Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological Importance

Natives, Newcomers, Homecomers

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Author: Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401792941

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 3999

In its first English-language edition, this book introduces the many-faceted interactions of animal populations with their habitats. From soil fauna, ants and termites to small and large herbivores, burrowing mammals and birds, the author presents a comprehensive analysis of animals and ecosystems that is as broad and varied as all nature. Chapter 2 addresses the functional role of animals in landscape ecosystems, emphasizing fluxes of energy and matter within and between ecosystems, and the effects of animals on qualitative and structural habitat change. Discussion includes chapters on the role of animal population density and the impacts of native herbivores on vegetation and habitats from the tropics to the polar regions. Cyclic mass outbreaks of species such as the larch bud moth in Switzerland, the mountain pine beetle and the African red-billed weaver bird are described and analyzed. Other chapters discuss Zoochory – the dispersal of seeds by ants, mammals and birds – and the influence of burrowing animals on soil development and geomorphology. Consideration extends to the impact of feral domestic animals. Chapter 5 focuses on problems resulting from introduction of alien animals and from re-introduction of animal species to their original habitats, discusses the effects on ecosystems of burrowing, digging and trampling by animals. The author also addresses keystone species such as kangaroo rats, termites and beavers. Chapter 6 addresses the role of animals in landscape management and nature conservation, with chapters on the impact of newcomer species such as animals introduced into Australia, New Zealand and Europe, and the consequences of reintroduction of species to original habitat. It also discusses the carrying capacity of natural habit, public attitudes toward conversation and more. The final section ponders the effects of climate on interactions between animals and their habitats.

A Biogeoscience Approach to Ecosystems

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Author: Edward A. Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110704670X

Category: Nature

Page: 496

View: 6113

Integrates geoscience and ecology, focusing on connections in ecological, geospheric, hydrospheric and atmospheric processes in ecosystems.

The Evolution Underground: Burrows, Bunkers, and the Marvelous Subterranean World Beneath our Feet

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Author: Anthony J. Martin

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681773759

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 2330

What is the best way to survive when the going gets tough? Hiding underground. From penguins to dinosaurs, trilobites, and humans, Anthony Martin reveals the subterranean secret of survival. Humans have “gone underground” for survival for thousands of years, from underground cities in Turkey to Cold War–era bunkers. But our burrowing roots go back to the very beginnings of animal life on earth. Without burrowing, the planet would be very different today. Many animal lineages alive now—including our own—only survived a cataclysmic meteorite strike 65 million years ago because they went underground. On a grander scale, the chemistry of the planet itself had already been transformed many millions of years earlier by the first animal burrows, which altered whole ecosystems. Every day we walk on an earth filled with an under-ground wilderness teeming with life. Most of this life stays hidden, yet these animals and their subterranean homes are ubiquitous, ranging from the deep sea to mountains, from the equator to the poles. Burrows are a refuge from predators, a safe home for raising young, or a tool to ambush prey. Burrows also protect animals against all types of natural disasters: fires, droughts, storms, meteorites, global warmings—and coolings. In a book filled with spectacularly diverse fauna, acclaimed paleontologist and ichnologist Anthony Martin reveals this fascinating, hidden world that will continue to influence and transform life on this planet.

Risks and Reconstruction

Experiences of Resettlers and Refugees

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Author: Michael M. Cernea,Chris McDowell

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821344446

Category: Social Science

Page: 487

View: 8098

This book offers a multidimensional comparative analysis of two large groups of the world's displaced populations : resettlers uprooted by development and refugees fleeing military conflicts or natural calamities. The authors explore common central issues: the condition of being "displaced," the risks of impoverishment and destitu-tion, the rights and entitlements of those uprooted, and, most important, the means of reconstruction of their livelihoods. (Adapté de l'Introduction).

Cloud Optics

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Author: Alexander A. Kokhanovsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402039553

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 9898

Clouds affect the climate of the Earth, and they are an important factor in the weather. Therefore, their radiative properties must be understood in great detail. This book summarizes current knowledge on cloud optical properties, for example their ability to absorb, transmit, and reflect light, which depends on the clouds’ geometrical and microphysical characteristics such as sizes of droplets and crystals, their shapes, and structures. In addition, problems related to the image transfer through clouds and cloud remote sensing are addressed in this book in great detail. This book can be an important source of information on theoretical cloud optics for cloud physicists, meteorologists and optical engineers. All basic ideas of optics as related to scattering of light in clouds (e.g. Mie theory and radiative transfer) are considered in a self consistent way. Consequently, the book can also be a useful textbook to newcomers to the field.

Bioindicators and Biomarkers of Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessment

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Author: Jamil Kaiser

Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 5538

Provides the reader with an overview of the variety of animal and plants that are available for use as environmental monitors. The author emphasizes that the use of a single species of target bioindicator is not appropriate or scientifically sound for the monitoring of several toxic pollutants.

Globalisation and the Roman World

Archaeological and Theoretical Perspectives

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Author: Martin Pitts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107043743

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 6304

This book applies modern theories of globalisation to the ancient Roman world, creating new understandings of Roman archaeology and history. This is the first book to intensely scrutinize the subject through a team of international specialists studying a wide range of topics, including imperialism, economics, migration, urbanism and art.

The Cambridge Handbook of Sociocultural Psychology

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Author: Jaan Valsiner,Alberto Rosa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463950

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 7135

This book, first published in 2007, is an international overview of the state of our knowledge in sociocultural psychology - as a discipline located at the crossroads between the natural and social sciences and the humanities. Since the 1980s, the field of psychology has encountered the growth of a new discipline - cultural psychology - that has built new connections between psychology, sociology, anthropology, history and semiotics. The handbook integrates contributions of sociocultural specialists from fifteen countries, all tied together by the unifying focus on the role of sign systems in human relations with the environment. It emphasizes theoretical and methodological discussions on the cultural nature of human psychological phenomena, moving on to show how meaning is a natural feature of action and how it eventually produces conventional symbols for communication. Such symbols shape individual experiences and create the conditions for consciousness and the self to emerge; turn social norms into ethics; and set history into motion.

The Comfort of Kin

Samaritan Community, Kinship, and Marriage

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Author: Monika Schreiber

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004274251

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 2808

In The Comfort of Kin Monika Schreiber presents a study of the social and religious life of the modern Samaritans, with an emphasis on the kinship system and marriage patterns of the community.

Hitler's Priestess

Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth, and Neo-Nazism

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Author: Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814731112

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 278

View: 2789

Each year, thousands of Chinese children, primarily abandoned infant girls, are adopted by Americans. Yet we know very little about the local and transnational processes that characterize this new migration. Transnational Adoption is a unique ethnographic study of China/U.S. adoption, the largest contemporary intercountry adoption program. Sara K. Dorow begins by situating the popularity of the China/U.S. adoption process within a broader history of immigration and adoption. She then follows the path of the adoption process: the institutions and bureaucracies in both China and the United States that prepare children and parents for each other; the stories and practices that legitimate them coming together as transnational families; the strains placed upon our common notions of what motherhood means; and ways in which parents then construct the cultural and racial identities of adopted children. Based on rich ethnographic evidence, including interviews with and observation of people on both sides of the Pacific—from orphanages, government officials, and adoption agencies to advocacy groups and adoptive families themselves—this is a fascinating look at the latest chapter in Chinese-American migration.

Mosaic

The Training Kit for Euro-mediterranean Youth Work

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Author: Council of Europe,Council of Europe Staff

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287165770

Category: Political Science

Page: 423

View: 1811

In 1998, the Council of Europe and the European Commission decided to take common action in the field of youth. Both institutions initiated a partnership agreement with the aim "to promote active European citizenship and civil society by giving impetus to the training of youth leaders and youth workers working within a European dimension". In 2003, additional agreements were signed in the fields of "youth research" and "Euro-Mediterranean youth co-operation". Since 2005, the partnership between the European Commission and the Council of Europe in the field of Youth activities have been focusing on the following topics: European Citizenship, human rights education and intercultural dialogue, quality and recognition of youth work and training, better understanding and knowledge of youth and youth policy development. The partnership between the Council of Europe and the European Commission in the field of Youth brings together the two institutions' experience in non formal education, youth policy, youth research and youth work practice. The co-operation between the two institutions covers a wide spectrum of activities such as training, seminars, workshops, networking and dialogue design. Results and other material are made available on the partnership website (http://youth-partnership.coe.int) and in various publications, including the Training Kits (T-Kits). T-Kits are thematic publications written by experienced youth trainers and experts and constitute easy to use handbooks for educational activities. All activities and publications enhance the exchange of experience and good practice between the actors involved and contribute to the implementation of the political objectives of both partners.

Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of The Logos. Book Three

Logos of History - Logos of Life, Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture

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Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203718X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 556

View: 9017

Situated at the crossroads of nature and culture, physics and consciousness, cosmos and life, history – intimately conjoined with time – continues to puzzle the philosopher as well as the scientist. Does brute nature unfold a history? Does human history have a telos? Does human existence have a purpose? Phenomenology of life projects a new interrogative system for reexamining these questions. We are invited to follow the logos of life as it spins in innumerable ways the interplay of natural factors, human passions, social forces, science and experience – through interruptions and kairic moments of accomplishment – in the human creative imagination and intellective reasoning. There then run a cohesive thread of reality.

A DISTANT THUNDER

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Author: H. A. Covington

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1468518771

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 5405

Shane Ryan is a wrong guy. Wrong race. Wrong gender. Wrong class. Wrong side of the tracks. Wrong attitude. America in the near future is a cold, cruel place, especially in the hardscrabble rural Pacific Northwest. There’s war in the Middle East, a revived draft, mass unemployment, an economy permanently on the skids, greed and corruption, incompetence and stupidity at the top. Poor blue-collar kids from the trailer park are last in line for everything. America has screwed Shane Ryan, and he returns the favor. He joins the Northwest Volunteer Army, a terrorist organization dedicated to overthrowing the United States government and establishing an independent nation. America is about to learn the hard way that what goes around, comes around.

Childhood and Migration

From Experience to Agency

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Author: Jacqueline Knörr

Publisher: Transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783899423846

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 6151

This volume explores the question of how children themselves experience and manage migration and by what means they construct their own identity. It considers experiences from both their places of origin and their host societies. What role does the cultural background of the society of origin and the strategies of integration found in the host society play in the creation of identity and of a concept of home, origin, and belonging? How do children express processes of cultural orientation and integration (music, media, fashion, style) and what role do peer groups and social milieus play? How do migrant children experience xenophobia and a lack of acceptance on the side of the host society and how do they counterbalance such experiences? The approach of this work is both comparative and interdisciplinary. Contributors have different theoretical and methodological backgrounds, and the contributions address different social and cultural settings both with regard to place of origin and host society. Jacqueline Kn÷rr, is an anthropologist and head of the Research Group, Integration and Conflict as Dimensions of Cultural Tradition, Social Dynamics and Historical Experience in the Upper Guinea Coast (West Africa) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, Germany. Her main areas of research are West Africa and Indonesia.

Adaptation to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise

The Case Study of Coastal Communities in New Brunswick, Canada

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Author: Sebastian Weissenberger,Omer Chouinard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401798885

Category: Science

Page: 100

View: 7940

The book provides a concise and interdisciplinary outlook on the impacts of climate change on coastal areas and how coastal communities adapt to them. The first chapter analyses how sea level rise, changing ocean conditions, or increased climate variability and the socio-environmental context of the coastal zone leads to vulnerable communities. The second chapter addresses adaptation strategies and tools, and gives some examples of their application around the world. The third chapter describes participative action research projects undertaken in New Brunswick and how this community based approach has enabled communities to increase their climate resilience.

The Multicultural Challenge in Israel

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Author: Ohad Nachtomy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781934843499

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 7033

In the last three decades, Israel has been undergoing a dramatic revolution: the hegemonic secular Zionist ethos that founded it is cracking, and various sub-groups seek to realize their specific identity in the public sphere. This text is one of the first attempts to examine various aspects of the current multicultural transformation of Israeli society.

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments

Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems

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Author: Wim de Vries,Jean-Paul Hettelingh,Maximilian Posch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401795088

Category: Science

Page: 662

View: 2627

This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples for each air pollution threat, both at local and regional scale, including Europe, Asia, Canada and the US. The book starts with background information on the effects of the deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals and geochemical and biological indicators for risk assessments. The use of those indicators is then illustrated in the assessment of critical loads and their exceedances and in the temporal assessment of air pollution risks. It also includes the most recent developments of assessing critical loads and current and future risks of soil and water chemistry and biodiversity under climate change, with a special focus on nitrogen. The book thus provides a complete overview of the knowledge that is currently used for the scientific support of policies in the field of air pollution control to protect ecosystem services.

Principles of Animal Biometeorology

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Author: Roberto Gomes da Silva,Alex Sandro Campos Maia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400757336

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 4470

The book begins by describing in detail the mechanisms of energy exchange – radiative, convective, conductive and evaporative – together with techniques for their determination. The discussion extends to the importance of CO2, ozone and methane, together with that of aerosol pollutants and the evolution of atmospheric CO2. Subsequent chapters apply the results of the biophysical methods to mammals, birds and aquatic animals. Discussion includes problems of shelter and shade for animals in tropical environments and techniques for the thermal evaluation for shelters and for several tree types. The details of heat exchange between animals and the environment are presented, in separate chapters covering Mammals and Birds and Aquatic Mammals. A chapter on Shade and Shelter describes the importance of shade for animals, factors of shade efficiency, the protections offered by shelter and methods of calculating the protection afforded by both shade and shelter. A Special Methods chapter offers a variety of techniques for evaluating cutaneous and respiratory evaporation, and practical methods for sampling of hairs and the evaluation of hair coat characteristics.

Physiological Ecology of Lichens

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Author: Kenneth A. Kershaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521239257

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 9089

This book provides a critical and selective review of lichen physiological ecology.