Animals and Modern Cultures

A Sociology of Human-Animal Relations in Modernity

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Author: Adrian Franklin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761956235

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 4000

The dramatic transformation of relationships between humans and animals in the 20th century are investigated in this fascinating and accessible book. At the beginning of this century these relationships were dominated by human needs and interests, modernization was a project which was attached to the goal of progress and animals were merely resources to be used on the path towards human fulfilment. As the century comes to an end these relationships are increasingly being subjected to criticism. We are now urged to be more sensitive and compassionate to animal needs and interests. This book focuses on social change and animals, it is concerned with how humans relate to animals and how this has changed and why. Moreover, it highlights

Animals and Society

The Humanity of Animal Rights

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Author: Keith Tester

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415047326

Category: Animal rights

Page: 218

View: 1164

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-animal Studies

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Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231152949

Category: Nature

Page: 470

View: 5681

Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human--animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human--animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human--animal relations.

The Rise of Critical Animal Studies

From the Margins to the Centre

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Author: Nik Taylor,Richard Twine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113510087X

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 3310

As the scholarly and interdisciplinary study of human/animal relations becomes crucial to the urgent questions of our time, notably in relation to environmental crisis, this collection explores the inner tensions within the relatively new and broad field of animal studies. This provides a platform for the latest critical thinking on the condition and experience of animals. The volume is structured around four sections: engaging theory doing critical animal studies critical animal studies and anti-capitalism contesting the human, liberating the animal: veganism and activism. The Rise of Critical Animal Studies demonstrates the centrality of the contribution of critical animal studies to vitally important contemporary debates and considers future directions for the field. This edited collection will be useful for students and scholars of sociology, gender studies, psychology, geography, and social work.

Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers

The Past and Future of Human-animal Relationships

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Author: Richard W. Bulliet

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231130776

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 7488

Examines the ever-changing realtionships between animals and humans, looking at how certain species were selected to be domesticated.

Wir sind nie modern gewesen

Versuch einer symmetrischen Anthropologie

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Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050070153

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 4701

Animals and the Human Imagination

A Companion to Animal Studies

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Author: Aaron S. Gross,Anne Vallely

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527764

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 645

Human beings have long imagined their subjectivity, ethics, and ancestry with and through animals, yet not until the mid-twentieth century did contemporary thought reflect critically on animals' significance in human self-conception. Thinkers such as French philosopher Jacques Derrida, South African novelist J. M. Coetzee, and American theorist Donna Haraway have initiated rigorous inquiries into the question of the animal, now blossoming in a number of directions. It is no longer strange to say that if animals did not exist, we would have to invent them. This interdisciplinary and cross-cultural collection reflects the growth of animal studies as an independent field and the rise of "animality" as a critical lens through which to analyze society and culture, on a par with race and gender. Essays consider the role of animals in the human imagination and the imagination of the human; the worldviews of indigenous peoples; animal-human mythology in early modern China; and political uses of the animal in postcolonial India. They engage with the theoretical underpinnings of the animal protection movement, representations of animals in children's literature, depictions of animals in contemporary art, and the philosophical positioning of the animal from Aristotle to Derrida. The strength of this companion lies in its timeliness and contextual diversity, which makes it essential reading for students and researchers while further developing the parameters of the discipline.

The Question of the Animal and Religion

Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications

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Author: Aaron S. Gross

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538375

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 7222

Through an absorbing investigation into recent, high-profile scandals involving one of the largest kosher slaughterhouses in the world, located unexpectedly in Postville, Iowa, Aaron S. Gross makes a powerful case for elevating the category of the animal in the study of religion. Major theorists have almost without exception approached religion as a phenomenon that radically marks humans off from other animals, but Gross rejects this paradigm, instead matching religion more closely with the life sciences to better theorize human nature. Gross begins with a detailed account of the scandals at Agriprocessors and their significance for the American and international Jewish community. He argues that without a proper theorization of "animals and religion," we cannot fully understand religiously and ethically motivated diets and how and why the events at Agriprocessors took place. Subsequent chapters recognize the significance of animals to the study of religion in the work of Ernst Cassirer, Emile Durkheim, Mircea Eliade, Jonathan Z. Smith, and Jacques Derrida and the value of indigenous peoples' understanding of animals to the study of religion in our daily lives. Gross concludes by extending the Agribusiness scandal to the activities at slaughterhouses of all kinds, calling attention to the religiosity informing the regulation of "secular" slaughterhouses and its implications for our relationship with and self-imagination through animals.

Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie

Jahrbuch 2/2014: Gewalt und Aggression

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Author: Gerald Hartung,Matthias Herrgen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658074108

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 5243

Gewalt und Aggression gehören zu den zentralen Problemen der Anthropologie. Dieser Band versammelt Beiträge von Natur-, Geistes und Sozialwissenschaftlern, um einen interdisziplinären Dialog zum Thema Gewalt zu eröffnen. Der Diskursteil enthält einen Hauptbeitrag aus sozialpsychologischer Perspektive, Kommentare aus unterschiedlichen Fachgebieten und eine Replik der Autorin. Zusätzliche Forschungsbeiträge erweitern den Themenschwerpunkt des Bandes. Komplettiert wird das Jahrbuch mit den Rubriken „Beiträge“, „Berichte“, „Rezensionen“ und „Kalender“, die allesamt Beiträge zur Diskussionslandschaft einer Interdisziplinären Anthropologie bieten.

Eating and Believing

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Vegetarianism and Theology

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Author: David Grumett,Rachel Muers

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567577368

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 3376

What are the links between people's beliefs and the foods they choose to eat? In the modern Western world, dietary choices are a topic of ethical and political debate, but how can centuries of Christian thought and practice also inform them? And how do reasons for abstaining from particular foods in the modern world compare with earlier ones? This book will shed new light on modern vegetarianism and related forms of dietary choice by situating them in the context of historic Christian practice. It will show how the theological significance of embodied practice may be retrieved and reconceived in the present day. Food and diet is a neglected area of Christian theology, and Christianity is conspicuous among the modern world's religions in having few dietary rules or customs. Yet historically, food and the practices surrounding it have significantly shaped Christian lives and identities. This collection, prepared collaboratively, includes contributions on the relationship between Christian beliefs and food practices in specific historical contexts. It considers the relationship between eating and believing from non-Christian perspectives that have in turn shaped Christian attitudes and practices. It also examines ethical arguments about vegetarianism and their significance for emerging Christian theologies of food.

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 16: Sports and Recreation

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Author: Harvey H. Jackson III

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469616769

Category: Reference

Page: 408

View: 4148

What southerners do, where they go, and what they expect to accomplish in their spare time, their "leisure," reveals much about their cultural values, class and racial similarities and differences, and historical perspectives. This volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture offers an authoritative and readable reference to the culture of sports and recreation in the American South, surveying the various activities in which southerners engage in their nonwork hours, as well as attitudes surrounding those activities. Seventy-four thematic essays explore activities from the familiar (porch sitting and fairs) to the essential (football and stock car racing) to the unusual (pool checkers and a sport called "fireballing"). In seventy-seven topical entries, contributors profile major sites associated with recreational activities (such as Dollywood, drive-ins, and the Appalachian Trail) and prominent sports figures (including Althea Gibson, Michael Jordan, Mia Hamm, and Hank Aaron). Taken together, the entries provide an engaging look at the ways southerners relax, pass time, celebrate, let loose, and have fun.

Das geheime Leben der Hunde

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Author: Elizabeth Marshall Thomas

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644405638

Category: Pets

Page: 192

View: 7972

Was machen Hunde, wenn sie sich unbeobachtet fühlen? Wie denken sie, was fühlen sie, wie orientieren sie sich sich «in freier Wildbahn», welches Sozialverhalten legen sie an den Tag? Die Biologin und Verhaltensforscherin Elizabeth Marshall Thomas erzählt, was sie im eigenen Rudel von elf Tieren erlebt hat. Ob es um die Huskys Misha und Maria geht, den asthmatischen Mops Bingo oder den australischen Schäferhund Rider: Sie folgte den Wegen und dem Verhalten ihrer Tiere über Jahre hinweg und beschreibt, was sie dabei lernte, liebevoll, aber durchaus unsentimental. Antropomorhismus ist für sie kein Vorwurf. Früher als viele andere hat die Autorin teilnehmend beobachtet und beschrieben, nach welchen Regeln Hunde sich und ihr Leben organisieren, wenn Menschen nicht eingreifen.

Menschentier und Tiermensch

Diskurse der Grenzziehung und Grenzüberschreitung im Mittelalter

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Author: Udo Friedrich

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 352536704X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 437

View: 9210

Die Grenze zwischen Mensch und Tier gehört zu den zeitlosen Themen der Kulturgeschichte. Szenarien der Grenzüberschreitung finden sich von den Anfängen der Menschheit über Antike und Mittelalter bis in die Neuzeit hinein. Erst seitdem der Mensch durch die Evolutionstheorie real zum Tier geworden ist, haben die bedrohlichen Phantasmen an Geltung verloren. Im 12. und 13. Jahrhundert verhandeln literarische Texte, Antikenroman, Heldenepik und höfischer Roman, mehr oder minder komplexe Konstellationen des Verhältnisses von Mensch und Tier. Udo Friedrich untersucht die theologischen, politischen und literarischen Vorstellungen von Grenzziehung und Grenzüberschreitung in dieser Zeit und arbeitet die rivalisierenden Zeichenordnungen, Narrative und Strategien heraus, die von geistlichen und weltlichen Positionen entworfen wurden.

Zoopolis

Eine politische Theorie der Tierrechte

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Author: Sue Donaldson,Will Kymlicka

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734326

Category: Nature

Page: 608

View: 2518

Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

Nature and social theory

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Author: Adrian Franklin

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 274

View: 4791

This book asks the questions can `Man' be separated from `Nature'? Is it valid to seek to `control' Nature? It argues that the firm modern boundaries between nature and culture have been breached and pulls together new strands of thinking about nature which suggest that humanity and nature have never been separate. The argument is developed through a critical discussion of the Romantic ideal of pure nature, unsullied by humanity and largely confined to fragile margins in need of protection and more recent discourses which identify nature with environment, and cast man in the role of a polluter and destroyer.

Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture

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Author: E. Aaltola

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 247

View: 1695

Exploring how animal suffering is made meaningful within Western ramifications, the book investigates themes such as skepticism concerning non-human experience, cultural roots of compassion, and contemporary approaches to animal ethics. At its center is the pivotal question: What is the moral significance of animal suffering?

The Journal of Japanese Studies

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Japan

Page: N.A

View: 5347

A multidisciplinary forrum for communicating new information, new interpretations, and recent research results concerning Japan to the English-reading world.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 8645