Archaeology as a Tool of Civic Engagement

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Author: Barbara J. Little,Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759110601

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 828

Little and Shackel use case studies from different regions across the world to challenge archaeologists to create an ethical public archaeology that is concerned not just with the management of cultural resources, but with social justice and civic responsibility.

Archaeologists as Activists

Can Archaeologists Change the World?

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Author: M. Jay Stottman

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817356223

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 8726

A series of essays examines the ways in which archaeologists can and do use their research into the distant past to help solve the problems of today and beyond. Simultaneous.

Transforming Archaeology

Activist Practices and Prospects

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Author: Sonya Atalay,Lee Rains Clauss,Randall H McGuire,John R Welch

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611329620

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 8009

Archaeology for whom? The dozen well-known contributors to this innovative volume suggest nothing less than a transformation of the discipline into a service-oriented, community-based endeavor. They wish to replace the primacy of meeting academic demands with meeting the needs and values of those outside the field who may benefit most from our work. They insist that we employ both rigorous scientific methods and an equally rigorous critique of those practices to ensure that our work addresses real-world social, environmental, and political problems. A transformed archaeology requires both personal engagement and a new toolkit. Thus, in addition to the theoretical grounding and case materials from around the world, each contributor offers a personal statement of their goals and an outline of collaborative methods that can be adopted by other archaeologists.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology

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Author: Robin Skeates,Carol McDavid,John Carman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199237824

Category: Art

Page: 727

View: 5613

Divided into four distinct sections and drawing across various disciplines, this volume seeks to reappraise the place of archaeology in the contemporary world by providing a series of essays that critically engage with both old and current debates in the field of public archaeology.

Archaeology, Heritage, and Civic Engagement

Working Toward the Public Good

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Author: Barbara J Little,Paul A Shackel

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746383

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 1945

Drawing from numerous examples, including historical archaeology's study of race and labor, this book explores how archaeology and the wider heritage field can encourage working toward social and environmental justice and peacebuilding.

Archaeology in Society

Its Relevance in the Modern World

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Author: Marcy Rockman,Joe Flatman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441998811

Category: Social Science

Page: 317

View: 2364

The practiceof archaeology has many different facets: from academia, to government, tocultural resource management, to public media. Considering the place of archaeology in society means understanding the rolesthat archaeology has in the present day and a sense of the contributions thatit can make in each of these areas, both now and in the future. Archaeologistscome to the field to pursue a variety of interests: teaching, examininghistory, preserving the environment, or studying a specialized time period orinterest. The outside world has a number of other expectations of archaeology:preservation, tourism, and education, to name but a few. From a broad and varied background, the editors have compiled a rare group ofcontributors uniquely qualified to address questions about the current state ofarchaeology and its relevance in society. There is no single answer to thequestion of how the field of archaeology should develop, and what it can do forsociety. Instead,the authors in this volume lay out the many ways in which archaeology isrelevant to the present day - considering, for example, climate change, energyexploration, warfare, national identity, the importance of stories and how theyare told, and how and why opportunities to engage with the past throughmuseums, digs, television, classes, and the print media have the formsthey currently do - creating a state-of-the-art tool for archaeologists, policymakers and the public alike to understand the work of many in the fieldand address the challenges we all face.

Annapolis Pasts

Historical Archaeology in Annapolis, Maryland

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Author: Paul A. Shackel,Paul R. Mullins,Mark S. Warner

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870499968

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 7328

The Archaeology in Annapolis project has been one of the most important undertaken by historical archaeologists. Notable for its emphasis on public education and its use of citywide research, it has carried out an innovative analysis of material culture to show how a wide range of social and economic classes residing in Maryland's capital responded over time to a changing world.Annapolis Pasts offers a close look at the trend-setting project. Drawing on more than a decade of study, it provides a cross-section of the substantive and theoretical issues that Archaeology in Annapolis has explored. The volume gathers the work of some of the most innovative authorities in historical archaeology along with that of younger scholars who participated in the project, all of whom demonstrate the cutting-edge approaches that have won it wide respect. And despite differences in theoretical orientations, all the contributors have used Annapolis's archaeological data to interpret the emergence of capitalism as both a dynamic market force and an equally dynamic body of social rules. In studies of sites ranging from eighteenth-century formal gardens to nineteenth- and twentieth-century African American neighborhoods, the book explores the development of modern society as reflected in such examples of material culture as food, printer's type, tableware, and landscape architecture, showing how these features of everyday life were used to reproduce, modify, and resist capitalist society over three centuries. It also investigates subordinated groups in Annapolis -- African Americans, women, the working class -- to provide insight into racism, class structure, and consumer society in the early years of theindustrial revolution.Annapolis Pasts clearly demonstrates that traditional objects of study like Georgian mansions and colonial crafts cannot be understood without considering their complete social and economic milieu. It presents a fascinating mosaic of human activity that shows how archaeologists can interpret the different social, temporal, and theoretical pieces of a city's history, and it provides anthropologists, economists, and historians with an example of the multifaceted effects of capitalism and industrialization in one corner of America.

Personal Discipline and Material Culture

An Archaeology of Annapolis, Maryland, 1695-1870

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870497841

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 1155

"This unique study looks at the role material goods played in shaping our culture. Using archaeological data, probate inventories, and etiquette books, Paul A. Shackel has collected valuable information on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century material items which, when analyzed in historical context, reveals how these items have shaped the development of western culture." "Specific examples from the Chesapeake area of Maryland show how individuals and groups responded to social and economic crises by using material goods to define power relations, create social hierarchies, and preserve the social order. Shackel argues that, during the pre-industrial era, society's elite introduced hard-to-find material items, like the fork, with rules of etiquette to maintain social distance and stratification. As the Industrial Revolution made material items cheaper and easier to obtain, the non-elite began to adopt regular usage of particular items as part of standardized behavior while the elite sought to maintain their status with newer and different material goods." "Focusing on how the spread of capitalism affected various social groups, Shackel pays specific attention to culture and consumption and symbolic qualities of material culture. His analysis incorporates a review of etiquette literature from the late medieval era to provide a global context for regional behavior and material culture."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Archaeology and Created Memory

Public History in a National Park

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306461773

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 1126

Archaeology can either bolster memory and tradition, or contradict the status quo and provide an alternative view of the past. An archaeology of Harpers Ferry's wartime and Victorian eras confronts time-honoured historical interpretations of the past (created and perpetuated by such interest groups as historians and the National Park Service) and in so doing allows us to be more inclusive of the town's forgotten histories and provides alternative voices to a past.

New Philadelphia

An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

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Author: Paul Shackel

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520947835

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1273

New Philadelphia, Illinois, was founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, a Kentucky slave who purchased his own freedom and then acquired land on the prairie for establishing a new—and integrated—community. McWorter sold property to other freed slaves and to whites, and used the proceeds to buy his family out of slavery. The town population reached 160, but declined when the railroad bypassed it. By 1940 New Philadelphia had virtually disappeared from the landscape. In this book, Paul A. Shackel resurrects McWorter’s great achievement of self-determinism, independence, and the will to exist. Shackel describes a cooperative effort by two universities, the state museum, the New Philadelphia Association, and numerous descendents to explore the history and archaeology of this unusual multi-racial community.

Historical archaeology of the Chesapeake

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 8166

Ranging widely through many styles of historical archaeology, this volume represents current work on the Chesapeake's western shore dealing with early European settlements, plantations and landscapes, and eighteenth-and nineteenth-century life.

Culture Change and the New Technology

An Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era

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Author: Paul A. Shackel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306453335

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 3609

Investigates the rise of industry at Harper's Ferry, now in West Virginia, during the 19th century and its impact on working life and domestic relations. Examines the shift of the economy from craft-based to industry-based, the establishment of the national armory that was raided by abolitionist Joh

Thaddeus Stevens

Nineteenth-century Egalitarian

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Author: Hans Louis Trefousse

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807823354

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 312

View: 9507

One of the most controversial figures in nineteenth-century Thaddeus Stevens is best remembered for his role as congressional leader of the radical Republicans and as a chief architect of Reconstruction. Long painted by historians as a vindictive "dictato

They Worked Regular

Craft, Labor, and Family in the Industrial Community of Virginius Island

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Author: Matthew M. Palus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 147

View: 6229

Virginius Island is a landscape of ruins, a shadow of its former industrial might. Today, the island consists of approximately twelve acres and numerous remains of industries and domestic structures maintained by Harpers Ferry National Historical Park for the purpose of interpreting industry. Archaeological investigations over the past several decades have focused on recovering remnants of its industry, while recent work has also examined the lives of the workers and their families. The history of this West Virginia island is linked closely with the nineteenth-century developments that occurred at Harpers Ferry and the rest of the industrializing Mid-Atlantic region. This book addresses the memory of the small island's industrial community, showing the relationship between changes in industrial management techniques and the changes experienced in daily life by workers and their community between 1800 and 1930. During this time, the island was populated by craftsmen, laborers, mechanics, capitalists and their employees, and numerous families. Factories and mills harnessed waterpower to produce goods. By the late nineteenth century, industrial management techniques had shifted from strong paternalistic controls to absentee forms of ownership, and the island was home to a single, economically homogeneous class. Manufacturing was replaced by extractive industries. This book analyzes these industry transitions and their implications for American society. The authors examine the local and national significance of historical trends toward industrialization at Virginius Island by combining perspectives from archaeology, oral history, the theory of collective memory and identity, and the contemporary uses of heritage. This analysis offers readers an understanding of the cultural process of industrialization. They Worked Regular will appeal to readers interested in the history of Virginius Island and Harpers Ferry, archaeology, heritage studies, industrialization, and cultural resource management.

Research on Service Learning

Conceptual Frameworks and Assessments

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Author: Robert G. Bringle,Julie A. Hatcher,Patti H. Clayton

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579228399

Category: Education

Page: 350

View: 7006

The purpose of this work is to improve service learning research and practice through strengthening its theoretical base. Contributing authors include both well-known and emerging service learning and community engagement scholars, as well as scholars from other fields. The authors bring theoretical perspectives from a wide variety of disciplines to bear as they critically review past research, describe assessment methods and instruments, develop future research agendas, and consider implications of theory-based research for enhanced practice. This volume, 2A, opens with chapters focused on defining the criteria for quality research. It then moves on to research related to students, comprising chapters that focus on cognitive processes, academic learning, civic learning, personal development, and intercultural competence. The concluding faculty section presents chapters on faculty development, faculty motivation, and faculty learning. Constituting a rich resource that suggests new approaches to conceptualizing, understanding, implementing, assessing, and studying service learning. Each chapter offers recommendations for future research. Research on Service Learning: Conceptual Frameworks and Assessment will be of interest to both new and veteran service learning instructors seeking to enhance their practice by integrating what has been learned in terms of teaching, assessment, and research. Staff and faculty who are responsible for promoting and supporting service learning at higher education institutions, evaluating community service programs, and working with faculty to develop research on service learning, will also find this volume helpful. For scholars and graduate students reviewing and conducting research related to service learning, this book is a comprehensive resource, and a knowledge base about the processes and outcomes of innovative pedagogies, such as service learning, that will enable them to locate their own work in an expanding and deepening arena of inquiry. Volume 2B, sold separately, also opens with chapters focused on defining the criteria for quality research. It looks at community development, and the role of nonprofit organizations in service learning. It then focusses on institutions, examining the institutionalization of service learning, engaged departments, and institutional leadership. The final section on partnerships in service learning includes chapters on conceptualizing and measuring the quality of partnerships, inter-organizational partnerships, and student partnerships.

Parallelen und Paradoxien

über Musik und Gesellschaft

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Author: Daniel Barenboim,Edward W. Said

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827005144

Category: Music

Page: 249

View: 1772

Gott ist rot

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Author: Vine Deloria

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783889774590

Category:

Page: 191

View: 7224

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

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Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 2795

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Chancenungleichheit in der Grundschule

Ursachen und Wege aus der Krise

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Author: Jörg Ramseger,Matthea Wagener

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531911082

Category: Education

Page: 195

View: 8951

Die Situation der Grundschule in Deutschland ist prekär: In keinem vergleichbaren europäischen Land ist der Zusammenhang zwischen sozialer Herkunft und Bildungschancen so eng wie in Deutschland. Schon am Ende der Grundschulzeit sind die Bildungschancen weitgehend festgelegt - und zwar überwiegend in Abhängigkeit von der sozialen Herkunft der Schülerinnnen und Schüler. Das ist für die Grundschule in einer demokratisch verfassten Gesellschaft ein unerträglicher Zustand. Dieser Band beschreibt vielfältige Versuche, die Krise zu überwinden, und dokumentiert neueste Forschungsvorhaben zu diesem Thema.