The Claims of Kinfolk

African American Property and Community in the Nineteenth-Century South

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Author: Dylan C. Penningroth

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807862134

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9151

In The Claims of Kinfolk, Dylan Penningroth uncovers an extensive informal economy of property ownership among slaves and sheds new light on African American family and community life from the heyday of plantation slavery to the "freedom generation" of the 1870s. By focusing on relationships among blacks, as well as on the more familiar struggles between the races, Penningroth exposes a dynamic process of community and family definition. He also includes a comparative analysis of slavery and slave property ownership along the Gold Coast in West Africa, revealing significant differences between the African and American contexts. Property ownership was widespread among slaves across the antebellum South, as slaves seized the small opportunities for ownership permitted by their masters. While there was no legal framework to protect or even recognize slaves' property rights, an informal system of acknowledgment recognized by both blacks and whites enabled slaves to mark the boundaries of possession. In turn, property ownership--and the negotiations it entailed--influenced and shaped kinship and community ties. Enriching common notions of slave life, Penningroth reveals how property ownership engendered conflict as well as solidarity within black families and communities. Moreover, he demonstrates that property had less to do with individual legal rights than with constantly negotiated, extralegal social ties.

Roadblocks to Freedom

Slavery and Manumission in the United States South

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Author: Andrew Fede

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610271092

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 5671

This new book by Andrew Fede considers the law of freedom suits and manumission from the point-of-view of legal procedure, evidence rules, damage awards, and trial practicein addition to the abstract principles stated in the appellate decisions. The author shows that procedural and evidentiary roadblocks made it increasingly impossible for many slaves, or free blacks who were wrongfully held as slaves, to litigate their freedom. Even some of the most celebrated cases in which the courts freed slaves must be read as tempered by the legal realities the actors faced or the courts actually recognized in the process. Slave owners in almost all slave societies had the right to manumit or free all or some of their slaves. Slavery law also permitted people to win their freedom if they were held as slaves contrary to law. In this book, Fede provides a comprehensive view of how some enslaved litigants won their freedom in the courtand how many others, like Dred and Harriet Scott, did not because of the substantive and procedural barriers that both judges and legislators placed in the way of people held in slavery who sought their freedom in court. From the 17th century to the Civil War, Southern governments built roadblock after roadblock to the freedom sought by deserving enslaved people, even if this restricted the masters' rights to free their slaves or defied settled law. They increasingly prohibited all manumissions and added layers of procedure to those seeking freedomwhile eventually providing a streamlined process by which free blacks "voluntarily" enslaved themselves and their children. Drawing on his three decades of legal experience to take seriously the trial process and rules under which slave freedom cases were decided, Fede considers how slave owners, slaves, and lawyers caused legal change from the bottom up.

Fathers of Conscience

Mixed-Race Inheritance in the Antebellum South

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Author: Bernie D. Jones

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820342306

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 9737

Fathers of Conscience examines high-court decisions in the antebellum South that involved wills in which white male planters bequeathed property, freedom, or both to women of color and their mixed-race children. These men, whose wills were contested by their white relatives, had used trusts and estates law to give their slave partners and children official recognition and thus circumvent the law of slavery. The will contests that followed determined whether that elevated status would be approved or denied by courts of law. Bernie D. Jones argues that these will contests indicated a struggle within the elite over race, gender, and class issues--over questions of social mores and who was truly family. Judges thus acted as umpires after a man's death, deciding whether to permit his attempts to provide for his slave partner and family. Her analysis of these differing judicial opinions on inheritance rights for slave partners makes an important contribution to the literature on the law of slavery in the United States.

The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy

An Economist Examines the Markets, Power, and Politics of World Trade. New Preface and Epilogue with Updates on Economic Issues and Main Characters

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Author: Pietra Rivoli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111895016X

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 4733

The keys to global business success, as taught by a T-shirt'sjourney The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy is acritically-acclaimed narrative that illuminates the globalizationdebates and reveals the key factors to success in global business.Tracing a T-shirt's life story from a Texas cotton field to aChinese factory and back to a U.S. storefront before arriving atthe used clothing market in Africa, the book uncovers the politicaland economic forces at work in the global economy. Along the way,this fascinating exploration addresses a wealth of compellingquestions about politics, trade, economics, ethics, and the impactof history on today's business landscape. This new printing of thesecond edition includes a revised preface and a new epilogue withupdates through 2014 on the people, industries, and policiesrelated to the T-shirt's life story. Using a simple, everyday T-shirt as a lens through which toexplore the business, economic, moral, and political complexitiesof globalization in a historical context, Travelsencapsulates a number of complex issues into a single identifiableobject that will strike a chord with readers as they: Investigate the sources of sustained competitive advantage indifferent industries Examine the global economic and political forces that explaintrade patters between countries Analyze complex moral issues related to globalization andinternational business Discover the importance of cultural and human elements ininternational trade This story of a simple product illuminates the many complexissues which businesspeople, policymakers, and global citizens aretouched by every day.

Within the Plantation Household

Black and White Women of the Old South

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Author: Elizabeth Fox-Genovese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807864226

Category: Social Science

Page: 563

View: 6519

Documenting the difficult class relations between women slaveholders and slave women, this study shows how class and race as well as gender shaped women's experiences and determined their identities. Drawing upon massive research in diaries, letters, memoirs, and oral histories, the author argues that the lives of antebellum southern women, enslaved and free, differed fundamentally from those of northern women and that it is not possible to understand antebellum southern women by applying models derived from New England sources.

Mrs. Dred Scott

A Life on Slavery's Frontier

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Author: Lea VanderVelde

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199887853

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 2998

Among the most infamous U.S. Supreme Court decisions is Dred Scott v. Sandford . Despite the case's signal importance as a turning point in America's history, the lives of the slave litigants have receded to the margins of the record, as conventional accounts have focused on the case's judges and lawyers. In telling the life of Harriet, Dred's wife and co-litigant in the case, this book provides a compensatory history to the generations of work that missed key sources only recently brought to light. Moreover, it gives insight into the reasons and ways that slaves used the courts to establish their freedom. A remarkable piece of historical detective work, Mrs. Dred Scott chronicles Harriet's life from her adolescence on the 1830s Minnesota-Wisconsin frontier, to slavery-era St. Louis, through the eleven years of legal wrangling that ended with the high court's notorious decision. The book not only recovers her story, but also reveals that Harriet may well have been the lynchpin in this pivotal episode in American legal history. Reconstructing Harriet Scott's life through innovative readings of journals, military records, court dockets, and even frontier store ledgers, VanderVelde offers a stunningly detailed account that is at once a rich portrait of slave life, an engrossing legal drama, and a provocative reassessment of a central event in U.S. constitutional history. More than a biography, the book is a deep social history that freshly illuminates some of the major issues confronting antebellum America, including the status of women, slaves, Free Blacks, and Native Americans.

The History Of Torture

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Author: Scott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136191607

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9157

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Christianity and Morals

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Author: Edward Alexander Westermarck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135977046

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 1362

A thorough examination of many aspects of morality through the lens of Christianity, this book, originally published in 1939, is philosophical in its approach to assessing religion. It compares moral traditions of many world religions and describes their changes over time as well. Written accessibly, this is a fascinating outlay of moral theology.

The Promises of Liberty

The History and Contemporary Relevance of the Thirteenth Amendment

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Author: Alexander Tsesis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520131

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 9136

In these original essays, America's leading historians and legal scholars reassess the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment and its relevance to issues of liberty, justice, and equality. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States, reasserting the radical, egalitarian dimensions of the Constitution. It also laid the foundations for future civil rights and social justice legislation. Yet subsequent reinterpretation and misappropriation have curbed more substantive change. With constitutional jurisprudence undergoing a revival, The Promises of Liberty provides a full portrait of the Thirteenth Amendment and its potential for ensuring liberty. The collection begins with Pulitzer Prize-winning historian David Brion Davis, who discusses the failure of the Thirteenth Amendment to achieve its framers' objectives. The next piece, by Alexander Tsesis, provides a detailed account of the Amendment's revolutionary character. James M. McPherson, another Pulitzer recipient, recounts the influence of abolitionists on the ratification process, and Paul Finkelman focuses on who freed the slaves and President Lincoln's commitment to ending slavery. Michael Vorenberg revisits the nineteenth century's understanding of freedom and citizenship and the Amendment's surprisingly small role in the Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction periods. William M. Wiecek shows how the Supreme Court's narrow interpretation once rendered the guarantee of freedom nearly illusory, and the collection's third Pulitzer Prize winner, David M. Oshinsky, explains how peonage undermined the prohibition against compulsory service. Subsequent essays relate the Thirteenth Amendment to congressional authority, hate crimes legislation, the labor movement, and immigrant rights. These chapters analyze unique features of the amendment along with its elusive meanings and affirm its power to reform criminal and immigration law, affirmative action policies, and the protection of civil liberties.

The History of the Reign of George III

To which is Prefixed a View of the Progressive Improvements of England in Property and Strength to the Accession of His Majesty

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Author: Robert Bisset

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 1312

A Century of Negro Migration

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Author: Carter Godwin Woodson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486145999

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1207

Traces the migration north and westward of southern blacks, from colonial era through early 20th century. Documented with information from newspapers, letters, academic journals, this study recounts decades of harassment, hope, achievement.

Almighty God Created the Races

Christianity, Interracial Marriage, and American Law

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Author: Fay Botham

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807899229

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 7591

In this fascinating cultural history of interracial marriage and its legal regulation in the United States, Fay Botham argues that religion--specifically, Protestant and Catholic beliefs about marriage and race--had a significant effect on legal decisions concerning miscegenation and marriage in the century following the Civil War. She contends that the white southern Protestant notion that God "dispersed" the races and the American Catholic emphasis on human unity and common origins point to ways that religion influenced the course of litigation and illuminate the religious bases for Christian racist and antiracist movements.

The Cambridge History of Law in America

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Author: Michael Grossberg,Christopher Tomlins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521803063

Category: History

Page: 869

View: 9544

This volume covers American law in the nineteenth century and describes the development of modern legal systems.

Reclaiming Spirit in the Black Faith Tradition

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Author: D. Hicks

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137269111

Category: Philosophy

Page: 233

View: 6389

This work attempts to uncover the function of religion for those degraded on the basis of race. Accordingly, Recalibrating Spirit reveals the role of religion in critical reflection on and active protest against negative assertions about racial identity in general, and the abuse of black life in particular.

The Moral Arc

How Science Makes Us Better People

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Author: Michael Shermer

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 0805096930

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 9614

Bestselling author Michael Shermer's exploration of science and morality that demonstrates how the scientific way of thinking has made people, and society as a whole, more moral From Galileo and Newton to Thomas Hobbes and Martin Luther King, Jr., thinkers throughout history have consciously employed scientific techniques to better understand the non-physical world. The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment led theorists to apply scientific reasoning to the non-scientific disciplines of politics, economics, and moral philosophy. Instead of relying on the woodcuts of dissected bodies in old medical texts, physicians opened bodies themselves to see what was there; instead of divining truth through the authority of an ancient holy book or philosophical treatise, people began to explore the book of nature for themselves through travel and exploration; instead of the supernatural belief in the divine right of kings, people employed a natural belief in the right of democracy. In The Moral Arc, Shermer will explain how abstract reasoning, rationality, empiricism, skepticism--scientific ways of thinking--have profoundly changed the way we perceive morality and, indeed, move us ever closer to a more just world.