American Law in the Twentieth Century

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300135025

Category: Law

Page: 736

View: 2962

In this long-awaited successor to his landmark work A History of American Law, Lawrence M. Friedman offers a monumental history of American law in the twentieth century. The first general history of its kind, American Law in the Twentieth Century describes the explosion of law over the past century into almost every aspect of American life. Since 1900 the center of legal gravity in the United States has shifted from the state to the federal government, with the creation of agencies and programs ranging from Social Security to the Securities Exchange Commission to the Food and Drug Administration. Major demographic changes have spurred legal developments in such areas as family law and immigration law. Dramatic advances in technology have placed new demands on the legal system in fields ranging from automobile regulation to intellectual property. Throughout the book, Friedman focuses on the social context of American law. He explores the extent to which transformations in the legal order have resulted from the social upheavals of the twentieth century--including two world wars, the Great Depression, the civil rights movement, and the sexual revolution. Friedman also discusses the international context of American law: what has the American legal system drawn from other countries? And in an age of global dominance, what impact has the American legal system had abroad? Written by one of our most eminent legal historians, this engrossing book chronicles a century of revolutionary change within a legal system that has come to affect us all.

Inside the Castle

Law and the Family in 20th Century America

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joanna L. Grossman,Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400839773

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 4446

Inside the Castle is a comprehensive social history of twentieth-century family law in the United States. Joanna Grossman and Lawrence Friedman show how vast, oceanic changes in society have reshaped and reconstituted the American family. Women and children have gained rights and powers, and novel forms of family life have emerged. The family has more or less dissolved into a collection of independent individuals with their own wants, desires, and goals. Modern family law, as always, reflects the brute social and cultural facts of family life. The story of family law in the twentieth century is complex. This was the century that said goodbye to common-law marriage and breach-of-promise lawsuits. This was the century, too, of the sexual revolution and women's liberation, of gay rights and cohabitation. Marriage lost its powerful monopoly over legitimate sexual behavior. Couples who lived together without marriage now had certain rights. Gay marriage became legal in a handful of jurisdictions. By the end of the century, no state still prohibited same-sex behavior. Children in many states could legally have two mothers or two fathers. No-fault divorce became cheap and easy. And illegitimacy lost most of its social and legal stigma. These changes were not smooth or linear--all met with resistance and provoked a certain amount of backlash. Families took many forms, some of them new and different, and though buffeted by the winds of change, the family persisted as a central institution in society. Inside the Castle tells the story of that institution, exploring the ways in which law tried to penetrate and control this most mysterious realm of personal life.

A History of American Law, Revised Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451602661

Category: Law

Page: 784

View: 3330

A History of American Law has become a classic for students of law, American history and sociology across the country. In this brilliant and immensely readable book, Lawrence M. Friedman tells the whole fascinating story of American law from its beginnings in the colonies to the present day. By showing how close the life of the law is to the economic and political life of the country, he makes a complex subject understandable and engrossing. A History of American Law presents the achievements and failures of the American legal system in the context of America's commercial and working world, family practices and attitudes toward property, slavery, government, crime and justice. Now Professor Friedman has completely revised and enlarged his landmark work, incorporating a great deal of new material. The book contains newly expanded notes, a bibliography and a bibliographical essay.

Conjugal Misconduct

Defying Marriage Law in the Twentieth-Century United States

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William Kuby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108594328

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1181

Conjugal Misconduct reveals the hidden history of controversial and legally contested marital arrangements in twentieth-century America. William Kuby examines the experiences of couples in unconventional unions and the legal and cultural backlash generated by a wide array of 'alternative' marriages. These include marriages established through personal advertisements and matchmaking bureaus, marriages that defied state eugenic regulations, hasty marriages between divorced persons, provisional and temporary unions referred to as 'trial marriages', racial intermarriages, and a host of other unions that challenged sexual and marital norms. In illuminating the tensions between those who set marriage policies and those who defied them, Kuby offers a fresh account of marriage's contested history, arguing that although marital nonconformists composed only a small minority of the population, their atypical arrangements nonetheless shifted popular understandings of marriage and consistently refashioned the legal parameters of the institution.

Law in American History

From Reconstruction Through the 1920s

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: G. Edward White

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930988

Category:

Page: 672

View: 9061

In this second installment of G. Edward White's sweeping history of law in America from the colonial era to the present, White, covers the period between 1865-1929, which encompasses Reconstruction, rapid industrialization, a huge influx of immigrants, the rise of Jim Crow, the emergence of an American territorial empire, World War I, and the booming yet xenophobic 1920s. As in the first volume, he connects the evolution of American law to the major political, economic, cultural, social, and demographic developments of the era. To enrich his account, White draws from the latest research from across the social sciences--economic history, anthropology, and sociology--yet weave those insights into a highly accessible narrative. Along the way he provides a compelling case for why law can be seen as the key to understanding the development of American life as we know it. Law in American History, Volume II will be an essential text for both students of law and general readers.

Law in America

A Short History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 1588362507

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1619

“Law in America is a little gem. It is a peerless introduction to our legal history—concise, clear, tellingly told, and beautifully written. The greatest living historian of American law has done it again.” —Stanley N. Katz, former president of the American Society for Legal History and the Organization of American Historians “All societies have laws, but neither all laws nor all legal systems are alike. No one has thought more deeply or written more clearly about the peculiar role of law in American life than Lawrence Friedman. In this trenchant, illuminating book, he distills a lifetime of scholarship and teaching into a concise and provocative explanation of the role that law has played in shaping the distinctive contours of American history and culture.” —David M. Kennedy, professor of history at Stanford University and author of Freedom from Fear Throughout America’s history, our laws have been a reflection of who we are, of what we value, of who has control. They embody our society’s genetic code. In the masterful hands of the subject’s greatest living historian, the story of the evolution of our laws serves to lay bare the deciding struggles over power and justice that have shaped this country from its birth pangs to the present. Law in America is a supreme example of the historian’s art, its brevity a testament to the great elegance and wit of its composition.

American Law

An Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman,Grant M. Hayden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190460598

Category:

Page: 384

View: 5315

This book provides an introduction to the American legal system for a broad readership. Its focus is on law in practice, on the role of the law in American society; and how the social context affects the living law of the United States. It covers the institutions of law creation and application, law in American government, American legal culture and the legal profession, American criminal and civil justice, and civil rights. Clearly written, the book has been widely used in both undergraduate and graduate courses as an introduction to the legal system; it will be useful, too, to a general audience interested in understanding how this vital social system works. This new edition follows the same basic structure as applied in the previous editions providing a thorough revision and reworking of the text. This edition reflects upon what has happened in the years since the second edition was published in 1998, and how these events and evolutions have shaped our fundamental comprehension of the workings of the American legal system today.

The Cambridge History of Law in America

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Grossberg,Christopher Tomlins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521803063

Category: History

Page: 869

View: 7781

This volume covers American law in the nineteenth century and describes the development of modern legal systems.

The Common Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584774991

Category: History

Page: 422

View: 7595

The Common Law is Oliver Wendell Holmes' most sustained work of jurisprudence. In it the careful reader will discern traces of his later thought as found in both his legal opinions and other writings. At the outset of The Common Law Holmes posits that he is concerned with establishing that the common law can meet the changing needs of society while preserving continuity with the past. A common law judge must be creative, both in determining the society's current needs, and in discerning how best to address these needs in a way that is continuous with past judicial decisions. In this way, the law evolves by moving out of its past, adapting to the needs of the present, and establishing a direction for the future. To Holmes' way of thinking, this approach is superior to imposing order in accordance with a philosophical position or theory because the law would thereby lose the flexibility it requires in responding to the needs and demands of disputing parties as well as society as a whole. According to Holmes, the social environment--the economic, moral, and political milieu--alters over time. Therefore in order to remain responsive to this social environment, the law must change as well. But the law is also part of this environment and impacts it. There is, then, a continual reciprocity between the law and the social arrangements in which it is contextualized. And, as with the evolution of species, there is no starting over. Rather, in most cases, a judge takes existing legal concepts and principles, as these have been memorialized in legal precedent, and adapts them, often unconsciously, to fit the requirements of a particular case and present social conditions.

The Ages of American Law

Second Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Grant Gilmore

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030021104X

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 7263

Following its publication in 1974, Grant Gilmore's compact portrait of the development of American law from the eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century became a classic. In this new edition, the portrait is brought up to date with a new chapter by Philip Bobbitt that surveys the trajectory of American law since the original publication. Bobbitt also provides a Foreword on Gilmore and the celebrated lectures that inspired The Ages of American Law. "Sharp, opinionated, and as pungent as cheddar."—New Republic "This book has the engaging qualities of good table talk among a group of sophisticated and educated friends—given body by broad learning and a keen imagination and spiced with wit."—Willard Hurst

Tort Law in America

An Intellectual History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: G. Edward White

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195139655

Category: History

Page: 395

View: 9452

This history of tort law in America looks at how the subject has been conceptualized, pointing out why changes in rules occurred, and who did the changing. White approaches his subject from four perspectives: intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge, the phenomenon of professionalization in the late 19th and 20th centuries in America, and the recurrent concerns of tort law since it became a discrete field.

Choice of Law for American Courts

A Multilateralist Method

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edwin Scott Fruehwald

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313317538

Category: Law

Page: 171

View: 480

In the early 20th century, a fairly uniform multilateralist method of choice of law existed. In the 1920s and 1930s, however, scholars and courts began to reject this method. Viewed as too mechanical, the method sometimes resulted in a choice of law of a state with only a tenuous connection to the issue at hand. This study proposes a new multilateralist method of choice of law that will alleviate the confusion currently existing in American choice of law. It rejects the state courts use of four different approaches to choice of law and instead advocates the adoption of an approach that is forum- and content-neutral and that respects the rights of both individuals and states.

A Study of the Philosophy of International Law as Seen in Works of Latin American Writers

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: H.B. Jacobini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401187983

Category: Law

Page: 158

View: 7065

One of the most unfortunate facts about the relationship of the United States with Latin America is that only in recent years has there been any appreciable amount of intellectual interchange with reference to law. This, of course, is an example of the relative lack of cultural exchange between these peoples. Only in very recent years has the North American interest in Latin America been in any sense general and active. While there are a few recent volumes which discuss various aspects of Latin American law in a fashion calculated to interest the North American lawyer and academician, the Latin American contributions to and attitudes toward international law are virtually unknown in the United States except in very restricted quarters. For this reason it was thought that a survey such as the one presented here would contribute not only to a better under standing of Latin American juristic thought as pertaining to international law, but also to a better comprehension of legal theory in general, and of Latin American culture as a whole. The phase of the philosophy of international law which, with reference to the regional application here studied, has been the major interest in this work, i.e., whether writers rely more on naturalism or positivism as the philosophical foundation of the law of nations, is, like the matter of Latin American law itself, a subject which has been neglected by North American scholars.

Exploring Tort Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M. Stuart Madden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521851367

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 2715

This is a collection of scholarship from the most influential contributors regarding Torts law.

The Common Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes (Jr.),Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

Publisher: Lawbook Exchange Limited

ISBN: 9781584778462

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 3725

A decisive influence on sociological jurisprudence, legal realism and the general development of Anglo-American law in the twentieth century. Rejecting the reigning positivist ethos of the nineteenth century, Holmes proposed that the law was not a science founded on abstract universal principles but a body of practices that responded to particular situations. This functionalist interpretation led to his radical conclusion that law was not discovered, but invented. This theme is announced at the beginning of Lecture I: The life of the law has not been logic: it has been experience. The Common Law was easily the most distinguished book on law by an American published between 1850 and 1900. Lawrence M. Friedman, A History of American Law It is a book of large proportions, from whichever side approached. (...)We cannot close without expressing again our admiration of a book which is so ingenious and so temperate; so rich in learning, thought, argument, and brilliant intuitions. American Law Review [Holmes's] brilliant exposition, as effective on English scholarship and legal thinking as on American, of the true nature of law both as a development from the past and an organism of the present, blew fresh air into lawyer's minds encrusted with Blackstone and Kent. Percy Winfield, Chief Sources of English Legal History One of the greatest jurists of the twentieth century, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. [1841-1935] was educated at Harvard College and Harvard Law School. Admitted to the Massachusetts Bar in 1867, he was equally active as a practitioner and scholar. He edited the American Law Review (1870-78), produced an edition of James Kent's Commentaries on American Law (1873) and delivered the lectures that formed the basis of The Common Law. Published in 1881, this book established Holmes's reputation. After teaching briefly at Harvard Law School he was appointed Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in 1882. Chief Justice of that court from 1899 to 1902, he was then appointed Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, a position he held until the end of his life. Known as The Great Dissenter in the early years of his career because of his frequent opposition to the Court's conservatism, he went on to become of the most influential justices in its history. His opinions are cited frequently today and are highly esteemed for their intellectual depth and elegant composition.

The History of Legal Education in the United States

Commentaries and Primary Sources

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Steve Sheppard

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584776900

Category: History

Page: 1206

View: 2562

An invaluable and fascinating resource, this carefully edited anthology presents recent writings by leading legal historians, many commissioned for this book, along with a wealth of related primary sources by John Adams, James Barr Ames, Thomas Jefferson, Christopher C. Langdell, Karl N. Llewellyn, Roscoe Pound, Tapping Reeve, Theodore Roosevelt, Joseph Story, John Henry Wigmore and other distinguished contributors to American law. It is divided into nine sections: Teaching Books and Methods in the Lecture Hall, Examinations and Evaluations, Skills Courses, Students, Faculty, Scholarship, Deans and Administration, Accreditation and Association, and Technology and the Future. Contributors to this volume include Morris Cohen, Daniel R. Coquillette, Michael Hoeflich, John H. Langbein, William P. LaPiana and Fred R. Shapiro. Steve Sheppard is the William Enfield Professor of Law, University of Arkansas School of Law.

Living law

the transformation of American jurisprudence in the early 20th century

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David M. Speak

Publisher: Dissertations-G

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 327

View: 2874

The Magic Mirror

Law in American History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kermit Hall

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195044607

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 2667

Chronicling American law from its English origins to the present, and offering for the first time comprehensive treatment of twentieth-century developments, this book sets American law and legal institutions in the broad context of social, economic, and political events, weaving together themes from the history of both constitutional and private law. The Magic Mirror treats law in society, and the legal implications of social change in areas such as criminal justice, the rights of women, blacks, the family, and children. It further examines regional differences in American legal culture, the creation of the administrative and security states, the development of American federalism, and the rise of the legal profession. Hall pays close attention to the evolution of substantive law categories--such as contracts, torts, negotiable instruments, real property, trusts and estates, and civil procedure--and addresses the intellectual evolution of American law, surveying movements such as legal realism and critical legal studies. Hall concludes that over its history American law has been remarkably fluid, adapting in form and substance to each successive generation without ever fully resolving the underlying social and economic conflicts that first provoke demands for legal change.

American Law and the Constitutional Order

Historical Perspectives

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lawrence Meir Friedman,Harry N. Scheiber

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674025271

Category: History

Page: 581

View: 5502

This is the standard reader in American law and constitutional development. The selections demonstrate that the legal order, once defined by society, helps in molding the various forces of the social life of that society. The essays cover the entire period of the American experience, from the colonies to postindustrial society. Additions to this enlarged edition include essays by Michael Parrish on the Depression and the New Deal; Abram Chayes on the role of the judge in public law litigation; David Vogel on social regulation; Harry N. Scheiber on doctrinal legacies and institutional innovations in the relation between law and the economy; and Lawrence M. Friedman on American legal history.