Gesteinskunde

Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender

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Author: Ulrich Sebastian

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 382742223X

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 4484

Gesteine – wie sie heißen und wozu man sie verwenden kann Das vorliegende Buch vermittelt einen leicht verständlichen Überblick über das Gebiet der Petrographie. Einsteiger werden nicht durch theoretisches Detailwissen überfordert oder gar abgeschreckt, sondern erlangen schnell ein umfassendes Grundwissen in Mineralogie mit den wichtigsten gesteinsbildenden Mineralen, Petrographie mit den häufigsten Gesteinen, technischer Gesteinskunde mit den Eigenschaften der Gesteine, die für die Verwendung wichtig sind. Instruktive Fotos, Übersichten und Schaubilder erleichtern das Lernen und Verstehen. Sie sind ein hervorstechendes Merkmal des Werkes und machen es auch zu einem hilfreicher Begleiter für alle Praktiker und Wiedereinsteiger, die die Petrographie sonst eher selten benötigen. Durch die Teilung des Buches in einen klassisch-petrographischen und einen angewandten Teil kann jeder Nutzer selbst wählen, welche Gesichtspunkte der Gesteinskunde für ihn wichtig sind. Gesteinskunde – Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender richtet sich an Schüler und Studenten von Fach- und Hochschulen, an Profis wie Bauingenieure, Bohrer und Geowissenschaftler sowie an interessierte Laien. Dr. Ulrich Sebastian ist Geologe, Gegenstand seiner Doktorarbeit waren metamorphe Gesteine. Er unterrichtet an der Fachschule für Technik in Freiberg/Sachsen, wo Staatlich geprüfte Techniker für Geologie- bzw. Bohrtechnik ausgebildet werden.

An Introduction to the Rock-forming Minerals

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Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,Jack Zussman

Publisher: Mineralogical Society

ISBN: 9780903056274

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 9179

In this edition, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in terms of structure, chemistry, optical and other physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Important correlations between these aspects of mineralogy are emphasized wherever possible. The content of each section has been updated where needed in the light of published research over the 21 years between editions. Tables of over 200 chemical analyses and formulae are included and a number of older entries have been replaced by more recent examples. Major new features: Entirely new views of crystal structures in perspective using CrystalMaker colour images; Over 60 colour photographs of minerals in thin sections of rocks under the petrological microscope; Considerably expanded treatment of feldspar and zeolite minerals; Mineral identification table based on birefringence and listing other properties; Colour strip with appropriate interference colours and birefringences for the main rock-forming minerals. This book will be useful to undergraduate students of mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry, especially those at third or fourth year, engaged in more advanced courses or specialized projects, and also as a reference work for students for 'Masters' degrees by taught courses or research. For doctorate students, and research workers in the Earth Sciences as well as those in Materials Science and other related disciplines, this work can be useful as a condensed version of the very extensive treatment presented in the volumes of the DHZ Series 'Rock-Forming Minerals', second edition. Buyers through online retailers should contact the Mineralogical Society in order to receive the free CD which goes with the book ([email protected]).

Rock-forming Minerals

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Author: M.J. Wilson

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393592

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 6093

A Key for Identification of Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section

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Author: Andrew J. Barker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001147

Category: Nature

Page: 182

View: 4775

Structured in the form of a dichotomous key, comparable to those widely used in botany, the mineral key provides an efficient and systematic approach to identifying rock-forming minerals in thin-section. This unique approach covers 150+ of the most commonly encountered rock-forming minerals, plus a few rarer but noteworthy ones. Illustrated in full colour, with 330+ high quality mineral photomicrographs from a worldwide collection of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, it also provides a comprehensive atlas of rock-forming minerals in thin-section. Commencing with a brief introduction to mineral systems, and the properties of minerals in plane-polarised and cross-polarised light, the mineral key also includes line drawings, tables of mineral properties and an interference colour chart, to further aid mineral identification. To minimise the chance of misidentification, and enable less experienced petrologists to use the key with confidence, the key has been arranged to prioritise those properties that are most easily recognised. Designed for simplicity and ease of use, it is primarily aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students of mineralogy and petrology, but should also provide a valuable source of reference for all practising geologists dealing with rock thinsections and their interpretation.

Rock-Forming Minerals

Single-chain Silicates, Volume 2A

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Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,J. Zussman

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799857

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 2892

A second edition, in two parts, of volume two of this reference series. This part deals mainly with the pyroxene minerals, but also with pyroxenoids, sapphirine and aenigmatite. The advances in research over the 15 years since the first edition was published are summarized in this text.

Sedimentgesteine im Gelände

Ein illustrierter Leitfaden

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Author: D.A.V. Stow

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827420152

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 9800

Konzepte und Vorstellungen ändern sich in der Sedimentologie schnell, was bleibt ist die Geländearbeit und die Erhebung von Daten als Basis der Wissenschaft. Dieses Buch ist ein Bestimmungsatlas, der hilft, Sedimentgesteine im Gelände zu erkennen und zu beschreiben. Der Benutzer erfährt, was er im Gelände beobachten und aufzeichnen muss, und wie er die Daten richtig interpretiert. Alle wesentlichen Arten von Sedimentgesteinen werden in über 450 hervorragenden Fotos und erklärenden Zeichnungen dargestellt. Im Einführungskapitel werden die Klassifikationen und die Haupttypen der Sedimentgesteine sowie auch deren wirtschaftliche Bedeutung vorgestellt. Der Autor beschreibt dann die wichtigsten Geländemethoden und die grundsätzlichen Eigenschaften von Sedimentgesteinen. Jedem Haupttyp von Sedimentgesteinen entspricht ein Kapitel. Der Interpretation von Fazies und Ablagerungsbedingungen ist im letzten Kapitel breiter Raum gewidmet. Das Buch ist ein unentbehrliches Hilfsmittel für Studenten der Geowissenschaften, Geologen im Beruf sowie für Amateure.

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences

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Author: Andrew Putnis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429474

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 4187

The subject of mineralogy has moved away from the systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behavior of minerals in response to geological processes. It is vital that we understand the physics and chemistry of minerals as this response generally involves structural and chemical changes within individual minerals as well as reactions between minerals. This is the first text to provide an introduction to modern mineralogy for undergraduate students. The main, and often complex, concepts required to understand minerals and the processes that take place within them are presented in an easy to follow manner without any complex mathematical treatment. The book deals with solid-state transformations in minerals, which take place in response to changes in temperature and pressure, as well as introducing the basic crystallography, physics and chemistry needed to understand these processes. No knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics beyond high-school level is assumed.

Atlas of the Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section

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Author: W.S. Mackenzie,C. Guilford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317873793

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 8749

'Hurray for Mackenzie and Guilford for at last we have a pictorial guide to the rock-forming minerals! . . . such feasts of colour in mineralogy books are rare . . . an admirable guide' New Scientist

Grundzüge der Erdwissenschaften

Vorlesung für Universität und ETH Zürich

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Author: Volkmar Trommsdorff,Volker Dietrich

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 9783728126627

Category:

Page: 187

View: 9255

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

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Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505331

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 3532

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Project Guide to Rocks and Minerals

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Author: Claire O'Neal

Publisher: Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1612281133

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 7183

Calling all rock hounds! Learn about rocks and minerals with these fifteen simple science experiments you can do yourself. You’ll think like a geologist as you start your own rock collection, learn about earth processes, explore the properties of minerals, and even grow your own crystals.

Geologie für Dummies

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Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 2766

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

An Introduction to Marine Geology

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Author: M. J. Keen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293491

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 2745

An account of some aspects of marine geology and marine geophysics, comprehensible to those at an early stage in their study of geology and to scientists who are not specialists in these fields. There are many biologists, chemists, mathematicians or physicists who work in the laboratory or on board ship with geologists and geophysicists and this book will help them to understand the aims of their colleages' experiments. Wherever possible, without a loss of necessary precision, terminology is deliberately simplified.

Energy Dispersive Spectrometry of Common Rock Forming Minerals

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Author: Kenneth P. Severin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402028415

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 7787

This book provides a very basic introduction to electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). It has the largest compiled collection of EDS spectra ever published and covers most common rock forming minerals. In addition, it provides a key to help the novice wade through the large number of spectra.

Theory and Evaluation of Formation Pressures

A Pressure Detection Reference Handbook

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Author: EXLOG/Whittaker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400953550

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 4157

The objectives of this book are: (1) to educate the prospective Pressure Evaluation Geologist to a basic level of expertise; (2) to provide a reference tool for the experienced geologist; and (3) to foster constructuve thought and continued development of the field geologist. Despite the incorporation of many new ideas and concepts, elaboration of the more re cent concepts is limited due to space considerations. It is hoped that the geologist will follow up via the literature referenced at the end of each chapter. Easy reference is provided by the detailed table of contents and index. A glossary of terms, definitions, and formulae adds to the usefulness of this reference text. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR FIGURES Figure 2-7 is reprinted by permission of the AAPG from Barker, 1972. Figure 4-21 is courtesy of Totco Figure 5-2 is reprinted by permission of the Oil and GasJournal from Matthews and Kelly, 1967. Figure 5-4 is reprinted by permission of the SPE-AIME from the Journal of Petroleum Technology from Eaton, © 1969. Figure 5-5 is reprinted by permission of the SPE-AIME from Hubbert and Willis, © 1957.

Introduction to Optical Mineralogy

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Author: William D. Nesse

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mineralogy, Determinative

Page: 335

View: 5986

This is an ideal textbook for both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It contains valuable coverage of the optical properties of minerals, as well as up-to-date descriptions of common rock-forming minerals. The chapters on optical theory include discussions of the nature and properties of light, the petrographic microscope, and the behavior of light in isotropic materials and in uniaxial and biaxial anisotropic materials. Thoroughly revised to include recent developments in the field, the book includes step-by-step procedures to guide students through the determination of all optical properties by which minerals are routinely identified with a petrographic microscope. Readers will find descriptive information on over 125 common rock forming minerals, and many photomicrographs and illustrations. The book also includes a flow sheet to guide students through the process of identifying an unknown mineral.

Rare Earth Elements in Ultramafic and Mafic Rocks and their Minerals

Main types of rocks. Rock-forming minerals

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Author: Felix P. Lesnov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203830318

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 8331

This book gives an overview of the world’s literature on analytical data and theoretical concepts of the regularities of rare earth elements (REE) in ultramafic and mafic rocks of different chemical and mineral compositions – mantle restites (including those composing mantle xenoliths in alkali basaltoids), highly magnesium hypabyssal rocks, plutonic rocks of mafic-ultramafic and ultramafic-mafic massifs, as well as in the main minerals composing these rocks – olivines, orthopyroxenes, clinopyroxenes, plagioclases, and amphiboles. Much attention is given to a comparative analysis of the REE distribution in rocks and minerals from different types of massifs, complexes, and provinces. Various aspects of their intragranular and intermineral distribution are considered, and data on the coefficients of their partition between minerals and their parental melts as well as between coexisting minerals are generalized. Probable schemes of REE isomorphism in rock-forming minerals are discussed. The generalization is based on the results of analyses of several thousands of rock samples and more than 2000 analyses of minerals, part of which was carried out with samples from author’s collections. The book is intended for specialists in petrology and geochemistry of ultramafic, mafic, and other types of igneous rocks as well as students of geological departments of colleges and post-graduate students.

Biogeochemistry of Ancient and Modern Environments

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB) and, Conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to the Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Australia, 26 August – 4 September 1979

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Author: P. A. Trudinger,M. R. Walter,B. J. Ralph

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662265826

Category: Science

Page: 726

View: 1164

This volume contains a selection of papers presented to the Fourth Internation~l Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB), and a conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Aust ralia on August 26-31 and September 3-4, 1979, respectively. The ISEB were established to provide "a forum for uninhibited exchange of information and ideas among the biological, chemical, atmospheric and geolorical scientists working in the common area of biogeochemistry, encompassing soil and other earth sciences as well as the hydrosphere and atmosphere", By linking the fourth ISEB with the Leachin~ Conference the scope of discussions was extended to encompass the application of biogeochemical processes to the mining industry. This wide-ranging philosophy is reflected in the breadth and diversity of the subjects covered in this book. The published papers are expanded versions of those presented at the meetings. They have all been scrutinized by at least one referee in addition to the editors. About 20% of the contributions to the meetings are not included, either because authors did not wish to publish or because the papers were not accepted by the editors.