Architecture, Energy, Matter

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Author: Lindsay Bremner,Roberto Bottazzi

Publisher: University of Westminster, Department of Architecture

ISBN: 9780993398612

Category:

Page: 324

View: 9538

This book is a collection of essays and an edited selection of the work produced by Design Studio 18 (DS18) tutored by Lindsay Bremner and Roberto Bottazzi in the Department of Architecture at the University of Westminster, 2013-2015. The aim of the studio over this period was to approach problems of energy, energy infrastructure and resource extraction as architectural questions i.e. as political, cultural and aesthetic problems, as much as technological ones. Computational tools were used to simulate material processes and to enlist, visualise and enliven data in the service of design.

Convergence: An Architectural Agenda for Energy

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Author: Kiel Moe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135052743

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 5211

Convergence is based on the thermodynamic premise that architecture should maximize its ecological and architectural power. No matter how paradoxical it might initially seem, architects should maximize energy intake, maximize energy use, and maximize energy feedback and reinforcement. This presumes that the necessary excess of architecture is in fact an architect’s greatest asset when it comes to an agenda for energy, not a liability. But how do we start to understand the full range of eco-thermodynamic principles which need to be engaged with in order to achieve this? Kiel Moe explicates three factors: materials, energy systems and amortization. When these three factors converge through design, the resulting buildings begin to perform in complex, if not subtle, ways. By drawing on a range of architectural, thermodynamic, and ecological sources as well as illustrated and well-designed case studies, the author shows what architecture stands to gain by simultaneously maximizing the architectural and ecological power of buildings. .

Embodied Energy and Design

Making Architecture Between Metrics and Narratives

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Author: David Benjamin

Publisher: Lars Müller Publishers

ISBN: 9783037785256

Category: ARCHITECTURE

Page: 232

View: 8944

Architecture accounts for one third of global carbon emissions, energy consumption and waste. Buildings are increasingly understood to impact broader ecologies. Yet embodied energy - the various forms of energy required to extract raw matter, to produce and transport building materials and to assemble a given building - remains largely underexplored. Embodied Energy and Design: Making Architecture Between Metrics and Narratives addresses and thoroughly examines the issue. This book reconsiders the act of making a building as an act of energy expenditure and asks questions about a variety of related scales, methods of analysis and design opportunities. How might new technologies and materials challenge default positions on sustainability? Should we think of buildings as dynamic systems connecting multiple sites rather than as static and isolated objects? Does the duration of architecture extend beyond the life of a built structure? By addressing these questions, architects may discover not only new ways of building, but also new forms of creativity. Essays and studies by various established contributors are accompanied by detailed graphics, plans, drawings and photographs illustrating the issue and possible solutions.

Architecture and Energy

Performance and Style

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Author: William W. Braham,Daniel Willis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135953732

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 4745

Does energy consumption influence architectural style? Should more energy-efficient buildings look different? Can that "look" be used to explain or enhance their performance? Architecture and Energy provides architects and architectural theorists with more durable arguments for environmental design decisions, arguments addressing three different scales or aspects of contemporary construction. By drawing together essays from the leading experts in the field, this book engages with crucial issues in sustainable design, such as: The larger role of energy in forming the cultural and economic systems in which architecture is conceived, constructed, and evaluated The different measures and meanings of energy "performance" and how those measures are realized in buildings The specific ways in which energy use translates into the visible aspects of architectural style. Drawing on research from the UK, US, Europe, and Asia the book outlines the problems surrounding energy and architecture and provides the reader with a considered overview of this important topic.

Passive Solar Architecture

Heating, Cooling, Ventilation, Daylighting and More Using Natural Flows

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Author: David Bainbridge,Ken Haggard

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 160358420X

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 6213

New buildings can be designed to be solar oriented, naturally heated and cooled, naturally lit and ventilated, and made with renewable, sustainable materials—no matter the location or climate. In this comprehensive overview of passive solar design, two of America’s solar pioneers give homeowners, architects, designers, and builders the keys to successfully harnessing the sun and maximizing climate resources for heating, cooling, ventilation, and daylighting. Bainbridge and Haggard draw upon examples from their own experiences, as well as those of others, of more than three decades to offer both overarching principles as well as the details and formulas needed to successfully design a more comfortable, healthy, and secure place in which to live, laugh, dance, and be comfortable. Even if the power goes off. Passive Solar Architecture also discusses “greener” and more-sustainable building materials and how to use them, and explores the historical roots of green design that have made possible buildings that produce more energy and other resources than they use.

The Architecture of Matter

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Author: Stephen Toulmin,June Goodfield

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226808406

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 6087

Studies the evolution of scientific knowledge concerning the theory and principles of matter

Energy and Environment in Architecture

A Technical Design Guide

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Author: Nick Baker,Koen Steemers

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135811180

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 3173

A unique and revolutionary text which explains the principles behind the LT Method (2.1), a manual design tool developed in Cambridge by the BRE. The LT Method is a unique way of estimating the combined energy usage of lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems, to enable the designer to make comparisons between options at an early, strategic stage. In addition,Energy and Environment in Architecture the book deals with other environmental issues such as noise, thermal comfort and natural ventilation design. A variety of case studies provide a critique of real buildings and highlight good practice. These topics include thermal comfort, noise and natural ventilation.

Cities for Smart Environmental and Energy Futures

Impacts on Architecture and Technology

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Author: Stamatina Th. Rassia,Panos M. Pardalos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642376614

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 301

View: 1064

Cities for Smart Environmental and Energy Futures presents works written by eminent international experts from a variety of disciplines including architecture, engineering and related fields. Due to the ever-increasing focus on sustainable technologies, alternative energy sources, and global social and urban issues, interest in the energy systems for cities of the future has grown in a wealth of disciplines. Some of the special features of this book include new findings on the city of the future from the macro to the micro level. These range from urban sustainability to indoor urbanism, and from strategies for cities and global climate change to material properties. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers active in architecture, engineering, the social and computational sciences, building physics and related fields.

Matter in the Floating World

Conversations with Leading Japanese Architects and Designers

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Author: Blaine Brownell

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568989969

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 6287

It can be argued that Japan contains a higher number of internationally significant architects and designers relative to its geographic size than anywhere else in the world. Japanese designers regularly implement radical experiments in new materials and building systems that successfully address imminent energy and resource challenges. These technological achievements are combined with an acute awareness of the ephemerality of existence, creating a rich dialogue between the concrete and the abstract.

Energy and Urban Built Form

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Author: Dean Hawkes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444601759

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7103

Energy and Urban Built Form contains the papers that were presented at the International Seminar on Urban Built Form and Energy Analysis, held at Darwin College in Cambridge on June 26 and 27, 1986. The seminar focused on energy use in the built environment at an intermediate scale, between individual buildings and cities, where urban and architectural factors interact. It also covers the simulation and analysis of the performance of groups of buildings, from city blocks and industrial developments to mixed-use urban developments, housing estates, and stocks of buildings such as schools and houses. Organized into four parts encompassing 13 chapters, this volume describes techniques for calculating and minimizing energy consumption in groups of buildings, cities or entire regions. It first provides an overview of mathematical models, as well as approaches to the computation of the energy demand or energy-related properties of housing designs or groups of buildings. It then explores the politics of energy and the built environment, the mechanisms by which technical developments may be translated into effective action, and the energy efficiency of the urban built form. The reader is also introduced to passive solar scenarios for the UK domestic sector, intermediate-scale energy initiatives in the United Kingdom, thermal efficiency of building clusters, and glazed courtyards as an element of the low-energy city. This book is a valuable resource for city planners and engineers, scientists, and anyone interested in energy conservation.

Passive and Low Energy Architecture

Proceedings of the Second International PLEA Conference, Crete, Greece, 28 June-1 July 1983

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Author: Simos Yannas,Arthur Bowen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483156044

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 872

View: 7972

Passive and Low Energy Architecture contains the proceedings of the Second International PLEA Conference held in Crete, Greece, on June 28 to July 1, 1983. The book is organized into four parts as the topics of the conference. The first part brings together papers dealing with case studies of individual buildings or groups of buildings, completed or to be built, and of community planning. The case studies cover examples from 13 countries in Europe, North and Latin America, North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. The second part contains papers on experimental work and technical developments with passive and low energy systems and components. The third section focuses on the ill-defined but crucial to designers, area of design aids. The fourth section centers on implementation and management of these energy systems, including topics of international programs, education, and training of design professionals. The book will be useful to energy conscious designers, architects, engineers, and planners in this field of interest.

The Architecture of Closed Worlds

Or, What Is the Power of Shit?

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Author: Lydia Kallipoliti

Publisher: Lars Muller Publishers/Storefront for Art and Architecture

ISBN: 9783037785805

Category:

Page: 352

View: 9493

From Aqualungs to the Eden Project: a history of closed systems What do outer space capsules, submarines and office buildings have in common? Each was conceived as a closed system--a self-sustaining physical environment demarcated from its surroundings by a boundary prohibiting the transfer of matter or energy. As partial reconstructions of the world in time and space, closed systems identify and implement the basic materials necessary for the sustenance of life. From the space program to countercultural architectural groups experimenting with autonomous living, The Architecture of Closed Worlds documents a disciplinary transformation and the rise of a new environmental consciousness. It presents an archive of 39 prototypes from 1928 to the present, creating a genealogy of closed-resource structures. These include the FNRS Balloon (1931), Aqualung (1943), House of the Future (1956), Disney's EPCOT (1966), Bios 3 (1972), Rocky Mountain Institute (1982) and the EDEN Project (2000). Prototypes are presented in archival images with new analysis and illustrations. The book also showcases a timeline of the 39 prototypes that illuminates the ways in which they have contributed to the idea of "net-zero" or "zero-energy" in the contemporary discourse on sustainability.

Self-Assembly Lab

Experiments in Programming Matter

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Author: Skylar Tibbits

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317437020

Category: Architecture

Page: 198

View: 6104

What if structures could build themselves or adapt to fluctuating environments? Skylar Tibbits, Director of the Self-Assembly Lab in the Department of Architecture at MIT, Cambridge, MA, crosses the boundaries between architecture, biology, materials science and the arts, to envision a world where material components can self-assemble to provide adapting structures and optimized fabrication solutions. The book examines the three main ingredients for self-assembly, includes interviews with practitioners involved in the work and presents research projects related to these topics to provide a complete first look at exciting future technologies in construction and self-transforming material products.

Building Theories

Integrating Matter, Energy, Data, and Labor for a New Ethics of Architecture

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Author: Franca Trubiano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138859036

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 1104

This book explores significant and timely topics for both the design and construction of contemporary architecture by challenging its very practice of theory. It proposes an alternative definition of architectural theory; one that is able and willing to confront the many contradictions now faced by designers, architects, engineers, and builders who negotiate often overwhelming technological imperatives. It valorises the, as yet, untapped potential of thinking through building, preparing the foundations for a critical return to the art of making that is architecture.

Francois Roche Heretical Machinism and Living Architecture of New Territories.com

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Author: Antonino Di Raimo

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1291883800

Category: History

Page: 98

View: 6557

Volume #32 of ""The IT Revolution in Architecture,"" this book dedicated to Francois Roche and his group, raises questions of great importance for the development of architecture. What role can new material technologies have in a process in which the same materials have incorporated growing shares of active behaviors? For example, will they be self-cleaning, un-polluting, self-changing? To what extent will the various components of the buildings be increasingly "interconnected" and able to simulate processes typical of living systems, such as transpiration, dilation, growth, life, and death? Can we begin to speak of living "systems" in architecture? Antonino Di Raimo, PhD works with issues relating to IT and cognition, ecology, and the body. He serves as the Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at Polis University, Tirana. Founder and editor of the book series before with Birkhauser and Testo&Immagine and now with Edilstampa, is Antonino Saggio. www.arc1.Uniroma1.it/Saggio/IT/

How Buildings Work

The Natural Order of Architecture

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Author: Edward Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190289902

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 8131

Illustrated with hundreds of illuminating line drawings, this classic guide reveals virtually every secret of a building's function: how it stands up, keeps its occupants safe and comfortable, gets built, grows old, and dies--and why some buildings do this so much better than others. Drawing on things he's learned from the many buildings he himself designed (and in some cases built with his own hands), Edward Allen explains complex phenomena such as the role of the sun in heating buildings and the range of structural devices that are used for support, from trusses and bearing walls to post-tensioned concrete beams and corbeled vaults. He stresses the importance of intelligent design in dealing with such problems as overheating and overcooling, excessive energy use, leaky roofs and windows, fire safety, and noisy interiors. He serves up some surprises: thermal insulation is generally a better investment than solar collectors; board fences are not effective noise barriers; there's one type of window that can be left open during a rainstorm. The new edition emphasizes "green" architecture and eco-conscious design and construction. It features a prologue on sustainable construction, and includes new information on topics such as the collapse of the World Trade Center, sick building syndrome, and EIFS failures and how they could have been prevented. Allen also highlights the array of amazing new building materials now available, such as self-cleaning glass, photovoltaics, transparent ceramics, cloud gel, and super-high-strength concrete and structural fibers. Edward Allen makes it easy for everyone--from armchair architects and sidewalk superintendents to students of architecture and construction--to understand the mysteries and complexities of even the largest building, from how it recycles waste and controls the movement of air, to how it is kept alive and growing.

Cost-Effective Energy Efficient Building Retrofitting

Materials, Technologies, Optimization and Case Studies

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Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Claes Goeran Granqvist,Bjørn Peter Jelle,Giuseppe Peter Vanoli,Nicola Bianco,Jarek Kurnitski

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081012276

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 3567

Cost-Effective Energy Efficient Building Retrofitting:Materials, Technologies, Optimization and Case Studies provides essential knowledge for civil engineers, architects, and other professionals working in the field of cost-effective energy efficient building retrofitting. The building sector is responsible for high energy consumption and its global demand is expected to grow as each day there are approximately 200,000 new inhabitants on planet Earth. The majority of electric energy will continue to be generated from the combustion of fossil fuels releasing not only carbon dioxide, but also methane and nitrous oxide. Energy efficiency measures are therefore crucial to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of the building sector. Energy efficient building retrofitting needs to not only be technically feasible, but also economically viable. New building materials and advanced technologies already exist, but the knowledge to integrate all active components is still scarce and far from being widespread among building industry stakeholders. Emphasizes cost-effective methods for the refurbishment of existing buildings, presenting state-of-the-art technologies Includes detailed case studies that explain various methods and Net Zero Energy Explains optimal analysis and prioritization of cost effective strategies

Daylighting, Architecture and Health

Building Design Strategies

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Author: Mohamed Boubekri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0750667249

Category: Architecture

Page: 144

View: 6136

Daylighting, Architecture and Health examines the relationship between natural light in buildings and human health, considering both psychological and physiological issues and bringing together a range of research in the field. As we are becoming increasingly conscious of global warming and pushing towards energy efficiency in buildings, the book examines the question of daylighting from the perspective of the health of building occupants. It gathers and reviews all the latest and pertinent medical and architectural research related to natural light, or lack thereof, and its effect on people. * Documents medical research findings which establish a link between light quality and health * Considers design strategies for increasing daylight in buildings * Develops understanding and awareness of the importance of natural light in buildings Daylighting, Architecture and Health: Building Design Strategies is a timely and essential text for professional architects and all others concerned with the effects of daylighting on health, architecture and building design.

Design for Good

A New Era of Architecture for Everyone

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Author: John Cary

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610917936

Category: Architecture

Page: 280

View: 4130

The book reveals a new understanding of the ways that design shapes our lives and gives professionals and interested citizens the tools to seek out and demand designs that dignify.

The Architecture of Matter

Galileo to Kant

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Author: Thomas Anand Holden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199263264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 305

View: 5421

Thomas Holden presents a fascinating study of theories of matter in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. These theories were plagued by a complex of interrelated problems concerning matter's divisibility, composition, and internal architecture. Is any material body infinitely divisible?Must we posit atoms or elemental minima from which bodies are ultimately composed? Are the parts of material bodies themselves material concreta? Or are they merely potentialities or possible existents?Questions such as these - and the press of subtler questions hidden in their amibiguities - deeply unsettled philosophers of the early modern period. They seemed to expose serious paradoxes in the new world view pioneered by Galileo, Descartes, and Newton. The new science's account of afundamentally geometrical Creation, mathematicizable and intelligible to the human inquirer, seemed to be under threat. This was a great scandal, and the philosophers of the period accordingly made various attempts to disarm the paradoxes. All the great figures address the issue: most famouslyLeibniz and Kant, but also Galileo, Hobbes, Newton, Hume, and Reid, in addition to a crowd of lesser figures. Thomas Holden offers a brilliant synthesis of these discussions and presents his own overarching interpretation of the controversy, locating the underlying problem in the tension between the early moderns' account of material parts on the one hand and the programme of the geometrization of nature onthe other.