Aqueous Microwave Assisted Chemistry

Synthesis and Catalysis


Author: Vivek Polshettiwar,Rajender S. Varma

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730385

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 5835

The demands for green and sustainable synthetic methods in the fields of healthcare and fine chemicals, combined with the pressure to produce these substances expeditiously and in an environmentally benign fashion, pose significant challenges to the synthetic chemical community. Green chemistry can avoid pollution by utilizing techniques that are environmentally friendly by design and one of the best green techniques is the use of microwave (MW) assisted aqueous synthetic protocols. Fusing MW technique with water (as a benign reaction medium) can offer an extraordinary synergistic effect with greater potential than these two individual components in isolation. Selective microwave heating can be exploited to develop a high yield protocol and the use of water expedites the MW-protocol with more energy efficiency. This book provides an overview of the various processes developed using aqueous microwave chemistry and is written for chemists, chemical engineers and researchers in the early stages who want to develop sustainable and green processes. Written by well known microwave experts, the book is a comprehensive examination of the field and is the first book that deals strictly with aqueous microwave chemistry and represents a significant effort towards green chemistry. It covers all the microwave-assisted aqueous reactions in depth, including heterocycle synthesis, metal catalysis, enzyme catalysis, polymer synthesis, nanomaterials synthesis and nano-catalysis. Each chapter contains representative experimental procedures, helping the reader quickly replicate some of the experiments to gain hands-on experience.

Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry


Author: C. Oliver Kappe,Alexander Stadler,Doris Dallinger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527647848

Category: Science

Page: 683

View: 3003

Tailored to the needs of medicinal and natural products chemists, the second edition of this unique handbook brings the contents up to speed, almost doubling the amount of chemical information with an additional volume. As in the predecessor, a short introductory section covers the theoretical background and evaluates currently available instrumentation and equipment. The main part of the book then goes on to systematically survey the complete range of published microwave-assisted synthesis methods from their beginnings in the 1990s to mid-2011, drawing on data from more than 5,000 reports and publications. Throughout, the focus is on those reactions, reagents and reaction conditions that work, and that are the most relevant for medicinal and natural products chemistry. A much expanded section is devoted to combinatorial, highthroughput and flow chemistry methods.

Microwaves in Catalysis

Methodology and Applications


Author: Satoshi Horikoshi,Nick Serpone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527688129

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 2764

A comprehensive overview covering the principles and preparation of catalysts, as well as reactor technology and applications in the field of organic synthesis, energy production, and environmental catalysis. Edited and authored by renowned and experienced scientists, this reference focuses on successful reaction procedures for applications in industry. Topics include catalyst preparation, the treatment of waste water and air, biomass and waste valorisation, hydrogen production, oil refining as well as organic synthesis in the presence of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts and continuous-flow reactions. With its practical relevance and successful methodologies, this is a valuable guide for chemists at universities working in the field of catalysis, organic synthesis, pharmaceutical or green chemistry, as well as researchers and engineers in the chemical industry.

Microwave Assisted Proteomics


Author: Jennie R. Lill

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085404194X

Category: Science

Page: 125

View: 2975

An introduction to the rapidly evolving field of microwave-assisted bio-analytical methods with an emphasis on sample preparation for proteomic analyses.

Microwave-Assisted Sample Preparation for Trace Element Determination


Author: Erico Marlon Moraes Flores

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594442

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6528

Microwave-Assisted Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis describes the principles, equipment, and applications involved in sample preparation with microwaves for trace element analysis. The book covers well-established applications as well as new trends in this field. Hot topics such as sample preparation for speciation, metabolomics, and halogen determination, as well as the alternatives of sample preparation for special samples (for example, carbon nanotubes, polymers, petroleum products), are also discussed. The use of microwaves in sample preparation has increased in recent decades. Several applications of microwaves for sample preparation can be found in the literature for practically all types of sample matrices, especially for the determination of trace elements by atomic spectrometric techniques, safely and cleanly reducing the time involved in this step. Microwave-assisted sample preparation is not only a tool for research but also for routine analysis laboratories; the state-of-the-art in sample preparation in trace element analysis. This book is the only resource for chemists specifically focused on this topic. The first book to describe the principles, equipment, and applications in microwave-assisted sample preparation Written by experts in the field who provide a comprehensive overview of the important concepts Introduces new alternatives and trends in microwave-assisted techniques

Environmental Geochemistry in Tropical and Subtropical Environments


Author: Luiz Drude de Lacerda,Ricardo Erthal Santelli,Egbert K. Duursma,Jorge Joao Abrao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366207060X

Category: Nature

Page: 385

View: 2531

This book incorporates twenty contributions on diverse aspects of the environmental geochemistry in tropical and sub-tropical environments, drawing together extensive original research not readily available elsewhere. Coverage includes intercontinental comparisons drawn on paleoclimatology, environmental impacts of mining and geochemistry of continetal shelf sediments.

Spectrochemical Analysis by Atomic Absorption and Emission


Author: Lauri H. J. Lajunen,P. Perämäki,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046249

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 9321

Revised and fully updated, the book continues to be highly practical and wide in scope and contains illustrations which aid understanding.

Laboratory Experiments Using Microwave Heating


Author: Nicholas E. Leadbeater,Cynthia B. McGowan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439856095

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 4515

Allowing many chemical reactions to be completed within minutes, microwave heating has revolutionized preparative chemistry. As a result, this technology has been widely adopted in both academic and industrial laboratories. Integrating microwave-assisted chemistry into undergraduate laboratory courses enables students to perform a broader range of reactions in the allotted lab period. As a result, they can be introduced to chemistry that would otherwise have been inaccessible due to time constraints (for example, the need for an overnight reflux). Laboratory Experiments Using Microwave Heating provides 22 experiments encompassing organic, inorganic, and analytical chemistry performed using microwave heating as a tool, making them fast and easy to accomplish in a laboratory period. Utilizing the time-saving experiments described in this book also permits students to repeat experiments if necessary or attempt additional self-designed experiments during the lab course. A number of the chemical transformations use water as a solvent in lieu of classical organic solvents. This contributes to greener, more sustainable teaching strategies for faculty and students, while maintaining high reaction yields. All the experiments have been tested and verified in laboratory classes, and many were even developed by students. Each chapter includes an introduction to the experiment and two protocols—one for use with a smaller monomode microwave unit employing a single reaction vessel and one for use with a larger multimode microwave unit employing a carousel of reaction vessels.

Handbook of Chemical and Biological Plant Analytical Methods, 3 Volume Set


Author: Shilin Chen,Andrew Marston,Hermann Stuppner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118874986

Category: Medical

Page: 1176

View: 3301

Plants and plant-derived compounds and drugs are becoming moreand more popular with increasing numbers of scientists researchingplant analysis. The quality control of herbal drugs is alsobecoming essential to avoid severe health problems, and in thefuture many more new drugs will be developed from plantsources. This three-volume Handbook, featuring 47 detailed review articles,is unique as it deals with chemical and biological methodologiesfor plant analysis. It presents the most important and mostaccurate methods which are available for plant analysis. This comprehensive work is divided into six sections asfollows: Sample preparation and identification – discussingplant selection and collection, followed by extraction and samplepreparation methodologies. Extraction and sample preparation methodologies Instrumentation for chemical analysis - severalinstrumentations for chemical plant analysis are presented with anemphasis on hyphenated techniques, e.g. the coupling between HPLCand mass spectroscometry, and HPLC with NMR. Strategies for selective classes of compounds –coverage of the most interesting classes of compounds such aspolysaccharides, saponins, cardiotonic glycosides, alkaloids,terpenoids, lipids, volatile compounds and polyphenols (flavonoids, xanthones, coumarins, naphthoquinones, anthraquinones,proanthocyanidins, etc.). Biological Analysis - includes phenotyping, DNA barcodingtechniques, transcriptome analysis , microarray, metabolomics andproteomics. Drugs from Plants – covers the screening of plantextracts and strategies for the quick discovery of novelbioactive natural products. Safety assessment of herbal drugs ishighly dependent on outstanding chromatographic and spectroscopicmethods which are also featured here. This Handbook introduces to scientists involved in plant studiesthe current knowledge of methodologies in various fields ofchemically- and biochemically-related topics in plantresearch. The content from this Handbook will publish online within theEncyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry via Wiley Online Library: ahref="" Benefit from the introductory offer, valid until 30 November2014! Introductory price: £425.00 / $695.00 /€550.00 List price thereafter: £495.00 / $795.00 / €640.00

Comprehensive medicinal chemistry II

editors-in-chief, John B. Taylor, David J. Triggle


Author: David J. Triggle,John B. Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780080445137

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 3601

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry


Author: Francesca M. Kerton

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085404163X

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 7521

Conventional solvents can be hazardous in terms of toxicity, flammability and waste generation. Consequently, alternative solvents now form a substantial part of green chemistry. This book covers the latest developments in this growing field as well as some key areas that have been overlooked in previous literature.

Microwaves in Nanoparticle Synthesis

Fundamentals and Applications


Author: Satoshi Horikoshi,Nick Serpone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527648143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 6723

For the first time, this comprehensive handbook presents the emerging field of microwave technology for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Divided into three parts--fundamentals, methods, and applications--it covers topics including microwave theory, scale-up, microwave plasma synthesis, characterization, and more. This offers both an important volume for academic researchers, and a resource for those in industry exploring the applications of nanoparticles in semiconductors, electronics, catalysis, sensors, and more.

Indian Journal of Chemistry

Inorganic, bio-inorganic, physical, theoretical & analytical chemistry


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Chemistry

Page: N.A

View: 8557

Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis


Author: Iwao Ojima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118678443

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 5742

Praise for the previous editions "An excellent text . . . will no doubt provide the benchmark forcomparative works for many years." —Journal of theAmerican Chemical Society "An excellent state-of-the-art compilation of catalyticasymmetric chemistry . . . should be included in any chemistryreference collection." —Choice "This is a tremendous resource and an excellent read. Irecommend immediate purchase." —PerkinTransactions Since this important work was first published in 1993, the fieldof catalytic asymmetric synthesis has grown explosively, spawningeffective new methods for obtaining enantiomerically pure compoundson a large scale and stimulating new applications in diversefields—from medicine to materials science. CatalyticAsymmetric Synthesis, Third Edition addresses these rapidchanges through contributions from highly recognized world leadersin the field. This seminal text presents detailed accounts of the mostimportant catalytic asymmetric reactions known today, and discussesrecent advances and essential information on the initialdevelopment of certain processes. An excellent working resource foracademic researchers and industrial chemists alike, the ThirdEdition features: Six entirely new chapters focusing on novel approaches tocatalytic asymmetric synthesis including non-conventionalmedia/conditions, organocatalysis, chiral Lewis and Bronsted acids,CH activation, carbon-heteroatom bond-forming reactions, andenzyme-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis A new section focusing on the important new reaction, asymmetricmetathesis, in carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions Updated chapters on hydrogenation, carbon-carbon bond-formingreactions, hydrosilylations, carbonylations, oxidations,amplifications and autocatalysis, and polymerization reactions Retaining the best of its predecessors but now thoroughly up todate, Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis, Third Edition servesas an excellent desktop reference and text for researchers andstudents from the upper-level undergraduates through experiencedprofessionals in industry or academia.

Electrochemistry of Carbon Materials

Proceedings of the International Symposium


Author: M. T. McDermott

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 9781566773010

Category: Carbon compounds

Page: 172

View: 3478

Alternate Energy Processes in Chemical Synthesis

Microwave, Ultrasonic and Photo Activation


Author: V. K. Ahluwalia,Ranbir S. Varma

Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited

ISBN: 9781842654347

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 5289

Most of the chemical manufacturing industries use electricity generated from coal for heating puropses. Use of coal generates oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur which are responsible for Environmental Pollution. In view of this, attempts have been made to use alternate energy processes. This book deals with the use of microwaves, sonication and photo activation as alternate energy sources. Besides these energy processes, some reactions can also be carried out just by mixing of the reactants in a pestle-mortar or by just heating at low temperatures (40-70 degrees C). These alternate energy processes will go a long way in minimizing the pollution of the environment.

Large Area and Flexible Electronics


Author: Mario Caironi,Yong-Young Noh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527679995

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 5939

From materials to applications, this ready reference covers the entire value chain from fundamentals via processing right up to devices, presenting different approaches to large-area electronics, thus enabling readers to compare materials, properties and performance. Divided into two parts, the first focuses on the materials used for the electronic functionality, covering organic and inorganic semiconductors, including vacuum and solution-processed metal-oxide semiconductors, nanomembranes and nanocrystals, as well as conductors and insulators. The second part reviews the devices and applications of large-area electronics, including flexible and ultra-high-resolution displays, light-emitting transistors, organic and inorganic photovoltaics, large-area imagers and sensors, non-volatile memories and radio-frequency identification tags. With its academic and industrial viewpoints, this volume provides in-depth knowledge for experienced researchers while also serving as a first-stop resource for those entering the field.