Anthropology

A Student's Guide to Theory and Method

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Author: Stanley Barrett

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442697016

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 5957

Stanley R. Barrett's Anthropology has long been a premiere sourcebook for students, providing a comprehensive overview of both theory and method in the discipline. In this updated second edition, Barrett's discussion of the origins and evolution of anthropology remains, augmented by sections addressing recent changes and ongoing questions in the field. The second edition of Anthropology adds important new material on questions of culture versus power, Max Weber's thought, the potential of applied anthropology, and the rise of public anthropology, while briefly touching on the anthropology of globalization. As in the previous edition, Barrett remains committed to exploring the impact of postmodernism on the practice and theory of anthropology, positing that it is a formless and ultimately short-lived approach. Including case studies to demonstrate real-world applications of the theories discussed, Barrett's Anthropology remains an essential text for students and teachers of anthropology.

The Gospel of Freedom and Power

Protestant Missionaries in American Culture after World War II

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Author: Sarah E. Ruble

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837423

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 9964

In the decades after World War II, Protestant missionaries abroad were a topic of vigorous public debate. From religious periodicals and Sunday sermons to novels and anthropological monographs, public conversations about missionaries followed a powerful yet paradoxical line of reasoning, namely that people abroad needed greater autonomy from U.S. power and that Americans could best tell others how to use their freedom. In The Gospel of Freedom and Power, Sarah E. Ruble traces and analyzes these public discussions about what it meant for Americans abroad to be good world citizens, placing them firmly in the context of the United States' postwar global dominance. Bringing together a wide range of sources, Ruble seeks to understand how discussions about a relatively small group of Americans working abroad became part of a much larger cultural conversation. She concludes that whether viewed as champions of nationalist revolutions or propagators of the gospel of capitalism, missionaries--along with their supporters, interpreters, and critics--ultimately both challenged and reinforced a rhetoric of exceptionalism that made Americans the judges of what was good for the rest of the world.

Practicing Ethnography

A Student Guide to Method and Methodology

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Author: Lynda Mannik,Karen McGarry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1487593147

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1451

Building on the "studying up" trend in anthropology, this book offers a theoretically informed guide to ethnographic methods that is also practical in approach, and reflects the challenges and concerns of contemporary ethnography. Students draw from vignettes situated within North America to learn how various methods work in the real world, and how ethnography informs contemporary anthropological theory. Exercises and assignments encourage students to practice these methods in a familiar context, and a sustained focus on visual methodologies offers coverage not found in other books. The result is a text that discusses both practical and theoretical issues in contemporary ethnography while equipping students with a set of transferable skills.

Class Acts

An Anthropology of Urban Workers and Their Union

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Author: E. Paul Durrenberger,Suzan Erem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131726231X

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 9960

American labor leaders are constantly developing new programs to revive the union movement. What happens when these plans collide with the daily lives of front-line union staff and members? This book examines the often conflicting interests of key players in the trenches of a national effort to bring back the American labor movement. Brutally honest, funny, never dull, this anthropological ethnography shows the daily struggles of union members today to bring about positive change and hold together their urban labor union in an era of globalization, outsourcing, and deindustrialization. A union activist and an anthropologist (the authors) pair up to offer insideoutside views of labor unions and of how anthropological fieldwork is done. Explaining, coaching, and warning Paul of hazards, Suzan, the communications director for the Local, provides inside views and details of day-to-day interactions. Paul, the anthropologist, provides outside analytical views that related Suzan's experiences and his own observations to the wider view anthropology offers through ethnography, holism, and comparativism. The result is a story of one dynamic union local, one anthropological study, and the lit fuse that connects them until the end.

Trojan-Horse Aid

Seeds of Resistance and Resilience in the Bolivian Highlands and Beyond

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Author: Susan Walsh

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773596623

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8875

In a compelling first-hand account of development assistance gone awry, Susan Walsh recounts how national, international, and multilateral organizations failed the Jalq'a people in the Bolivian Andes during the early millennium. Intent on assisting potato farmers, development organizations pushed for changes that ultimately served their own interests, paradoxically undermining local resilience and pushing farmers off their lands. Trojan-Horse Aid challenges the idea of Western capacity-building, particularly the notion that introduced technologies related to food production are essential ingredients for sustainable livelihoods among farmers. Walsh argues that the well-intentioned organizations working in Jalq'a communities paid insufficient attention to longstanding knowledge that has supported human survival in regions where the natural world has the upper hand. Walsh goes beyond a critical review of misguided aid to offer reflections on the relationship between indigenous knowledge and resilience theory, the hopeful future of development assistance, and the contradictions in her own hybrid role as researcher and development-practitioner. In light of growing global concern over the worsening food crisis and interconnected climate extremes, Trojan-Horse Aid offers an important critique of development practices that undermine peasant strategies as well as suggestions for more effective approaches for the future.

Migration Theory

Talking across Disciplines

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Author: Caroline B. Brettell,James F. Hollifield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317805976

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 3604

During the last decade the issue of migration has increased in global prominence and has caused controversy among host countries around the world. To remedy the tendency of scholars to speak only to and from their own disciplinary perspective, this book brings together in a single volume essays dealing with central concepts and key theoretical issues in the study of international migration across the social sciences. Editors Caroline B. Brettell and James F. Hollifield have guided a thorough revision of this seminal text, with valuable insights from such fields as anthropology, demography, economics, geography, history, law, political science, and sociology. Each essay focuses on key concepts, questions, and theoretical frameworks on the topic of international migration in a particular discipline, but the volume as a whole teaches readers about similarities and differences across the boundaries between one academic field and the next. How, for example, do political scientists wrestle with the question of citizenship as compared with sociologists, and how different is this from the questions that anthropologists explore when they deal with ethnicity and identity? Are economic theories about ethnic enclaves similar to those of sociologists? What theories do historians (the "essentializers") and demographers (the "modelers") draw upon in their attempts to explain empirical phenomena in the study of immigration? What are the units of analysis in each of the disciplines and do these shape different questions and diverse models and theories? Scholars and students in migration studies will find this book a powerful theoretical guide and a text that brings them up to speed quickly on the important issues and the debates. All of the social science disciplines will find that this book offers a one-stop synthesis of contemporary thought on migration.

Cultural anthropology

an applied perspective

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Author: Gary P. Ferraro

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780534614980

Category: Social Science

Page: 428

View: 5296

A Guide to Careers in Physical Anthropology

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Author: Alan S. Ryan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897896931

Category: Nature

Page: 308

View: 318

Most students of physical anthropology have aspired to a research/teaching position at a university. However, because of the decline in the academic job market, there has been an increased interest in alternative careers. This collection describes career paths that physical anthropologists have chosen within and outside the academy.

Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology

An Encyclopedia

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Author: R. Jon McGee,Richard L. Warms

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506307752

Category: Social Science

Page: 1056

View: 6064

Social and cultural anthropology and archaeology are rich subjects with deep connections in the social and physical sciences. Over the past 150 years, the subject matter and different theoretical perspectives have expanded so greatly that no single individual can command all of it. Consequently, both advanced students and professionals may be confronted with theoretical positions and names of theorists with whom they are only partially familiar, if they have heard of them at all. Students, in particular, are likely to turn to the web to find quick background information on theorists and theories. However, most web-based information is inaccurate and/or lacks depth. Students and professionals need a source to provide a quick overview of a particular theory and theorist with just the basics—the "who, what, where, how, and why," if you will. In response, SAGE Reference plans to publish the two-volume Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology: An Encyclopedia. Features & Benefits: Two volumes containing approximately 335 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resource available on anthropology theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader's Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Anthropology Theory allows students to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry and a Master Bibliography at the end guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion.

Reader's Guide to Music

History, Theory and Criticism

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Author: Murray Steib

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135942692

Category: Music

Page: 928

View: 509

The Reader's Guide to Music is designed to provide a useful single-volume guide to the ever-increasing number of English language book-length studies in music. Each entry consists of a bibliography of some 3-20 titles and an essay in which these titles are evaluated, by an expert in the field, in light of the history of writing and scholarship on the given topic. The more than 500 entries include not just writings on major composers in music history but also the genres in which they worked (from early chant to rock and roll) and topics important to the various disciplines of music scholarship (from aesthetics to gay/lesbian musicology).

Using Anthropology in the World

A Guide to Becoming an Anthropologist Practitioner

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Author: Riall W. Nolan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351856928

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 6942

Anthropologist practitioners work outside the confines of the university, putting their knowledge and skills to work on significant problems in a wide variety of different contexts. The demand for anthropologist practitioners is strong and growing; practice is in many ways the leading edge of anthropology today, and one of the most exciting aspects of the discipline. How can anthropology students prepare themselves to become practitioners? Specifically designed to help students, including those in more traditional training programs, prepare for a career in putting anthropology to work in the world, the book: - provides an introduction to the discipline of anthropology and an exploration of its role and contribution in today’s world; - outlines the shape of anthropological practice – what it is, how it developed historically, and what it looks like today; - describes how students of anthropology can prepare for a career in practice, with emphasis on the relationship between theory, method, and application; - includes short contributions from practitioners, writing on specific aspects of training, practice, and career planning; - sets out a framework for career planning, with specific and detailed discussions of finding and securing employment; - reviews some of the more salient challenges arising in the course of a practitioner career; and - concludes with a discussion of what the future of anthropological practice is likely to be. Using Anthropology in the World is essential reading for students interested in preparing themselves for the challenges and rewards of practice and application.

The Blackwell Guide to Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism

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Author: Li Wei,Melissa G. Moyer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444301136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 5770

As globalization has increased awareness of the extent of language contact and linguistic diversity, questions concerning bilingualism and multilingualism have taken on an increasing importance from both practical and scholarly points of view. Written by leading experts and practitioners in the field, The Blackwell Guide to Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Highlights the interdisciplinary nature of research on bilingualism and multilingualism and offers a practical guide to the procedures and tools for collecting and analyzing data Specifically addresses methodological issues, discussing research topics, core concepts and approaches, and the methods and techniques available Links theory to method, and to data, and answers a real need for a know-how volume on bilingualism and multilingualism that deals with its methodology in a systematic and coherent way

Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts

A Guide to Research Practices

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Author: Ruth Finnegan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134945396

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 501

The study of oral traditions and verbal arts leads into an area of human culture to which anthropologists are increasingly turning their attention. Oral Traditions and the Verbal Arts provides up-to-date guidance on how to approach the study of oral form and their performances, treating both the practicalities of fieldwork and the methods by which oral texts and performances can be observed, collected or analysed. It also relates to those current controversies about the nature of performance and of 'text'. Designed as a practical and systematic introduction to the processes and problems of researching in this area, this is an invaluable guide for students, and lecturers of anthropology and cultural studies and also for general readers who are interested in enjoying oral literature for its own sake.

A Cell Biologist's Guide to Modeling and Bioinformatics

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Author: Raquell M. Holmes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470139349

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 4616

A step-by-step guide to using computational tools to solve problems in cell biology Combining expert discussion with examples that can be reproduced by the reader, A Cell Biologist's Guide to Modeling and Bioinformatics introduces an array of informatics tools that are available for analyzing biological data and modeling cellular processes. You learn to fully leverage public databases and create your own computational models. All that you need is a working knowledge of algebra and cellular biology; the author provides all the other tools you need to understand the necessary statistical and mathematical methods. Coverage is divided into two main categories: Molecular sequence database chapters are dedicated to gaining an understanding of tools and strategies—including queries, alignment methods, and statistical significance measures—needed to improve searches for sequence similarity, protein families, and putative functional domains. Discussions of sequence alignments and biological database searching focus on publicly available resources used for background research and the characterization of novel gene products. Modeling chapters take you through all the steps involved in creating a computational model for such basic research areas as cell cycle, calcium dynamics, and glycolysis. Each chapter introduces a new simulation tooland is based on published research. The combination creates a rich context for ongoing skill and knowledge development in modeling biological research systems. Students and professional cell biologists can develop the basic skills needed to learn computational cell biology. This unique text, with its step-by-step instruction, enables you to test and develop your new bioinformatics and modeling skills. References are provided to help you take advantage of more advanced techniques, technologies, and training.

Doing Health Anthropology

Research Methods for Community Assessment and Change

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Author: Christie W. Kiefer, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826115584

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 6306

What is the relationship between health, human nature, and human needs? The impact of social change on communities? The processes by which communities confront and overcome their health problems? How do we study these health questions in new communities and become advocates for change? These are critical questions in confronting the social causes of ill health, yet many health students do not have the appropriate training in the anthropological methods and techniques that help answer them. Christie Kiefer has written Doing Health Anthropology to prompt students to enter the community already prepared in these methods so that they can accurately ask and solve these important questions themselves. Using this book as a guide, students learn to integrate cultural anthropology with health science and come to their own conclusions based on field research. The book includes common pitfalls to avoid when conducting interviews and observations, and ways to formulate and answer research questions, maintain field notes and other records, and correctly analyze qualitative data. With the help of this text, practitioners and students alike will be able to integrate cultural anthropology methods of research into their health science investigations and community health initiatives. For news and to learn more about how you can implement a community approach to building global health and social justice, visit

Cinema

A Visual Anthropology

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Author: Gordon Gray

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887600

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 192

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Cinema: A Visual Anthropology provides a clear and concise summary of the key ideas, debates, and texts of the most important approaches to the study of fiction film from around the world. The book examines ways to address film and film experience beyond the study of the audience. Cross-disciplinary in scope, Cinema uses ideas and approaches both from within and outside of anthropology to further students' knowledge of and interest in fiction film. Including selected, globally based case studies to highlight and exemplify important issues, the book also contains suggested Further Reading for each chapter, for students to expand their learning independently. Exploring fundamental methods and approaches to engage this most interesting and vibrant of media, Cinema will be essential reading for students of anthropology and film.

Anthropology and Archaeology

A Changing Relationship

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Author: Chris Gosden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134716206

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4525

Anthropolgy and Archaeology provides a valuable and much-needed introduction to the theories and methods of these two inter-related subjects. This volume covers the historical relationship and contemporary interests of archaeology and anthropology. It takes a broad historical approach, setting the early history of the disciplines with the colonial period during which the Europeans encountered and attempted to make sense of many other peoples. It shows how the subjects are linked through their interest in kinship, economics and symbolism, and discusses what each contribute to debates about gender, material culture and globalism in the post-colonial world.

Arguing with Anthropology

An Introduction to Critical Theories of the Gift

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Author: Karen Sykes,Karen Margaret Sykes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415254434

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 2706

A guide to key elements in anthropology, this work teaches the ability to think, write and argue critically. Its hypothetical approach takes gift-theory - the science of obligation and reciprocity - as the theme of a virtual enquiry, which explores how the discipline has evolved, how it is applied in practice and how it can be argued.

Participant Observation

A Guide for Fieldworkers

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Author: Kathleen Musante DeWalt,Billie R. DeWalt

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759100459

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 7461

Participant Observation is a central and defining method of research in cultural anthropology, as well as a common feature of qualitative research in other disciplines—sociology, education, health sciences. The authors provide the basic guide to the participant observation field methods of collection of systematic data in naturalistic settings—communities in many different cultures. It is a valuable primer for the beginning researcher, as well as a reference for the experienced ethnographer.

Etnohistoria. (Antropología histórica)

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Author: MÜLLAUER SEICHTER Waltraud,Fernando MONGE MARTÍNEZ

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN: 8436261933

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6056

En la primera parte, Waltraud Müllauer-Seichter presenta una de las tradiciones antropológicas más fuertes en el ámbito de la etnohistoria y antropología histórica, la escuela germano-austriaca, y en particular la escuela de Viena. En la segunda, Fernando Monge ofrece una presentación de la etnohistoria y la antropología histórica en el ámbito anglosajón. Centra su atención en los Estados Unidos ya que es allí donde este ámbito de especialización ha alcanzado una mayor escala.