Algorithmic Problem Solving

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Author: Roland Backhouse

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470684534

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 1311

An entertaining and captivating way to learn the fundamentals of using algorithms to solve problems The algorithmic approach to solving problems in computer technology is an essential tool. With this unique book, algorithm guru Roland Backhouse shares his four decades of experience to teach the fundamental principles of using algorithms to solve problems. Using fun and well-known puzzles to gradually introduce different aspects of algorithms in mathematics and computing. Backhouse presents you with a readable, entertaining, and energetic book that will motivate and challenge you to open your mind to the algorithmic nature of problem solving. Provides a novel approach to the mathematics of problem solving focusing on the algorithmic nature of problem solving Uses popular and entertaining puzzles to teach you different aspects of using algorithms to solve mathematical and computing challenges Features a theory section that supports each of the puzzles presented throughout the book Assumes only an elementary understanding of mathematics Let Roland Backhouse and his four decades of experience show you how you can solve challenging problems with algorithms!

Programming and Problem Solving with C++

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Author: Nell B. Dale,Chip Weems,Mark R. Headington

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763708122

Category: Computers

Page: 1155

View: 2671

This book continues to reflect our experience that topics once considered too advanced can be taught in the first course. The text addresses metalanguages explicitly as the formal means of specifying programming language syntax. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Problem Solving and Python Programming

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Author: N Dhasarathan,Mrs K Saraswathi,R Reka,S R Boselin Prabhu

Publisher: Educreation Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 8002

This book is meant for Python beginners. We can learn python programming language well with the practice of applications in that particular programming language. The purpose of this book is to learn python easily with the variety of applications. This book makes the reader to get familiar with Python. It mainly focuses on problem solving using python. Unit 1 covers algorithms, building blocks of algorithms, notation, algorithmic problem solving and simple strategies for developing algorithms. This unit also give the solutions to find minimum in a list, insert a card in a list of sorted cards, guess an integer number in a range and Towers of Hanoi. Unit 2 covers python interpreter, basics of python, statements, operators, modules, functions and flow of execution statements. This unit also provides the solution to exchange the values of two variables, circulate the values of n variables and distance between two points. Unit 3 covers If types, looping, break, continue and pass statements. This unit also covers fruitful functions, variable scope, string operations, string functions, methods and string module. The solutions are given to find square root, gcd, exponentiation, sum an array of numbers, linear search and binary search. Unit 4 covers list, tuple, dictionary operations, functions and methods. This unit also provides the solution for selection sort, insertion sort, merge sort and histogram. Unit 5 covers the concepts of files, exception, modules and packages. This unit also provides the solution to word count and copy file.

Tools for Teaching Logic

Third International Congress, TICTTL 2011, Salamanca, Spain, June 1-4, 2011, Proceedings

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Author: Patrick Blackburn,Hans van Ditmarsch,Maria Manzano,Fernando Soler-Toscano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642213499

Category: Computers

Page: 257

View: 4185

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Congress on Tools for Teaching Logic, TICTTL 2011, held in Salamanca, Spain, in June 2011. The 30 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. The congress focusses on a variety of topics including: logic teaching software, teaching formal methods, logic in the humanities, dissemination of logic courseware and logic textbooks, methods for teaching logic at different levels of instruction, presentation of postgraduate programs in logic, e-learning, logic games, teaching argumentation theory and informal logic, and pedagogy of logic.

Learning to Design, Designing to Learn

Using Technology to Transform the Curriculum

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Author: Diane Pelkus Balestri,Stephen C. Ehrmann,David L. Ferguson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780844817064

Category: Computers

Page: 211

View: 917

Aims to emphasize the potential role technology can play in helping schools/colleges transform teaching and learning through design-based curricula. Practical observations/recommendations are made. The thesis of the book is that technology can help

Algorithmic Puzzles

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Author: Anany Levitin,Maria Levitin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911770

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 8278

While many think of algorithms as specific to computer science, at its core algorithmic thinking is defined by the use of analytical logic to solve problems. This logic extends far beyond the realm of computer science and into the wide and entertaining world of puzzles. In Algorithmic Puzzles, Anany and Maria Levitin use many classic brainteasers as well as newer examples from job interviews with major corporations to show readers how to apply analytical thinking to solve puzzles requiring well-defined procedures. The book's unique collection of puzzles is supplemented with carefully developed tutorials on algorithm design strategies and analysis techniques intended to walk the reader step-by-step through the various approaches to algorithmic problem solving. Mastery of these strategies--exhaustive search, backtracking, and divide-and-conquer, among others--will aid the reader in solving not only the puzzles contained in this book, but also others encountered in interviews, puzzle collections, and throughout everyday life. Each of the 150 puzzles contains hints and solutions, along with commentary on the puzzle's origins and solution methods. The only book of its kind, Algorithmic Puzzles houses puzzles for all skill levels. Readers with only middle school mathematics will develop their algorithmic problem-solving skills through puzzles at the elementary level, while seasoned puzzle solvers will enjoy the challenge of thinking through more difficult puzzles.

Programming and Problem Solving with Java

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Author: Nell B. Dale,Chip Weems

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763734022

Category: Computers

Page: 838

View: 4906

Thoroughly updated and reorganized, the new Second Edition of Programming and Problem Solving with Java continues to emphasize object-oriented design practices while offering numerous new case studies, end-of-chapter material, and descriptive examples, using Java 5.0. Programming and Problem Solving with Java, Second Edition is an exceptional resource for discovering Java as a first programming language.

Discipline-Based Education Research

Understanding and Improving Learning in Undergraduate Science and Engineering

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on the Status, Contributions, and Future Directions of Discipline-Based Education Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309254140

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 9038

The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

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Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 1164

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

Effective Learning in the Life Sciences

How Students Can Achieve Their Full Potential

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Author: David Adams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119977630

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8324

Effective Learning in the Life Sciences is intended to help ensure that each student achieves his or her true potential by learning how to solve problems creatively in laboratory, field or other workplace setting. Each chapter describes state of the art approaches to learning and teaching and will include case studies, worked examples and a section that lists additional online and other resources. All of the chapters are written from the perspective both of students and academics and emphasize and embrace effective scientific method throughout. This title also draws on experience from a major project conducted by the Centre for Bioscience, with a wide range of collaborators, designed to identify and implement creative teaching in bioscience laboratories and field settings. With a strong emphasis on students thinking for themselves and actively learning about their chosen subject Effective Learning in the Life Sciences provides an invaluable guide to making the university experience as effective as possible.

Programming and Problem Solving with ADA 95

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Author: Nell B. Dale,Chip Weems,John McCormick,John W. McCormick

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763707927

Category: Computers

Page: 919

View: 8997

Programming and Problem Solving with Ada 95 provides a solid introduction to programming while introducing the capabilities of Ada 95 and its syntax without overwhelming the student. The book focuses on the development of good programming habits. This text offers superior pedagogy that has long defined computer science education, including problem solving case studies, testing and debugging sections, quick checks, exam preparation, programming warm-up exercises, and programming problems. The extensive coverage of material in such a student-friendly resource means that more rigor, more theory, greater use of abstraction and modeling, and the earlier application of software engineering principles can be employed.

Common Surgical Diseases

An Algorithmic Approach to Problem Solving

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Author: Jonathan A. Myers,Keith W. Millikan,Theodore J. Saclarides

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475729456

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 3381

In a concise manner, this book presents common surgical problems encountered by medical students and residents. The book provides easy access for residents before teaching rounds, lectures, etc. The algorithm approach lends itself to rapid learning, making the book a must for every surgical resident.

Computability, Complexity, Logic

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Author: E. Börger

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080887043

Category: Mathematics

Page: 591

View: 2620

The theme of this book is formed by a pair of concepts: the concept of formal language as carrier of the precise expression of meaning, facts and problems, and the concept of algorithm or calculus, i.e. a formally operating procedure for the solution of precisely described questions and problems. The book is a unified introduction to the modern theory of these concepts, to the way in which they developed first in mathematical logic and computability theory and later in automata theory, and to the theory of formal languages and complexity theory. Apart from considering the fundamental themes and classical aspects of these areas, the subject matter has been selected to give priority throughout to the new aspects of traditional questions, results and methods which have developed from the needs or knowledge of computer science and particularly of complexity theory. It is both a textbook for introductory courses in the above-mentioned disciplines as well as a monograph in which further results of new research are systematically presented and where an attempt is made to make explicit the connections and analogies between a variety of concepts and constructions.

Introduction to Genetic Algorithms

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Author: S.N. Sivanandam,S. N. Deepa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540731903

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 8723

This book offers a basic introduction to genetic algorithms. It provides a detailed explanation of genetic algorithm concepts and examines numerous genetic algorithm optimization problems. In addition, the book presents implementation of optimization problems using C and C++ as well as simulated solutions for genetic algorithm problems using MATLAB 7.0. It also includes application case studies on genetic algorithms in emerging fields.

Learning with Understanding in the Chemistry Classroom

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Author: Iztok Devetak,Saša Aleksij Glažar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400743661

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 1994

This volume offers a critical examination of a variety of conceptual approaches to teaching and learning chemistry in the school classroom. Presenting up-to-date research and theory and featuring contributions by respected academics on several continents, it explores ways of making knowledge meaningful and relevant to students as well as strategies for effectively communicating the core concepts essential for developing a robust understanding of the subject. Structured in three sections, the contents deal first with teaching and learning chemistry, discussing general issues and pedagogical strategies using macro, sub-micro and symbolic representations of chemical concepts. Researchers also describe new and productive teaching strategies. The second section examines specific approaches that foster learning with understanding, focusing on techniques such as cooperative learning, presentations, laboratory activities, multimedia simulations and role-playing in forensic chemistry classes. The final part of the book details learner-centered active chemistry learning methods, active computer-aided learning and trainee chemistry teachers` use of student-centered learning during their pre-service education. Comprehensive and highly relevant, this new publication makes a significant contribution to the continuing task of making chemistry classes engaging and effective.

Python Algorithms

Mastering Basic Algorithms in the Python Language

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Author: Magnus Lie Hetland

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430232382

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 5681

Python Algorithms explains the Python approach to algorithm analysis and design. Written by Magnus Lie Hetland, author of Beginning Python, this book is sharply focused on classical algorithms, but it also gives a solid understanding of fundamental algorithmic problem-solving techniques. The book deals with some of the most important and challenging areas of programming and computer science, but in a highly pedagogic and readable manner. The book covers both algorithmic theory and programming practice, demonstrating how theory is reflected in real Python programs. Well-known algorithms and data structures that are built into the Python language are explained, and the user is shown how to implement and evaluate others himself.

Computational Science — ICCS 2004

4th International Conference, Kraków, Poland, June 6–9, 2004, Proceedings

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Author: Marian Bubak,Geert D. van Albada,Peter M.A. Sloot,Jack Dongarra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540221298

Category: Computers

Page: 1278

View: 5401

The International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS 2004) held in Krak ́ ow, Poland, June 6–9, 2004, was a follow-up to the highly successful ICCS 2003 held at two locations, in Melbourne, Australia and St. Petersburg, Russia; ICCS 2002 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands; and ICCS 2001 in San Francisco, USA. As computational science is still evolving in its quest for subjects of inves- gation and e?cient methods, ICCS 2004 was devised as a forum for scientists from mathematics and computer science, as the basic computing disciplines and application areas, interested in advanced computational methods for physics, chemistry, life sciences, engineering, arts and humanities, as well as computer system vendors and software developers. The main objective of this conference was to discuss problems and solutions in all areas, to identify new issues, to shape future directions of research, and to help users apply various advanced computational techniques. The event harvested recent developments in com- tationalgridsandnextgenerationcomputingsystems,tools,advancednumerical methods, data-driven systems, and novel application ?elds, such as complex - stems, ?nance, econo-physics and population evolution.

Problem Solving in Neuroradiology E-Book

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Author: Meng Law,Peter M. Som,Thomas P. Naidich

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437735991

Category: Medical

Page: 656

View: 4501

Problem Solving in Neuroradiology, by Meng Law, MD, Peter M. Som, MD and Thomas P. Naidich, MD, is your survival guide to solving diagnostic challenges that are particularly problematic in neuroimaging. With a concise, practical, and instructional approach, it helps you apply basic principles of problem solving to imaging of the head and interventional neck, brain, and spine. Inside, you'll find expert guidance on how to accurately read what you see, and how to perform critical techniques including biopsy, percutaneous drainage, and tumor ablation. User-friendly features, such as tables and boxes, tips, pitfalls, and rules of thumb, place today's best practices at your fingertips, including protocols for optimizing the most state-of-the-art imaging modalities. A full-color design, including more than 700 high-quality images, highlights critical elements to enhance your understanding. Apply expert tricks of the trade and protocols for optimizing the most state-of-the-art imaging modalities and their clinical applications used for the brain and spine—with general indications for use and special situations. Make the most efficient use of modern imaging modalities including multidetector CT, PET, advanced MR imaging/MR spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and perfusion weighted imaging (PWI). Successfully perform difficult interventional techniques such as biopsies of the spine and interventional angiography—key techniques for more accurately diagnosing cerebral vascular disease, aneurysm, and blood vessel malformations—as well as percutaneous drainage and tumor ablation. Know what to expect. A dedicated section is organized by the clinical scenarios most likely to be encountered in daily practice, such as neurodegenerative disease, vascular disease, and cancer. Avoid common problems that can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Tables and boxes with tips, pitfalls, and other teaching points show you what to look for, while problem-solving advice helps you accurately identify what you see—especially those images that could suggest several possible diagnoses. See conditions as they appear in practice thanks to an abundance of case examples and specially designed full-color, high-quality images which complement the text and highlight important elements. Quickly find the information you need thanks to a well-organized, user-friendly format with templated headings, detailed illustrations, and at-a-glance tables.

Artificial Intelligence & Software Engineering

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Author: Derek Partridge

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9780893916060

Category: Computers

Page: 561

View: 2937

Managers, business owners, computer literate individuals, software developers, students, and researchers--all are looking for an understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) and what "might be" in the future. In this literate yet easy-to-read discussion, Derek Partridge explains what artificial intelligence can and cannot do, and what it holds for applications such as banking, financial services, and expert systems of all kinds. Topics include: the strengths and weaknesses of software development and engineering; machine learning and its promises and problems; expert systems and success stories; and practical software through artificial intelligence.