Introduction to Classical Nahuatl

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Author: James Richard Andrews

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806134529

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 678

View: 2814

Nahuatl is the language used by the ancient Aztecs and the Nahua Indians of Central Mexico. This text introduces the language using an anthropological approach, teaching learners to understand Nahuatl according to its own distinctive grammar and to reject translationalist descriptions based on English or Spanish notions of grammar. In particular, the author emphasizes the nonexistence of words in Nahuatl (except for the few so-called particles) and stresses the nuclear clause as the basis for Nahuatl linguistic organization.

An Introduction to Classical Nahuatl

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Author: Michel Launey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492764

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 8335

Now available to an English-speaking audience, this book is a comprehensive grammar of classical Nahuatl, the literary language of the Aztecs. It offers students of Nahuatl a complete and clear treatment of the language's structure, grammar and vocabulary. It is divided into 35 chapters, beginning with basic syntax and progressing gradually to more complex structures. Each grammatical concept is illustrated clearly with examples, exercises and passages for translation. A key is provided to allow students to check their answers. By far the most approachable textbook of Nahuatl available, this book will be an excellent teaching tool both for classroom use and for readers pursuing independent study of the language. It will be an invaluable resource to anthropologists, ethnographers, historians, archaeologists and linguists alike.

Workbook for Introduction to Classical Nahuatl

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Author: James Richard Andrews

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780806134536

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 269

View: 6235

For many years, J. Richard Andrews’s Introduction to Classical Nahuatl has been the standard reference work for scholars and students of Nahuatl, the language used by the ancient Aztecs and the Nahua Indians of Central Mexico. Andrews’s work was the first book to make Nahuatl accessible as a coherent language system and to recognize such crucial linguistic features as vowel length and the glottal stop. Accompanied by a workbook, this long-awaited new edition is extensively revised, enlarged, and updated with the latest research. The revised edition is guided by the same intentions as those behind the first. Andrews’s approach is "anthropological," teaching us to understand Nahuatl according to its own distinctive grammar and to reject translationalist descriptions based on English or Spanish notions of grammar. In particular, Andrews emphasizes the nonexistence of words in Nahuatl (except for the few so-called particles) and stresses the nuclear clause as the basis for Nahuatl linguistic organization. Besides an increase in the number of chapters (from forty-eight to fifty-seven, including a more detailed treatment of place names), the new edition contains an innovative approach to personal names and the introduction of the square zero to indicate irregular morphological silence. The accompanying workbook provides exercises linked to the text, a key to the exercises, and an extensive vocabulary list.

Introduction to the Languages of the World

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Author: Anatole Lyovin,William Leben

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195149882

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 512

View: 5488

Unique in scope, An Introduction to the Languages of the World introduces linguistics students to the variety of world's languages. Students will gain familiarity with concepts such as sound change, lexical borrowing, diglossia, and language diffusion, and the rich variety of linguistic structure in word order, morphological types, grammatical relations, gender, inflection, and derivation. It offers the opportunity to explore structures of varying and fascinating languages even with no prior acquaintance. A chapter is devoted to each of the world's continents, with in-depth analyses of representative languages of Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and America, and separate chapters cover writing systems and pidgins and creoles. Each chapter contains exercises and recommendations for further reading. New to this edition are eleven original maps as well as sections on sign languages and language death and revitalization. For greater readability, basic language facts are now organized in tables, and language samples follow international standards for phonetic transcription and word-by-word glossing. There is an instructor's manual available for registered instructors on the book's companion website.

Typological Studies in Participation

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Author: Christian Lehmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050080531

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 189

View: 1613

Dieser Sammelband präsentiert Ergebnisse des DFG-Forschungsprojekts "Lexikalische und grammatische Typologie des Yukatekischen Maya" (Universitäten Bielefeld und Erfurt 1996–2002, Leitung Christian Lehmann). Die beiden enthaltenen Beiträge thematisieren die Codierung semantischer Relationen durch syntaktische Relationen und die grammatische Reflektion von Partizipantenkonstellationen in einer Situation (Partizipation). Die Analysen kombinieren den funktionalen und den strukturellen Ansatz. Christian Lehmann und Yong-Min Shin verfolgen die onomasiologische Perspektive und behandeln die Versprachlichung diverser instrumentaler und komitativer Relationen in den Sprachen Englisch, Deutsch, Hmong, Japanisch, Kambera, Kayardild, Khmer, Kolyma Yukagirisch, Koreanisch, Lezgisch, Mandarin Chinesisch, Thai, Türkisch, Vietnamesisch, Yidin und Yukatekisch. Sie entwickeln einen umfassenden Rahmen zur typologischen Untersuchung der funktionalen Domäne der Konkomitanz und unterscheiden zwischen spezifischeren Partizipantenrelationen wie Partner, Begleiter, Vehikel, Werkzeug, Material, Art und Weise und Umstand. Es wird gezeigt, dass Konkomitanten in ihrer syntaktischen Kodierung entsprechend diesen spezifischeren Funktionen sowie in Abhängigkeit von absoluten Eigenschaften wie z. B. Belebtheit variieren. Christian Lehmann and Elisabeth Verhoeven nehmen in ihrem Beitrag dagegen die semasiologische Perspektive ein und behandeln die syntaktische Kodierung peripherer Partizipanten in inkorporativen Strukturen. Sie kontrastieren Substantivinkorporation im Yukatekischen mit demselben Prozess in anderen Sprachen, in denen er gleichfalls der Veränderung der Partizipantenstruktur dient, nämlich im Nahuatl, Guaraní, Mayali und im Samoanischen. Dabei ergibt sich, dass im Yukatekischen Substantivinkorporation in einem größeren Maße zur Neuanordnung von Partizipanten genutzt wird als in anderen Sprachen. Weiterhin zeigt ein Vergleich mit anderen Mayasprachen, dass Inkorporation im Yukatekischen eine Besonderheit innerhalb dieser Sprachfamilie darstellt. Dies gilt sowohl in Bezug auf die Bedeutung von inkorporativen Verben als auch in Bezug auf die Funktionen, die dieser Prozess erfüllt.

An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl

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Author: Frances E. Karttunen

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806124216

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 349

View: 2708

This is a comprehensive modern dictionary of the major indigenous language of Mexico, the language of the Aztecs and many of their neighbors. Nahuatl speakers became literate within a generation of contact with Europeans, and a vast literature has been composed in Nahuatl beginning in the mid-sixteenth century and continuing to the present.

The Essential Codex Mendoza

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Author: Frances Berdan,Patricia Rieff Anawalt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520204546

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 5593

Consists of v. 2 and 4 of Berdan and Anawalt's The Codex Mendoza (4 v. -- Berkeley : University of California Press, c1992).

Catalog of Copyright Entries, Third Series

Maps and atlases

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Author: Library of Congress. Copyright Office

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Copyright

Page: N.A

View: 5494

The record of each copyright registration listed in the Catalog includes a description of the work copyrighted and data relating to the copyright claim (the name of the copyright claimant as given in the application for registration, the copyright date, the copyright registration number, etc.).

History and Mythology of the Aztecs

The Codex Chimalpopoca

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Author: N.A

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816518869

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 2447

One of the great documents of colonial Mexico, the Codex Chimalpopoca chronicles the rise of Aztec civilization and preserves the mythology on which it was based. Its two complementary texts, Annals of Cuauhtitlan and Legend of the Suns, record the pre-CortŽsian history of the Valley of Mexico together with firsthand versions of that region's myths. Of particular interest are the stories of the hero-god Quetzalcoatl, for which the Chimalpopoca is the premier source. John Bierhorst's work is the first major scholarship on the Codex Chimalpopoca in more than forty years. His is the first edition in English and the first in any language to include the complete text of the Legend of the Suns. The precise, readable translation not only contributes to the study of Aztec history and literature but also makes the codex an indispensable reference for Aztec cultural topics, including land tenure, statecraft, the role of women, the tribute system, warfare, and human sacrifice.

Clitics

An Introduction

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Author: Andrew Spencer,Ana R. Luis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521682924

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 369

View: 5176

In most languages we find 'little words' which resemble a full word, but which cannot stand on their own. Instead they have to 'lean on' a neighbouring word, like the 'd, 've and unstressed 'em of Kim'd've helped'em ('Kim would have helped them'). These are clitics, and they are found in most of the world's languages. In English the clitic forms appear in the same place in the sentence that the full form of the word would appear in but in many languages clitics obey quite separate rules of placement. This book is the first introduction to clitics, providing a complete summary of their properties, their uses, the reasons why they are of interest to linguists and the various theoretical approaches that have been proposed for them. The book describes a whole host of clitic systems and presents data from over 100 languages.

The Invisible War

Indigenous Devotions, Discipline, and Dissent in Colonial Mexico

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Author: David Tavarez

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804777391

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 9582

After the conquest of Mexico, colonial authorities attempted to enforce Christian beliefs among indigenous peoples—a project they envisioned as spiritual warfare. The Invisible War assesses this immense but dislocated project by examining all known efforts in Central Mexico to obliterate native devotions of Mesoamerican origin between the 1530s and the late eighteenth century. The author's innovative interpretation of these efforts is punctuated by three events: the creation of an Inquisition tribunal in Mexico in 1571; the native rebellion of Tehuantepec in 1660; and the emergence of eerily modern strategies for isolating idolaters, teaching Spanish to natives, and obtaining medical proof of sorcery from the 1720s onwards. Rather than depicting native devotions solely from the viewpoint of their colonial codifiers, this book rescues indigenous perspectives on their own beliefs. This is achieved by an analysis of previously unknown or rare ritual texts that circulated in secrecy in Nahua and Zapotec communities through an astute appropriation of European literacy. Tavárez contends that native responses gave rise to a colonial archipelago of faith in which local cosmologies merged insights from Mesoamerican and European beliefs. In the end, idolatry eradication inspired distinct reactions: while Nahua responses focused on epistemological dissent against Christianity, Zapotec strategies privileged confrontations in defense of native cosmologies.

Religion und Musik in Glastonbury

Eine Fallstudie zu gegenwärtigen Formen religiöser Identitätsdiskurse

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Author: Isabel Laack

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647540110

Category: Religion

Page: 712

View: 2606

Die körperlich-sinnliche Erfahrung von Musik ist ein wesentliches Medium für die Identifizierung mit religiösen Traditionen, das heißt für die Anbindung Einzelner an kollektive religiöse Identitäten. Diese zentrale These wird in der ethnografischen Studie für das Forschungsfeld Glastonbury entwickelt.Grundlage der Feldforschung ist die Erfassung der religiösen Strömungen vor Ort. Das Spektrum reicht von Anglikanern über Neo-Hindus bis hin zu Druiden und den Goddess People. In der Darstellung dieses religiösen Feldes wird die Vielfalt, Flexibilität und situative Gebundenheit religiöser Identitätsbildung auf innovative Weise eingefangen. Des Weiteren wird im Rahmen einer Sensografie beschrieben, wie Körper und Sinne im Rahmen der gemeinschaftlichen religiösen Praxis der verschiedenen Gruppierungen angesprochen werden.Im Zentrum der Untersuchung steht die ausführliche religionsmusikologische Analyse der im religiösen Feld verwendeten Musik.Ein theoretisches Erklärungsmodell wird entworfen, das die Rolle von Musik in den lokalen kollektiven Identitätsbildungsprozessen bestimmen will. Dabei werden Aspekte wie die Wirksamkeit von Musik, Gemeinschaftserlebnisse beim Musizieren, die Konstruktion kollektiver religionshistorischer Autobiografien und ästhetisch-musikalische Identitätskonstitutionen diskutiert und neueste ethnologische, musikwissenschaftliche und ritualtheoretische Ansätze kreativ miteinander verbunden. Das im Umfeld der Religionsästhetik angesiedelte Forschungsfeld Religion und Musik wird erstmals umfassend aus religionswissenschaftlicher Perspektive erschlossen.