An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis

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Author: R. Lyman Ott,Micheal T. Longnecker

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465520

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1296

View: 7957

Ott and Longnecker's AN INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICAL METHODS AND DATA ANALYSIS, Seventh Edition, provides a broad overview of statistical methods for advanced undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of disciplines who have little or no prior course work in statistics. The authors teach students to solve problems encountered in research projects, to make decisions based on data in general settings both within and beyond the university setting, and to become critical readers of statistical analyses in research papers and news reports. The first eleven chapters present material typically covered in an introductory statistics course, as well as case studies and examples that are often encountered in undergraduate capstone courses. The remaining chapters cover regression modeling and design of experiments. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis

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Author: R. Lyman Ott,Micheal T. Longnecker

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111779988

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1296

View: 2136

Ott and Longnecker's AN INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICAL METHODS AND DATA ANALYSIS, Sixth Edition, provides a broad overview of statistical methods for advanced undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of disciplines who have little or no prior course work in statistics. The authors teach students to solve problems encountered in research projects, to make decisions based on data in general settings both within and beyond the university setting, and to become critical readers of statistical analyses in research papers and in news reports. The first eleven chapters present material typically covered in an introductory statistics course, as well as case studies and examples that are often encountered in undergraduate capstone courses. The remaining chapters cover regression modeling and design of experiments. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467279137

Category: Education

Page: 100

View: 459

Facts101 is your complete guide to An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Statistical Methods for Data Analysis in Particle Physics

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Author: Luca Lista

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319628402

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 8898

This concise set of course-based notes provides the reader with the main concepts and tools needed to perform statistical analyses of experimental data, in particular in the field of high-energy physics (HEP). First, the book provides an introduction to probability theory and basic statistics, mainly intended as a refresher from readers’ advanced undergraduate studies, but also to help them clearly distinguish between the Frequentist and Bayesian approaches and interpretations in subsequent applications. More advanced concepts and applications are gradually introduced, culminating in the chapter on both discoveries and upper limits, as many applications in HEP concern hypothesis testing, where the main goal is often to provide better and better limits so as to eventually be able to distinguish between competing hypotheses, or to rule out some of them altogether. Many worked-out examples will help newcomers to the field and graduate students alike understand the pitfalls involved in applying theoretical concepts to actual data. This new second edition significantly expands on the original material, with more background content (e.g. the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, best linear unbiased estimator), applications (unfolding and regularization procedures, control regions and simultaneous fits, machine learning concepts) and examples (e.g. look-elsewhere effect calculation).

An Introduction to Data Analysis and Uncertainty Quantification for Inverse Problems

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Author: Luis Tenorio

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611974917

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 3002

Inverse problems are found in many applications, such as medical imaging, engineering, astronomy, and geophysics, among others. To solve an inverse problem is to recover an object from noisy, usually indirect observations. Solutions to inverse problems are subject to many potential sources of error introduced by approximate mathematical models, regularization methods, numerical approximations for efficient computations, noisy data, and limitations in the number of observations; thus it is important to include an assessment of the uncertainties as part of the solution. Such assessment is interdisciplinary by nature, as it requires, in addition to knowledge of the particular application, methods from applied mathematics, probability, and statistics. This book bridges applied mathematics and statistics by providing a basic introduction to probability and statistics for uncertainty quantification in the context of inverse problems, as well as an introduction to statistical regularization of inverse problems. The author covers basic statistical inference, introduces the framework of ill-posed inverse problems, and explains statistical questions that arise in their applications. An Introduction to Data Analysis and Uncertainty Quantification for Inverse Problems÷includes many examples that explain techniques which are useful to address general problems arising in uncertainty quantification, Bayesian and non-Bayesian statistical methods and discussions of their complementary roles, and analysis of a real data set to illustrate the methodology covered throughout the book.

Data Analysis and Data Mining

An Introduction

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Author: Adelchi Azzalini,Bruno Scarpa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942714

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 5999

An introduction to statistical data mining, Data Analysis and Data Mining is both textbook and professional resource. Assuming only a basic knowledge of statistical reasoning, it presents core concepts in data mining and exploratory statistical models to students and professional statisticians-both those working in communications and those working in a technological or scientific capacity-who have a limited knowledge of data mining. This book presents key statistical concepts by way of case studies, giving readers the benefit of learning from real problems and real data. Aided by a diverse range of statistical methods and techniques, readers will move from simple problems to complex problems. Through these case studies, authors Adelchi Azzalini and Bruno Scarpa explain exactly how statistical methods work; rather than relying on the "push the button" philosophy, they demonstrate how to use statistical tools to find the best solution to any given problem. Case studies feature current topics highly relevant to data mining, such web page traffic; the segmentation of customers; selection of customers for direct mail commercial campaigns; fraud detection; and measurements of customer satisfaction. Appropriate for both advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this much-needed book will fill a gap between higher level books, which emphasize technical explanations, and lower level books, which assume no prior knowledge and do not explain the methodology behind the statistical operations.

An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis

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Author: 5th Edition Ott and Longnecker,Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781428814011

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 8415

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780534251222 .

Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

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Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 5489

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

With Exercises, Solutions and Applications in R

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Author: Christian Heumann,Michael Schomaker,Shalabh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319461621

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 4195

This introductory statistics textbook conveys the essential concepts and tools needed to develop and nurture statistical thinking. It presents descriptive, inductive and explorative statistical methods and guides the reader through the process of quantitative data analysis. In the experimental sciences and interdisciplinary research, data analysis has become an integral part of any scientific study. Issues such as judging the credibility of data, analyzing the data, evaluating the reliability of the obtained results and finally drawing the correct and appropriate conclusions from the results are vital. The text is primarily intended for undergraduate students in disciplines like business administration, the social sciences, medicine, politics, macroeconomics, etc. It features a wealth of examples, exercises and solutions with computer code in the statistical programming language R as well as supplementary material that will enable the reader to quickly adapt all methods to their own applications.

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

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Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 2170

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

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Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 3665

This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.

An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis

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Author: Alan Agresti

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1119405262

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 8195

A valuable new edition of a standard reference The use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically, particularly for applications in the biomedical and social sciences. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition summarizes these methods and shows readers how to use them using software. Readers will find a unified generalized linear models approach that connects logistic regression and loglinear models for discrete data with normal regression for continuous data. Adding to the value in the new edition is: • Illustrations of the use of R software to perform all the analyses in the book • A new chapter on alternative methods for categorical data, including smoothing and regularization methods (such as the lasso), classification methods such as linear discriminant analysis and classification trees, and cluster analysis • New sections in many chapters introducing the Bayesian approach for the methods of that chapter • More than 70 analyses of data sets to illustrate application of the methods, and about 200 exercises, many containing other data sets • An appendix showing how to use SAS, Stata, and SPSS, and an appendix with short solutions to most odd-numbered exercises Written in an applied, nontechnical style, this book illustrates the methods using a wide variety of real data, including medical clinical trials, environmental questions, drug use by teenagers, horseshoe crab mating, basketball shooting, correlates of happiness, and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition is an invaluable tool for statisticians and biostatisticians as well as methodologists in the social and behavioral sciences, medicine and public health, marketing, education, and the biological and agricultural sciences.

An Introduction to Survey Research, Polling, and Data Analysis

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Author: Herbert Weisberg,Jon A. Krosnick,Bruce D. Bowen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803974029

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 8590

This book describes how surveys are conducted in such a way that they can be believed, explains how to read statistical reports and analyze data, and provides guidelines that are useful in evaluating polls. Using examples from contemporary large surveys and polls, as well as from the media, the authors stress the importance of understanding tables thoroughly before moving to interval statistics. In addition, they cover: the design of surveys; the steps for sampling and question writing; interviewing and coding strategies; survey analysis from frequency distributions and cross-tabulations through to control tables and correlation/regression; the ethics of survey research; and how to read and write reports of survey research.

Statistical Computing

An Introduction to Data Analysis using S-Plus

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Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471560401

Category: Computers

Page: 772

View: 8262

Many statistical modelling and data analysis techniques can be difficult to grasp and apply, and it is often necessary to use computer software to aid the implementation of large data sets and to obtain useful results. S-Plus is recognised as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, and it enables the user to apply a number of statistical methods, ranging from simple regression to time series or multivariate analysis. This text offers extensive coverage of many basic and more advanced statistical methods, concentrating on graphical inspection, and features step-by-step instructions to help the non-statistician to understand fully the methodology. * Extensive coverage of basic, intermediate and advanced statistical methods * Uses S-Plus, which is recognised globally as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages * Emphasis is on graphical data inspection, parameter estimation and model criticism * Features hundreds of worked examples to illustrate the techniques described * Accessible to scientists from a large number of disciplines with minimal statistical knowledge * Written by a leading figure in the field, who runs a number of successful international short courses * Accompanied by a Web site featuring worked examples, data sets, exercises and solutions A valuable reference resource for researchers, professionals, lecturers and students from statistics, the life sciences, medicine, engineering, economics and the social sciences.

Biostatistics with R

An Introduction to Statistics Through Biological Data

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Author: Babak Shahbaba

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461413028

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 6652

Biostatistics with R is designed around the dynamic interplay among statistical methods, their applications in biology, and their implementation. The book explains basic statistical concepts with a simple yet rigorous language. The development of ideas is in the context of real applied problems, for which step-by-step instructions for using R and R-Commander are provided. Topics include data exploration, estimation, hypothesis testing, linear regression analysis, and clustering with two appendices on installing and using R and R-Commander. A novel feature of this book is an introduction to Bayesian analysis. This author discusses basic statistical analysis through a series of biological examples using R and R-Commander as computational tools. The book is ideal for instructors of basic statistics for biologists and other health scientists. The step-by-step application of statistical methods discussed in this book allows readers, who are interested in statistics and its application in biology, to use the book as a self-learning text.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

For the Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Robert S. Lockhart

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716729747

Category: Psychology

Page: 651

View: 7553

In Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis, Bob Lockhart emphasizes the link between statistical techniques and scientific discovery by focusing on evaluation and comparison of models. It is an intuitive view of statistics that views all methods as variants on a basic theme (evaluating models). Lockhart's realistic approach enables students to examine and question the methods and goals of statistics and to draw clear connections between statistical methods and the research process.

An Introduction to Secondary Data Analysis with IBM SPSS Statistics

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Author: John MacInnes

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473987717

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2720

Many professional, high-quality surveys collect data on people's behaviour, experiences, lifestyles and attitudes. The data they produce is more accessible than ever before. This book provides students with a comprehensive introduction to using this data, as well as transactional data and big data sources, in their own research projects. Here you will find all you need to know about locating, accessing, preparing and analysing secondary data, along with step-by-step instructions for using IBM SPSS Statistics. You will learn how to: Create a robust research question and design that suits secondary analysis Locate, access and explore data online Understand data documentation Check and 'clean' secondary data Manage and analyse your data to produce meaningful results Replicate analyses of data in published articles and books Using case studies and video animations to illustrate each step of your research, this book provides you with the quantitative analysis skills you'll need to pass your course, complete your research project and compete in the job market. Exercises throughout the book and on the book's companion website give you an opportunity to practice, check your understanding and work hands on with real data as you're learning.