Transformations in the American Legal Profession
Author: Robert L. Nelson,David M. Trubek,Rayman L. Solomon
Publisher: Cornell University Press
View: 1817"This collection of articles is an effort to create a greater understanding of the empirical issues that lie behind the debate over whether in the practice of law the ideals of professionalism have been replaced by the demands of commercialism. This book is the most systematic attempt so far to examine what professionalism means in the various arenas of legal practice in the United States. It also seeks to advance the theoretical interpretations that lie at the heart of the scholarship on professionalism and establish a framework for analyzing the issues that is more grounded than previous idealist accounts, yet retains some of the ideas of contingency and changeability that structualist accounts have ignored"--Preface.
Ethics for Negotiators
Author: Carrie Menkel-Meadow,Michael Wheeler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
View: 4269What's Fair is a landmark collection that focusesexclusively on the crucial topic of ethics in negotiation. Editedby Carrie J. Menkel-Meadow and Michael Wheeler, What's Faircontains contributions from some of the best-known practitionersand scholars in the field including Roger Fisher, Howard Raiffa,and Deborah Kolb. The editors and distinguished contributors offeran examination of why ethics matter individually and socially, andexplain the essential duties and values of negotiation beyondformal legal requirements. Throughout the book, these expertstackle difficult questions such as: What do we owe our counterparts (if anything) in the way ofcandor or disclosure? To what extent should we use financial or legal pressure toforce settlement? Should we worry about whether an agreement is fair to all theparties, or the effects our negotiated agreements might have onothers?
Author: Richard L. Abel
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
View: 9671Based on an extensive survey of historical, sociological, and legal sources, American Lawyers traces the development of the legal profession during the past century. The most comprehensive work on the subject in over thirty years, this seminal study offers a disturbing portrait of the character, evolution, and future of law and lawyers in the United States. Since their emergence in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, Abel argues, bar associations have consciously shaped and controlled the development of the profession. American Lawyers have deliberately erected entry barriers designed to restrict the number and raise the social status of lawyers, and have intentionally dampened competition. Abel demonstrates how lawyers sought to increase access to justice while simultaneously stimulating demand for legal services, and how they implemented self-regulation to forestall external control. Charting the dramatic transformation of the profession over the last two decades, Abel documents the growing number and importance of lawyers employed outside private practice in business and government.
Lawyers and Ordinary Litigation
Author: Herbert M. Kritzer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 6235In law, as elsewhere, the ordinary is overshadowed in the popular and academic literature by the dramatic and sensational. While the role and behavior of lawyers in the operation of our criminal justice system has been closely scrutinized, comparatively little research has been devoted to the manner in which lawyers litigate the day-to-day civil (non-criminal) cases that comprise the vast bulk of the workload in state and federal courts. Originally commissioned by the U.S. Department of Justice, this is the first comprehensive national study of the U.S. civil justice system. Kritzer analyzes 1600 cases involving 1400 attorneys in five federal judicial districts. Examining the background, experiences, day-to-day activities, and outlook of civil lawyers, Kritzer finds that the work of lawyers combines the roles of the professional and the broker in many aeas of ordinary litigation. Arguing that lawyers' behavior must be understood in part as a form of brokerage between the client and the legal system, he suggests that the roles of professionals and brokers be considered as complements rather than alternatives in the justice system, and concludes by recommending that lawyers' monopoly on advocacy in civil litigation be restricted. An engaging, lucidly written study, The Justice Broker will be of special interest to practicing lawyers and legal scholars.
Federal Diversity Jurisdiction in Industrial America, 1870-1958
Author: Edward A. Purcell Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 1116Through the prism of litigation practice and tactics, Purcell explores the dynamic relationship between legal and social change. He studies changing litigation patterns in suits between individuals and national corporations over tort claims for personal injuries and contract claims for insurance benefits. Purcell refines the "progressive" claim that the federal courts favored business enterprise during this time, identifying specific manners and times in which the federal courts reached decisions both in favor of and against national corporations. He also identifies 1892-1908 as a critical period in the evolution of the twentieth century federal judicial system.
Author: Christian Bar,Arkadiusz Wudarski
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Struktur, Prinzipien, Schutzbereich
Author: Gert Brüggemeier
View: 4551Die historisch gewachsenen nationalen Haftungsrechte in der EU stehen vor einer unbewältigten doppelten Herausforderung: Zum einen die Anpassung an die (post)industrielle Moderne (Stichworte: Risiken, Versicherung, Unternehmenshaftung); zum anderen die Harmonisierung in dem gemeinsamen Binnenmarkt der EG und in dem Verfassungsraum der EU. Der Verfasser misstraut allfälligen Kodifikations- und Vereinheitlichungsinitiativen. Er setzt auf die Annäherung "von unten", d. h. über die vorfindlichen Rechtsordnungen der Mitgliedstaaten. Dies setzt einen europäischen Diskurs über Struktur, Prinzipien und Schutzbereich voraus. Hierzu leistet der Verfasser für das Haftungsrecht einen Beitrag. In kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit dem deutschen Recht und mit vergleichendem Blick auf das englische und amerikanische sowie das französische Recht arbeitet er Entwicklungsperspektiven für ein europäisches Haftungsrecht heraus.
Author: B. Bouckaert,G. de Geest
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 7490Law and economics can be considered as the most exciting development in legal scholarship in recent decades. This volume is the first all-encompassing bibliography in this area. It lists approximately 7000 publications, covering the whole area of law and economics, including `old' law and economics (topics such as antitrust law, labor law, tax law, social security, economic regulation, etc.) as well as `new' law and economics with such topics as tort law, contract law, family law, procedure, criminal law, etc.). The volume also includes the literature on the philosophical foundations and the fundamental concepts of the approach. Part Two gives a special survey of law and economics publications in Europe, written in other languages than English. The Bibliography of Law and Economics is an invaluable reference work for students, scholars, lawyers, economists and other people interested in this field.
Author: Sharon Lyles,National Institute of Justice (U.S.),United States. National Bureau of Standards
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
das deutsche, englische und amerikanische Prozesskostensystem im Vergleich
Author: Michael Breyer
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
View: 6786English summary: The implementation of the law in civil proceedings is largely a question of costs. Michael Breyer gives a systematic outline of the German, English and American model for the costs of litigation and analyzes their respective efficiency. In his analysis done on the basis of comparative law, he begins by dealing with the total costs to be paid by the parties in civil proceedings and by examining the allocation of these among the parties with the alternatives of a loser-pays rule and a liability for procedural misconduct. In conclusion, he analyzes the possibilities the parties have of availing themselves of a third party in order to finance and insure their proceedings. Since the German model proves to be very efficient, the author voices his support for a further development of the existing system. German description: Die Verwirklichung des Rechts im Zivilprozess ist weithin eine Frage der Kosten. Michael Breyer erarbeitet systematisch das deutsche Prozesskostenmodell, vergleicht es mit den eher deregulierten Alternativen des englischen und amerikanischen Zivilprozesses und analysiert Effizienz und Effektivitat des deutschen Regelungsansatzes. Er kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass das deutsche Modell sehr leistungsstark ist und spricht sich fur eine Fortentwicklung des bestehenden Systems unter Beibehaltung der pragenden Elemente aus. In einer rechtsvergleichenden Analyse fragt er zunachst nach den von den Parteien des Zivilprozesses insgesamt zu tragenden Kosten. Der Autor erortert vor allem die unterschiedliche Bestimmung der Anwaltsvergutung: nach Streitwert in Deutschland, nach Zeitaufwand in den USA und in England. Anschliessend fragt er nach der Verteilung der Kosten zwischen den Parteien mit den Alternativen einer Unterliegenshaftung und einer Haftung fur prozessuales Verschulden. Schliesslich analysiert er die Moglichkeiten der Parteien, sich zur Finanzierung und Versicherung ihres Prozesses Dritter zu bedienen. Unterschieden werden steuerfinanzierte Angebote der offentlichen Hand (Prozesskostenhilfe, legal aid ) und von den Parteien finanzierte Angebote privater Unternehmen (Rechtsschutzversicherung, anwaltliches Erfolgshonorar, Prozessfinanzierung). Effizienz und Effektivitat werden an den Parametern Transaktionskosten, Zugang der Burger zu Gericht und Unabhangigkeit der Anwalte von Staat, Partei und sonstigen Dritten gemessen. Beim Transaktionskostenvergleich berucksichtigt der Autor gleichermassen die Kosten der offentlichen Hand fur die Einrichtung des Justizapparates und die Parteikosten.
Author: Brian Niblett
Publisher: CUP Archive
View: 9545Fourteen international experts consider how computers can be used to discover and apply the legal norms embedded within the woritten sources of the law in this anthology.
Fieldwork, Regulation, and Publication
Author: Joan E. Sieber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 6159Social scientists are unprepared for many of the ethical problems that arise in their research, and for criticisms of their ethics that seem to ignore such cherished scientific values as objectivity and freedom of inquiry. Yet, they possess method ological talent and insight into human nature that can be used to understand and resolve these problems. The contributors to this book demonstrate that criticism of the ethics of social research can stimulate constructive development of meth odology. Both volumes of The Ethics of Social Research were written for and by social scientists to show how ethical dilemmas arise in the day-to-day conduct of social research and how they can be resolved. The topics discussed in the companion volume include ethical problems that arise in experiments and sample surveys; this book deals with the ethical issues involved in fieldwork and in the regulation and publication of research. With candor and humor, many of the contributors describe lessons they have learned about themselves, their methods, and their research participants. Collectively, they illustrate that both humanists and determinists are likely to encounter ethical dilemmas in their research, albeit different ones, and that a blending of deterministic and humanistic approaches may be needed to solve these dilemmas. The aim of this book is to assist investigators in preparing to meet some of the ethical problems that await the unwary. It offers perspectives, values, and guidelines for anticipating problems and devising solutions.
A Matter of Justice and Administrative Efficiency Within Legal, Cultural Context
Author: Susanne Kobor
Publisher: Peter Lang
Category: Social Science
View: 8650The book compares the bargaining practice in the United States and Germany, it displays differences and similarities, also taking historical as well as legal and cultural aspects into consideration. The author shows that bargaining in both countries is highly influenced by the respective legal systems - common and civil law. The study also pays attention to current developments, changes and proposed legislation.
The University of Chicago Manual of Legal Citation
Author: University of Chicago Law Review
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
View: 3787For more than twenty years, the editors of The University of Chicago Law Review have offered a simple, clear, and efficient system of legal citation and referencing for use by lawyers, students, and judges. The Maroonbook, as it is commonly called, provides an alternative to cumbersome and detailed methods of legal citation and produces consistent, straightforward results in books, law journals, briefs, and judicial opinions. The Maroonbook is now presented in a convenient and quality eBook format for use as a handy, searchable reference book. The digital edition is properly formatted and features an extensive, active Table of Contents, as well as the full appendices of the print edition.
Author: Louis P. Masur
Publisher: JHU Press
View: 8818In The Challenge of American History, Louis Masur brings together a sampling of recent scholarship to determine the key issues preoccupying historians of American history and to contemplate the discipline's direction for the future. The fifteen summary essays included in this volume allow professional historians, history teachers, and students to grasp in a convenient and accessible form what historians have been writing about.
Origins and Legacy
Author: Kenneth De Ville
Publisher: NYU Press
View: 3462Highly readable . . . . interdisciplinary history of a high order. -- The Historian Well-written and superbly documented . . . . Both physicians and lawyers will find this book useful and fascinating. -- Journal of the American Medical Association This is the first book-length historical study of medical malpractice in 19th-century America and it is exceedingly well done . . . . The author reveals that, beginning in the 1840s, Americans began to initiate malpractice lawsuits against their physicians and surgeons. Among the reasons for this development were the decline in the belief in divine providence, increased competition between physicians and medical sects, and advances in medical science that led to unrealistically high expectations of the ability of physicians to cure . . . . This book is well written, often entertaining and witty, and is historically accurate, based on the best secondary, as well as primary sources from the time period. Highly recommended. -- Choice Adept at not only traditional historical research but also cultural studies, the author treats the reader to an intriguing discussion of how 19th-century Americans came truly to see their bodies differently . . . . a sophisticated new standard in the field of malpractice history. -- The Journal of the Early Republic By far the best compilation and analysis of early medical malpractice cases I have seen . . . . this excellently crafted study is bound to be of interest to a large number of readers. -- James C. Mohr, author of Abortion in America: The Origins and Evolution of a National Policy
Societal and Psychological Consequences of Justice and Injustice
Author: Herman Steensma,Riël Vermunt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 7727Justice plays an important role in our culture. The topic of justice has attracted the attention of scholars all over the world. Beginning in 1985, a continuing series of international conferences on social justice in The Netherlands at which scientists present and discuss started papers, exchange information, and choose new roads to theory build ing. In this volume, a selection of papers, presented at the International Conference on Social Justice in Human Relations (Leiden, 1986) is published. There has been some refinement and improvement, thanks to the comments made by experts in the field. The chapters in this volume represent second (and, in some cases, even third or fourth) versions of the papers. As organizers of the conference and editors of this volume, we hope that the reader will be pleased by the content and the high quality of the chapters. There is some diversity, but there also are some common themes. We have organized the chapters with respect to what we think are two important themes: (1) behavioral and attitudinal reactions to (in) justice and (2) macrojustice. These categories are not mutually exclusive, for some chapters could have been placed in both categories. Still, we think the distinction between these themes has value.
Text and Materials
Author: Graham Moffat
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 1811With its unique contextual emphasis and authoritative commentary, Trusts Law: Text and Materials is a book that no serious undergraduate on trust law courses can afford to be without. The book is divided into four main parts: trusts and the preservation of family wealth; trusts and family breakdown; trusts and commerce; and trusts and non-profit activity. Within each of these parts, leading cases, statutes, and historical and research materials are placed alongside the narrative of the author's text to give emphasis both to general theories of trust concepts and to the practical operation of trusts. Attention is also given to important themes such as the developing relationship between trusts law and other areas of private law such as the Law of Restitution. This new edition takes account of all relevant judicial and legislative developments since the third edition, and expands discussion of key themes in current developments of the law.
Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
View: 7728The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.