Archaeology as a Tool of Civic Engagement

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Author: Barbara J. Little,Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759110601

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 8805

Little and Shackel use case studies from different regions across the world to challenge archaeologists to create an ethical public archaeology that is concerned not just with the management of cultural resources, but with social justice and civic responsibility.

Archaeologists as Activists

Can Archaeologists Change the World?

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Author: M. Jay Stottman

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817356223

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 926

A series of essays examines the ways in which archaeologists can and do use their research into the distant past to help solve the problems of today and beyond. Simultaneous.

Transforming Archaeology

Activist Practices and Prospects

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Author: Sonya Atalay,Lee Rains Clauss,Randall H McGuire,John R Welch

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611329620

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 2299

Archaeology for whom? The dozen well-known contributors to this innovative volume suggest nothing less than a transformation of the discipline into a service-oriented, community-based endeavor. They wish to replace the primacy of meeting academic demands with meeting the needs and values of those outside the field who may benefit most from our work. They insist that we employ both rigorous scientific methods and an equally rigorous critique of those practices to ensure that our work addresses real-world social, environmental, and political problems. A transformed archaeology requires both personal engagement and a new toolkit. Thus, in addition to the theoretical grounding and case materials from around the world, each contributor offers a personal statement of their goals and an outline of collaborative methods that can be adopted by other archaeologists.

Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools

Constructions of Knowledge and Experience

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Author: Harold Mytum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404330

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 5454

Archaeological field schools, notably in North America but also across the world, are seminal student experiences. They are also important vehicles by which research students and academic staff carry out fieldwork research, often away from the environs of their home institution. Field schools are teaching and research projects, but they also take place within a contemporary local context. This is the first ever collection of studies examining the tensions between teaching, research and local socio-cultural conditions, and explores the range of experiences associated with field schools. It will be of interest to all those wishing to attend a field school, whether as student or junior staff member, and for novice and experienced field school directors who can gain fresh insights from others’ experiences.

Archaeology, Heritage, and Civic Engagement

Working Toward the Public Good

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Author: Barbara J Little,Paul A Shackel

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746383

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 5632

Drawing from numerous examples, including historical archaeology's study of race and labor, this book explores how archaeology and the wider heritage field can encourage working toward social and environmental justice and peacebuilding.

Archaeology in Society

Its Relevance in the Modern World

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Author: Marcy Rockman,Joe Flatman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441998811

Category: Social Science

Page: 317

View: 5155

The practiceof archaeology has many different facets: from academia, to government, tocultural resource management, to public media. Considering the place of archaeology in society means understanding the rolesthat archaeology has in the present day and a sense of the contributions thatit can make in each of these areas, both now and in the future. Archaeologistscome to the field to pursue a variety of interests: teaching, examininghistory, preserving the environment, or studying a specialized time period orinterest. The outside world has a number of other expectations of archaeology:preservation, tourism, and education, to name but a few. From a broad and varied background, the editors have compiled a rare group ofcontributors uniquely qualified to address questions about the current state ofarchaeology and its relevance in society. There is no single answer to thequestion of how the field of archaeology should develop, and what it can do forsociety. Instead,the authors in this volume lay out the many ways in which archaeology isrelevant to the present day - considering, for example, climate change, energyexploration, warfare, national identity, the importance of stories and how theyare told, and how and why opportunities to engage with the past throughmuseums, digs, television, classes, and the print media have the formsthey currently do - creating a state-of-the-art tool for archaeologists, policymakers and the public alike to understand the work of many in the fieldand address the challenges we all face.

Personal Discipline and Material Culture

An Archaeology of Annapolis, Maryland, 1695-1870

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870497841

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 7439

"This unique study looks at the role material goods played in shaping our culture. Using archaeological data, probate inventories, and etiquette books, Paul A. Shackel has collected valuable information on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century material items which, when analyzed in historical context, reveals how these items have shaped the development of western culture." "Specific examples from the Chesapeake area of Maryland show how individuals and groups responded to social and economic crises by using material goods to define power relations, create social hierarchies, and preserve the social order. Shackel argues that, during the pre-industrial era, society's elite introduced hard-to-find material items, like the fork, with rules of etiquette to maintain social distance and stratification. As the Industrial Revolution made material items cheaper and easier to obtain, the non-elite began to adopt regular usage of particular items as part of standardized behavior while the elite sought to maintain their status with newer and different material goods." "Focusing on how the spread of capitalism affected various social groups, Shackel pays specific attention to culture and consumption and symbolic qualities of material culture. His analysis incorporates a review of etiquette literature from the late medieval era to provide a global context for regional behavior and material culture."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

New Philadelphia

An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

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Author: Paul Shackel

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520947835

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5667

New Philadelphia, Illinois, was founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, a Kentucky slave who purchased his own freedom and then acquired land on the prairie for establishing a new—and integrated—community. McWorter sold property to other freed slaves and to whites, and used the proceeds to buy his family out of slavery. The town population reached 160, but declined when the railroad bypassed it. By 1940 New Philadelphia had virtually disappeared from the landscape. In this book, Paul A. Shackel resurrects McWorter’s great achievement of self-determinism, independence, and the will to exist. Shackel describes a cooperative effort by two universities, the state museum, the New Philadelphia Association, and numerous descendents to explore the history and archaeology of this unusual multi-racial community.

Historical archaeology of the Chesapeake

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 7271

Ranging widely through many styles of historical archaeology, this volume represents current work on the Chesapeake's western shore dealing with early European settlements, plantations and landscapes, and eighteenth-and nineteenth-century life.

Annapolis Pasts

Historical Archaeology in Annapolis, Maryland

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Author: Paul A. Shackel,Paul R. Mullins,Mark S. Warner

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870499968

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 5498

The Archaeology in Annapolis project has been one of the most important undertaken by historical archaeologists. Notable for its emphasis on public education and its use of citywide research, it has carried out an innovative analysis of material culture to show how a wide range of social and economic classes residing in Maryland's capital responded over time to a changing world.Annapolis Pasts offers a close look at the trend-setting project. Drawing on more than a decade of study, it provides a cross-section of the substantive and theoretical issues that Archaeology in Annapolis has explored. The volume gathers the work of some of the most innovative authorities in historical archaeology along with that of younger scholars who participated in the project, all of whom demonstrate the cutting-edge approaches that have won it wide respect. And despite differences in theoretical orientations, all the contributors have used Annapolis's archaeological data to interpret the emergence of capitalism as both a dynamic market force and an equally dynamic body of social rules. In studies of sites ranging from eighteenth-century formal gardens to nineteenth- and twentieth-century African American neighborhoods, the book explores the development of modern society as reflected in such examples of material culture as food, printer's type, tableware, and landscape architecture, showing how these features of everyday life were used to reproduce, modify, and resist capitalist society over three centuries. It also investigates subordinated groups in Annapolis -- African Americans, women, the working class -- to provide insight into racism, class structure, and consumer society in the early years of theindustrial revolution.Annapolis Pasts clearly demonstrates that traditional objects of study like Georgian mansions and colonial crafts cannot be understood without considering their complete social and economic milieu. It presents a fascinating mosaic of human activity that shows how archaeologists can interpret the different social, temporal, and theoretical pieces of a city's history, and it provides anthropologists, economists, and historians with an example of the multifaceted effects of capitalism and industrialization in one corner of America.

Parallelen und Paradoxien

über Musik und Gesellschaft

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Author: Daniel Barenboim,Edward W. Said

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827005144

Category: Music

Page: 249

View: 7449

Kinder und Politik

Politische Einstellungen von jungen Kindern im ersten Grundschuljahr

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Author: Jan W. van Deth,Simone Abendschön,Julia Rathke,Meike Vollmar

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905872

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 4074

Wichtigstes Ziel der Publikation ist die Präsentation empirischer Ergebnisse bezüglich der politischen Orientierungen sowie der Entwicklung dieser Orientierungen in der ersten Klasse der Grundschule. Dabei wird zunächst nachgewiesen, wie Kinder Politik verstehen und auf welche Weise dieses Verständnis für die empirische Politikforschung zugänglich gemacht werden kann. Hauptthema des Bandes liegt auf der Beschreibung politischer Orientierungen junger Kinder auf der Basis der beiden Wellen der Kinderbefragung des Forschungsprojekts 'Demokratie Leben Lernen' (etwa 800 Kinder). Die Analysen sind auf drei Hauptbereiche (Themen, Wissen, Werte) fokussiert. Die hierbei aufgedeckten Unterschiede in Niveau und Persistenz der politischen Orientierungen werden auch auf ihren Zusammenhang mit einigen wichtigen Einflussfaktoren wie Geschlecht, Alter, Nationalität usw. untersucht.

Thaddeus Stevens

Nineteenth-century Egalitarian

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Author: Hans Louis Trefousse

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807823354

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 312

View: 7083

One of the most controversial figures in nineteenth-century Thaddeus Stevens is best remembered for his role as congressional leader of the radical Republicans and as a chief architect of Reconstruction. Long painted by historians as a vindictive "dictato

Change by Design

Wie Design Thinking Organisationen verändert und zu mehr Innovationen führt

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Author: Tim Brown

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800652595

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 198

View: 9464

Wir befinden uns inmitten eines epochalen Wandels im Kräfteverhältnis unserer Gesellschaft, denn während die Ökonomien den Schwerpunkt von industriegefertigten Gütern auf Dienstleistungen und Erlebnisse verlagern, treten die Unternehmen die Kontrolle ab und nehmen ihre Kunden nicht mehr als „Endverbraucher“ wahr, sondern als Beteiligte an einem wechselseitigen Prozess. Im Laufe der jahrhundertlangen Geschichte der kreativen Problemlösung haben sich Designer das nötige Handwerkszeug zugelegt, das ihnen hilft, die „drei Räume der Innovation“, wie Tim Brown sie bezeichnet, zu durchlaufen: Inspiration, Ideenbildung und Umsetzung. Seiner Überzeugung nach müssen diese Fähigkeiten nun über die gesamten Unternehmen verstreut werden. Und das funktioniert mit einem der innovativsten Denkwerkzeuge zur Entwicklung von Ideen und zur Lösung von Problemen, dem Design Thinking. Im ersten Teil dieses Buches wird ein Rahmenwerk vorgestellt, das hilft, die Grundsätze und Methoden zu erkennen, die großartiges Design Thinking ermöglichen. Hier wird gezeigt, wie Design Thinking von einigen der innovativsten Unternehmen der Welt praktiziert wurde und zu bahnbrechenden Lösungen inspiriert hat. Der zweite Teil soll dazu anregen, nicht zu kleckern, sondern zu klotzen. Anhand drei großer Bereiche der menschlichen Aktivität – Unternehmen, Märkte und Gesellschaft – zeigt Tim Brown, wie aus dem Design Thinking heraus Wege entstehen können, um Ideen zu entwickeln, die unseren heutigen Herausforderungen gerecht werden. Dabei muss sich das Design Thinking in den Organisationen „aufwärts“ bewegen in die Nähe der Vorstandsetagen, wo strategische Entscheidungen getroffen werden. Denn Design ist zu wichtig geworden, als dass man es allein den Designern überlassen sollte. Tim Brown zählt zu den prominentesten Personen auf dem Gebiet von Design und Innovation weltweit. Er ist CEO und Präsident von IDEO, das Unternehmen, das die Apple-Maus und den Palm V entwickelt hat. Tim Brown spricht regelmäßig über den Wert des Designs und von Innovationen, unter anderem auf dem Weltwirtschaftsforum in Davos oder bei TED Talks. Er berät zahlreiche Fortune 100 Unternehmen. Seine Arbeiten wurden bereits in der Axis Gallery in Tokio, dem Design Museum in London und dem MOMA in New York ausgestellt.

Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

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Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737376

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 2694

Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!

Gott ist rot

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Author: Vine Deloria

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783889774590

Category:

Page: 191

View: 9362

Research on Service Learning

Conceptual Frameworks and Assessments

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Author: Robert G. Bringle,Julie A. Hatcher,Patti H. Clayton

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579228399

Category: Education

Page: 350

View: 7492

The purpose of this work is to improve service learning research and practice through strengthening its theoretical base. Contributing authors include both well-known and emerging service learning and community engagement scholars, as well as scholars from other fields. The authors bring theoretical perspectives from a wide variety of disciplines to bear as they critically review past research, describe assessment methods and instruments, develop future research agendas, and consider implications of theory-based research for enhanced practice. This volume, 2A, opens with chapters focused on defining the criteria for quality research. It then moves on to research related to students, comprising chapters that focus on cognitive processes, academic learning, civic learning, personal development, and intercultural competence. The concluding faculty section presents chapters on faculty development, faculty motivation, and faculty learning. Constituting a rich resource that suggests new approaches to conceptualizing, understanding, implementing, assessing, and studying service learning. Each chapter offers recommendations for future research. Research on Service Learning: Conceptual Frameworks and Assessment will be of interest to both new and veteran service learning instructors seeking to enhance their practice by integrating what has been learned in terms of teaching, assessment, and research. Staff and faculty who are responsible for promoting and supporting service learning at higher education institutions, evaluating community service programs, and working with faculty to develop research on service learning, will also find this volume helpful. For scholars and graduate students reviewing and conducting research related to service learning, this book is a comprehensive resource, and a knowledge base about the processes and outcomes of innovative pedagogies, such as service learning, that will enable them to locate their own work in an expanding and deepening arena of inquiry. Volume 2B, sold separately, also opens with chapters focused on defining the criteria for quality research. It looks at community development, and the role of nonprofit organizations in service learning. It then focusses on institutions, examining the institutionalization of service learning, engaged departments, and institutional leadership. The final section on partnerships in service learning includes chapters on conceptualizing and measuring the quality of partnerships, inter-organizational partnerships, and student partnerships.