An Introduction to the Theory of Stellar Structure and Evolution

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Author: Dina Prialnik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316284301

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2752

Using fundamental physics, the theory of stellar structure and evolution can predict how stars are born, how their complex internal structure changes, what nuclear fuel they burn, and their ultimate fate. This textbook is a stimulating introduction for undergraduates in astronomy, physics and applied mathematics, taking a course on the physics of stars. It uniquely emphasises the basic physical principles governing stellar structure and evolution. This second edition contains two new chapters on mass loss from stars and interacting binary stars, and new exercises. Clear and methodical, it explains the processes in simple terms, while maintaining mathematical rigour. Starting from general principles, this textbook leads students step-by-step to a global, comprehensive understanding of the subject. Fifty exercises and full solutions allow students to test their understanding. No prior knowledge of astronomy is required, and only a basic background in physics and mathematics is necessary.

An Introduction to the Study of Stellar Structure

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Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar,S. Chandrasekhar

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486604136

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 9296

Rigorous examination of relationship between loss of energy, mass, and radius of stars in a steady state. Unabridged, corrected republication of original (1939) edition. "The material is throughout presented with enviable crispness and clarity of expression. The work will undoubtedly become an indispensable handbook for future researchers in the field." — Nature.

Der neue Kosmos

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Author: A. Unsöld,B. Baschek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662065339

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 1326

Nucleosynthesis and Chemical Evolution of Galaxies

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Author: Bernard E. J. Pagel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521840309

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 1718

The distribution of elements in the cosmos is the result of many processes, and it provides a powerful tool to study the Big Bang, the density of baryonic matter, nucleosynthesis and the formation and evolution of stars and galaxies. Covering many exciting topics in astrophysics and cosmology, this textbook, by a pioneer of the field, provides a lucid and wide-ranging introduction to the interdisciplinary subject of galactic chemical evolution for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It is also an authoritative overview for researchers and professional scientists. This new edition includes results from recent space missions and new material on abundances from stellar populations, nebular analysis, and meteoric isotopic anomalies, and abundance analysis of X-ray gas. Simple derivations for key results are provided, together with problems and helpful solution hints, enabling the student to develop an understanding of results from numerical models and real observations.

Theory of Stellar Atmospheres

An Introduction to Astrophysical Non-equilibrium Quantitative Spectroscopic Analysis

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Author: Ivan Hubeny,Dimitri Mihalas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400852730

Category: Science

Page: 944

View: 4707

This book provides an in-depth and self-contained treatment of the latest advances achieved in quantitative spectroscopic analyses of the observable outer layers of stars and similar objects. Written by two leading researchers in the field, it presents a comprehensive account of both the physical foundations and numerical methods of such analyses. The book is ideal for astronomers who want to acquire deeper insight into the physical foundations of the theory of stellar atmospheres, or who want to learn about modern computational techniques for treating radiative transfer in non-equilibrium situations. It can also serve as a rigorous yet accessible introduction to the discipline for graduate students. Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of the field Covers computational methods as well as the underlying physics Serves as an ideal reference book for researchers and a rigorous yet accessible textbook for graduate students An online illustration package is available to professors at press.princeton.edu

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

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Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 2076

In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.

Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics:

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Author: Erika Böhm-Vitense

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521348713

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 5397

This book is the final one in a series of three texts which together provide a modern, complete and authoritative account of our present knowledge of the stars. It discusses the internal structure and the evolution of stars, and is completely self-contained. There is an emphasis on the basic physics governing stellar structure and the basic ideas on which our understanding of stellar structure is based. The book also provides a comprehensive discussion of stellar evolution. Careful comparison is made between theory and observation, and the author has thus provided a lucid and balanced introductory text for the student. As for volumes 1 and 2, volume 3 is self-contained and can be used as an independent textbook. The author has not only taught but has also published many original papers in this subject. Her clear and readable style should make this text a first choice for undergraduate and beginning graduate students taking courses in astronomy and particularly in stellar astrophysics.

Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis

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Author: Donald D. Clayton

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226109534

Category: Science

Page: 612

View: 2359

Donald D. Clayton's Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis remains the standard work on the subject, a popular textbook for students in astronomy and astrophysics and a rich sourcebook for researchers. The basic principles of physics as they apply to the origin and evolution of stars and physical processes of the stellar interior are thoroughly and systematically set out. Clayton's new preface, which includes commentary and selected references to the recent literature, reviews the most important research carried out since the book's original publication in 1968.

An Introduction to Close Binary Stars

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Author: R. W. Hilditch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521798006

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 5787

This 2001 book was the first to provide a pedagogical and comprehensive introduction to binary stars for advanced students.

Principles and Perspectives in Cosmochemistry

Lecture Notes of the Kodai School on 'Synthesis of Elements in Stars' held at Kodaikanal Observatory, India, April 29 - May 13, 2008

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Author: Aruna Goswami,B. Eswar Reddy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642103529

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 7510

A fundamental question in contemporary astrophysics is the origin of the elements. Cosmochemistry seeks to answer when, how and where the chemical elements arose. Quantitative answers to these fundamental questions require a multi-disciplinary approach involving stellar evolution, explosive nucleosynthesis and nuclear reactions in different astrophysical environments. There remain, however, many outstanding problems and cosmochemistry remains a fertile area of research. This book is among the first in recent times to put together the essentials of cosmochemistry, combining contributions from leading astrophysicists in the field. The chapters have been organized to provide a clear description of the fundamentals, an introduction to modern techniques such as computational modelling, and glimpses of outstanding issues.

Handbook of Practical Astronomy

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Author: Günter D. Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540763791

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 9433

The Compendium of Practical Astronomy is unique. The practical astronomer, whether student, novice or accomplished amateur, will find this handbook the most comprehensive, up-to-date and detailed single guide to the subject available. It is based on Roth’s celebrated German language handbook for amateur astronomers, which first appeared over 40 years ago.

Pulsating Stars

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Author: Márcio Catelan,Horace A. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527655204

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 589

This book surveys our understanding of stars which change in brightness because they pulsate. Pulsating variable stars are keys to distance scales inside and beyond the Milky Way galaxy. They test our understanding not only of stellar pulsation theory but also of stellar structure and evolution theory. Moreover, pulsating stars are important probes of the formation and evolution of our own and neighboring galaxies. Our understanding of pulsating stars has greatly increased in recent years as large-scale surveys of pulsating stars in the Milky Way and other Local Group galaxies have provided a wealth of new observations and as space-based instruments have studied particular pulsating stars in unprecedented detail.

A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics

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Author: Jean Louis Tassoul,Monique Tassoul

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691117119

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 6106

"Unusually well researched and well written, this book is much more than a history. Written by two active astrophysical researchers, it has the distinction of being both a thorough history and an excellent introduction to the finer points of this difficult but important field. Rather than spoonfeeding sophisticated theory to its readers, as some books do, it leads its readers through the instructive if sometimes circuitous paths that the pioneers in the field followed. It does this so well that a reader will find even the most arcane topics to be understandable in a satisfying way. I have not seen this accomplished before so expertly."--Paul W. Hodge, Editor of "The Astronomical Journal," author of "Higher than Everest: An Adventurer's Guide to the Solar System" "Comprehensive without being tedious, this book is particularly valuable--indeed, exceptional--for its presentation of important problems in the field and its stress on theoretical research. I know of no other book that treats the history of stellar physics in such depth. It will broaden the perspective of students who already have a working knowledge of applied math and modern physics; this, at a time when specialization has become so prominent in astronomy. As an astronomer, I enjoyed reading this book and learned a good deal outside my own specialty."--Jack B. Zirker, former Director of the National Solar Observatory, author of "Journey from the Center of the Sun"

Binary Stars: Selected Topics on Observations and Physical Processes

Lectures Held at the Astrophysics School XII Organized by the European Astrophysics Doctoral Network (EADN) in La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, 6–17 September 1999

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Author: F. C. Lazaro,M.J. Arevalo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540412565

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 5976

More than half of all stars in the universe formed and evolved as binary systems and their study is essential for understanding stellar and galactic evolution. The six lectures in this book give both a readable introduction and an up-to-date review of nearly all aspects of research into binary stars, including the range from common binaries to more exotic systems composed of white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes.

Physics of the Sun

Volume I: The Solar Interior

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Author: P.A. Sturrock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027718600

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 7655

This volume, together with its two companion volumes, originated in a study commis sioned by the United States National Academy of Sciences on behalf of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. A committee composed of Tom Holzer, Dimitri Mihalas, Roger Ulrich and myself was asked to prepare a comprehensive review of current knowledge concerning the physics of the Sun. We were fortunate in being able to persuade many distinguished scientists to gather their forces for the preparation of 21 separate chapters covering not only solar physics but also relevant areas of astrophysics and solar-terrestrial relations. It proved necessary to divide the chapters into three separate volumes that cover three different aspects of solar physics. Volumes II and III are concerned with 'The Solar Atmosphere' and with 'Astrophysics and Solar-Terrestrial Relations'. This volume is devoted to 'The Solar Interior', except that the volume begins with one chapter reviewing the contents of all three volumes. Our study of the solar interior includes a review of nuclear, atomic, radiative, hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic processes, together with reviews of three areas of active current investigation: the dynamo mechanism, internal rotation and magnetic fields, and oscillations. The last topic, in particular, has emerged in recent years as one of the most exciting areas of solar research.

High Energy Astrophysics: Volume 2, Stars, the Galaxy and the Interstellar Medium

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Author: Malcolm S. Longair

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521435840

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 6956

What role does viscosity play in accretion discs? How do you calculate the 'glitch function' of a pulsar? And can strong shocks account for the energy spectrum of electrons in our Galaxy? These are just some of the exciting questions that Professor Longair uses to develop the physics needed by the astronomer and high energy astrophysicist. The highly acclaimed first edition of High Energy Astrophysics instantly established itself as a classic in the teaching of contemporary astronomy. Reflecting the immense interest and developments in the subject, Professor Longair has developed the second edition into three texts; in this second volume he provides a comprehensive discussion of the high energy astrophysics of stars, the Galaxy and the interstellar medium. He develops an understanding for the essential physics with an elegance and infectious enthusiasm for which his teaching is internationally renowned, illustrating the issues throughout with results from forefront research. This book takes the student with a knowledge of physics and mathematics at the undergraduate level - but not necessarily with training in astronomy - to the point where current astronomical research can be understood.

The Stars

Their Structure and Evolution

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Author: Roger John Tayler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521458856

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 9960

This textbook gives a clear account of the manner in which knowledge in many branches of physics, such as gravitation, thermodynamics, atomic physics, and nuclear physics, can be combined to gain an understanding of the structure and evolution of stars. A major aim is to present the subject as one in which advances are still being made. The first half is an account of the observational properties of stars and a discussion of the equations that govern their structure. The second part discusses recent theoretical work on stellar evolution. The successes of the theory are stressed, but attention is also drawn to phenomena that are not completely understood. This is a new edition of a widely-used textbook first published in 1970. New topics include mass loss from stars and close binary stars.

AN INTRODUCTION TO ASTROPHYSICS

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Author: BAIDYANATH BASU,TANUKA CHATTOPADHYAY,SUDHINDRA NATH BISWAS

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 812034071X

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 4766

This invaluable book, now in its second edition, covers a wide range of topics appropriate for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in astrophysics. The book conveys a deep and coherent understanding of the stellar phenomena, and basic astrophysics of stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies and other heavenly bodies of interest. Since the first appearance of the book in 1997, significant progress has been made in different branches of Astronomy and Astrophysics. The second edition takes into account the developments of the subject which have taken place in the last decade. It discusses the latest introduction of L and T dwarfs in the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram (or H-R diagram). Other developments discussed pertain to standard solar model, solar neutrino puzzle, cosmic microwave background radiation, Drake equation, dwarf galaxies, ultra compact dwarf galaxies, compact groups and cluster of galaxies. Problems at the end of each chapter motivate the students to go deeper into the topics. Suggested readings at the end of each chapter have been complemented.

Dynamic Sun

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Author: B. N. Dwivedi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521810579

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 6524

Dynamic Sun presents a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the Sun, from its deep core to the outer corona, and the solar wind. Each chapter is written by leading scientists in solar physics. Chapters deal with solar models and neutrinos, seismic Sun, rotation of the solar interior, helioseismic tomography, solar dynamo, spectro-polarimetry, solar photosphere and convection, dynamics and heating of the solar chromosphere, solar transition region, solar MHD, solar activity, particle acceleration, radio observations of explosive energy releases on the Sun, coronal seismology, coronal heating, VUV solar plasma diagnostics and the solar wind. Solar observing facilities are presented in the last chapter. With an introduction by eminent astrophysicist Eugene Parker, the twenty chapters of this book are all fully illustrated and have comprehensive reference lists. The book covers all major topics in solar physics, and is suitable for graduate students and researchers in solar physics, astrophysics and astronomy.

Atoms and Molecules in Strong External Fields

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Author: Germany) W. E. Heraeus Seminar 1994 (Bad Honnef

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 030645811X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 3557

Proceedings of the April 1997 seminar. The designation strong fields applies to external static magnetic and/or electric fields that are sufficiently intense to cause alterations in atomic or molecular structure and dynamics. Thirty-eight contributions discuss the behavior and properties of atoms in