Advances in instructional Psychology, Volume 5

Educational Design and Cognitive Science

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Author: Robert Glaser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134803818

Category: Education

Page: 420

View: 6191

Investigators have moved back and forth between design efforts and basic studies in cognition to improve both application and fundamental knowledge. This volume's theme is this interaction between practice and science with the opportunity for reflecting on findings in order to understand them and suggesting improved forms of application and their underlying explanation. This is seen in various arenas including theory-based computer-assisted instruction for teaching mathematics, the design of communities of learning in elementary schools, teaching in the context of problem-solving situations and reasoning with models, self-explanation as a highly effective learning activity, conceptual change in medical training and health education, and workplace training in electronic troubleshooting. The results of extensive long-term experience and analysis in each of these areas are insightfully reported by the well-known contributors to this volume. Special features of this fifth edition include: * The work of eminent cognitive scientists in the design and evaluation of educational and training environments to increase current understanding of learning and development, as this understanding is applied to innovative instructional programs and teaching methods. * A description of learning theory and principles as well as implications and examples on research and development on educational application. * A presentation on the 10-year change in perspective on research and development in problem solving environments that invite inquiry about academic information and skills in the context of instruction of elementary school children. * An innovative approach to math and science instruction in which teaching is oriented around constructing, evaluating, and revising models. * An examination of the process of self-explaining, which involves explaining to one's self in an attempt to make sense of a new situation. * A description of a long-term program of cognitive task analysis and instructional design on problem solving in the operation of complex equipment. * An investigation on the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills and the understanding of biomedical concepts in both professional medicine and the health practices of the lay population.

Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology

A Tribute to Ralph Rosnow

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Author: Donald A. Hantula

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135600686

Category: Psychology

Page: 398

View: 4232

This new volume is a collection of thought-provoking essays on the current state of social and organizational psychology. The topics range from data analysis and interpretation, to research ethics, to theoretical issues, to an examination of psychological epistemology and theory. The book is divided into three sections. The first section, focuses on Ralph Rosnow’s greatest contribution to psychology, advancing our knowledge of the methods and ethics of research. This section introduces refinements in research methodology, ethical issues in the conduct of psychological research, and the thorny problems of artifact in behavioral research. Four of the chapters in the next section cover topics in organizational psychology (consumer behavior, rumor in organizational contexts, decision making, and leadership) and three review social psychological topics (science and social issues, smiling, and human values). The final section is a collection of chapters on theory from three eminent scholars. This thought provoking finale raises epistemological questions for future generations to solve. The book is intended for graduate students and scholars in social, organizational, and consumer psychology, and related disciplines such as communication, management, marketing, management information systems, and sociology.

Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology Set

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Author: Robin L. Cautin,Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470671270

Category: Psychology

Page: 3224

View: 7371

Available online, or as a 5-volume print set, The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology includes well over 500 A-Z entries covering the main topics, key concepts, and influential figures in this field. Serves as a comprehensive reference with particular emphasis on the scientific basis of the field; philosophical and historical issues; cultural considerations; and conflicts and controversies Offers an historiographical overview, demonstrating how concepts have developed over time and the ways in which research influences practice Cites the best and most up-to-date scientific evidence for each topic and encourages readers to think critically when evaluating the validity of various scientific claims, theories, and techniques Available on Wiley Online Library with interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work, or as a five-volume print set

Handbook of Psychology, Research Methods in Psychology

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Author: Irving B. Weiner,John A. Schinka,Wayne F. Velicer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471385134

Category: Psychology

Page: 711

View: 7798

This book provides a comprehensive overview of methods of data collection and analysis in psychological science. Chapter address basic considerations in research design-such as formulating hypothesis, selecting participant samples, identifying independent and dependent variables, and determining appropriate procedures-and alternative techniques for statistical treatment of data, such as categorical and factorial methods, path analysis and logistic regression, and meta-analysis.

Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis

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Author: Peter J. Carrington,John Scott,Stanley Wasserman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443432

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8882

Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis, first published in 2005, presents the most important developments in quantitative models and methods for analyzing social network data that have appeared during the 1990s. Intended as a complement to Wasserman and Faust's Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications, it is a collection of articles by leading methodologists reviewing advances in their particular areas of network methods. Reviewed are advances in network measurement, network sampling, the analysis of centrality, positional analysis or blockmodelling, the analysis of diffusion through networks, the analysis of affiliation or 'two-mode' networks, the theory of random graphs, dependence graphs, exponential families of random graphs, the analysis of longitudinal network data, graphical techniques for exploring network data, and software for the analysis of social networks.

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3657

Forthcoming Books

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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9195

Advances in Psychology Research

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Author: Serge P. Shohov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590339589

Category: Psychology

Page: 211

View: 3972

'Advances in Psychology Research' presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology. Each chapter has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial advances across a broad spectrum.

Handbook of Psychology, Educational Psychology

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Author: Irving B. Weiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471384069

Category: Education

Page: 688

View: 6480

Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.

Culture's Consequences

International Differences in Work-Related Values

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Author: Geert Hofstede

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803913066

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 327

View: 1310

In his bestselling book Culture's Consequences, Geert Hofstede proposed four dimensions on which the differences among national cultures can be understood: Individualism, Power Distance, Uncertainty Avoidance and Masculinity. This volume comprises the first in-depth discussion of the masculinity dimension and how it can help us to understand differences among cultures. The book begins with a general explanation of the masculinity dimension, and discusses how it illuminates broad features of different cultures. The following parts apply the dimension more specifically to gender (and gender identity), sexuality (and sexual behaviour) and religion, probably the most influential variable of all. Hofstede closes the book

Advances in Criminological Theory, Volume 1

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Author: William S. Laufer,Freda Adler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412816472

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6928

Titles: v.3 Facts, frameworks, and forecasts ; v.4 New directions in criminological theory.

Advances in Criminological Theory, Volume 2

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Author: William S. Laufer,Freda Adler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412816489

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 7443

Criminology has developed strong methodological tools over the past decades, establishing itself as a competitive and sophisticated social science. Despite and perhaps because of its emphasis on research design, methodology, and quantitative analysis, criminology has had few significant advances in theory. This is the first publication exclusively dedicated to the dissemination of original work on criminological theory. It encourages theory construction and validation in existing criminological publications, as well as furthering the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. This volume is dedicated to a pioneer in criminology, Donald Cressey, and is especially noteworthy for its comparative and international dimension. Contents: G.O.W. Mueller, "Whose Prophet Is Cesare Beccaria? An Essay on the Origins of Criminological Theory"; John Braitnwaite and Brent Fisse, "On the Plausibility of Corporate Crime Theory"; Raymond Paternoster and Charles R. Tittle, "Parental Work Control and Delinquency: A Theoretical and Empirical Critique"; J.O. Finckenauer, "Legal Socialization Theory: A Precursor to Comparative Research in the Soviet Union"; Jeanette Covington, "Theoretical Explanations of Race Differences in Heroin Use"; Hans Joachim Schneider, "The Media World of Crime: A Study of Social Learning Theory and Symbolic Interaction"; ^Alexander Yakovlov, "Epistemological Problems of Criminology"; John Braithwaite and Joan McCord, "The State of Criminology: Theoretical Decay or Renaissance?"; Joan McCord, "One Perspective on the State of Criminology."

Encyclopedia of Language and Education

Research Methods in Language and Education

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Author: Nancy H. Hornberger,P. Corson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401145350

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 679

This volume seeks to enable language and education practitioners and researchers to get a sense of the range of issues being pursued in language and education research and the array of methods employed to do so. It focuses on language and education in relation to society, variation, culture, and interaction. Its unity of purpose and outlook with regard to the central role of language as both vehicle and mediator of educational processes and to the need for continued and deepening research into the limits and possibilities that implies is most impressive.