Amateurism in British Sport

It Matters Not Who Won or Lost?


Author: Dilwyn Porter,Stephen Wagg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136802908

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 212

View: 488

The ideal of the amateur competitor, playing the game for love and, unlike the professional, totally untainted by commerce, has become embedded in many accounts of the development of modern sport. It has proved influential not least because it has underpinned a pervasive impression of professionalism - and all that came with it - as a betrayal of innocence, a fall from sporting grace. In the essays collected here, amateurism, both as ideology and practice, is subject to critical and unsentimental scrutiny, effectively challenging the dominant narrative of more conventional histories of British sport. Most modern sports, even those where professionalism developed rapidly, originated in an era when the gentlemanly amateur predominated, both in politics and society, as well as in the realm of sport. Enforcement of rules and conventions that embodied the amateur-elite ethos effectively limited opportunities for working-class competitors to ‘turn the world upside down’. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in History.

Amateurism in Sport

An Analysis and Defence


Author: Lincoln Allison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136326715

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 216

View: 7137

We often decry "amateurism", yet one can do things "for the love of it" rather than for money. It can also show that an economic system which has more voluntary, unpaid activity is a more efficient system. This work examines amateurism's rationale, its history, ethics and economics.

A History of Sports Coaching in Britain

Overcoming Amateurism


Author: Dave Day,Tegan Carpenter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317686314

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 9457

At the London Olympics in 2012 Team GB achieved a third place finish in the medals table. A key factor in this achievement was the high standard of contemporary British sports coaching. But how has British sports coaching transitioned from the amateur to the professional, and what can the hitherto under-explored history of sports coaching in Britain tell us about both the early history of sport and about contemporary coaching practice? A History of Sports Coaching in Britain is the first book to attempt to examine the history of British sports coaching, from its amateur roots in the deep nineteenth century to the high performance, high status professional coaching cultures of today. The book draws on original primary source material, including the lost coaching lives of key individuals in British coaching, to trace the development of coaching in Britain. It assesses the continuing impact of the nineteenth-century amateur ethos throughout the twentieth century, and includes important comparisons with developments in international coaching, particularly in North America and the Eastern Bloc. The book also explores the politicisation of sport and the complicated interplay between politics and coaching practice, and illuminates the origins of the structures, organisations and philosophies that surround performance sport in Britain today. This book is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in the history of sport, sports coaching, sports development, or the relationships between sport and wider society.

Amateurs and Professionals in Post-War British Sport


Author: Dilwyn Porter,Adrian Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113530730X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 214

View: 6229

The pressures and demands of professionalism and commercialization have transformed Britain's sports. At the end of the 20th century sports have been packaged and marketed as mass entertainment for a national or even international audience. This volume explores different facets of this phenomenon.

The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism


Author: Matthew P Llewellyn,John Gleaves

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252098773

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 280

View: 1475

For decades, amateurism defined the ideals undergirding the Olympic movement. No more. Today's Games present athletes who enjoy open corporate sponsorship and unabashedly compete for lucrative commercial endorsements. Matthew P. Llewellyn and John Gleaves analyze how this astonishing transformation took place. Drawing on Olympic archives and a wealth of research across media, the authors examine how an elite--white, wealthy, often Anglo-Saxon--controlled and shaped an enormously powerful myth of amateurism. The myth assumed an air of naturalness that made it seem unassailable and, not incidentally, served those in power. Llewellyn and Gleaves trace professionalism's inroads into the Olympics from tragic figures like Jim Thorpe through the shamateur era of under-the-table cash and state-supported athletes. As they show, the increasing acceptability of professionals went hand-in-hand with the Games becoming a for-profit international spectacle. Yet the myth of amateurism's purity remained a potent force, influencing how people around the globe imagined and understood sport. Timely and vivid with details, The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism is the first book-length examination of the movement's foundational ideal.

Sport and the British World, 1900-1930

Amateurism and National Identity in Australasia and Beyond


Author: E. Nielsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137398515

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 702

This book provides a lively study of the role that Australians and New Zealanders played in defining the British sporting concept of amateurism. In doing so, they contributed to understandings of wider British identity across the sporting world.

Myths and Milestones in the History of Sport


Author: S. Wagg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230320813

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 1342

The conventional history of sport, as conveyed by television and the sports press, has thrown up a great many apparent turning points, but knowledge of these apparently defining moments is often slight. This book offers readable, in-depth studies of a series of these watersheds in sport history and of the circumstances in which they came about.

A History of British Sports Medicine


Author: Vanessa Heggie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719082617

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 5086

A comprehensive history of the development of British sports medicine as a medical specialism, and of the changing biomedical understanding of the athlete - from normal healthy man, to supernormal hero or even physiological freak - from 1880 to the early twenty-first century.

Barbarians, Gentlemen and Players

A Sociological Study of the Development of Rugby Football


Author: Eric Dunning,Kenneth Sheard

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714682907

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 310

View: 8653

First published in 1979, this classic study of the development of rugby from folk game to its modern Union and League forms has become a seminal text in sport history. In a new epilogue the authors provide sociological analysis of the major developments in international ruby that have taken place since 1979, with particular attention to the professionalism that was predicted in the first edition of this text. Sports lovers, rugby fans and students of the history and sociology of sport will find it invaluable. Rugby football is descended from winter 'folk games' which were a deeply rooted tradition in pre-industrial Britain. This was the first book to study the development of Rugby from this folk tradition to the game in its modern forms. The folk forms of football were extremely violent and serious injuries - even death - were a common feature. The game was refined in the public schools who played a crucial role in formulating the rules which required footballers to exercise greater self-control. With the spread of rugby into the wider society, the Rugby Football Union was founded but class tensions led to the split between Rugby Union and Rugby League. The authors examine the changes that led to the professionalisation of Rugby Union as well as the alleged resurgence of violence in the modern game.

Paradise of Sport

The Rise of Organised Sport in Australia


Author: Richard I. Cashman

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sports

Page: 242

View: 9376

Australia has long been regarded as a paradise of sport, but few have questioned why. When and how was this sporting paradise established? Who created it, and for whom? Richard Cashman's Paradise of Sport explores the rise of organized sport in Australia and advances many reasons why sport became so dominant. Australian society was deeply influenced by the games cult inherited from Britain. Strategically located land was found for sporting venues in the new cities, reinforcing sport's lofty status. Abundant waterways and superb beaches encouraged this fascination. Australia's prosperity after the Gold Rush led to an elaborate sporting culture which included grand stadiums, racecourses, gymnasiums, swimming pools and golf links. Sport represented a kind of social unifier, binding new communities, neighbourhoods, suburbs and country towns. Every paradise presupposes its hell. If Australia became a sporting utopia, it was more so for certain Australians: men rather thanwomen; Anglo-Celtic Australians rather than immigrants and Aborigines. Sizeable numbers of women and men came to resent the dominance of sport in Australia. Many intellectuals believe that Australians' preoccupation with sport has been detrimental. Richard Cashman disagrees and contends that sport is central to the business of being Australian. Believing that nothing will be gained by deriding or ignoring sport - the theatre of the masses - he contends that sport, like politics and business, needs to be scrutinized, historicized, and understood.

A Social History of Tennis in Britain


Author: Robert J. Lake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134445571

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 306

View: 6328

Winner of the Lord Aberdare Literary Prize 2015- from the British Society for Sports History. From its advent in the mid-late nineteenth century as a garden-party pastime to its development into a highly commercialised and professionalised high-performance sport, the history of tennis in Britain reflects important themes in Britain’s social history. In the first comprehensive and critical account of the history of tennis in Britain, Robert Lake explains how the game’s historical roots have shaped its contemporary structure, and how the history of tennis can tell us much about the history of wider British society. Since its emergence as a spare-time diversion for landed elites, the dominant culture in British tennis has been one of amateurism and exclusion, with tennis sitting alongside cricket and golf as a vehicle for the reproduction of middle-class values throughout wider British society in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Consequently, the Lawn Tennis Association has been accused of a failure to promote inclusion or widen participation, despite steadfast efforts to develop talent and improve coaching practices and structures. Robert Lake examines these themes in the context of the global development of tennis and important processes of commercialisation and professional and social development that have shaped both tennis and wider society. The social history of tennis in Britain is a microcosm of late-nineteenth and twentieth-century British social history: sustained class power and class conflict; struggles for female emancipation and racial integration; the decline of empire; and, Britain’s shifting relationship with America, continental Europe, and Commonwealth nations. This book is important and fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in the history of sport or British social history.

Pay Up and Play the Game

Professional Sport in Britain, 1875-1914


Author: Wray Vamplew

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521892308

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 4857

Based on a vast range of club and association records, Pay Up and Play the Game, first published in 1988, presents a systematic economic analysis of the emergence of mass spectator sport during the years prior to World War I. It explores the tensions behind an increasingly commercialised activity that was nonetheless suffused with 'gentlemanly' values at many levels, and highlights the retreat of the latter as working-class consumption and participation became predominant, symbolised most dramatically by the celebrated victory of proletarian Blackburn Olympic over the Old Etonians in the FA Cup final of 1883. Wray Vamplew examines the linkages between sport, gambling, crime and spectator violence, and concludes that many supposedly 'recent' developments (notably football hooliganism) in fact have their origins in this, the 'Golden Age' of sport in Britain.

The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914: The varieties of sport


Author: Martin Polley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415231374

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 5

View: 1658

This five volume set is a comprehensive collection of primary sources on sports in the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. At the beginning of the period few sports were regulated, but by the outbreak of the First World War organized sports had become an integral part of British cultural, social and economic life. Specialist Martin Polley has collected articles from a wide range of journals including "Blackwood's Magazine,"" Nineteenth Century," "Fortnightly Review" and "Contemporary Review," all of which reveal changing middle-class attitudes to sports. The five volumes cover the varieties of sports being promoted, sports and education, commercial and financial aspects, sports and animals and the globalization of sports through empire.

Sport and the British

A Modern History


Author: Richard Holt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192852298

Category: Religion

Page: 396

View: 9372

This lively and thoroughly researched history - the first of its kind - goes beyond the great names and moments to explain how organized sport has changed since 1800, and why it holds such a special place in the lives of Britons of all classes. Combining illuminating and entertaining anecdotes with scholarly insight, this fascinating survey will increase an understanding of the British obsession with sport among sports lovers and loathers alike.

The European Antarctic

Science and Strategy in Scandinavia and the British Empire


Author: P. Roberts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230337902

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 1820

This is the first transnational study of British, Norwegian, and Swedish engagement with the Antarctic. Rather than charting how Europeans unveiled the Antarctic, it uses the history of Antarctic activity as a window into the political and cultural worlds of twentieth-century Britain and Scandinavia.

The History of Sport in Britain, 1880-1914: Sport and money


Author: Martin Polley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415231404

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 512

View: 5889

This five volume set is a comprehensive collection of primary sources on sports in the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. At the beginning of the period few sports were regulated, but by the outbreak of the First World War organized sports had become an integral part of British cultural, social and economic life. Specialist Martin Polley has collected articles from a wide range of journals including "Blackwood's Magazine,"" Nineteenth Century," "Fortnightly Review" and "Contemporary Review," all of which reveal changing middle-class attitudes to sports. The five volumes cover the varieties of sports being promoted, sports and education, commercial and financial aspects, sports and animals and the globalization of sports through empire.

Leisure and Recreation in a Victorian Mining Community

The Social Economy of Leisure in North-East England, 1820 – 1914


Author: Alan Metcalfe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134249020

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 8963

'Amusements they must have, or life would hardly be worth living...' Newcastle Weekly Chronicle, 1895 This text explores life in the mining villages of the north-east of England in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries - a time of massive social and industrial change. The sporting lives of these communities are often marginalized by historians, but this thoroughly researched account reveals how play as well as work were central to the lives of the working classes. Miners contributed significantly to the economic success of the north-east during this time, yet living conditions in the mining villages were 'horrendous'. Sport and recreation were essential to bring meaning and pleasure to mining families, and were fundamental to the complex social relationships within and between communities. Features of this extensive text include: * analysis of the physical, social and economic structures that determined the leisure lives of the mining villages * the role of 'traditional' and 'new' sports * comparisons with other British regions.

Sport, Professionalism, and Pain

Ethnographies of Injury and Risk


Author: P. David Howe

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415247306

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 9076

Are pain and injury managed appropriately in the environment of professional sport? Is sports medicine a tool to empower or to disempower athletes? David Howe considers these and other pertinent concerns and questions whether, in the world of modern sport, it is the participants themselves or the sport's administrators who exert more control over athletes' well being. Exploring the historical transformation of sports medicine and the relationships between medicine, body and culture, Sport, Professionalism and Pain bridges a perceived space in the literature between medical anthropology, medical sociology and sport studies.

Upper- and middle class sport in Victorian Britain and the concept of amateurism


Author: Mathias Wick

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638006395

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 24

View: 5729

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, University of Potsdam (Institut für Anglistik / Amerikanistik), course: Sport in the Making of Britain, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The significance of sport as a means to explain dynamic processes in society has increasingly been acknowledged by scholars in the last quarter of the twentieth century. Vice versa it would be difficult, if not impossible, to understand the development of sport if contemplating it isolated and not on the broader background of society in general. This text concentrates rather on sport as a product of other areas such as the working world or politics, but also attempts to outline its initiating role for some changes in British culture. The time to be examined will be the Victorian era, which lasted from 1837 until 1901 and in which Britain underwent remarkable processes of modernization in all areas. It was also the period when sport became subject to remarkable transformations, largely acquiring the features of its modern twentieth century appearance. However, the attempt to describe contexts as multi- facetted as possible will make it necessary to also take a look into the time after and especially before those sixty-four Victorian years. Accordingly, the first chapter deals with sport in Early Modern Britain, emphasising especially the eighteenth century. It is concerned to present an overview, from which more or less universal features of the sports exercised in that time can be derived and which in the later course of the text shall be contrasted with the characteristics of Victorian sport. Those characteristics and its origins will be worked out in the second chapter, when sport is predominantly described as a product of technological modernization and shifting social attitudes. Here also the role of the rising middle classes as the new “Trägerschicht” (Eisenberg, 1999, p. 47) of sport will receive attention. The third chapter more technically deals with the most common and most popular sports exercised in Victorian Britain, whereat a distinction between upper- and middle class disciplines will be employed in order to present a more differentiated picture. The fourth and last chapter finally recapitulates the way of the middle classes, who managed to become the dominating influence in sport, while contrasting them to the higher and lower orders. With regard to the lower, focus lies on the amateur rule, which emerged in all sports, and which in Guttman’s (1979) words “war eine Waffe in der Auseinandersetzung zwischen sozialen Schichten” (p. 40).

Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient World


Author: Donald G. Kyle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118613805

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 4735

The second edition of Sport and Spectacle in the AncientWorld updates Donald G. Kyle’s award-winning introductionto this topic, covering the Ancient Near East up to the late RomanEmpire. • Challenges traditional scholarship on sport andspectacle in the Ancient World and debunks claims that there wereno sports before the ancient Greeks • Explores the cultural exchange of Greek sport and Romanspectacle and how each culture responded to the other’sentertainment • Features a new chapter on sport and spectacle during theLate Roman Empire, including Christian opposition to pagan gamesand the Roman response • Covers topics including violence, professionalism insport, class, gender and eroticism, and the relationship ofspectacle to political structures