411-389. [...] The reader will find a concise, clearly-written, and well-argued discussion of the events of the period." Bryn Mawr Classical Review Content: Sources and Scholarship � Thrasybulus: His Early Life and Career � Arginusae and the Thirty � The Overthrow of the Thirty and the Restoration of Democracy � The First Two Years of the Corinthian War: Thrasybulus and Conon � The Corinthian War: Thrasybulus and the New Athenian Empire � Thrasybulus and Athens � Chronology .

Race and Citizen Identity in the Classical Athenian Democracy

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Author: Susan Lape

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139484125

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5382

In Race and Citizen Identity in the Classical Athenian Democracy, Susan Lape demonstrates how a race ideology grounded citizen identity. Although this ideology did not manifest itself in a fully developed race myth, its study offers insight into the causes and conditions that can give rise to race and racisms in both modern and pre-modern cultures. In the Athenian context, racial citizenship emerged because it both defined and justified those who were entitled to share in the political, symbolic, and socioeconomic goods of Athenian citizenship. By investigating Athenian law, drama, and citizenship practices, this study shows how citizen identity worked in practice to consolidate national unity and to account for past Athenian achievements. It also considers how Athenian identity narratives fuelled Herodotus' and Thucydides' understanding of history and causation.

Athenian democracy

triumph or travesty?

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Author: Jill N. Claster

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780882755816

Category: Political Science

Page: 122

View: 4439

Sophocles and the Tragedy of Athenian Democracy

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Author: Josh Beer,D. G. Beers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313289460

Category: Drama

Page: 190

View: 7654

Illustrates how the theatre and Sophoclean tragedy, in particular, was crucial to the life and politics of the time.

The Classical Athenian Democracy

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Author: David Stockton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198721366

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 4795

An explanation of the institutions of the classical Athenian democracy and the assumptions that underlay them.

The Birth of Athenian Democracy

The Assembly in the Fifth Century B.C.

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Author: Chester G. Starr

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 86

View: 6988

The topic of Athenian democracy is a popular one among scholars and students of the classical world, and books on the subject continue to appear. Thus far, however, none of them has devoted much attention to the origins and daily operations of the assembly. In this intriguing study, Chester Starr traces the growth of the assembly from its consolidation to its position as the central institution in the democratic government of Athens in the fifth century B.C. He examines the practical operation of the early assembly, and offers vivid descriptions of the role of ideology in Athenian politics, the evolution of voting requirements, and electoral participation. Noting the disenfranchisement of women and slaves, Starr draws several compelling parallels between Athenian and American democracy. Written in Starr's characteristically lively style, this is an invaluable guide to students and scholars, and an engaging introduction to the subject for general readers.

Cleisthenes

Founder of Athenian Democracy

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Author: Sarah Parton

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9780823938261

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 4347

Biography of the Athenian politician whose reforms provided ordinary citizens with more equal say in the state formerly run only by the upper class.

Athenian Democracy

Modern Mythmakers and Ancient Theorists

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Author: Arlene W. Saxonhouse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 173

View: 9513

Offering fresh and provocative explorations of the ancient theorists, this book aims to clarify and stimulate discussion of the role Athenian democracy can play in the understanding of democratic institutions.

What’s Wrong with Democracy?

From Athenian Practice to American Worship

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Author: Loren J. Samons

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520251687

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 8595

"This is unlike any recent work I know of. It offers a challenging, often refreshing, and what will certainly be a controversial assessment of classical Athenian democracy and its significance to modern America. Samons is willing to tread where few other classicists are willing to go in print. He reminds readers that the Athenian democracy offers just as many negative lessons as positive ones, and topics like the popular vote, the dangers of state payments to individual citizens, the naturally acquisitive foreign policy of democratic governments, and the place of religion in democracy all come up for discussion and criticism. Samons has written an original and very provocative book."—James Sickinger, author of Public Records and Archives in Classical Athens "Professor Samons' lively and challenging account of ancient Athens raises important questions about democracy, ancient and modern. It will surely arouse keen interest and debate."—Donald Kagan, author of The Peloponnesian War "In this elegantly written, carefully researched, and perceptive book, Samons presents a penetrating analysis of ancient Athenian democracy's dark sides. His book is as much about the errors and weaknesses of our own political system as it is about those of ancient Athens. Whether or not we agree with his critique and conclusions, this book is not merely thought-provoking: it is annoyingly discomforting, forcing us to re-examine firm beliefs and to discard easy solutions."—Kurt A. Raaflaub, author of Discovery of Freedom in Ancient Greece "In this marvelously unfashionable book, Samons debunks much of what passes in the current-day academy as scholarship on classical Athens, demonstrating that it is an ideologically-driven apology for a radically defective form of government. In the process, he casts light on the perspicacity of America's founding fathers and on the unthinking populism that threatens in our own day to ruin their legacy."—Paul A. Rahe, author of Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution "We are in the greatest age of democracy since antiquity and in the most need of guidance about the wisdom of government by majority vote. Precisely for that reason Professor Samons offers a bold and unbridled look at the nature and history of democracies, ancient and modern. He reminds us that we are capable of doing as much evil as good when constitutional protections and republican oversight are not there to moderate the instant desires of the majority. This is an engaging, provocative, and timely study of ancient Athens and modern America that should serve as a cautionary reminder to both romantic scholars and zealous diplomats."—Victor Davis Hanson, author of The Other Greeks

The Hellenistic Reception of Classical Athenian Democracy and Political Thought

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Author: Mirko Canevaro,Benjamin Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198748477

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 2523

In the Hellenistic period (c.323-31 BCE), Greek teachers, philosophers, historians, orators, and politicians found an essential point of reference in the democracy of Classical Athens and the political thought which it produced. However, while Athenian civic life and thought in the Classical period have been intensively studied, these aspects of the Hellenistic period have so far received much less attention. This volume seeks to bring together the two areas of research, shedding new light on these complementary parts of the history of the ancient Greek polis. The essays collected here encompass historical, philosophical, and literary approaches to the various Hellenistic responses to and adaptations of Classical Athenian politics. They survey the complex processes through which Athenian democratic ideals of equality, freedom, and civic virtue were emphasized, challenged, blunted, or reshaped in different Hellenistic contexts and genres. They also consider the reception, in the changed political circumstances, of Classical Athenian non- and anti-democratic political thought. This makes it possible to investigate how competing Classical Athenian ideas about the value or shortcomings of democracy and civic community continued to echo through new political debates in Hellenistic cities and schools. Looking ahead to the Roman Imperial period, the volume also explores to what extent those who idealized Classical Athens as a symbol of cultural and intellectual excellence drew on, or forgot, its legacy of democracy and vigorous political debate. By addressing these different questions it not only tracks changes in practices and conceptions of politics and the city in the Hellenistic world, but also examines developing approaches to culture, rhetoric, history, ethics, and philosophy, and especially their relationships with politics.